tv BBC World News America PBS January 22, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
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washington, d.c. and this is bbc world news america. trying to get the biggest economy on track. president biden on a massive relief package. pres. biden: families are going hungry. people are at the risk of being evicted. we need to act. anchor: mass graves -- we need to act. anchor: mass graves in brazil keep growing from covid-19. plus speaking about the new vice esident, the, let harris he knows. laura: for all of you watching
on pbs and around the world, welcome to c world news america. president struggling to find food. he wants to go further with a relief package. he says the time to act boldly is now. pres. biden: people just -- is now. pres. biden: people just want to stand -- stand by their coworkers. i do not believe that -- especially during a pandemic that has so weakened and created so much pain in america -- is that who we are? the bottom line is this. we are in a national emergency. we need to act like we are in a national emergency. we've got to move with
everything we've got. i don't believe democrats or republicans are going hungry and losing jobs. i believe americans are going hungry and losing their jobs. laura: let's go to our north america business correspondent, michelle fleury, in new york. which families and workers did president biden assist today? reporter: what joe biden has done, he with two executive orders is offering to provide more relief to those in need of food you're the other thing is he signed the executive order that paves the way for a 15 dollar minimum wage for federal workers. he would broadly like to see this introduced.
in the short-term, it may not affect that many, but in the longer term, if he can raise the minimum wage across america, there could be 17 million americans benefiting, although a study said that one in 3 million jobs could also be lost -- laura: michelle -- reporter: in the bger picture, there is the concern that this is small stuff. laura: on that massive rescue opposition is growing. what is the likelihood that that goes through? reporter: joe biden is really keen to get something through in a bipartisan manner. if that cannot be done, there is
a path by which democrats can proceed alone, because they do have enough control of congress to get it done. that's assuming all the democrat can sick together and there is some concern that maybe you might see some breakup -- stick together and there is some concern that you might see some break off. joe mansion of west virginia said he had doubt about the value of stimulus checks of $1400 per american. whether that would be enough to object, that's not clear. he has not made his position clear. there is a path forward. joe biden has made it clear that it needs to be big. we saw janet yellen testifying earlier this week, saying that it is time to act big. whether they can get that, that will be the first major hurdle. laura: michelle fleury. it was a busy day on the
capitol. president biden's pick confirmed for the first black defense secretary. there were concerns that he had not been out of the military for e required period. he was confirmed. and the house has confirmed it will deliver one impeachment charge against former president donald trump monday, despite the request by republica for a delay. let's go to the first major foreign policy moved by president biden. he has pposed extending a u.s.-russia nuclear arms treaty for five years, due to elapse. let's talk now -- for more on this, we have a global fellow at the wilson center. thank you for joining us. what does this say about u.s.-russia relations that presidt hyden wants to extend this treaty?
>> there is a lot that is wrong in the u.s.-russia relationship. there's no sugarcoating that. what this particular treaty does is it limits the number of warheads and delivery systems between the two countries t set amounts. if this treaty were to expire, both sides would be free to basically engage in a nuclear arms race, something neither side wants, and what both sides are willing to come to an agreement. the controversy was whether to do this on a short-term basis, or just to do it for four or five years, as president biden wants, to get off the table. he selected to go for five years to have a foreign policy when, to have some momentum for the rest of his agenda, -- foreign policy win, to have some momentum for the rest of his agenda, and to extend one of the
signature foreign policy achievements of president barack obama. laura: how much tension about the opposition leader alexey navalny, who was arrested after returning to russia last week after having been poisoned? >> navalny is becoming public enemy number one in russia -- his latest youtube video, i just checked minutes ago, it has surpassed one million views. he outlines how the largest right house in -- private house in russia actually belongs to putin, through byzantine means. he was poisoned. he was convalescing in germany. what appears to haveappened is -- navalny is trying to link his attempts to create an anti-putin movement within russia, or to create the space for more democracy and human rights, and to align that to russia's foreign policy agenda.
he decided to come back to russia right before the change in power with the inauguration in the united states, new -- knowing there would be tension with the new start. he is trained to link u.s. tension to russia as well as president biden, when he was candidate biden, his views, his interest in democracy, human rights as foreign policy goals and agendas of the u.s. self. this is something -- the u.s. itself. this is something president putin wants to avoid. he wants to talk about nuclear arms with the united states and does not want to engage any talk about navalny, whereas navalny wants to bring these two things together. laura: just briefly, on that massive computer hacked by russia of the u.s., are you expecting a swift response from the biden administration? >> it seems, depending on how cooperative, compliant russia can be on nuclear arms
negotiations as well as human rights at home will basically see how seriously the u.s. wants to take the recent hacked, the navalny poisoning, and the issues that divide the u.s. and europe against russia. laura: thank you for that analysis there. >> thank you. laura: brazil has the second-highest coronavirus death toll in the world in the country is struggling with a new variant of the virus in a devastating second wave. the amazon rain forest is in the epicenter. brazil has started vaccinating people, but any relief from the virus feels a long way off. katy watson reports. reporter: this is not the first time it has be brought to its knees, a reminder of the first wave, where the mass graves were the only way to keep
up with the people dying. people are being forgotten again and the second wave is worse. last week, overwhelmed hospitals ran out of oxygen. supplies are patchy. now they queue at local gas companies, in the hopes of keeping loved ones a lives -- alive. do not despair, says this company representative. cylinders are being delivered across the city. she is terrified. she had to leave her mother at home with no oxygen to come here. she only has this one cylinder. >> [indiscernible] reporter: local volunteers like
marcel have stepped into bring oxygen to those who need it. he has looked after five people, making daily oxygen runs, but it's taking its toll. >> [speaking foreign language] reporter: doctors are concerned a w variant in the amazon region is overwhelming already packed hospitals. there is one patient to each room and over the past few days, doctors have had to double that. each patient shares and they
still have to find more spaces. he is the oldest here and 77. his survival, says his son fabia, is down to luck. the rest of the ward is full of young people. she is 23. next to her, a man in his 30's. >> this new strain -- thank god, the vaccinations have already started. reporter: there is concern that vaccines are not getting to those who need them. as we prepare to leave, some good news. he sees his family for the first time since he became ill. a rare lives of hope in dark times. katy watson, bbc news, brazil. laura: while brazil struggles, in the u.k., covid deaths are the highest per capita in the
entire world. hospitals are in a desperate rush to keep up. there's some evidence the new strain of the coronavirus could cause more deaths than the original strain. scientists are warning that the deaths will remain high for a while. here is our editor hugh pym. reporter: it has been a chaotic week like this one at the hospital in essex. while some pulled, some don't. there is news the new variants of the virus, which first spread in the southeast, could be more deadly. prime minister johnson: in addition to spreading more quickly, it appears there is some evidence that the new variant, the variant first identified in london and the southeast, may be associated with a higher degree of mortality. report: in the light of the
new information, do you expect the daily reported death toll to carry on rising for longer than you first thought and fall more slowly? >> the death rate will fall. it will stay high for a while before it starts coming down. that was always what was predicted as what chris has said and the information about the new variant does not change that. reporter: he said there was uncertainty about the death rate with the new variant and more research was needed. >> he was all i had. me and my mom, we were the closest. reporter: her mother died with covid last week. she was 61 and had an existing health condition. she says that her mom took every precaution. >> she was doing what she needed to do. she was always sanitizing and wearing a mask. i was one of those people who thought it would not touch my family, but here i am,
absolutely devastated without my mom. reporter: what is the outlook for new cases? they do tests, looking for people who do not have the virus -- who do not know they have the virus as well as those with symptoms. these studies suggested one and 55 has the virus. in wales, it was one and 17 with the rates leveling off. in scotland, one in 100, with case rates leveling off. in northern ireland, one in 60, with rates increasing. the r number range -- anything above one, suggests the virus is accelerating, is0.1, lower than the previous estimate -- is 0.1. organizers are facing a 10,000 pound fine. the school where this event took place said it was leased to an
outside gup and they did not know a wedding was taking place. a new campaign aims to ram home the message of the extreme pressures on the nhs and the impact of the virus. reporter: -- laura: hh pym there on the difficult coronavirus situation in britain. in news around the world, japan's government says it's committed putting on the summer olympics and paralympics. it hasenied it is canceled. many in japan are living under state of emergency due to the coronavirus is concern of the impact on a huge number of visitors arriving in six months time. it could take another two weeks to rescue miners trapped in china. rescuers have drilled small holes to provide food and medicine to the men.
the international space station may have developed cracks and air may be leaking. they have been able to confirm the existence of one tiny crack already. a microscope will be sent up to evaluate the damage. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come -- america's image at home and abroad and u.s. democracy after a turbulent transfer of power. google says it could withdraw its search engine from australia if the company -- if the country pushes ahead to make the media company hey outlets for news. >> the government is arguing that because tech giants like google, like facebook, have gained so many consumers, so many customers in people who use
their platforms to read the news, that they should pay australian media outlets, this is a much-needed avenue for those outlets. we have seen reports that the industry has lost 75 percent of its advertising revenue since 2005. they are trying to balance this power. they are trying to reintroduce a little bit of government oversight in that relationship, but google is equally, if not more, resistant, of course. now officially an office on his second full day, president joe bin has the task of uniting the united states.
that's is the country tries to heal. we look at the perception of democracy at home and abroad. >> congratulations, mr. president. reporter: joe biden has inherited a country that is deeply divided. pres. biden: i promise you i will fight as hard for those who did not support me as those who did. >> with the evidence of so much fraud in our election there is talk of the military taking over. >> there was no fraud in the selection. reporter: 71% of americans feel that there democracy is threatened, according to one pole. the few trump supporters present at the inauguration -- >> we are losing freedom of assembly on the capitol. we are losing social media. how much further are we going to allow it to go? reporter: political leaders are
on opposite sides of the aisle. they say that america needs to interrogate itself if it wants to heal. >> my mom emigrated from nicaragua when she was 14. whenever i ask her about her experience living in nicaragua, she tells me about soldiers walking down the sidewalk or tanks going downers treat -- down her street. i cannot help but draw parallels between her experience in mind in washington, d.c. >> these people are my friends, my family, my neighbors. i am not ready to give up on them yet. this is something we allowed to happen. we don't get to quit in embarrassment now. reporter: president biden's work has begun, but his task to lead by example may be harder than expected when the country's image as been tarnished worldwide. >> in iraq, there are many groups that are gloating, that
are happy and are saying, you see? the united states is nothing but hypocritical. >> we thought america was the light, but we see that that light does not necessarily shine well enough. >> a perfect country can have some days with a bad moment. this is a time when the recovery is important. how fast can we recover and go forward. >> we need to sit down and reflect on both sides and say, what happened can never happen again. >> i want to look my children in the eye decades are now and say this is a turning point for america. reporter: president biden says that democracy prevailed, but the shine has oneff and the world is watching closely. bbc news, washington. laura: joining president biden and trying to unite america is
the new vp,, lie hars, who has been in the spotlight -- the new vp, kamala harris, who has been in the spotlight. our correspondent husband speaking to her uncle in new delhi. >> i took her to show her that she was three years old. there were flowersnd plants. she was running around saying, don't pick the flowers. she started here. she would tell her not to do it. i would say, how do i know who started it? she knows who she is. she knows what she does is right, what she does is wrong. and she does not let anybody tell her differently.
vice president harris: so help me god. >> she will be a great vice president. she will be the most active vice president in u.s. history. her mother was a great influence on her life. she did so many things. kamala says, how did she do that? she went on her own, all alone, to university. there were not that many indians in america at that time. we had no family influence. she went there. she got a scholarsh. not only that, but within six months, she got involved -- people know indians as scientists, computer scientists, engineers. they do not involve themselves
in domestic, local politics. kamala's mother showed the way. young people now get themselves more involved. if kamala can do it, we should be able to do it, let us do it. laura: the proud uncle of the vice president there. this pet spent a few weeks -- the pet followed all the way to the medical facility. they were united. it must be puppy love. i'm laura trevelyan. thank you so much for narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation.
pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. hilty: where do i begin about my love for pbs? having both of my children, two very young children, "daniel tiger" is on because they learn so much from it. every major emotional thing that young children have to go through, daniel has a song associated with that. ♪ daniel: take a deep breath ♪ (inhales deeply) ♪ and count to four. ♪ ♪ hilty: pbs is the jewel of television and i feel like we're all better off for having it in our lives.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the biden agenda. the new president continues the flurry of executive orders with actions aimed at counteracting the economic damage wrought by covid-19. then, minding his business. former president trump leaves office facing mounting debt, devalued assets, and a scarcity of willing lenders. >> he really runs the risk of being cash-strapped at a time when his banks and other businesses are turning their backs on him because of the january 6th insurrection. >> woodruff: and, it's friday. david brooks and jonathan capehart break down a historic inauguration, the biden administration's early actions,