tv BBC World News America PBS January 26, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
>> this is bbc world news america. the world has now recorded 100 million known cases of the coronavirus. that is more than the entire population of italy and canada together. what did china know about th virus and when? a special report about how chinese officials controlled information about the first weeks of the pandemic. have tractor will protest? dramatic clashes in delhi as farmers scale against an angry of agricultural laws. a dinosaur jigsaw stretching the length of more than four school buses. what will it teach us? ♪ >> welcome to world news america
on pbs and around the globe. the global vaccination efforts is a race against time. millions of doses are being administered worldwide and infections and deaths keep climbing. there have now been more than 100 million recorded infections and today, the unitedingdom became the first european country to record more than 100,000 covid related deaths. david: the pandemic has touched every nation. the virus claiming lives as it spread across the globe. despite the arrival of vaccines, the toll continues to be heavy. more than 2 milln people around the world have now died of covid so far, but some countries have suffered far more than others. the best way to measure that is to look at the number of deaths in relation to the size of population. new zealand, australia, and norway have seen 10 deaths or fewer per 100,000 people.
denmark, germany, poland, and others have lost more, but brazil, the u.s., italy, and the u.k. are among those with the greatest losses. at least 100 covid deaths for every 100,000 people. what might explain this? a key question is the government response and how fast it was. some countries were quick to enforce social distancing and other measures like masks. the resulthave been clear. >> there is a lot to virus -- more virus in the u.k. and the u.s. than there is an some of the east asian countries which have reacted more rapidly and robustly when the outbreak started. >> planning for the pandemic is another factor and how effective
those preparations were. countries hit by the sars virus in 2003 learn the and got ready. so did nations struck by ebola. britain provided them with expertise in finance to look out for the next disease. >> we financed those institutions that help respond to outbreaks, yet, we really do not listen to our own advice. we did not listen to the institutions that we financed that said, to do this, you need to implement effective track and trace and do that swiftly as possible. david: there is the controversial question of borders and if they are closed. the advice from the world has to -- world health organization was to keep them open. that guidance was often ignored. >> some states dated. states such as new wellan -- new zealand, australia, they
minimized the infection from those coming out of the country. it raises this question of was this advice around borders coming from the world health organization effective or did it harm those countries that did not close off borders? david: how different countries did respond will be examined for years to come. the struggle against the virus is far from over. >> the white house said today that it plans to order another 200 million vaccine doses split between the pfizer and moderna vaccine's. there would be enough doses for the entire american population by the end of the summer. the plan builds on joe biden's pledge for 100 million vaccinations in 100 days. he promised an increase in vaccine provision starting next week. president biden: i can announce that we will increase overall
weekly vaccination distributions to states, tribes, and territories to a minimum 10 million doses. starting next week, that is an increase of 1.4 million doses per week. you all know that the vaccines are distributed to the states based on population. the smaller the states, the less vaccine, the bigger the states, the more they get. this will allow millions of more americans to get vaccinated sooner than previously anticipated. >> joe biden speaking at the white house. getting more doses is one thing, but convincing enough people that vaccines are safe is another. only 63% of americans would agree to take a covid vaccine if it were available. that is compared to 86% in the u.k., 67% of germans, and france
with 55% of the population willing to take it. here to discuss this, an emergency physician and instructor at harvard medical school. thank you for joining me. we will start with the announcement from joe biden at the white house today -- an extra 200 million doses of the vaccines ordered. he says, enough to get every american vaccinated by the end of the summer. does that sound realistic to you? >> that really will come down to logistics and willingness. if that is possible, i will be the first to celebrate it. we have had a slow roll out, but it is always a good idea to plan for the best. if people are willing and able to take the vaccine, we do not want the limiting step to be something like a supply line. >> on the rollouts, what is the biden administration able to do to improve the rollout that has not been happening for the last
few weeks of the trumpet ministration? >> diet -- >> trump administration? >> they can use and authority called the events production act which could compel suppliers to ramp up supply chains and reveal who their suppliers are, so there is more transparency and actually can compel companies to boost their supplies. the trump administration did this sparingly with masks. the biden administration has shown to use that authority. >> we now know the u.k. strand of the virus is that not least 20 american states. one case of the brazil strand of the virus found in the u.s. california is reporting a new strand. how much pressure does this put this -- put on the vaccine rollout? are we in a race or does that not necessarily impact vaccines because the vaccines are
effective against the new strands anyway? >> we e learning about the screens and the vaccine's effectiveness, and so far, they have been mixed. some of the vaccines have been tested and found to have no problem neutralizing the virus. there are a couple of reports, the south african one, that maybe there is a drease, but we do not think the decrease is so great that we rendered it as clinically not effective. there is reason for concern, but not for alarm. the more mutations that occur over time, the more roulette we are playing. i do not want to wake up and find out there is another version and then that one is not responding in terms of the vaccine. the way to prevent that is to speed up vaccinations. the mutations occur in our bodies as a part of the lifecycle. decreasing spread decreases mutations. >> do you think as more people
get vaccinated, we will be able to overcome some of the vaccine hesitancy? >> i think you will see a couple of a she's with that and i wrote about this in "new york magazine -- "new york magazine." on one hand, people will get it and they will feel like there is so much less to fear. on the other hand, i do worry that for those people who, like me, had a rougher side effect profile, it knocked me out and i took some anti-fever medications, they are going to say i don't want any part of that, i have to go to work. i am a little worried that enough people will say how miserable they feel that others will delay. what i say to that is if you do not like 24 hours of the side effects from the vaccine for the 10% or 15% who have that, do not get the virus because that virus
can cause those symptoms times 10 and can take your life. we have to get ahead of that messaging. >> the messaging is so important on this public information campaign. thank you for joining us. thousands of farmers in india are protesting agricultural reforms. the huge rally that was planned to coincide with the country republic day fought through teargas. at least one protester has died. internet mobile services have been -- bbc's regina has the latest. >> india's farmers are not backing down. as they advanced to the capital in the thousands, barricades were breached. officers fired teargas, protesters and police were left injured. a mass movement against a law
farmers feels drive them out of business and the biggest challenge yet for the country's prime minister on a day meant to celebrate national pride. the mood is tense and thousands of farmers try to make their way into delhi. they say they have been trying to get the government to listen to them for weeks. now they hope their voice is heard. the government says the reforms will benefit farmers by allowing them to sell directly to big business. but many fear that once that happens, the guaranteed prices they get for crops will eventually disappear. >> these laws will have an effect on anyone who eats. if they are allowed to come in, they will buy from us at very low prices and we lose our livelihoods. >> four in 10 indians work in agriculture. despite multiple rounds of talks with the government, they are
refusing to budge. it has put the country's prime minister on the back foot. on the other and of town, heosted the annual republic day parade. many say the populist leader miss the crisis. -- misread this crisis. as hundreds of farmers force their way, they remained defiant. they say they will protest until the laws are repealed. >> extraordinary scenes at the red fort in delhi. other news from around the world, president biden had his first call with the russian esident since taking office. both the white house and kremlin said mr. biden raised concerns of the opposition leader. and two bounties on american
troops in afghanistan. both sides also agreed to extend the timeline of the last remaining arms-control treaty before it expires next month. u.s. senators have been sworn in as jurors for the second impeachment trial of former president donald trump. house of representatives delivered the impeachment article to the senate. democrats in congress accused mr. trump of inciting insurrection by encouraging his supporters to attack the capitol building while joe biden was formally being confirmed. the european union is threatening to restrict exports of covid vaccines made in the block over growing anger of the slow rollout of immunizations. astrazeneca's chief executive says the eu's late decision meant the company did not have enough time to boost production lines. still to come, after reporting on three decades of war in somalia, our correspondent travels back where he finds
course for optimism. ♪ >> thousands of australians gathered to protest against the official recognized australia day, marking british colonization of the continent. rallies took place to draw attention to the injustices faced by indigenous people. >> aboriginal australians, this is invasion day, of the colonization of their lands that they have existed on for more than 65,000 years. every year, there have been campaigns to change the day, but nothing has changed and the government has not responded to those demands. we have seen people carrying placards saying, not a d to celebrate, black lives matter, a
nod to the movement in the united states which actually became very big here when it happened last year because at the heart of the demonstrations is the injustices that have been faced by the indigenous community, and that they still face today. ♪ >> somalia is marking 30 years of conflicts, specifically the moment the government of president the bar collapsed in january 1990 one, setting the country on a path to fragmentation. the federal government has begun to make some progress in rebuilding the country. andrew harding has been covering the nation for two decades and has been back to the capital. andrew this is frankly a pretties -- andrew: i have been visiting for 21 years now, fairly regularly. it is sad to say, even today, we
still need so much security, guards in front, guards behind, armored convoy to protect us. it is a sign of how fragile things are still. it is 30 years since amalia military -- somalia's military was overthrown. in my years visiting, i have seen succeion. what have you been given here, sugar? and i have seen a succession of conflicts. foreign armies, the islamist militants. right on the front line [gunfire] there is a man quietly praying. in 2012, the military leader was forced to withdraw. they believe that it might be here to stay. >> but a decade later, that
stability is precarious. >> there is still almost a shadow state here. they tax, they intimidate, they kill, and they carry out spectacular attacks. >> the militants still control much of somalia's countryside. >> we have come into a makeshift camp, among the ruins, thousands of families who have fled the violence in the countryside over years, but in this group, people who have come in the last few weeks and they are talking about heavy fighting in rural areas outside of the capital, between somali government and the militants. >> and yet, the capital itself endures. a city of resilience. >> there is been a lot of improvement here, but right now, it is election time. it is supposed to be one man,
one vote, but that has not happened. as the elections get closer, the tensions are rising. this is a country that is used solving things by the barrel of a gun. democracy is very much in infancy here. so where next for this country? on the capital's famous beach, a younger generation is impatient for change. when you look at scenes like this, i think there is every reason, every temptation to be optimistic and hopeful about somalia's future. but i would say, this is a country's still very much in the making. it was so badly destroyed. institutions were completely obliterated, and it has to take many more years, perhaps more decades before we are sure where somalia is heading and whether
it is on a path back towards stability and democracy. >> that was andrew harding. such conflicting scenes. the beach looking normal and so much insecurity and violence and violence in the country. just over a year since china -- the coronavirus had spread for weeks, when the chinese government insisted everything was under control. a new bbc documentary has revealed the gap between what was happening on the ground and what chinese officials and scientists knew and what they were telling the rest of the world. here's caroline hawley. caroline: new year's eve, 2019. by now it has been 30 days since
a chinese man in his 70's was hit by a mysterious, and ammonia-like disease. but the world was unaware of the virus that is about to change all of our lives. preparing to ring in the new year, an american virologist takes a call from this man. george, director of china's center of disease control. >> he had identified the virus, a new coronavirus, and it was not highly transmissible. well, this did not resonate, because i had heard about many people who had been infected. caroline: the world health organization should have been informed about the new disease, but it first learned about it from social media. internal meetings, who officials made their frustration plain. the associated press shared some leaked recordings from the second week of january.
>> the evidence of no transmission is not good enough. we need to see the data and determine for ourselves. caroline: hospitals were filling up, and health workers were becoming more alarmed. they are not allowed to talk to international media without authorization but one spoke anonymously to the bbc. their words are revoiced by a reenactor. >> everyone knew it was human to human transmission, even a fool would know, so why say that there was no human transition? -- transmission? this made us very confused. very confused, and very angry. they would not even let us wear masks. they said that they were afraid of causing panic among the patients. caroline: one patient in hospital in late january was a 76-year-old. his son had driven across china so he could have an operation in his hometown after he had broken his leg in a fall.
that they announced that it was human to human transmission, and by then covid-19 had a deadly momentum that would carry it into every corner of the globe. it has killed more than 2 million people. caroline hawley, bbc news. >> a rare look at what cha knew and when. paleontologists in argentina have unveiled dinosaurs. experts have only just realized the significance of the remains. >> could this be the largest dinosaur to have every rome to our planet? feast your eyes on this colossal titanic -- titanasoar. experts are now sticking their neck out with a big claim. this incomplete skeleton is
thought to belong to a huge 30 ton or -- 30 town -- 30 ton herbivore, towering over fellow creatures. now thought to be the largest discovered dinosaurs and have walked the earth. the final resting place for these fossilized remains including 24 vertebrae and fragments of pelvic bone under this muddy river valley of central argentina. now rising once again on top of the world to regain its place amongst giants. >> that is your talk of the world tonight. thank you for watching world news america. ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation.
by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. narrator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. all your favorite drama, history, science, news, and documentaries all in one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. support your pbs station and you can get "passport" giving your full seasons, early releases, special collections and more. get the pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anyte. anywhere.
>> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, a busy first week: the biden administration continues its flurry of executive actions. i talk with susan rice, a key advisor driving the goal of equity. then, getting the vaccine: covid infections and deaths in the united states dip slightly, but the sluggish pace of inoculations remains a cause for concern. plus, cyber threats: we discuss the recent massive government security breach and the vulnerabilities the u.s. still faces with the former head of the cybersecurity agency.