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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 23, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeo volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: this iss america. the u.s. special envoy for haiti resigns over deportation of haitian migrants calling it inhumane and unproductive. we are live in berlin with the latest on who the next chancellor could be. a close in the volcano. our correspondent inhe canary islands is on the scene as the lava is still flowing. >> this is as close as anyone has been allowed since the volcano started erupting on sunday, and here you really do
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get a sense of s power. it is an awesome site. laura: how america's reckoning over race is playing out in the world of art. ♪ laura: welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. haiti is in crisis after summer in which the country has endured the assassination of the president and then a deadly earthquake. there's also been a surge of haitian migrants at the u.s. border with mexico. now the u.s. envoy to haiti has resigned in protest. our central american correspondent reports. reporter: in the dead of night, immigration agents in the north of mexico drag immigrants from their sleep. they can go no further no matter how desperate they are.
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even if they have made it, they will have been greeted by scenes like this, as migrantsttempt to cross from mexico to a makeshift camp in texas this week, they were pushed back i mounted border patrol officers using whips. the biden administration has already deported thousands back to haiti, prompting the u.s. special envoy to resign in protest. deportation is these people's worst nightmare. having traveled from south america to the border town of mexicali, they gather it at a haitian restaurant forhe only meal of the day they can afford. he has lost more than most. his mother died and his father was left badly injured as their family home collapsed during a recent earthquake. having traversed 11 countries and a dense jungle to get here, he says he can't be sent back now. >> there's nothing for me in haiti, nothing. if they are going to send me back, they may as well just kill
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me. just ended all. >> beyond this border wall lie many miles of inhospitable desert. yet the haitians -- haitians who have arrived here say they will do almost anything to avoid the same fate as many of their countrymen, deported from texas back to a country on its knees. meanwhile, there is no sign of an into this crisis. tens of thousands of haitians are scattered in scores of mexican cities and many more are trapped in colombia. in truth, very few will be let into the u.s. >> the united states has function for hundreds of years as a country that has not welcomed, provided opportunity or provided justice to black people. and i think that anyone who does this type of work at this point could not look themselves in the
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mirror and not say that there's an effort by the united states government to keep black people from entering. reporter: the biden administration is facing its biggest border crisis yet. across mexico, police continue to intercept buses and rate hotel rooms. close bilateral cooperation, or doing the americans dirty work. for haitians traveling north, it amounts to the same thing. will grant, bbc news, mexicali. laura: we're joined now by pamela white, a former u.s. ambassador to the country. thanks for being with us. daniel foote uses strong language in his resignation letter. what is your reaction?
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>> first of all, thank you for having me on the program. it is a delight to be here with you. that letter by ambassador foote, there is nothing in there that i did not agree with. i don't think people outside the diplomatic community understand how courageous that letter really is. he could have easily said i resigned and gone away without being so specific about the reasons for his resignation. every single one of those reasons, i have been talking about for months. he is absolutely right. this deportation is a nightmare. i can't for the life of me understand why somebody didn't see this coming. these people who have traveled for over a month, with all the capabilities the united states of america has, why could we not have foreseen this and set up a system to handle it? we do not have a good immigration policy in the united
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states of america. laura: the ambassador said it is deeply flawed, but how do you think the u.s. tries to stabilize haiti so people will stay there? >> we been saying the same thing for months. i've been saying this -- i have not traveled to haiti since i left in 2015, but he has been back there several times. he has gone in deep into the civil society and he has understood that in order for us to make any progress in haiti, we have to have food, housing, and physical security. they are not going to send the marine corps to haiti again. when i left in 2015, the haitian police were professional, they were working, they were rating
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people on drugs, etc. we have to get back to a place where there is some modicum of security in haiti. and this is going to cost some money. laura: why do the think the u.s. backing as the interim leader of haiti -- just a week ago the prosecutor was fired who was investigating the assassination of the president. >> unfortunately, i don't know. think it is unfortunate that he was given as a candidate for prime minister from a president who had all kinds of questionable relationships. certainly this cannot be viewed in my opinion as a credible government at this point. in my opinion, and i have tons of haitian friends who believe
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that this commission that is run by the civil society that they are trying to come up with solutions on how we move forward. as far as i know, daniel foote try to deal with that route. he came back and gave recommendations, some of which i've door send son i don't -- some i endorse and some that i don't. laura: thank you for joining us. this weekend voters go to the polls inermany to choose who will take over from angela merkel as chancellor. for millions of younger voters, ms. is merkel is the only leader they have ever known. she has been on the job for 16 years. the democratic party's only polling at 21%. the rival social democrat party is in the lead with 25%. then there are the smaller
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parties polling less well, like the greens, the hard right and some left-leaning groups. aside from the afd, all the smaller parties could be crucial to the process of forming a coalition government. let's get more from my colleague in berlin tonight. angela merkel is a towering figure in german politics. is she influencing the closing days of the campaign? reporter: she is influencing everything to do with this campaign. i will illustrate that with a broad point and a specific point. the broad point is that angela merkel has so shaped german polics that really everything within the political sphere is to some degree in her style. one commentator earer saying she's taken the politics out of politics. she has made everything so calm and within the context of her way of doing things.
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whate are seeing now is her party saying to itself, what are we now that angela merkel is gone? everyone is trying to work out who they are in german politics without angela merkel there. this specific point is that germans like angela merkel. they're not calling for her to go, they like her calm and stable approach. the opponents are both saying to voters, we are quite like angela merkel. we can be calm and restrained. they are saying to voters, we will give you more of what angela merkel gave you. laura: interesting, so angela merkel has always had a clear view of germany's place in the world. cod that change with the new leader? reporter: i think it has to
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change and i think all the candidates are acknowledging that. they don't take it as a criticism of angela merkel, but two areas are constantly being emphasized. the first is climate change. even merkel agrees germany could have movedurther and faster on climate change. they disagree on the timing of it, the democrats saying germany will give up coal by 2038 and the greens say by 2030, but everyone is in agreement germany needs to move up in it. i was watching a leaders debate earlier and they were talking about the european union, the three people who could be the next chancellor. the two i mentioned and the green leader. they are all saying in different ways, we need to gauge the
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european union more than we need to shape the future of the european union more. germany is sometimes distant from that project and i think all three will be looking to engage with that. laura: thank you so much. climate change is one of the most important issues to the german voters. even so, germany's green pty which initially surged in the opinion polls is now doing less well. here is our berlin correspondent with more. reporter: it's getting harder for germans to ignore climate change. the fairytale forests which carpet this country are dying. this bug is boring into and killing the weaker trees. there's nothing the forgers -- foresters can do but cut down the weakened trees and try to
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stop the spread. >> i never thought forests would reacso quickly to climate change. what shocked us was that it was not just the conifers that were fected. >> time is running out for the planet and for germany's green party, which had high hopes for this election. the party has grown in recent years, boosted by younger voters. but their candidate is lagging behind in the polls. >> there is no doubt how passionately germans fear climate change but that alone may not be enough. >> some worry about the pace of change, how to protect the environment without killing off industry. >> i would like to know who's
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going to pay for all this. maybe a million people will lose their jobs. >> together perhaps we can slow down global warming. but china is opening a thousand power stations. i do wonder how germany is supposed to save the world. >> it's widely acknowledged angela merkel hasn't done enough to tackled climate change, despite her initial efforts to address the problem on the world stage. germany's politicians have come under pressure from a new generation of activists. after this summer's deadly floods, they know priorities are changing. >> none of the parties have enough measures to reach the goals of climate protections.
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only the greens have a largest number of measures that come closest to the goals we have to meet. the others do not. they come close. it is still not sufficient. >> in the german forest, they are replanting different species which state will prove moe resistant to a warmer, drier future, change that seems inevitable or country that is now deciding how best to safeguard its future. laura: in a move to reduced waste, the european commission has a new plan about the world of electronics. it wants all new charging ports compatible with all electronic devices so you can use the same charger. apple, which has different charging devices for different phone models, said the move would stifle innovation. it could take two years for this e.u. directive to be implemented.
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in the canary islands, thousands have been evacuated and hundreds of homes destroyed from the volcano on the spanish island ofla palma. >> this is the closest anyone has been allowed since the volcano started erupting on sunday. and here, you really do get a sense of its power. it is an awesome site. these truly are in nature strongest forces at work anno one can contain or control them. that is absolutely red hot lava continuously being sent into the air and flowing downhill. it has been so destructive to the homes and villages and communities that line the path of that lava. there is also a huge ash cloud spreading across the island here on the east of lapalma. it's more like gravel in places. it is really quite course.
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there is a thick layer of that absolutely everywhere, smothering everything. even communities that have not been destroyed potentially will be damaged because of the ash because of the fact that the lava flowing downhill has covered roads, it has wiped the infrastructure and many villages are inhabitable. you get a sense of how much heat that volcano is generating and how much noise it is generating. the big unknown is how long the abruption will continue and how much more devastating it could be, and where that lava flow will eventually end up. laura: dan johnson reporting there from the volcano in lap alma. your watching "bbc world news america." we hear from people stl living in refugee camps in pakistan.
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lebanon state electricity company is warning of a nationwide blackout by the end of the month as fuel supplies dwindle. the company suffered an economic collapse and inflation is the highest in the world. here is more from beirut now. reporter: this white building -- building you can see over my shoulder is the head of the state electricity company. an important bit of context, at the moment, they're barely supplying any power. this is something people in lebanon are having to cope with constantly. today we hear from the breadmaking consortium that there is bread shortage on the way because they cannot pay their bills. it's one place you see that humiliation and anger and frustration that people feel at the shortages. people wait for hours to fill
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their cars with petrol. things in lebanon are getting worse by the day. laura: the taliban are back in control of afghanistan. weenie afghans are fleeing to neighboring pakistan. this is only increasing the number of afghan refugees in camps there. they are wary of returning to a country under taliban rule. this report is from an afghan refugee camp in the northwest of pakistan. reporter: a dream to return to his homeland in afghanistan that heat left to escape the civil war following the withdrawal of soviet forces. many seasons went by, but despite the strong yearning, he
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hasn't been able to return. >> as soon as there will be peace in afghanistan, i will go back, but i don't see it happening. i fear they're going to kill me today or tomorrow. it's hard to be a refugee. i wonder when this life will in? reporter: thousands of refugees are living here. some refer to it as mini-kabul. over the years it has converted into a permanent settlement, but many lived under the threat of uncertainty. the number has increased many fold. this 19-year-old was born in this camp. he's been refugee all his life. he doesn't know how it feels to belong. >> i also dream to move freely
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like other people. to own a car and house. in other countries when people stay for five or six years, they become citizens. i was born in this country but i am and will always remain a refugee. reporter: neighboring countries andllies will have to work with the taliban to avoid a mass exodus. laura: we turn now to america's reckoning over rise -- race, which has illuminated all forms of life. top museums and galleries are now engaged in soul-searching over who holds the top jobs and which artists get their works shown. how racial justice is affecting the art scene. this neighborhood of washington
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is steeped in civil rights history. the gallery showcases artists. he is seeing a new enthusiasm for the work he is showing. >> there is an uptick in interest in work from peoples of color. we all need to collabote. i also feel it is important to have independent black-owned galleries. >> a featured artist at this gallery, her work explores black women. she says it has opened the eyes of the world to >> it made people realize how realistic racial injustice is, or what that actually looks like for black people. >> the reckoning over race in america has posed tough
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questions for the elite world of art and museums which is a big draw for the crowds here in washington. more than a year after the death of george floyd and the protest which swept d.c., or these institutions doing a better job of reflecting the diversity of america? the curator of this gallery can see a shift happening. >> i received an email from the hirshhorn that they will be exhibiting a nigerian figurative artist. she will have an exhibition in november and i was incredibly excited to see that. so i do see a bit of change, actually. >> at the phillips collection in washington, america's first modern art museum when it open one hundred years ago, the ceo said they are also responding to the national debate over race. >> we had quite vigorous
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internal discussions. it was not a moment where i think one could be responsibly mute. reporter: if art is an expression of how artists see the world, so too is the exprsion of galleries and museums and the art they show the world. there is a reckoning to see the bigger picture. laura: our last story is about a homecoming for an ancient tablet. this 3600-year-old artifact is being returned to the iraqi people by the u.s. today. it's known as the gilgamesh tablet and shows part of the point from the epic gilgamesh. it's thought t be one of the world's earliest works of literature. it's one of 17,000 alluded antiquities that u.s. officials are returning to iraq, spotlighting the fight against
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cultural stealing. thank you so much for watching "bbc world news america." enjoy your evening. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narratorfunding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, boosting the vaccine-- a c.d.c. advisory panel approves a third dose of pfizer's shot for americans most vulnerable to developing severe cases of covid-19. then, border crisis-- a top diplomat resigns, protesting what he calls the biden administration's "inhumane" treatment of haitian immigrants in del rio, texas. and, politics and the high court. justice stephen breyer shares some of what goes into his thinking about his retirement considerations, and weighs in on concerns the supreme court is too political. >> you are there not for the


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