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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  May 18, 2022 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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judy: good evening, i am judy woodruff. tonight, the power of primaries. consequential generallection matchups are set as candidates endorsed by former president trump have mixed results. abortion becomes an energizing issue. >> this has the potential to unify, at least on this one issue, certain subsets of society who were previously thought of as having political agendas that were at odds. judy: guns in america. the massacre in buffalo highlights the ongoing issue of mass shooters obtaining their weapons illegally. and after the fall, a new report details the many failings that
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landed a rapid collapse of afghanistan forces. all of that and more tonight. ♪ >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by -- ♪ >> moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us. >> caregiver, eclipse chaser.
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by the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions from pele like you. thank you. judy: results are still rolling in from last nights's primary elections in five states. north carolina republican representative madison cawthorn was ousted by state senator chuck edwards. the race has yet to be called in pennsylvania's republican u.s. senate contest. dr. oz is locked in a dead heat with a former hedge fund manager. on the democratic side, progressive john federman easily defeated a moderate. we will have more on all of the primary results right after the news summary. stocks took a plunge on wall street today over a disappointing earnings reports from target and lingering suit -- concerned about inflation.
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it is the biggest single day loss since 2020. the dow jones fell more than 1100 points. the nasdaq dropped 566 points. the s&p 500 shed 165. covid-19 cases are spiking in the u.s. and federal health officials are calling on the hardest hit areas to re-issue mask mandates. this is attributed to subvariants of the highly contagious omicron variant. the northeast and midwest are currently reporting the largest outbreaks. the cdc director warned it might not stop. >> what we have seen with prior increases in infections in different waves has demonstrated that this travels across the country and has the potential to travel across the country. i think the important thing to precognize is we actually have the tools to prevent it.
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judy: she also reported u.s. covid cases increased 26% in the past week alone. hospitalizations are up 19%. the first russian soldier to stand trial for war crimes in ukraine pled guilty today to killing an unarmed civilian. the 21-year-old admitted that he shot a 62-year-old ukrainian man in the head. if convicted, he could spend life in prison. russian officials released videos of ukrainian solar's -- soldiers abandoning a steel plant. they estimate nearly 1000 ukrainian troops have surrendered. also today,the u.s. embassy reopened in kyiv three months after closing ahead of the russian invasion. people gathered to watch as officials raised the american flag. a small number of staffers returned, but services have yet
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to fully resume. finland and sweden have now officially submitted their applications to join nato. nato diplomat said national envoys have not reached a consensus on starting mentorship talks. meetings will continue at headquarters in brussels in the coming days. in washington, jake sullivan said the u.s. welcomes the membership. >> this is a historic event. a watershed moment in european security. two nations with a long tradition of neutrality will be joining the world's most powerful defensive alignment. judy: turkey reiterated its opposition to the two nordic countries joining the alliance. a former minneapolis police officer pleaded guilty today to a state charge of aiding and abetting second-degree manslaughter in the death of george floyd.
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this count of second-degree unintentional murder will be dismissed as part of his plea deal. he helped restrain floyd alongside derek chauvin. he is serving 22.5 years in prison for murder and manslaughter. there is word at the department of homeland security that it pausing a newly formed disinformation governance board and its director will resign. this followed weeks of criticism from republicans and questions about whether the board would police free speech. homeland security officials will review the body anmake recommendations in 75 days. still to come, the buffalo massacre highlights the issue of mass shooters obtaining weapons legally. soccer players on the u.s. men's and women's national team apparently have a equity for the first time. a new exhibit chronicles the
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work of a painter and his use of the camera. plus much more. ♪ >> this is the pbs newshour from studios in washington. and from the walter cronkite school of journalism at arizona state university. judy: on the busiest primary day so far of the 2022 midterm elections, there were mixed results or republican candidate endorsed by former president donald trump. and for democrats, several races provided the first true test of what the parties message will be if trump is no longer at the top of the ticket. we have coverage. >> in pennsylvania -- >> we will not have a result tonight. >> a key contest still too close to call. dr. oz, donald trump's former candidate, narrowly leading his republican opponent.
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thousands of mail-in ballots are left account. >> we can see the path ahead. we can see victory ahead. >> thank you so much for l of the hard work. reporter: both fending off a late surge from conservative commentator kathy barnett. whoever comes out on top will face in november against the current lieutenant governor, john fetterman, who easily won the debt -- democratic primary. >> i want to address the elephant in the room. i husband is not in the room tonight. reporter: fetterman remains in the hospital after suffering a stroke on friday. on election day, he had a pacemaker implanted in his campaign says he will be back on the trail soon. >> they like to go to bed early. reporter: a different story for trump's pick in north carolina. >> the america first agenda led to historic job growth, and
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prosperity for all americans. reporter: a congressman it emerged from a credit republican field that included a former governor and congressman. >> i am honored to be your nominee. reporter: the democratic candidate will be the states former chief justice. hoping to become the third black woman elected to the u.s. senate. a few in the tar heel state got closer to congress. someone else was shown out. trump's endorsement could not save madison cawthorn, who lost his primary. out west, a democratic incumbent is in trouble. a ngressman endorsed by president biden was trailing a progressive challenger who is an environmentalist. in idaho, the trump-endorsed lieutenant governor lost a challenge to her boss and fellow republican, the incumbent governor. next week, political attention turns south with heated primary
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races in georgia. judy: to help us break down more of last night's results, i am joined by david wasserman of the cook political report. and an editor at large at the nonprofit newsroom the 19th. welcome back to both of you. let me start with you, i want to ask about the influence of president trump. the candidates he endorsed. how did they do? not all of them won. >> tha is right. it was a mixed bag. regardless of whether he doors tour did not endorse certain winners, the party is moving in his direction. madison cawthorn self sabotaged his way to defeat. two other controversial republicans dr. oz's did really
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well. some trump skeptics did we. they won primaries that largely escaped his radar. judy: what do you see here? it is not only the candidates that former president trump endorsed, it is the large number of republican candidates who say they do not believe in the 2020 election. >> absolutely right. this was still very much in play in pennsylvania. they declined to even endorse a candidate.
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they felt they could not because of the way the party politics were in this state. she ended up being a spoiler in the gop primary with dr. oz. he said it does not belong only to trump. with or without his endorsement, you saw people who were endorsed by trump or subscribe to that style politics on the republican side. in pennsylvania, the republican nominee for the gubernatorial contest was endorsed kind of an the 11th hour by former president trump. that is someone who did not need the former president to endorse him. it was already looking like he would be the nominee without that. it will be interesting to see how president trump really factors into the general
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election knowing how pivotal pennsylvania was in the 2020 election. this could end up being somewhat of a grudge match for the former president. he was one of those people who would have voted to ceify the election for former president trump. judy: no question about it. we are seeing them across the country. let's turn to the democrats. interestinghat in some of these states, it is the more progressive democratic candidate who is winning against the so-called establishment mainstream democrat. what do you see going on there? >> it was a mixed bag. there was no clear verdict on the left. fetterman, who is perceived to be more progressive, won comfortably. you also had a state representative who is narrowly ahead of the more moderate candidate in pittsburgh.
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that is a big victory for progressives. it looks like blue dog conservative democrat in oregon will go down to defeat in his primary against a more progressive challenger. i think the overall takeaway is maybe democratic voters are not subscribing to this framework. maybe they are voting for the candidates they personally like and trust without a big of this is ideology. judy: what do you see going on on the democratic side of the ledger? >> once again you have the question for democratic voters on whether they want to go with more establishment folks are they want people who are going to be fighters. fighting for systemic change. in pennsylvania you have someone who built her own pipeline to get to where she is now. fetterman, who is seen as
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progressive, but is the current sitting lieutenant governor. not the only candidate in that contest to one state on election. somebody who is an outlier. he really is redefining what do color -- blue-collar. she came out of north carolina. someone who has been a judge for 20 years. she was the clear frontrunner in that contest. you also have charles booker coming out of kentucky. he is a more progressive candidate. he wants to swing big in terms of democratic priorities and not just the incremental change that a lot of people thought was the pragmatic, sacred choice.
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judy: if we step back for a minute and look at where these congressional races across the country, how they are shaping up , there are still primaries to go. at this point, what do you see? i think we have a map showing some redistricting results. maybe you could work that into your answer. >> when it rains for one side, if for us. democrats are clear underdogs at this way to retain their majority in the house. redistricting, which was like it could be a silver lining a couple of months ago, has shifted in republicans direction. just about everything has gone wrong or democrats in redistricting and the last few months. that was going to potentially win them three additional seeds.
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it looks like republicans might get a couple of seats from redistricting alone before you even factor in the political environment. we could be looking at a republican gain in the house of somewhere up to 35 seeds. judy: we have been hearing for some time this is not a good year for democrats. when you look at what is going on with redistricting, it makes it a big mountain for them to climb. >> absolutely. on top of that the voter suppression laws that swept state legislatures that wl be in place heading into november. that is certainly something that the party is concerned about. thinking about how to raise
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awareness and educate voters who want to be involved in making sure that their vote counts headed into november. making sure that if they turn out, their vote will matter. judy: it is only the middle of may. a long way to go. we do have some new numbers to look at. we thank you both for having the understanding of what is going on. thank you so much. >> thank you. >> thank you. ♪ judy: abortion access is now a key issue in races across the country. since news that the supreme court seems to be on the verge of overturning roe v. wade. the stakes are especially high in sylvania. candidates with sharply divided
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stances on the issue will face offer governor in an election that will likely determine abortion law in the state. we are back now with some time we spent with the voters and advocates across the political spectrum about how this issue is shaking of the race. reporter: in pennsylvania, energy and opportunity on both sides of one of the most vice of issues in politics. at the state capital, there gathering. >> everybody has been put on notice. reporter: fired up, she is heading to the statehouse. >> we are in a watershed moment again. reporter she leads voices for reproductive justice, and advocacy group focused on the health of lack women and queer people. -- black women and queer people. she sees it at risk and as stated her battleground. >> americans generally think
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about abortion access or abortion restrictions and think this is a southern issue. that is mississippi or louisiana or alabama. the most work only in legislation around abortion restrictions was proposed right here in this state. reporter: she means the case in 1992 that blocked pennsylvania restrictions and upheld a national right to abortion. if abortion becomes a state-by-state issue, 26 states would likely ban or could impose new restrictions. pennsylvania is not one of them. the future of the issue here is to be determined. and to be fought. both sides at may the state a focal point. hundred to what to keep abortion legal rally passionately on the steps of the capital where she delivered a call to arms. >> we know deep down we will
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win! >> we are tired of this. we are ready to be heard. >> it will happen here in pennsylvania next year if we do not still have a democratic governor. reporter: under current pennsylvania law, abortion is legal up to 24 weeks of pregnancy. there is no question the republican legislature here wants to change that. >> abortion access into and sylvania will remain legal and save as long as i am governor. reporter: so far, the governor has stood in the way and vetoing three antiabortion bills sent to his desk. he is term limited and leaving office, leaving voters with a stark, high-stakes choice about who will follow him. on the left, the attorney general ran unopposed in the primary. he is best known for investigating abuse in the catholic church and defeating the trump campaign's voter fraud claims.
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he understands abortion as part of this race. >> the next governor will have on his desk a bill that bans abortion in the commonwealth of pennsyania. i will veto that bill. reporter: he is trying to expand the democratic map, campaigning at a brewery ia deep red county. he is wanting to keep abortion access where it is now. >> i want to protect the fundamental freedoms of pennsylvanians to be able to make decions over their own bodies. reporter: on the right, the crowded republican field for governor was united on abortion, backing a total or near total ban. >> i have made exceptions for rape, incensed, and the health of the mother. >> i would not have any exceptions. >> i don't have a way for exceptions either. reporter: republicans chose one of the most conservative candidates, a state senator.
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he was bolstered by a last-minute endorsement from donald trump. he is a firebrand ready recently shut out most of the press, including us from a campaign event. he attended the generally six pro-trump rally in washington. he is one of the state loudest voices against legal abortion, sponsoring a man starting -- a ban starting around five or six weeks of pregnancy. >> we turn our backs on the most vulnerable and we let them be massacred. reporter: what degree do you think the governor's race will determine the future of abortion in pennsylvania? >> i think it is the most important race we have right now. reporter: she is part of an invigorated antiabortion movement. a native pennsylvanian, she is a long-time believer that life ends at conception. she previously ran a crisis pregnancy center.
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today they are in a key suburb knocking on doors. they aim to have personal conversations about abortion. they hand out literature saying to reject those candidates. they found her at her door. we were all just literally having this conversation with each other. reporter: she is a former democrat and once more abortion restrictions. >> i do believe in a woman's choice in certain interests. you have to stand up for the baby. reporter: she says that is why she is here and she has seen a change in the last few weeks. >> i have people saying abortion is not really of the top of my list. reporter: the sides are intensely jockeying. >> reporter: i think there
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should be limitations. she's a registered republican and mother who sympathizes with people at all stages in this debate. >> anyone going through an abortion is a very hard thing. a very tough thing to have to live with that for the rest of your life. you have to do what is right for you. there should be some limitations. reporter: what would you like to see change in pennsylvania? >> i would see 15 weeks as a restriction. reporter: on the ballot for governor will be a republican who wants a van -- ban on abortion. >> maybe there are voters who would like to see a middle ground. maybe that is where more voters actually are. that has not been on the table. reporter: what is on the table for pennsylvania are difficult days ahead. >> i think this has the potential to unify, at least on
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this one issue, certain subsets of society that previously thought of as having political agendas that were at odds on both sides. they will make that an important topic. they know it is something very important to the people. it is charging up everyone. reporter: the abortion issue is already electric. the supreme court has yet to issue its final opinion. judy: she has since returned from pennsylvania and joins us now. in your reporting, you are noting intense political charges running through this debate. you have the sense that disagreements might actually turn physical? reporter: not yet. we did pick up on some notable changes. she told me that since the leak
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to the penny came out, she and her staff have seen a very large uptick in racial slurs hurled at them. racist language at them in person when they go to the door as well as online. she says they are now putting in place different security protocols when they are out there trying to do their treach. she said this is the first time she has felt a threat to her safety. at the same time i want to show you a photo of something i saw at that rally in favor of abortion rights of the capital. that is justice alito's home address. the same person also had a sign with justice kavanaugh home address. this shows that the fight has become personal. we know the justices on the supreme court, there is a sense that they need more security right now the building. i think we are in a charged atmosphere.
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the words that all sides use and their actions going forward really matter on how this goes. judy: thank you for your reported reporting at this moment. ♪ judy: new york's governor took steps today that she said would strengthen the state red flag laws. he comes after authorities said the accused gunman in the buffalo massacre bought the weapon he used despite being held for a mental health evaluation last year. after saying he would commit murder-suicide. this has raised questions about the effectiveness of laws that are designed to get weapons out of the hands of those who may be a threat to themselves or others. reporter: when the accused
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gunman was evaluated, he said his remark was a joke to get out of class. authorities said he was not dangerous. they released him and they never barred him from having a firearm under new york's red fly ball. -- flag law. he started with plans about a racist shooting spree. he said they did not know he had spent $100 on ammo or that he owned a shotgun. later he wrote i lied to them for months. this brings up a basic question. is there a way to detect and deter mass shooters before they act? she is an associate professor of criminalogy. the prosecutor in the county
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when the accused went to high school defended the ocome of that mental evaluation by saying he did not have a long history of mental illness. this was the one isolated incident. what he said and everything else we are learning, what does that say about the effectiveness of red flag laws? >> it is pretty complicated. we see this again and again and the lives of perpetrators that they are leaking their plans, they are actively suicidal, they are telling of the people they are thinking about doing this and an intervention just does not occur. i think he goes to show you how these red flag laws on the books that could be very effective if they were put into place. you also have to have the training from the people in the community. reporter: in this case it feels like this was someone who was
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intent on being deceptive. figuring out how to get out of having said this in high school. he acknowledged lying to his parents. is someone who is intent on deceiving just going to get around these laws? >> it is hard to say. he can say that he was joking or getting but he still said it. we see that again and again. they will say they are thinking about this and then when confronted thewill say never mind. that is why we actually need a lot more research i think into how to conduct these interviews, what information we should be looking at and pulling out and how do we figure out what is a joke or a hoax? even if it is not a threat today, it could turn into something real a year from now. i think the research in an area is still emerging. reporter: there was a justice department study that uses data that your program generated.
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they found that from 1966 to 2019, 70 7% of mass shooters got their weapons legally. why is it so easy? >> that is a great question. we tracked every gun that was used in every mass shooting going back to 19 six six, looking at how it was obtained, wayne, how it was modified. many of these perpetrators were able to purchase the guns legally even though they should not have been able to. there were things like lying when doing a background check or the background check not being performed or crossing state lines where the age limits are different. maybe the history of ability was not entered into the system correctly. a lot of the purchased guns online or a gun shows or through private sales or took them from their parents.
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places that we do not regulate. reporter: i wheyou do expand on something. these laws were made to detect mass shooters before they act. clearly in this case it did not work. what is the fix? how can we detect and deter mass shooters before they act? >> it is a huge question. we published a book in the fall. we dove deep into all of the data. we came out with 33 different solutions based on the data he had. none of them are perfect on their own. everything from trauma straining and schools to crisis intervention. two and summoning red flag laws and universal background checks. there are a lot of things we can be doing as individuals and policymakers. there is not just one thing that
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will fix this. it is really complicated. reporter: the governor of new york asked t state attorney general to investigate the social media platforms that had a role in this. they say he got radicalized on a website that is notorious as a breeding ground for conspiracy theories. talk a little bit about the role of the internet and social media in this. >> we have seen mass shootings really increasing over the last five years. we think that part of that escalation is the role of social media. you have individuals who are lost, angry, suicidal. they go online and they are able to find these dark communities where a lot of t thinking has been validated. it was really difficult before the internet to find these people were saying these terrible things. but now you can find them and be validated very easily.
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we have cases of perpetrators talking to other perpetrators in front of chat rooms before they go out and do this. we note these shootings are meant to be watched and witnessed. there are ways to make your anger go viral. the internet plays auge role in turning these perpetrators into these notorious people who we all know. reporter: thank you very much. >> thank. judy: last summer, taliban fighters swept through afghanistan and sees the capital in a matter of weeks. how they were able to do so and why the afghan military collapsed so quickly has been delayed -- debated ever since. today, and inspector general released the first u.s. government report on what
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happened. it catalogued years of mistakes. reporter: over 20 years, the u.s. spent $90 billion training afghanistan forces and gave them 600,000 weapons. it took the taliban only 30 days last summer to capture all 34 provinces. it was a strategic defeat. the first u.s. government report to talk about it is from an inspector general for afghanistan reconstruction who joins me now. welcome back. you write that the single most important factor was the u.s. decision to withdraw military forces and contractors from afghanistan from an agreement in february of 2020. >> it was a devastating impact on the morale of the average soldier. they felt abandoned by the u.s.. they were left alone.
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reporter: morality have been low before that. there were many afghan soldiers complained they were fighting what was seen as a corrupt government. and the taliban was fighting to evict foreign forces. >> this is not to say that the afghans did not have problems before this treaty. the decision made by the administration. what really happened was they felt essentially that the taliban had cut a deal with our government and to some extent maybe their own government and they were left in the lurch. the average afghan soldier was being told by his leadership out in the provinces that deals have been cut. reporter: part of the agreements were withdrawing contractors specifically. you quote a former u.s. commander telling you that pulling contractors out was like pulling all the sticks out of the pile and expecting it to be up. why were the afghans so dependent on contractors? >> we had given them highly
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sophisticated american equipment and they were not capable of maintaining that equipment by themselves. reporter: that is indicative of a longer-term problem of what has been called mirror imaging. creating them in the guise of u.s. forces. even the structure of the army itself. how fatal do you think was that? >> it was a fatal flaw. it was somethi we identified. they believe in the area of logistics. they were horrible. we gave them a lot of weapons and bullets and material. there is no way to the root. then the troops are done. reporter: was there an alternative? could the u.s. have dealt in afghan military that was less mirror image? >> it could've happened there we cold've spent more time building the capability. that was another problem we identified in the report. we had a short turnaround on our
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personnel being there. we did not have a 20 year strategy in afghanistan. we were always rushing to get out. every administration wanted to get out the strategy was based on getting out. what happens is you ignore things like developing the operations and all the things set even army functioning. reporter: he mentions the afghan government. let's talk about some the errors you identified. you said loyalists were appointed and they failed to create a national security plan. how important were those mistakes? >> by appointing loyalists, he replaced western trained, educated, and identified and recruited. we headed by these commaers. but he got rid of them because he did not trust them.
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in the end he became like one of the senior generals told us, paranoid. he was afraid of a two -- coup. he was replacing them with former soviet era generals who had not seen service for 20 years. they were totally incompetent. we say in the report that they never thought the u.s. was going to pull the trigger and leave. they never really planned for it. reporter: one of the factors we have spoken about over the years that contributed to what happened at the end of this war is civilian death. special operations raids. do you think this could have contributed to the long-term failure? >> i think so. i think some of the senior military officials we have talked about over the years have said every time we did a bombing raid, we killed the wrong people. we created more taliban.
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that was happening all over the country. they really got worse after the u.s. stopped their air missions. it was basically afghans doing it. afghans who are not as skilled and they were sloppy and they killed a lot of innocent afghan men, women, and children. they drove the rest of their family members into the taliban's grasp. reporter: in six weeks it will of been 10 years since you started this job. you have written scores of reports. reports that you have been ignored. do you fear the u.s. is destined to make the same mistakes again? >> i hate to say it, yes. the senior leaders will tell you we will never do it again. that is exactly what we said after vietnam. we did in iraq and afghanistan. we are starting to do it in countries in africa. it is a slippery slope when you
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start sending it u.s. military and equipment and start trying to re-create a country's or government in our image area all we will find ourselves in the same place. i'm not saying we do not need to troops into certain areas around the world. but let's think about what we are doing first. this learned some lessons area we have a 20 year long petri dish. you can see what hapns when we do not listen to lessons from the past. reporter: thank you very much. >> a pleasure. ♪ judy: the u.s. soccer federation announced a historic deal today to ensure equal pay between the men's and women's players. u.s. soccer becomes the first national team to equalize pay and bonuses in the sport, including for world cup play.
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we have the tales. reporter: four years the pay disparities between men and women have been the source of lawsuits and disputes. the women's team has won four world cups and four olympic gold medals. the u.s. men have not won the cup or a metal in the -- medal in the modern era. u.s. soccer teams will put all the money together and divided equally. for some perspective on this, i enjoyed by a two-time of the big gold medalist and 1999 world cup champion. she is the author of a forthcoming book. it is so great to have you here. >> thank you so much for having me. it is fantastic. reporter: u.s. soccer is now doing something that no other soccer federation does, pooling the money and then splitting it equally. this has been a long time
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coming. from where you said, what was the tipping point? >> it has been a long time coming. it has been almost three decades in this fight. i think the tipping point was actually twofold. one was she became the president of the u.s. soccer federation. she was a former teammate of mine. she played about 10 years on the national team and truly understood the problem and wanted to make a difference. she was able to convince the board of the u.s. soccer federation to bring together the men's players and have the teams discuss it and everybody be on board. i think the collaboration and initiative should bow forward was the thing that made it happen. >> you're easily one of the best goalkeepers in soccer history. a huge start of the sport. you've also sacrificed a lot for the sport. you suffered a brain injury in 2010 that cut short your career. taking all that into consideration, how you feel in this moment? are you excited or not so
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excited because it shouldn't have taken so long? >> that is a fantastic question. when i found out about it this morning i was thrilled it has been such a long road. fighting for something for this long, you really start to think it will never happen. sure enough, here it is. you have agreement on both sides. you have a great time for this to happen. i am really happy. i am excited. i'm so proud of all the players like myself who led the foundation. they took it to another level. am so excited that we are finally there. reporter: i am struck by something i found in my research. france took home $38 million.
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u.s. women just the next year took $4 million. >> that was the world cup pay disparity. that was the issue. could they do anything about it? i think she was very instrumental in getting the men's players together to say how can we make this better? they had many discussions. they did not just roll over and say sure. they did the right thing. they decided to have a more unified front and were able to get it done. reporter: is this framework rolled out elsewhere? ? can other countries do this? >> i really think they can. i think europe in particular, countries like germany, france, maybe england. the men's teams can get together
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with the women's teams. i know the sport has been over there a lot longer and is the highlight of the countries. but i think this can potentially be done. we are obviously the first ones to see how it goes. i really think it is possible to roll it out elsewhere. reporter: the u.s. men's team had to give back some of their earnings. what was that like? >> the turning point was the men were sitting in on some of the negotiations the women were having with u.s. soccer, getting a feel for what it was like to be on that side of the table. they decided to have more empathy and understanding. the men make it a bit more money from their club teams area they get those salaries that are a lot higher. i think that made it a lot easier. reporter: it was the u.s. women's team that puts locker on the -- sock on the global map. it is a lot better.
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♪ judy: he was a contemporary american painter who made pioneering contributions to black portraiture. our special correspondent in boston takes us to an exhibit at his work at brandeis university and shows us how he used the camera as his mechanical sketchbook. reporter: he was a renowned painter. personality uses here -- even after his death in 4017. the discovery of his photographs reveal how much he saw with his camera.
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>> the way an artist would sketch in the sketchbook to remind himself of what he saw. he called the camera his mechanical sketchbook. reporter: that is the name given to this show at brandeis university. >> his way of painting makes people jump off the canvas and the dazzle you. the photographs also have that mesmerizing, riveting presence. reporter: from his earliest days growing up in north philadelphia, he walks the city with a camera around his neck. it was during his travels in europe when he saw and photographed work that would change his life. paintings by the old masters. >> he knew his art history really well. in this self-portrait, when you see the way he is dressed in the way he gestures, you have you
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really think of alaska's -- velazquez. the hub becomes a comic smear. -- convex mirror. reporter: he found the museum paintings riveting for their beauty and striking for their lack of blackness. >> he decided his role would be to bring his people and friends and family reporter: reporter:. he also turned the gaze on himself in self trips. >> of course all of the tropes of the hypersexuality of black men and what that means.
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>> you see him playing with visibility and invisibility in these various ways. i think it is very important for us to think about how black and brown people are viewed. reporter: she is talking about this photograph in which he proudly wears a banner of superman just as he disappears behind sunglasses. all while nude from the waist down. >> part of the revelation of what he is doing in photography is we get to see the world through his eyes. he does not get pushed to the side. reporter: he bristled at assumptions, especially when his work was labeled political. what did he have to contend with when people used that word over and over again? >> i think people often used the word as a way to dismiss s
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work as doing only one thing. what he was really doing was showing the deep complexity of the people he saw around him. and the nation he lived in. reporter: a nation where he saw anita hill fashioned as a pariah. where space was made for the ku klux klan and the confederate was embraced. >> he is building in these contrasts radius images of confederate flags, trying to understand the political tensions in the u.s. but i also notice in this image, a man and woman dancing. the colors in it are the colors of the pan-african flag. reporter: he seemed to revel in life's pleasures. the portability of musical play and the boxes. all science you are worded as the beauty in life.
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>> there is a lot of sensuality in the beauty that he portrays. that brings to mind the portrait of vendetta. she is nude and sitting in a lotus position. she forms angles. reporter: not to mention a mechanism like the mechanical special -- sketchbook for seeing the world with the widest possible in. judy: a news update before we go, president biden is invoking the defense production act to boost the supply of baby formula that has grown so hard-to-find in recent months. the federal government will prioritize key ingredient for production. he launched a program that will use defense department aircraft to inform them. that is the newshour for tonight
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area join us online and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us here, please stay safe and we will see you soon. >> major funding has been provided by -- >> for 25 years, consumer cellular's goal has been to provide wireless service to help people communicate and connect. our customer service team can help you. ♪ >> the ford foundation, working with visionaries on the front lines of social change. in the ongoing support of these institutions.
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♪ this program was made possible for the corporation for public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs stations viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪
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♪ hello, everyone, apwelcome to "amanpour & company" from kabul, afghanistan. here's what's coming up. the dire humanitarian catastrophe with half the population facing starvation, i witnessed the desperate conditions on the ground and asked the world food programme if the worse is still to come. then more of our world exclusive with one of afghanistan's most powerful and secretive players. deputy taliban leader sirajuddin haqqani on women's rights under their regime. and how women here have to navigate both repression and poverty with activist mahbouba seraj. plus, domestic terror strikes the united states again. hari sreenivasan speaks to former fbi age

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