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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 27, 2022 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. woman: the rules of business are being reinvented with a more flexible workforce. by embracing innovation, by looking not only at current opportunities, but ahead to future ones.
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man: people who know, know bdo. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing sutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." more horrifying details emerge from the shooting in uvalde, texas, as a students repeatedly called 911, pleadingor help. more than a dozen officers waited in the school hallways for nearly an hour before entering the classroom. reporter: we will have more on the contentious news conference,
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and asked some of the questions that it didn't answer. >> in ukraine, russia's advance continues, as a separatists backed by moscow claim to have captured a strategic town to the country's east. in somalia, hundreds of communities, being ravaged by drought, causing a humanitaria crisis that is harming the country's most vulnerable. we will have a report. and we have the story of how 3d printers are being used to build new classrooms for students in madagascar. that, still ahead. ♪ >> welco to "world news america." police in texas have admitted that they took too long to storm a classroom, where an 18-year-old gunman was carrying out a mass shooting on tuesday. a senior official, steven mccraw, said it was wrong not to
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break in sooner during a heated conference. he said they believed no more pupils were at risk at the school and the attacker had barricaded himself inside a room, where no one was left alive. here he was speaking earlier. >> on the benefit of hindsight, where i'm sitting now, of course there was another right decision -- it was the wrong decision. there's no excuse for that. but i wasn't there. i'm just telling you from what we know, we believe there should have been an entry -- when there's an active shooter, the rules change. it is no longer, ok, no longer a barricaded subct. we don't have time, you don't worry about parameters, you don't care what agency you are from, you don't have to have a leader on the scene, every officer lines up, stacks up, goes and finds where the rows are being fired at and keeps shooting on tilde subject is dead -- on tilde subject -- until the subject is dead, perio d. reporter: just a few hours away,
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in the city of houston, they are hosting the annual meeting of the national rifle association. protesters have gathered outside of the facility, calling for tighter restrictions on guns. as our north america editor, sarah smith, reports. reporter: in houston, four hours from uvalde, the nra our meeting today. thousands of gun owners gathering to defend their right to own weapons. facing angry protesters who are demanding greater gun control in america. >> do you understand why people are not calling for tighter gun control? >> i can understand it. there's a lot of people people out there. -- evil people out there. i think we need to control crime. reporter: if evil people didn't have access to semi automatic weapons, they would be able to commit msacres in school. >> that's one way to look at it. reporter: what's another way to lookt it? >> control crime. >> if you have personal that want to be trained, they can be
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trained and armed and you are going to restrict the access of any crazy nut that the sites are common -- it is not the weapon, it is the nut that's got the weapon. >> it is because the nut has a weapon he's able to go in and do so. >> but, but, but -- why don't you protect the schools? you say the schools are gun free. also the churches. how many shootings have we had in churches because they are gun free? reporter: the gun lobby and political supporters have been completely undeterred. ey have not paused even for a minute. instead, they have continued resolutely arguing against any kind of tighter gun control. mr. garcia visited a memorial to his wife yesterday, one of the teachers killed inside the school. when he got home, he suffered a fatal heart attack. his family believes he died of a broken heart. the garcia's had four children. sah smith, houston, texas.
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>> such a heartbreaking story. the shooting in uvalde is the worst attack in america since sandy hook in 2012. back then, serena was a student at the elementary school. 20 of her fellow pupils and sex of the school -- six of the school's staff were murdered. i sat down with her to hear her reaction to the shooting in texas. a rare time for her, as a teenager, serena is busily juggling school and him gnostics. but this week's tragedy has her reliving her painful past. serena was a happy 7-year-old at school looking forward to christmas with her classmates, when a gunman burst into sandy hook on them and to and killed -- sandy hook on to and killed 26 children and staff. she says she continues to struggle with the trauma. >> i suffer from nightmares, especially from that day, and survivor's guilt. it is very hard to get through that, because it's like, why did
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i survive and all these other people had to die? reporter: she has decided to speak out now in hopes that politicians will listen to her please. -- her pleas. >> it's definitely guns in america. what i want to see happen is legislation passed for preventing -- for taking guns off the streets. reporter: when you hear certain lawmakers say it is a mental health issue, what is your response? >> it really is not a mental health issue -- it is everywhere, it is only in america that that happens. we are always wondering why it has to happen. reporter: for the children in texas, she had this message. >> i am so, so sorry this happened to you, and that you had to go through this, pecially at almost the same age that i went through sandy hook. and to be strong, even though it will be hard. reporter: america has cated another generation traumatized
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by gun violence. it is the youngest who continue to pay the price. >> bbc's jane o'brien is in ualde -- in uvalde for us tonight. there was such a heated press coerence with the police. they admitted to making mistakes. what justification did they give for those actions? reporter: there are a catalog of errors in this tragic chain of events. but the two biggest seem to have come from the commanding officer. who decided that the shooter was no longer active. because the shooting had stopped temporarily, as it happened. instead of ordering the 19 police who were inside the building to storm the classroom and shoot him, he decided to pull back and escort other children out of the school first, even though there were no immediate -- in no immediate danger. officials say that was wrong. the second mistake he made was
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that he then delayed again asking for more tactical gear before storming the classroom. this was all while at least one child and a teacher were fronted -- were frantically calling 911, emergency services. a child made eight calls in that period of time saying she was in trouble and desperately calling for the police to come in. that has not been explained. even though the police knew there was a child -- many children still inside the classroom with a gunman. fo some reason, the officer in charge still took the decision that this was not an active threat, not an active shooter, and delayed the eventual storming of the classroom, which led to the shooter being shot dead. >> jane, those were mistakes in those critical moments. right from the start, we are now seeing the police revising their explanation, t timeline of
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events. what else can you tell us about how this entire thing folded? -- thing unfolded? reporter: we now know that it was far longer than initially thought. 78 minutes before the shooter was shot dead. the first mistake that was made was the door was left propped open that should've been closed -- that is how the shooter got in. a patrol officer who should have been guarding the school was not on the scene. we don't know why. he arrived at the scene when he heard shooting, but drove past the shooter, who had not actually got into the school yet and there was a teacher standing on the other does the shooter drove towards a teacher. that allowed the shooter to get into the school and go through the building. police are also trying to piece together through different timelines. video evidence, social media use the shooter was engaging in months before the incident actually happened, and also these 911 calls, to try to get a
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more comprehensive picture of how events unfolded and why vital clues might've been missed. of course, the big question of all is, why? why did this 18-year-old decide to discuss online with his friends and close -- in close messages the possibility of shooting a school, then shooting his grandmother in the head, going to the school, and shoot 19 children to. -- 19 children dead. >> we know the types of shootings have lasting trauma on communies. as we heard from the survivor of sandy hook. how is the mishandling by police adding to the trauma in the community? reporter: well, it's very difficult to live in an active crime scene -- and this school is at the heart of this community. everybody knows everybody else. that has become the center of grief, where people come together and express their shock, the horror, their anger at what is happening. you have experienced this,you
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have cered shootings ,it is palpable . i've watched grown men lie on the ground this morning, banging their fists into the ground, sobbing their hearts out. it is absolutely awful to witness. i don't know how one can heal under those circumstances. joe biden is coming into uvalde on sunday, he wants to show his support for the community. they will get a sense that america is with them in this moment. >> jane o'brien, thank you so much, with the latest from uvalde, as the community tries to heal. in ukraine, officials are warning russian forces are close to encircling the key city of the next in the country's eastern donbass region. russian backed forces are also claiming that they have captured the town of lehman and another, be the next to fall. russian forces have been gaining forces ever since they abandoned efforts in western cities like
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kyiv. if moscow publishes its goal and takes a hold of the region, then it is unclear what comes next, as our correspondent reports. reporter: this is what liberation by the russians looks like. the donbas region, wants 20,000 people lived here, now it is almost deserted. natalia's one of the few who remains. >> i was sleeping here last night. i just have to fix the window somehow. the wind it is still bad. cold at night. reporter: she has seen the destruction of the invasion firsthand. >> two people back there were dead. they were sitting outside to cook. and a projectile came flying. eight people were wounded at once. someone was cooking for the neighbors. then ate got wounded. -- eight got wounded. reporter: forces broke through
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ukrainian lines and began the slow but relentless attempt to encircle and destroy thousands of ukrainian fighters. one of the main reasons given by president putin was to stop when he said was a genocide taking place in the donbas region, carried out by ukraine. there never was any evidence of that. but now, president zelenskyy says a genocide is taking place, but is being carried out by russian. -- by russia. >> the current defensive of the occupiers will make the region uninhabitable. they want to burn ou towns and cities to ashes. all this, including the deportation of our people and the mass killings of civilians, is in obvious policy of genocide pursued by russia. reporter: this is one of two cities currently being encircled. before the invasion, many people here felt an affinity with russia. people spoke russian. they got their news from russian sources. but have now been driven from their homes by russian shelling.
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>> what drove me out was the distress. the shells kept falling every second. >> i don't know what we will do. we can't go home and we cannot leave here either. reporter: with every russian military breakthrough, escape becomes harder. separatist forces claimed to have captured the town of lehman and other cities are looking more likely by the day. bbc news, kyiv. >> the unitedations, warning some risks famine if global food prices continue to rise. -- somalia risks famine if global food prices continue to rise. as that drought rages on, millionsf children in the country will suffer from malnutrition. our correspondent is in southern somalia with more. reporter: than a mass movement of people across somalia.
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grandparents, children, neighbors, leaving their homes. carrying all they have, because their land has become hostile. he and his family walked 300 km to get to this camp in southern somalia. but some were left behind. >> i am feeling sad because the other people, we left back there, i am worried about their survival. where are the children? our children are suffering. there children we left on the road. reporter: and some children did not survive the journey to get help. this 3-year-old is buried here. she died shortly after arriving at the camp. she was malnourished and suffering from measles and hepatitis. her mother and grandmother come
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here to visit her grave. >> she suffered a lot the night before she died. by the morning, she was gone. reporter: another grave is being dug for a little girl who we understand died from measles last night. the people here tell us she was also malnourished. most children will not die because they are simply hungry. it just means that the bodies are too weak to fight off infections that they could survive. every bed on this ward is taken. there is no space for them. they will have to wait until a bed is free. >> now, where can we get food? reporter: somalia needs aid to get through this drought. but international prices
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are already going up. the war in ukraine is the latest shocked on the global supplies. and the fact the world's attention and donor funding are focused on a war thousands of kilometers away, many warn the crisis affecting somalia a its neighbors is being forgotten. >> resources are really small, 50% of somalia has been funded -- that is increasing every day, the need, there's a lot of concern we might be heading into a risk of famine coming soon. when the needs grow, i don't know, unless we get the money now, it is going to be extremely difficult. reporter: the focus is now on keeping everyone, especially the youngest, alive. bbc news,outhern somalia. >> let's take a look at some other news -- latin america has reported the first case of monkeypox, just as
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the world health organization warns it expects the number of infections to continue to rise. about 200 monkeypox infections have not been detected in countries outside africa, where the disease is usually found. the al jazeera news network is referring the killing of its veteran correspondent to the international crimal court in hague. the palestinian authority set it's official investigation had found she was deliberately shot by and is really soldier -- by an israeli soldier. the defense minister called that a blatant lie. beijing says the u.s. is trying to smear china by accusing it of being the most serious long-term challenge the international order. a chinese foreign ministry spokesman added america was exaggerating the china threat. thursday, the u.s. secretary of state said china was the only country with a desire and the power to reshape the current international system. now, last week, the u.k. soccer
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player jack daniels became an active u.k. football there for more than 30 years to come out as gay. he said he has been inspired t do so after another young player, australian, came out last year. we have more for us tonight, where we have retion to joshnd his advice for jake -- josh's news and his advice for jake. >> i was happy, i wanted to change it, i could it be authentic, that was my truth, something was holding me back. reporter: it months ago, josh made an announcement that changed his life. he had -- it had a ripple effect around the world. >> there's something personal that i need to share with everyone. i'm a footballer, and i am gay. reporter: what was a turning point for you that you sent to yourself, i'm going to come out and speak my truth? >> it is exhausting. i went to all my youth career and the start of my professional
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career in the closet. that is acting 24/7. making up lies of who you are hanging out with or you have got a girlfriend, you haven't got a girlfriend, what are you doing on the weekend? it is constant lies. the pressure of professional football on top of that, it's really bad. reporter: last week, jake daniels became the first british professional male footballer to come out in more than 30 years. josh was his inspiration. >> i've influenced someone in such a short time. it is phenomenal to see. i'm excited thathrough my story, it is changing lives. reporter: have you spoken to him, how's he doing? >> i speak to him quite frequent, is very excited, everythi is still new for him. i have someone i can talk to and relate. we went through the same, story just in different countries. reporter: what was your main advice to him? >> it is a work in progress. it's not always going to be happy days. some days are quite gloomy as well. but he's prepared for that.
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embrace who you are and just invite -- just enjoy it is my advice. this is your life. just go out there and live it. reporter: he says he's become more confident on the pitch since coming out, but it's not all been easy. >> there are games where i have been booed before or heard something homophobic. it does hurt me. but at the end of the day, i put that aside. i remember that for one bad person, i have 1000 good people. reporter: you said other athletes and other players are living in silence. i'm wondering after you came out, did any of them reach out to you and ask you for help? >> definitely, in all sports around the world, from water polo to track and field sports, to football, a lot of efforts have reached out to me. everyone has had different -- is at different stages and journeys in their life. some people are ready to come out, some just want to ask questions. identifying themselves as gay, not to turn away from the sport,
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i would hate to hear that the next mess -- messi or renaldo's gate and turns away from football. >> over 100 million children in sub-saharan africa are missing out on an education. that's more than anywhere else in the world. that you want is warning the -- the un is warning the numbers will rise in the next couple of years. a big problem is a shortage of classrooms. we have be given exclusive access to the first 30 printed school in dagascar. it is only the second in the world. our correspondent has this report. >> it's moving its first layer. i can't believe it. 2 this is -- reporter: this is maggie. a 22 who set up her own ngo when she was a teenager. her idea is to use 3d technology to impve access to education. starting in madagascar. >> i was adopted from china when i was about 18 months old. i was from a poor village.
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so i really relate to the but i guess car people and a lot of the ledges here. if you have access to school, then a lot more opportunities arise from the. reporter: one in five primary school-aged children are not getting an education in madagascar. part of the problem is classrooms are overcrowded and some people have to travel long distances to reach a school. >> i first heard of 3d printing about seven years ago. i thought we could use this technology to build schools faster. reporter: here at this university in central madagascar, the next 30 printed schools will be for children. she printed a school in malawi this year. she says that process uses 60% less material than normal. >> it is fed from the pump you have here and the water you have here, and that cement mix, the ink here.
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it will be extremely quick to build those walls. >> the wall has been printed now. [laughter] welcome to our school! the total time was about 18 hours. for the carbon emission, they reduced it by up to 50%. mainly the waste reduction comes with the walls. reporter: the 3d printer and technicians are expensive. the school costs $300,000. but the cost will come down as more are built. 30 undergraduate students will be able to study in the school. some countries will have 20% more school-aged children in the next five years, as populations raise. technology could help ease some of that pressure on school infrastructure. >> amazing to see how that technology is progressing, with some real solutions for people. before we go tonight, let's turn to sydney, australia, where the famous vivid light festival took
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place for the first time since the pandemic began. [fireworks] the immersive light show features artworks representing australia's landscape and indigenous culture, which will be projected onto the iconic sydney opera house and other landmarks over the next three weeks. a famous tourist attraction, the lighfestival in narrator: funding for this presentaon of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. man: bdo. accountants and advisors. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglecd needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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♪ judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight, a slow response. a top official admits law enforcement should have acted more quickly in uvalde, texas questioning why children were barricaded and a classroom with the shooter for nearly an hour. the pandemic fallout. a look at how covid and anti-asian sentiment have impacted people across in country. >> sometimes i see people coming into our restaurant yelling slurs and giving us trouble and i see my dad trying to be strong and i wo


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