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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 31, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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viewers like you. thank yo announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ laura: i'm laura trevelyan in new york and this is bbc world news america. european leaders punish russia were trying to stop the cash flow that's funding the war in ukraine. the eu will ban 90% of russian oil imports by the end of this year and the harshest sanctions yet against moscow. prosecutor the international criminal court calls ukraine crime scene, saying the tribunal is carrying out its largest ever investigation. one week after the horrific school shooting in texas, our correspondent hears from parents who lost their daughter. as queen elizabeth is about to celebrate 70 years on the throne, we look back on a visit to ghana and the famous first
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prance with the president. -- dance with the president. ♪ laura: welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. we begin in brussels where the european union has agreed tough sanctions on russian soil as the west tries to this -- deprive moscow of the cash it needs to fund the war. the embargo would cover 90% of exports. the price of oil haslimbed in response. a top ukrainian official says the move is too little and comes too te. bbc's bethany is in brussels for us tonight where the talks have been taking place, and she sent this report. bethany: eu leaders have given the green light to some of the tongue -- toughest sanctions against russia so far. they have agreed to pan most of the oil they received from russia. >> this is very important. thanks to this counsel should be
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able to finalize a ban on almost 90% of all russian oil imports by the end of the year. bethany: two thirds of russian oil imports arrive in the eu by sea. that will be banned immediately. but there will be a temporary exemption for pipeline oil because of objections by hungary. it says its economy can't cope with the ban. germany and poland have volunteered to wind down there pipeline imports by the end of this year. that leaves around 10% of pipeline oil from russia, which will continue to go to hungary, slovakia, and the czech republic. the eu is also taking measures against russia's biggest bank and people accused of war crimes in ukraine. it's taken weeks of complicated negotiations for the eu to reach this compromise deal. earlier, sanction packages were agreed quickly, but the oil
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embargo has exposed divisions among european countries. eu leaders say they want to wean themselves off russian gas, as well as oil, but that's likely to be far more complicated. the oil embargo will cost russia billions. with oil prices surging, it will hurt europe too. in ukraine, fierce fighting continues, especially in the donbass region in the east of the country. the eu hopes the new sanctions will cut off a huge source of funds for russia's war effort there. bethany bell, bbc news, brussels. laura: for more on how that ban on russian oil is going down with president putin, let's turn to our russian editor, steve rosenberg. steve: this is a compromise deal with caveats, but is still a big deal. two thirds of ssian oil
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imports in the eu is to be affected now. by the end of the year, up to 90%. that cost russia billions and lost export revenue. moscow's position on this is, well, it's a big world out there, we will sell to other markets, to africa, to asia. even if russia has to do that at a discount, it reckons that the height mobil oil price will help offset those losses. that may be wishful thinking on the part of moscow, but i suspect vladimir putin will not be sending -- sitting in the kremlin thinking, i miscalculated that, i underestimated the consequences of this for my country. i will pull my troops out of the ukraine. i can't see that happening. or likely based on the anti-western rhetoric he has been coming out within recent weeks, president putin will be saying, ok citizens of europe, we are already experiencing a degree of economic pain, expect more of it as a result othis
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oil embargo. there kremlin would have seen how difficult it was for eu member states to sit down and come to an agreement over this oil embargo. the kremlin knowss that there are differences of opinion -- knows that there are differences of opinion on relations with russia and how much to support ukraine. you could expect putin ted to exploit those differences as much as he can to his benefit. laura: steve rosenberg reporting from moscow. to find out how ukraine's leaders are responding to the eu's embargo on russian oil, i spoke to the bbc's james waterhouse, who's in key -- kyiv. the eu is trying to nish russia for this embargo, but what's the reaction in ukraine? james: president zelenskyy is not impressed. he has described the package, the six rounds of sanctions from
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the eu, as too little, too late. the government of kyiv has been calling for immediate and severe sanctions from as far back as january where pressure was building its troops along the border. the west kept saying, it's in response to something. that something has truly happens. that said, this is a sizable intervention. locking two thirds of imported russian oil is a big deal, that it is a concession. hungary was a main opponent, hugely reliant on russian energy. it's also an ally to the kremlin and is what kyiv long wanted, a blanket and to try to curve the russian dominance we are seeing in the east. it still sizable, it will directly affect the russian war machine, but i fell -- but i don't think we will see a translate on the battlefield for a while. laura: what is the latest on that really intense fighting in the east? particularly the battle for the last ukrainian controlled town?
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james: we are told by the authorities that russian forces are now fighting in the streets. the russians are claiming a third of the city is in their control. and it strikes so many similarities with what we have seen in other ukrainian cities, like mary a pole, where the russians tried to cut off thousands of people cut in the middle. i think the region for the russians is more symbolic than strategic. in the eyes of military experts in the west, at least, the games we are talking about a few miles, but crucial for vladimir putin. he can turn to his people and say this is one of the first main objectives of this operation. next in his sites will be the southern region, which makes up the other part of the donbass. laura: you have been reporting on the fate of the many prisoners of war in this
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conflict, what can you tell us about them? james: the numbers are murky. we know that thousds of soldiers and civilians have been captured, but hundreds have been exchanged and official negotiations between the russians and ukrainians. we've heard the story of one ukrainian soldier. metal scaffolding. holding together the broken pelvis. he also broke his jaw and lost vision in one eye. he is only just king his first steps. two months ago he was defending variable with the marines, watching. >> i turned my head and saw a tank aimed at me. i saw a bright flash.
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i felt the building collapsing. james: he survived but was captured. no one knew whether he was dead or alive until this video was posted online by his captors. he was taken to a hospital in russian occupied territory. >> they held a dagger on my leg, up my throat, and led to my ear and said, it would be nice to cut off your ear. they did it nearly everyone. i couldn't feed myself beuse my jaw was broken and i couldn't set up. nurses would lead -- leave food down in front of me and say, try to eat that, you lowlife ukrainian. >> this is his testimony. we have not been able to independently verify his claims. >> lying there without any painkillers, or anything so only my faith in the understanding that i had to survive helped me to carry on.
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>> after 17 days, he was released in a prisoner exchange. this war has seen the russians take people, citizens as they try to do two things, use them as currency and prisoner exchanges, and that has worked in some cases, but they also try to crush resistance. for 46 days of captivity, he refused to pledge allegiance to russia, despite being born in moscow. it was a government worker when the invaders moved in. >> the worst time was at the end. i was in solitary confinement in heard people being beaten upstairs every day, handcuffed to the radiator. my family was so worried. >> he was also freed after ukraine negotiated his release.
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>> am not a military man, but i will do everything i can for my country to w this war and return our territories. >> i want to go back and continue fighting for ukraine, to help bring us victory over russia. james: james waterhouse, bbc news. laura: ukraine was called a crime scene at the international criminal court today, the icc prosecutor says the court plans to open an office in the ukrainian capital to support the investigations into alleged war crimes. anna halligan set this update. >> the joint investigation team is working together to preserve and share evidence of alleged atrocities. they're looking at everything from cases of rape to the deliberate killing of civilians, to the forcible transfer of children. ukrainian prosecutor who's here pointed out they did have access to some of these alleged crime scenes, which are under russian
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occupation, but they do have access to people, victims, witnesses, and to areas that have been liberated by the ukrainian forces. the icc prosecutor talked about the importance of sharing not just evidence, but also the investigative skills, forensic techniques among the member states he also talked about the importance of the iccs presence in the region, which is why they are working on setting up an office in the capital of kyiv. beyond this, thousands of atrocities are now under investigations. 600 suspects have been identified, including within the military and political circles according to ukrainian prosecutor. the icc prosecutor pointed out this case wasn't just about protecting europeans or european values, but says basic human standards in the 21st century. laura: anna halligan reporting
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from the hague. it's one week since the school shooting in texas when a gunman killed 19 children and two teachers. president biden says he plans to make lawmakers -- and what is the deadly school shooting in over a decade. a student was killed during the attack and her parents have been speaking to our correspondent. >> there is grief, and then there is the grief of losing a child. >> ok. >> the grief of losing a child in these most awful of circumstances. >> she was loved. >> she was one of the 19 children killed by a inside her classroom as an ordinary school day in uvalde descended into horror. her parents are still struggling to comprehend their loss. >> i haven't been able to eat or
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sleep or drink, and is just affecting me really bad. she was my best friend, and she looked a lot like me. i would always tell her she's my twin, and she would always smile , it has been really hard on me. will: how can you move on from that? how can you get over that moment? >> this is a parents nightmare and this is the worst of the worst. will: a talented artist, her bedroom is full of her awards, especially for drawing. compounding her parents grief is the anger over how the police that the government spend more than an hour in the schl before they shot him. >> i don't understand how police officers, you know, they are sworn to protect and they are outside the room and just
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hearing gunshots, kids screaming. go in there, save those kids. will: on sunday president biden came to uvalde to pay respects and meet the victims of the families. ryan told him she was an artist that mr. biden asked if he could have one of her pictures to hang in the white house. >> he did say that whenever we hang it up we will send you a picture where it's hanging in your free to see it any time. that something special that she put her heart into and it's there hanging in the white house. will: after the darkest week in its history, uvalde must now bury its victims. the community heartbroken over the senseless murder of the children and their two teachers. will grant, bbc news.
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laura: the overwhelming grief of the parents in so many others. as calls for gun reform grow louder in the united states, over the border in canada, the government has proposed tough new rules to crack down on the sale of handguns. prime minister justin trudeau says no one needs guns in their everyday lives except for hunting or sports shooting. >> we are introducing legislation implement a national freeze on handgun ownership. what this means is that it will no longer be possible to buy, sell, transfer, or import handguns anywhere in canada. we need less gun violence. we cannot let the guns debate become so polarized that nothing gets done. we cannot let that happen in our country. laura: that's how candid is responding to the mass shooting
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in texas. in the u.k., the tennis star andy murray has been speaking to the bbc. back in 1996 he was a student at dum blame primary school when a gunman killed 16 students and a teacher. the u.k. imposed tough new gun roles soon after. stir murray has been speaking to laura scott about how the news from texas has left him upset and full of anger. >> andy murray was busy preparing for the grass court season when he saw the news of the latest mass shooting in america. of a primary school in texas where 19 children and two teachers were killed. by 18-year-old gunman. in one survivor's account in particular brought back painful memories of the painful -- back painful memories of the shooting that took place in 1996. >> sad, disappointing and just makes you feel angry at incredibly upset for the parents. i heard something on the radio
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the other day and it was a child from that school and i experienced a similar thing when i was a teacher, coming out and waving all of the children under tables and telling them to go and hide and that was a kid telling the same story about how she survived and they were saying that they go through these drills, like as young children, 7, 8-year-old children and it's like, how is that normal that children should be having to go through drills in case somebody comes in to school with a gun. i don't get it. >> other issues include the fallout from the war in ukraine and the decision by wimbledon to ban russian and belarusian players from this year's event. >> i understand why wimbledon took the decision because of the guidance in place at that time for the government. can also appreciate the
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players perspective that aren't allowed to play. i've spoken to a number of them and i'm friends with some of them, so i talk to them about it and i could understand why it's frtrating for them. atp removing the points from wimbledon, i don't think the majority of the players wanted, and i'm not sure who benefits because i think all of the players will still turn up and play, so i'm not sure how beneficial it is. >> as he embarks at another bid on wimbledon, it's clear events around the world areever far from his mind. laura: in other news from around the world, taiwan has deoyed fighter jets to ward off 30 warplanes sent by china into its air defense zone. the biggest incursion by beijing since january. it came days after u.s. president jo biden warned china against invading taiwan. beijing claims the island of taiwan as its own.
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hurricane agatha, the first named storm of the year in the east pacific ocean made landfall monday on the southern mexico coast. agatha was historic as it may landfall as a category two hurricane that became the strongest may storm ever in the eastern pacific basin. the number of people known to have died following the torrential rains in the country's northeast has risen to 100. rescue workers continue to search for the missing. monday, president bolsonaro posted a video on social media showing him in a helicopter flying over the disaster area. he later said it had been too dangerous to land because of the instability at the ground. usually popular south korean oil band bts was at the white house today meeting president biden to talk about what could be done to reduce hate crimes against asians here in the u.s. in the last two years there have been a sharp uptick in hate crimes against asian americans as some politicians and pendants
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blame china for covid-19. later this week, queen elizabeth celebrates her jubilee, marking 70 years on the throne. the monarch has been a powerful presence on the global stage. after her coronation queen elizabeth went to ghana as the british empire was changing rapidly. many of britain's african colonies were becoming independent. here is the story about how ac will dance between the queen and ghana's first president cemented relations between the two nations. ♪ >> a controversial visit that became historic. in november of 1961. bombs had gone off in the city days before the queen arrived. the president was ripped off. it's remains preserved at the memorial park in the capital. ghana was among the first african country south of the
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sahara to gain independence from colonial ruin. it became a republic enjoying the commonwealth. but in london, there were fears it was slipping away and the soviet union was gaining ground. so, despite the security concerns, the queen was keen to go ahead with the lon promised visit, and it was billed as a great success. the father was a cabinet minister at the time. >> my dad woke us up very early in the morning and three of us, me and my two sisters, and they were there before, they pulled everything, all the stops, it was fantastic. beautiful, drumseverything was there. and it left a huge legacy on the minds of ghanaians for a long time. >> a dance with the man who replaced her as headf state of ghana was hugely symbolic.
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a queen well ahead of her time. but back home, not everyone was ready to embrace the message. >> the first black man to dance with the queen. it's understood that when the picture was in the newspaper, it was with reference. >> here in ghana it's this. >> if the queen visited here and was treated like, this is not white, this is a second grade country, then i don't think the commonwealth would have grown the way it did. i don't think the atmosphere that had sustained the commonwealth whatever have happened. i think it was critical for this that that visit was such a roaring success.
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>> after the dance the crew -- the queen would have come here, gone up that staircase and her flowing gown and into her bedroom, which is right behind me. in fact, the bed she slept in that night is still here, preserved to this day. and in the morning she would've come to this balcony, where i'm standing. the impact of her visit has been felt across generations. the main source of powerful ghana in her neighbors. it was the centerpiece of the president's plan. the queen helped find the funding to build it, and this is the lasting legacy of a royal visit that almost didn't happen. . laura: a diplomatic dance by the queen, one of many over the decades. before we go tonight, we have news of trawlers from ancient
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egypt on earth near the great pyramids and now on show, including statuettes of narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on "the newshour" tonight, calls for action. demands for school safety grow more insistent as you've laced some of the slain tourist. then, the cost of the conflict. european leaders meet to discus another round of sanctions against russia as some countries resist an embargo on russian oil. and looking back. retired duke men's basketball coach mike krzyzewski root -- ncaa and histhe


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