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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 13, 2022 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: i'm laud this is bbc world news america. russia is advancing in eastern ukraine as ukraine's leader calls on western allies to send weapons now. fierce fighting in the battle for severodonetsk. we have a special report. >> this is a deliberate tactic, bomb, shell, burn and leave nothing but scorched earth. laura: president trump's former attorney general testifies his boss may detached -- was detached from reality. police deny local reports that bodies of a journalist and an
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indigenous expert have been found in the amazon. children in malawi being exploited. sign in deaf scientists plan to sequence the genome for all forms of life in britain. welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. we start with the special report revealing the slow but steady progress of russian forces in eastern ukraine. russian troops seemed close to capturing the city of severodonetsk which would be in -- a major victory. president zelenskyy called for western countries to send weapons. our correspondence sent this report.
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>> we are told to drive at maximum speed on the exposed road. a dark horizon greet us. residents, praying for salvation. russia lays waste. ukrainian troops called for help. to take away one more victim of russian shelling. nearby, the rush to evacuate civilians. they have to duck for cover. in an arred truck. peop are taking this chance to get out while they can, but they know this could be a one-way journey.
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if the russians take this territory, and they are getting closer all the time, these people may never be able to come back to their city and their homes. the situation is critical, a scue worker says. can't you hear the shelling? someone other city empties out -- so another city empties out in eastern ukraine. a few more weight for their turn -- wait for their turn, hoping to out run moving front lines. volodymyr is sick and headed to the hospital. he tells me life here was calm until the war broke everything apart. and it has left a terrible mark. this was the palace of culture. now, standing as grim testament
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to moscow's superior firepower. ukraine's president says lysychansk is already dead. along with neighboring severodonetsk, ghost cities now. this is an example of the kind of devastation russia has brought. it is not just destroying apartment buildings and flats and homes. it is destroying history and the fabric of cities. this is a deliberate tactic. bob, shell, bur and leave nothing but scorched earth. those who remain make brief escapes from their basements to cook outdoors. the city has no power or running water. but yelena still clings to her home, despite the growing threat. do you think the russians will
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take the city soon? it seems like they are getting close. >> i don't know, she says. we are hoping it wilbe ok. >> but the city is running out of time. this is now an artillery war. ukraine doesn't have enough big guns or ammunition. at the 11th hour, another plea for help. >> the ukrainian people need victory. we need peace and we cannot get peace and victory without help from our partners. because without equipment for our artillery, i think we cannot t war. >> as we spoke, the war came closer.
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was a russian shell whistling over our heads. a short distance away, neighboring severodonetsk is burning, and may soon fall. inside the city, the last pockets of resistance. ukrainian troops fight building to building, and street to street. but all bridges to the city have now been destroyed. ukraine is facing an enemy that has learned lessons and is imposing crushing losses in battle. troopsight on, but the handful of advanced weapons systems promised by britain and the u.s. may be too little, too late.
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here in the donbass region right now, it looks like a losing battle. laura: now, bogus, silly, rubbish, idiotic. words used by bill barr, the former attorney geral, to describe his boss' claims that the 2020 election was stolen. a committee investigating the january 6 attack sell the debt held a public hearing in which campaign advisors testified they told the former president there was no evidence to support his clm of voter fraud. joining us as our reporter. we had aarade of trump advirs, legal advisors saying that the president's wild claims of voter fraud weren't true. what is the committee trying to underline?
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>> it is fascinating. if you think about these characters at the time when we were covering the election are the same people that are standing by him in sporting him come up with the committee is trying to show donald trump was told on election night that he didn't have the votes, he shouldn't declare victory or anything like that, but he still went ahead and did it. he had william barr, the former attorney general, saying he was demoralized by the talk of election fraud, which he said was nonsense and one reason why he resigned. you had bill stepien, former campaign manager, who was supposed to give life to -- live testimony, and he said in prerecorded video evidence that he had to be on team normal, which is giving you a sense of the division that existed in the trump camp of those telling trump what he wanted to hear, and those saying otherwise. you had jason miller, former
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attorney, saying trump listened to the advice of rudy giuliani who he described as definitely inebriated. jared kastner said he told mr. trump not to take the advice of giuliani. laura: the committee is trying to make the case that this inspired trump supporters on january 6, and the attorney general,he current one, says he is watching the committee. did the committee point to a potential new crime they claim theyave been -- may have been committed? have already floated potential laws broken by donald trump including obstruction of an official proceeding, but they raed this new one, fundraising fraud. the commission says he raised about 250 million dollars after the election, which went towards something called the official election defense fund. they are saying his aides save money didn't go anywhere towards allenging the election results. committee can only present the
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evidence to the department of justice and it is them who have the authority. laura: in other news, the white house and president biden would likeo sign gun control legislation as soon as possible. in the wake of these hideous mass shootings in the u.s. recently, are we about to see the rst major federal gun control legiation in almost 30 years? >> looks like it. over the weekend a bipartin group of senats came up with this common ground bill. it is things like enhanced background checks, roitvi falls short of what demos wanted, but it is significant that they have found common ground on this. president biden says he wants to look at the bill and he has called it a step in the right direction. laura: we will see if it will survive the gun lobby. on wall street the benchmark u.s. stock index, the s&p 500,
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was down 3.9% at the close on monday, plunging into bear market territory. a 20% fall from january. follows a similar trend around the world as markets in europe and asia tumbled. now to brazil where the brother-in-law of the missing u.k. journalists as brazilian diplomats told him the bodies of dom phillips and bru perera have been found. brazilian authorities saying belongings had been found in a valley. the search continues. our correspondent reports from the region. >> deep in the amazon, the red firms -- the rivers act like roads. in the shortcuts, only locals know about, that the search is going on. armed forces have been on the
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water. so have the indigenous communities, many of whom knew bruno personally. he trained the community to defend themselves against the threat of illegal poachers. dom phillips was writing a book, which is why they were traveling together. bruno introducing dom to people he knew. indigenous communities have set up camp. we were asked not to identify anyone because they fear reprisals. >> the fisherman are financed by the narco's and are probably going to do what they did to bruno. they sees as an obstacle. >> our guide is philippe. he and his father run a fishing tourism business. >> dom was passionate about the amazon, he says. he interviewed us and asked about our work. >> upper river, a search team is
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focused on a small area. the indigenous teams alongside. they know the terrain better than anyone. there is a police boat in the diance beyond that. there is another further into the jungle. we can't go any further but clearly,here is something they are looking at. shortly after, it is seed off. we are told later this is where bruno and dom's belongings are found. we go upstream to a community where they stopped off shortly before going missing. it is a village that lives by fishing in a regn where protected species are becoming increasingly valuable and illegal fishing is on the rise. >> we fish what is around us. when we are lucky, we get two or three. there are lots of fishermen here. we fish to survive. >> this line of inquiry is one the authorities have been following. he shoots it down when i ask
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about the suspect. >> i didn't see anything. i don't have any information, he tells me. >> the community is frightened. this is a region forgotten by the state, and people are left to their own devices, creating a lawlessness with devastating consequences. laura: britain's government published controversial plans to cancel parts of the brexit deal it agreed with the eu. britain's prime minister wants to change protocol to make it easier for some goods to move from mainline britain and northern ireland. the eu says the plan i unacceptable as it breaks international law. the white house called on the u.k. and europe to get to the negotiating table. the proposed changes are divisive in northern ireland. our correspondent reports. >> upon the arrival of the protocol, it didn't take long for the effect on some northern
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ireland businesses to become clear. >> deliveries are the same. but they said no deliveries. >> the new red tape for getting goods like plants or food or materials from btain has had a chilling effect on doing business over the irish sea. >> a lot of rumors don't want to get involved with paperwork. i think it ha tharder. you are trying to get store from diffent sources. >> new legislation would mean they could resume doing business with companies she has worked with for two decades. a key part of the government's irish sea border plans would be having a green line for goods coming to northern ireland and sting here. the idea of a green lane would mean businesses bringing goods over the irish sea would have less paperwork and when the lorries roll the fairies, -- off the ferries, there would be no
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patrol. there is concern there would be worsening relation with the eu and dairy industries have argued in support of the protocol because they can sell goods in the u.k. and the eu without tariffs. >> we would see the protocol as something to build on. we would be concerned about anything that damages trade, particularly into europe. >> it is not just about the practicalities, it is also about the politics, getting a functioning government back for northern ireland that now depends on the irish seaboarder -- see border problems being resolved. laura: an investigation revealed how children in malawi are exploited to make personalized videos which sometimes include racist content. the videos are shared by chinese social media. we tracked down a prolific
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chinese video producer who has used very young children from malawi to makand sell thousands of videos. a warning, this contains language that some viewers may find distressing and upsetting. >> happy birthday. good luck on your exams. congratulations on your wedding. in china over the past few years, it has become a thing to send personalized greeting videos through social mia and messaging apps. videos between africa, including children, have become popular. these videos sell forp to $70 u.s. dollars each. some of them are controversial. in early 2020, one video shared on chinese social media was particularly shocking.
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e word the children are using is -- could be translated as black monster or black devil, but really, it is the chinese equivalent of the n word. the video sparked a debate about antiblack rated -- racism in china. but no one was held accountable. with africa eye, we attempt to find out who made it. we examined hundreds of videos, cross-referencing them against satellite imagery from google earth. we managed to pinpoint the exact location where many of them were filmed. a village in malawi. i teamed up with henry, an investigative reporter there, and he managed to find the children who recognized themselves in the video. >> that is you? >> we met their families and
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told them how much money people had made from filming their children. >> profiting from the poor? >> it is very painful because if somebody is poor, you should leave them alone. >> we struggle to raise our children, and somebody com and uses them as a business. it is hurtful. >> the children and several other people we spoke to all mentioned one filmmaker. he is called the chinese world -- word for uncle. after gathering evidence, we sent an undercover journalist to meet him. we showed him the low iq video. said, this was mine. >> this video? >> hold on. he says, no.
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this is not me. it was my friend. it looks as though he let a secret slip. he said it so excitedly, then suddenly he reversed, no. this was a friend. >> it was time topeak to him ourselves. i asked him in chinese why he had made the videos. >> because i want to spread the chinese culture. music, dance and chinese language, the words, singing chine songs. >> i said this was exploitation. >> have you finhed? i did not exploit them. >> basically he admitted having opinions that were not kind about lack people and malawi people and he said this was five years ago and hdenied everything. he denied making the video we believe he made so.
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>> our investigation found this isn't just one video. it is part of a massive industry and there are many other children across the continent being exploited for the profit and entertainment of people far away. laura: following from that shocking report, we received a statement from the government of malawi who told the bbc they launched an investigation into the claims made in the film and will not tolerate abuse against malawian children, calling this an insult to the nation. now to the most ambitious project ever undertaken in the field of biology. scientists plan to sequence the genomes of all forms of life in the british isles, estimated to be 70,000 scies. this could transform how we understand the natural world. there could be benefits for humans in search of medicines
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and materials inspired by nature . our science editor has more. >> a close-up look at how weird and wonderful the natural world is eerie from a delicate sea creature to a hermit crab carrying a siena manyn his back. -- a sea anemone on his back. these creatures were scooped up >> this one has made these overlapping scales of sandy shall. >> they are collected to sequence the genomes of all life in the british isles. scientists areocusing on marine worms. >> it is a big task with hundreds of species. we have over 100 species of these worms collected. seems likeot, but it is just the beginning. >> t plan is to suence the dna of every plant, animal and
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fungi in britain in -- and ireland, 70,00 species. there is a type of microalgae that has 200 billion letters of dna, more than 60 times bigger than the human genome. scientists plan to do this by 2030. the dna extraction is being carried out at this institute. the human genome was sequenced here two decades ago. that took years but now a species can be completed in a few days. >> when the human genome was sequenced, it changed the way we do human biology. it transforms how we see ourselves. we want to mak that possible for all of biology. we want everybody working on any species or group of species anywhere in the world, able to have this ultimate foundation. >> one genome that is complete belongs to the badger.
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in oxfordshire, a family emerges. having their detailed genetic information is vital. >> the genome sequence is important because you can see how badgers adapt to new diseases and their environment and how they interact with other species and their ecosystem. >> back on shore in plymoh, their genetic code could helpus find nature inspired medicines and materials. this immense endeavor could change ournderstdinganf th oe badgers and crabs. you can find more on all of the days news on our website and you can find me on twitter. thank you so much for watching bbc world news america and have
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a great evening. narrator: funding for this presentation of th program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-dda♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight... a precipitous plunge -- stock markets take a deep dive as inflation hits ordinary americans and eyes are on the federal reserve for its next steps. then... the hearings, day 2 -- a congressional committee makes the case that president trump spread lies about vote-count fraud in the weeks before the attack on the capitol, despite his own advisors repeatedly telling him he lost the election. and... guns in america -- congress moves forward on a firearm safety deal, with a focus on mental and emotional health. what the research says about identifying people who might commit mass shootings. >> about half of the individuals that went on to perpetrate a

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