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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 26, 2022 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: cfo. caregiver. eclipse chaser. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planne narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy d peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs statiofrom
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viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". >> this is bbcs america. italy will have its most rivaling government since world war ii. and the nation's first female prime minister, -- female prime minister, the first for right-leaning leaders since mussolini. >> is important to understand we will do it for all italians with a clear objective of uniting the people. >> the kremlin says there have been errors in russia's mobilization effort as that drive to fight -- drive to fight in ukraine is met with protests. in eastern ukraine, we have a special report from one city, the latest target of constant
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russian showing. laura: in the last few minutes, we've been hearing incoming and outgoing shells, every 30 seconds or so. it really doesn't stop. cubans vote to legalize same-sex adoption in a referendum on social reforms. ♪ laura: welcome to world news america on pband around the globe. we begin tonight in italy where the far right leader georgia maloney has claimed victory in the general election. she isn course to become th country's first ever female prime minister. her party will be in a coalition with other hard right parties, making this italy's most right-wing government since the second world war. italy's new leader takes a hard line on immigration and gay-rights but she dies back nato and support ukraine, in
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contrast to her coalition partners who have been close to moscow. we have this report from rome. reporter: it's not just the italian weather that suddenly turned, politics cnged here dramatically after yesterday's election. catapulted from political insignificance to probable next italian premier,eorgia maloney poppedp at 3:00 in the morning, looking like she couldn't quite believe it. normally seen as a firebrand of the far right, instead, she appealed for national unity >>. italy chose us, and we will never betray it. if we are called to govern this nation, we will do so on everody's behalf, for all italians. >> look at the smile on georgia maloney's face. she has waited all her political life in this moment, starting as a teenage activist, she now believes she's going to be italy's next prime minister, and
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this is a country s says she wants to change dramatically. reporter: to do that, she will need the support of this man and others in a coalition. we congratulate georgia maloney and will work with her, said the anti-immigration populist. this will be the most hard right italian government since the second world war. we had into the working-class district of rome where georgia maloney grew up and got into politics. do people here believe she will help with their huge energy bills and cost-of-living crisis? >> she came to the town square, two little places like this. she knows how to talk to ordinary wking people. we can only hope she will keep her promise to get italy back on its feet. reporter: italy's international allies are also crossing their fingers. brussels frets about european
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unity and georgia maloney's nationalist protectionist policies. nato needs her to maintain a hard line against russia. these are stormy times in europe, with war back on this continent. th radical changing of the political bards in italy brings hope to some, but acute anxiety to others. laura: let's get more now on the election. we will hear from our europe correspondent, jessica parker, in verona. but first, here's our own corresndent. reporter: she said her body has consigned facets him -- her potty had -- her party has consigned fascism, or critics fear she's going to delete italy into a period of deep social conservatives of -- conservatism on immigration rights >>.
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obviously part of her coalition, but has suffered a lot in this particular pole rivet on tt front, some people talk about feeling abandoned by that party, feeling they haven't really done ough to serve the area's sovereignty, and when they looked at ohlone, they felt that she offered positive things for them in terms of tax cuts, helping businesses as well. we were speaking earlier to a local newspaper editor who basically said that georgia maloney had managed to put across a fairly consistent message on the economy, on foreign policy as well, which is something she is likely to be challenged on a lot, where some of her rivals have been a lot more ambiguous as they've taken rt in that coalition government of mario draghi. so she seems to have benefited there. minnen women have pension they were intrigued to see potentially the first female prime minister of italy. she seems to have cut through
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with policy and her character as well. laura: jessica parker there on the meaning of italy's election. to russian out and president putin's order to call up another 300,000 soldiers is being met with widespread protest. reports have circulated on social media people with no military experience being drafted, along with others wh are just too old. this comes as the kremlin admits that errors have been made in the mobilization effort. this report by our russia editor steve rosenberg includes some distressing images. steve: at a military draft office near moscow, the rollcall against. all russians mobilized, and left behind, their loved ones. for many here, this war has suddenly become very real. but if this -- at this recruitment center, the russians we spoke to said they supported
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the draft. >> i'm in the mood to fight says dmitri, and hr manager. since we've been drafted, we have to serve. this mother says they will lose a bit of weight, it will be fine. not everyone is so positive. in siberia, recruitment officer was shot and seriously wounded. the gunmen reportedly incensed that his friend had been called up to fight. across russia, there's been a spate of attacks on enlistment officers. more than a dozen have been set on fire since vladimir putin announced the call up. and this is a russian republic where protests against mobilization, a sign of the anger in russia's poorer regions, populated by ethnic minority groups, where many feel they are being called up at a disproportionate rate.
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meanwhile, vladimir putin shown meeting the leader of belarus, demanding that the west respect russia. not a word about the protests. when the kremlin says your country needs you, some russians are happy to answer president putin's call. clearly, many are not. some parts of the country, globalization is srking social unrest and undermining trust in the authorities. look at the queues leaving russia. this is the land border with georgia. many russian men of military age are trying to get out. but for their sons and husbands, a very different journey starts here. destination ukraine, for the kremlin's war. stev rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. laura: other news from russia, a
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gunman has attacked a school in the center of the country in one of the nation's deadliest mass shootings in recent years. officials say 15 people, including 11 children, have been killed. more than 20 others have been injured. the gunmen, who used to be a people at the school, is thought to have killed himself after the shooting. russia has granted citizenship to edward snowden, nine years after he fled to moscow. he left the u.s. saying he didn't want to live in a society that carried out the kind of surveillance of its own citizens that he made public. he faces charges here in the u.s. for leaking top-secret material. heavy fighting is continuing in ukraine's eastern donbass region which russian forces have been trying to take her months. getting full control remains president putin's stated aim in ukraine. our senior international correspondent and camera
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journalist report from the city where residents are under constant russian fire. i should warn you, the report contains very distressing images. reporter: inside a city under relentless attack. pounded by russian airstrikes and shelling. ukrainian forces still hold the city, but the russians are at the eastern edge. it's hard for us, says ludmila, one of the few venturing out. have you thought about leaving? >> i don't want to. this is my homeland, she says. i wh you well, she adds.
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>> others are desperate to go. but facing a dangerous weight. irina flinches at this all-too-familiar sound. her 14-year-old daughter is the main reason she wants to get away from her birthplace. which is now a battleground. as we wait with them, we lose count of the shells. what a memory for a teenager to take away from home. it's easy to see and to hear what people need to get away from. in the last few minutes, we've been hearing incoming and outgoing shells every 30 seconds or so.
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it really doesn't stop. the city is in the center of a fierce fight now between russian forces and ukrainian forces. everything is ok, irina says, trying to reassure her daughter. it's very hard to go, she tells me. it's only because of the war. the main thing is to save daughter's life. and to take our cat and kittens so that we all survive. rushing into get them out, a volunteer with a van and a tattoo that says "cease today." he's been doing -- seize the day . he has been doing that for months, evacuating the front lines. >> when i see the faces, it's
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why i'm here. it's like my main mission. >> you are risking your life every day. >> for iranian people and ukrainians. >> low sing up the -- loading up the essentials, they are beginning a journey to the relative safety of the capital, kyiv. nearby, we come across a victim of the mornings slling. there is no let up. for over an hour, his body cannot be moved. the living keep walking. his sister, in r, can only
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take cover. andre spent his life saving others. he worked as an ambulance driver. acss town, lydia wonders how she will survive a winter of war without heating. she is grieving for her husband, who died recently through illness, and angry at both ses over the shelling. i want to cry day and night. i asked my husband to take me, she says. my children have been evacuated. their lives have been ruined too. they are torturing us, 100%. as russia tries to take this
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city, it appears ready to destroy it. a pattern we have read in the ruins before. shell, kill, repeat. the russian army way. laura: the war in ukraine is just one of the factors behind the jitters sweeping global markets. the pound slumped to an all-time low against the dollar on monday for a bit, following last week's announcement of major tax cuts in britain. u.s. stocks fell on monday. the dow jones index entering his first bear market in more than two years as investors worry about the impact of high interest rates. here is more from wall street. reporter: at the start of the trading day, u.s. stocks attempted to rally but they soon ran out of steam. the dow jones industrial average fell more than 300 points. the move left the dow or than 20% below its record high in
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january of this year, referred to in wall street parlance as a bear market. while the s&p 500 fell toward its june low. much of the focus was on the weakness of the pound with one u.s. central bank warning of uncertainty after hit a record low. the strength of the dollar and the havoc it is reeking around the world, not just in the u.k. but -- the u.k. was also under the microscope. such u.s. dollar strength has historically led to some kind of financial economic crisis. that helps explain why vvix is up 8%. worries about a global recession clearly souring the mood here on wall street. laura: michelle there on wall street. let's get to cuba now, where in
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a referendum voters have approved social reforms including the legalization of same-sex marriage. within two thirds of voters back to new family code which allows gay marriage and civil unions and that makes it legal for same-sex couples to adopt. religious groups and conservatives had opposed the changes. our cuban correspondent reports. reporter: for gay activists in cuba, it had been a long struggle to this point. the question of legalizing same-sex marriage finally before the voters. senior communist officials cast their ballots in favor of change , it was nothing short of historic. the country's electoral council soon confirmed the huge margin of victory. two thirds had voted in favor. from an island which once sentenced homosexuals to education -- reeducation camps, cuba now has some of the most progressive laws on same-sex
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marriage and adoption in north america. a reflection that most cubans now consider themselves very accepting of gay people. >> i think it's the right thing. people should be free to have whoever they want by their side, he said. >> we are truly family members and friends and neighbors of gay people. >> yet many activists saw the entire boat as an exercise by the states to clean up its image on human rights at a time when it tolerates no form of dissent. years ago, a nongovernment approved gay pride march ended in oppression. the only acceptable pride march was within the tight confines of the state.
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several u.s.-based priest came to cuba to preside over symbolic a weddings. now those same couples who delivered valves before their friends what would no legal basis can finally be married in the eyes of the law. will grant, bbc news. laura: it's a week since the funeral of queen elizabeth and the royal family is ending its official period of mourning. king charles is beginning his formal duties, including his role as head of the commonwealth, and hes head of state in 14 countries. not only are caribbean nations moving to cut their ties with the monarchy, there are also calls for the royal family to apologize for its role in endorsing the slave trade back in the 17th century. when he was still prince of wales, here is what charles said when barbados became a republic last year. >> from the darkest days of our past and the appalling atrocity of slavery, which forever stains
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our history, the people of this island forged their path with extraordinary fortitude. laura: for more, rejoin now from jamaica by the chair -- an author of the book, "written's black death." do you think he would ever apolize for the role of his ancestors in setting up the slave trade in the 17t century? >> first of all, laura, condolences to you and all the people ofritain on the loss of their monarch. yes, this is a crossroads. yes, we have -- we had king charles i who declared in 1636 that like people were not humans and were chattel. we had king charles ii who
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established the largest corporation at the time for the kidnapping and enslavement of africans, and that was a royal company that gave themselves a monopoly. now we have king charles iii. we have heard from king charlesi and ii, what can we expect from king charles iii? we can -- laura: an apology for slavery? >> we expect him to undo all the things that were done by king charles i and ii, to do the right thing in respect to an apology for all of those african peoples around the world who suffered and continue to suffer, and to provide the leadership we expect of a king, not only toward some semblance of ethical balance for the monarchy in respect to black people, but really, in fact, to chart a path
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for the commonwealth. laura: do youhink that the yal family itself should offer to pay reparations for slavery? because those previous king charles you talked about actually set up the royal african charter that ran the slave ships. >> absolutely, the royal family was a major, if not the larst slave trading family in britain and they gave themselves a monopoly for 30 years at the height of the developmentf the caribbean colonies. they have made an enormous fortune out of slave trading. then in 1922, by marrying princess mary, the largest slaveowning family and the largest slave trading family, the royal family, came together to create this conglomerate of
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wealth that came out of this. yes, they should apologize and they should begin the process of atonement by paying reparations in and of themselves. laura: sir hilary, what would you say to those people just think there is no point in the royal family paying reparations for something that happened hundds of years ago and for which king charles himself isn't responsible? >> well, benefits of the wealth are still there. the status enjoyed, the security, the sustainability of their families and all the wealth that they created, all of these things are still there. so we suggest the process of criminal enrichment has gone on and on to the present day. this is why in my recenbook i use the iconic photograph, and here we have it. this is a photograph of the
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queen in 1966 with her cousin, the earl of harewood. this is in a sugar plantation in barbados. they were visiting the sugar plantation that was owned by the families since782, which they purchased with 300 slaves. let me tell you, the wealth of that estate came right into our time. and here was our queen, 1953, just 13 years old, on a plantation. laura: sir hillary, thank you so much for joining us this evening. fore we go tonight, this does sound like something out o a sci-fi movie, but it's not. on monday, the u.s. space agency nasa deliberately crashes appropriate into an asteroid. it part of an investigation into how to stop a large space rock from eating us. it is happening some 11 million kilometers away.
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it wilnot be coming towards our planet, don't worry. i'm laura trevelyan. narrator: funding for this prestation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, storm preparations. residents prepare for impact as hurricane ian gains strength and barrels toward cuba and the florida coast. then, a turn to the right. italy votes for a party with neo-facist roots, setting the stage for the country's first far-right government since world war ii and its first female prime minister. and collision course. nasa tries to knock a space rock off its path, testing one way to defend against future killer asteroids headed toward earth. >> this is the first time in human history that we've actually set out to change the orbit of a natural object in space.


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