tv BBC World News PBS August 11, 2010 12:30am-1:00am PDT
>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. ♪ >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies.
what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> it former child soldier goes on trial at mwanda monday months after the -- at guantanamo bay month after the prison was to be shutdown. scientists call for the world surveillance of their new superbug that could be resistant to the most powerful antibiotics. and scanning for artists, they -- for autism, this new brain scan that good will the secret to autism. -- that a vote could hold of the secret to autism. >> hello, and welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to our viewers in the bbc -- in the u.k. and around the world. one of the first acts was to set a deadline for the closing at
the guantanamo bay. month after the deadline passed, the youngest detainee was just put under way. now he faces trial where the killing of an american soldier. >> 176 day t needs -- 176 detainees are still held in guantanamo bay. this morning, the youngest of them all, the only westerner, began his trial. he was just 15 years old when he was detained. he has now spent one-third of his life in guantanamo. he appeared in court today in a suit and tie to wash the jury being selected. -- to watch the jury being selected. his lawyers say he is a victim, not a war criminal. other detainees in guantanamo awaits trial for our return home.
their continued detention here is a clear reminder of a broken presidential, president obama said he would shut down the guantanamo camps within a year of taking office and transfer of detainees within the united states. the detainees remain on the base. >> president obama did make such promises, but his hands to an extent have been a real -- have been tied by republicans and democrats. he has had to deal with a crisis, most notably the economy. it is true that these are promises that have not been kept. he has some extenuating circumstances, though. >> president obama has failed to shut guantanamo. the military is now putting on trout a man accused of committing crimes while he was a child -- has put on trial a man accused of committing crimes
while he was a child. the detainees are far away and being punished. at that seems to suit the presence -- that seems to suit the president's public. >> the federal reserve was sounding optimistic about the economic recovery. now they are plenty more worried. the recent economic expansion is slowing down and it will continue its policy of spending. president obama has signed into law a bill that has affected 26 states that have economic difficulties. >> 15 million americans have august off from work. the difference is that the politicians have a job to return to in september. to stop the ranks of the unemployed from growing, the house voted on a $26 billion bill that will plug the holes in the budget in various states and
ensure that teachers and police are paid. obama made his last-minute pitch for the bill's passage. >> it will help states avoid laying off police officers, firefighters, nurses, and first responders. and it will save the jobs of teachers like the ones that are standing before me today. >> they are under pressure to help boost the economy after the july jobs report. at its monthly meeting, the fed showed record lows and the economic recovery is losing steam. >> the ritz -- reaction on new york stock exchange was swift. >> they announced that they would take some measures that would keep the balance sheets steady rather than letting some
of the mortgage payments and agencies and mature. if they did not take that step, the size of the balance sheet would shrink and that would affect a tightening. >> president obama is hoping that their actions will help the economy during a time that may look back on with contempt. >> and the plane crash in alaska killed five, including former senator ted stevens. he was the longest serving recover again before he stepped down last year. -- republican before he stepped down last year. several u.s. senators have said they will not ask for the medical records of the man responsible for the lockerbie bombing. he was released from jail, apparently because of cancer.
some are asking for full details of his treatment. and 18-year-old was arrested in connection with the death of a tourist on sunday. he was caught in a crossfire between rival groups of teenagers. investigators are looking into whether the shooting was gang- related. and the storm in the gulf of mexico has delayed the work in permanently sealed in the oil leak. drilling crews haven't working on the relief well since may, almost a month since the explosion on the deep water rise in rates led to the explosion. -- led to the oil leakage. a study just published says the bacteria, called a superbug, produces a bacteria called ndm-1
that is more powerful than most biotic. >> but battle against bacterial infections is never an end as organisms by new ways to overcome antibiotics. scientists have seen a growing number of cases of ndm-1, a gene that attaches itself to bacteria, like he collide -- like the coli. they're worried that it may jump to other strains of bacteria and jump rapidly to other parts of the world. >> these infections are usually resistant to antibiotics. they can be sent here to no. 1 and where they can be analyzed for their physical properties and they can't figure how to be treated. -- and they can figure out how to treat them. >> thousands of cases are reported every year.
>> the threat comes from the fact that these bacteria are rissole -- are so resistant. hear, we are down to one or two not very good antibiotics. >> experts say hospitals must be vigilant, responding to cases with tough infection control. there also asking for world wide service to monitor the spread of this new threat. >> oxfam has accused the international committee of not doing enough to help the 14 million people affected by the floods in pakistan. the disaster demanded in a response. but the flow of aid was slow compared to other disasters. >> in pakistan, it is a time of morning.
-- is a time of mourning. so many have lost so much. this woman's baby died needlessly. >> my son got diarrhea and fever, she said, due to drinking dirty water. he died on the way to hospital. many say they are victims twice over, made homeless by the flood, and neglected by the government. our homes have been destroyed, one man says, with all of our belongings, and on top of that the government is doing nothing. some food supplies are reaching those in need, but the victims say it is too little, too late. and the aid agencies are warning that lives could be lost because the world has been slow to respond.
>> if operations to not scale up very quickly, many people will die. >> aid workers say they do not understand why it has not made the international community dig deeper. donors may be worried about government corruption, but it is the flood victims who will be paying the credit -- the price. >> more homes lost, more crops washed away. assess theing to scale of the damage and count the cost. this massive crisis need a massive response and agencies say that has not been forthcoming until now. >> rescue teams in western canada are expanding their search base for survivors -- in western china are expanding their search for survivors in
the western promise -- province. thousands of people are missing. homes are covered in up to 60 of mud. it is adding two -- 6 feet of mud. it is adding to china's woes. >> they are expecting three days of thunderstorms. it is obviously concerning people. it was tuesday morning that the last person was brought out alive. the other forces on epidemic prevention. the area has been sterilized and they say -- and they are saving any of the possessions. there a word about the serious spread of disease. -- they are worried about the
serious spread of disease. >> the chinese government had responded quickly. is there a sense that aid and shelter is getting through to the survivors that need it? >> yes, it is getting through, but this is a very mountainous area. for example, more than 4000 tenants have left the area. there just is not the area to set them up. more than 300 homes are destroyed. something like 45,000 residents are evacuated. most of them were traveling out of this area yesterday. in time, they're going to want to return. they need to find some way to set up shelters.
>> still ahead, the mexican president's war against drugs and how he is considering new tactics. the u.k. minister of justice has become the first government department to spell out the scale of its plans to introduce a plan for britain's budget. he suggested 2 billion pounds will be cut from the 9 billion pound budget. >> prisons and courts, operation and managing offenders -- how can this sort of justice make sweeping cuts without sort of damaging -- damage to its ability? how the first time, they put real numbers on the savings being planned. >> the letter and it's the scale of the cuts are extremely challenging -- the letter admit
the scale of the cuts are extremely challenging. it will have to be less. >> in manchester today, feeding questions from anxious members of the current public, but the government must deal with the deficit. no one wants cuts. >> we need to take action now. and not just because we have got to have some confidence. if we are not careful, if you go on borrowing recklessly, you could end up in a situation like this. >> rather than dwelling on the unpopular cuts, he chose to focus on popular savings, cracking down on protesters. it is a familiar phrase used by many premium -- previous administrations. >> it is not when we catch you. it is when -- it is not if we
catch you. it is when. >> critics say it is just one percent of the welfare bill and worries that plans will help those with complex needs. there is no free way to cut billions. >> a reminder of the headlines this hour. a former child soldier has gone on trial in guantanamo bay. the youngest detainee to face justice since president obama came to office. the u.s. central bank has signaled that the country's economic expansion is slowing down the president will continue his policy of stimulus spending. and global surveillance of the new superbug thought to be even the most-- to the ne powerful antibiotics. a meeting of leaders in the capital, delhi, india, if a formal statement on kashmir.
a violent protests began there in june. >> as you can see, the streets are still pretty empty. violence has killed more than 50 people. since the first week of june, people are out on the streets again. has drive -- has grabbed the attention of the leaders of daveed. the president has said he feels the alienation of the city. this is significant because for a long time, people here felt they were being ignored. on the other hand, and the promise from the prime minister of india at the moment is going to be faced with a huge bit of skepticism from kashmir. there is a mounting sense of anger, an anger that people say they have not seen here in the last 20 years. they have a lot of ground to
make up. but the fact that the prime minister has gone on television and made a direct appeal to the young people, the new generation, is a bit of a recognition on the part of the government that they do need to reach out to this next generation of kashmiries before they lose them. >> you are watching bbc news. they have been less than happy neighbors from the opposite ends of the political sanction, but it seems to columbia and venezuela are trying to -- colombia and venezuela are trying to patch up their differences. jeremy mcdermott is in the colombian city of medellin. >> in the longest term, the president of the u.s. military in colombia -- the presence of the u.s. military in colombia has shown that he has aggressive plans for his nation. but more recently, the
colombians accused the venezuelans publicly of shielding of 21500 marxist rebels on their property. that led to -- up to 1500 marxist rebels on their property. that led to hugo chávez cutting off relations. >> is there a sense that they have now agreed to meet and how these talks -- is there enough political will to attempt some sort of permanent solution to their situation, particularly with the rebels? >> i think it is the best interest of both nations to put aside the talk of war that we have had over the past few months. economically, they are interdependent, venezuela and colombia. nor does venezuela want to be seen as a nation whose sponsors terrorism. and two of columbia's guerrillas
are on the terrorist list. in the short term, it does seem that is going to hold. and it is in the interest of both nations that the agreements do hold. >> you mentioned trade relations between the two. we know that venezuela has previously imposed restrictions on trade. was there a review? >> there was a commission set up -- there were commission set up to deal with trade. two of them are going to deal with trade. both sides want to make progress and they are coping with the establishment of the commissions, they can not only established what they have agreed to, but the longer-term cooperation. -- but build longer-term cooperation. >> a three story building collapsed in the capital on monday. one person was killed and 11 injured.
the engineer in charge of the construction site next to the collapsed building is responsible for the accident after he allegedly started exploration and did not follow approved plans. the clinton-bush 80 fund is set up -- haiti fund is set up after death of 200,000 people. the president of mexico has said that -- rising levels of violence does not mean the war against drugs has been lost. mr. calderon said he is prepared to revise his approach while looking at tackling money laundering. >> fighting drugs, mexican style. the country's battle with mukhtar " -- multiple drug cartels is about to move to the banks. philip a. calderon wants to --
launched a cop -- felipe crackdown innch a croc 2006. he has defended his approach, saying fighting violence in the country is losing the battle. he will focus next on the crimes. >> we need to step up the fight in the matters of money laundering. i have asked the central bank as well to design a new policy against money-laundering. >> an estimated $10 billion in suspicious cast -- cash, believed to be to link to drug laundering -- to drug money, is tied to the cartels. but calderon dismissed the idea of legalizing drugs. >> if the world does not legalize drugs, at least in the u.s. as not legalize drugs, then
this is absurd. because mexico does not determine the price of drugs. the price is determined by those in los angeles, new york or chicago. >> calderon is preparing to strike the drug lords where it hurts, in their pockets. >> representing the four liberian president, charles taylor, -- the man representing the former liberian president, charles taylor, has accused naomi campbell of lying about receiving diamonds. she denies line in her evidence. >> scientists in london have developed a new brain scan that can detect the condition known as autism with more than 90% accuracy. it should make a diagnosis more accurate and straightforward.
but other experts explain other methods are needed before it can be used. >> this is a test scientists hope will revolutionize the process of diagnosing autism. it took years for jo powell to get a conventional diagnosis of as berber syndrome, but experts here believe a brain scan could help them detect it immediately. the process of scanning a brain takes about 15 minutes. and then it is entered into a computer, which takes minute details. his brain looks like anybody else's, but those measurements show telling differences. >> sloot de notes the behavior, red and yellow vision -- blue denotes the behavior, red and yellow the vision. >> joe's stand puts him firmly at the artistic end of the spectrum. -- joe's scanned put him from
the at the artistic end of the spectrum. it has more than 90% accuracy. >> currently, the agneses of autism -- diagnosis of autism takes many to diagnose. this is a way to cut through that. in only 15 minutes this computer program can tell if a person has spiked -- has autism based on their brain scan. >> a person with as burgers, from my perspective, was never enough -- a person diagnosed with as burgers, from my perspective, was never enough. >> charles we did for years to rgwer's.he has >> it meant that i had a life to live. it meant that this cloud of unknown was dramatically taken away what it meant to me was that i would be able to have
some understanding and the skills to manage myself, situations that normally baffled and confused me. >> while getting a diagnosis also opens the door to specialist help like this adult drop-in center, the optimism services are scarce and experts say new test only goes up -- autism services are scarce and experts say new test only go so far. >> it must address people's individual need so they can get the support they need. >> autism is a disabling and poorly understood condition. but this research could cast some light on its causes. >> and a reminder of our main news. a former child star joe has gone on trial -- a former child soldier has gone on trial in guantanamo. president obama promise to close the camp at the beginning of his presidency. all of this and more ad bbc.com.
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