tv BBC World News PBS August 11, 2010 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT
>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies.
what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." one-third of the country under water, the u.n. launches an appeal for pakistan. it says without full hundred million dollars of aid, more flood victims are likely to die -- without $400 million of aid. are we headed for food shortages? there are fears of a global epidemic. scientists warn that a drug- resistant superbug in south asia could spread worldwide. a warm welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast on pbs in america and around the globe. coming up later, patriotic poetry and a flag-in belize and uniform. the kids camp where young georgians learn to love their countries. and as significant as stonehenge, archaeologists find an 11,000 year-old house in the
south of england. hello. with one-third of pakistan now under water and torrential waters moving south, lange waste to more of the country, the detonations has spelled it out. many more pakistan is will die unless the rest of the world comes up with more money more quickly. the un's humanitarian chief appealed for $400 million to provide food, water, shelter, and medical care. >> every day, more of the newly homeless pack up and go. there is a trail of destroyed villages along the entire length of pakistan. it is a human tragedy and, in a poor nation, an economic catastrophe. the crisis began two weeks ago
when monsoon rains caused flooding in the northwest of the country. as the rain continued, water spread along the river. the valley and the district of punjab is the worst affected, and new flood warnings have been issued in punjab and the southern province of sindh. the numbers are staggering. the united nations estimates more than 14 million people have been affected. the u.n. estimates that 6 million people need aid immediately. sadly, one-third of the country has been flooded. the water has laid waste to crops. many face ruin and the government stands accused of failing its people miserably. >> i think the magnitude of this disaster was so big that we were not really prepared, but to the
best of our abilities, we are doing what we can. >> do you think it is good enough, not too little, too late? >> we have to do a lot more and the international community has to do more and our own nation has to do a lot more for the people. >> others are filling the gaps left by the government. the handouts are coming from an islamic charity accused of links to banned militants. its aid program could be an effective recruiting tool. the group is providing meals three times per day and says it is feeding between 4000 and 5000 people. nobody who comes looking for help is turned away. as well as providing food and water, it is also supplying medical services and handing out cash. there are running operations like this around the country. one more worry for the nation on its knees -- the militants could capitalize on this tragedy.
how can pakistan tackle them and the floods? an already unstable country is looking far more vulnerable. in case you are watching from one of the stricken areas, the new information and eight services is broadcasting lifeline programs and the worst affected areas. this is provided by the bbc and local radio stations. they will transmit at the local times showed up on the screen on fnn shortwave, putting out a little information on how to stay safe, avoid disease, and access aid. agencies in many parts of asia are stretched to the limit by the impact of flooding and landslides. in russia, authorities are battling 600 wildfires. now the global market is feeling the effect as the price of basic foods rises. the price of wheat is at a two year high. all of this is likely to make
life much harder for people already in severe difficulty. >> in pakistan, the floodwaters have engulfed village after village. once lives are saved, the farmers are asking where the next meal will come from. >> you see the top of the house but not the crop. we cry sometimes when we come here. then we pray to god. i have 200 kilos of corn at my home which the flood took away. god saved our families. >> he showed the damage to wheat and said all of his wealth had been destroyed. this is meant to be pakistan's breadbasket. but it is not just wheat. fruit and vegetable prices have soared and some areas have lost all of their crops. thousands of animals have been killed. the u.n. has described the disaster as unprecedented and millions of people will need food aid.
>> we are targeting up to 6 million people with food assistance, some of whom will need extended food assistance. others will need one shot to help them through the initial dislocation before they are able to head back to their homes, if it is possible, and start to pick up their lives again. >> food supplies have been severely disrupted in china as well, which is battling its worst flooding in a decade. floodwaters have submerged half of this county. tens of thousands of people have barely any food, and access roads are badly damaged. other major food producers like russia are also under pressure. here it is the worst heat wave on record which has devastated crops. wheat output is down 40%, so the government has imposed an export ban. the neighboring ukraine and
kazakhstan are also suffering big reductions in grain harvests. with another 10 days of scorching heat forecast, seeding for winter crops is also at risk. hardly surprising, the price of wheat has jumped up since june. the big importers have fears that this could cause unrest. the egyptian government is pouring $600 million into subsidies. they're trying to keep bread prices affordable. they say that fears of a return of the food crisis three years ago are not yet justified. there have been two years of record wheat harvests, and production remains strong in other regions, particularly north america, with the u.s. expecting a bumper crop. and number of people confirmed dead at in northwest china, rising to more than 1100,
and 627 are missing. hopes of finding survivors are fading as rescuers turned to finding bodies and trying to stop disease. more rain is forecast for the region later this week. the governor of the bank of england it is warning that the u.k. is facing a choppy recovery with slower than expected growth and higher than expected inflation. the u.s. fed has signaled that america's economic recovery is also faltering. the pope has refused to accept the resignation of two irish bishops. the walls and field were accused by an official inquiry of failing to tell police about allegations of abuse by priests. the vatican has given no reason for its decision. moroccan authorities say they have broken up a terrorist cell. 18 people have been arrested. the interior ministry said or planning acts of sabotage which
also targeted for interests in morocco -- they were targeting acts of sabotage which also targeted for interests in morocco. officials say iraqi soldiers were killed on a raid in a house. hugh sikes is in iraq with the details. >> there was a gun battle earlier today at an army checkpoint. eight soldiers chased the gunmen as they ran away, but it turns out this was a trap to lure the soldiers into a house elsewhere in town. the gunmen went into the house, the soldiers followed, and then explosives that had been laid in the house killed the eight soldiers. there are three other dead bodies under the rubble in the house. nobody is quite sure who they belong to, whether they are insurgents or more soldiers. >> an explosion of -- an
explosion in rwanda has injured people after an election. official results give him 93% of the vote. opponents claim that he was aided by widespread oppression and violence. national observers have also voiced concerns. a military tribunal at the guantanamo bay naval base has sentenced a former cook and driver to osama bin laden to 14 years in prison. he pled guilty to charges of conspiring with al qaeda. his sentence may be reduced as part of a plea agreement that is still a secret. israel's top military officer said more force should have been used to clear the deck of a turkish aid ship. nine activists died. he told an internal israeli inquiry that accurate weapons dropping stun grenades should have been used to ensure sterile conditions on board.
a new super bug resistant to the most powerful antibiotics. the mdn-1 originates in india and pakistan and it may because of health tourism trips. it is spreading worldwide. it has already started appearing in hospitals in the u.k. >> these common bacteria, e. coli and pneumonia, can cause urinary and respiratory infections and blood poisoning. doctors fight them with antibiotics. now there is a new gene, ndm-1, which makes them resistant to the most powerful treatments which are usually kept as a last resort. hospitals across the u.k. have been placed on alert to look out for ndm-1. they send drug-resistant samples to this laboratory for analysis and advice on treatment and to work out the wider public health risk.
so far in the u.k., there have been about 50 confirmed cases, but there is evidence ndm-1 is spreading fast in india and pakistan. this contains the actual affected bacterium. the strips contain strong antibiotics. what we see is their impact on the bacterium. on this strip, we see some impact. on these two, very strong antibiotics, very little impact. on these other three, no impact at all. could this be the new mrsa, which provoked public fear along with thousands of cases reported every year? >> the threat comes from the fact that the bacterium is so resistant. nowadays we have antibiotics that are effective with mrsa. now we have one or two not very good, old antibiotics. >> experts say the potential of
ndm-1 to spread around the world is clear and frightening. >> this is a global phenomenon and we need surveillance systems, global surveillance systems to help identify this. >> while the search for new drugs goes on, the best defense here is vigilance and tough infection control. stay with us on "bbc world news." still to come, the coach of north korea's football team, fifa is investigating reports this team is being -- he is being punished with hard labor for his team's performance at the world cup. zimbabwe has made its first authorized the sale of diamonds since the lifting of the suspension imposed by an organization seeking to prevent
trade and diamonds that help with conflict. >> zimbabwe is legally back in the market of the business of diamonds. they resumed the sale of diamonds, under the watchful eye of the organization that seeks to avoid international trade in what are known as blood diamonds. this is the largest known concentration of diamonds in the world. it is here that they act on behalf of government officials, using helicopter gunships and police dogs to hunt down illegal minors. -- miners. more than 200 of them were killed. last november, zimbabwe was banned from exporting diamonds. this was following claims from
human rights groups that the military went to villages forcing them to mind the gems. -- forcing them to mine the gems. they say they are closely monitoring sales. the unity government of president robert mugabe knows how badly the bad economy is demanding this. >> from the sale of these diamonds. >> you cannot blame high expectations when estimates say they could produce more than $1 billion of diamonds per year, reviving zimbabwe's economy, shattered after political unrest and collapse. this is "bbc world news." one-third of pakistan under water, the u.n. has launched an appeal.
it says without $400 million of aid, more flood victims are likely to die. a combination of wildfires still going on in russia and the flooding of asia has seen the price of wheat rise 50%. north korea's football team lost 7-0 to portugal, and there are reports that the team returned to the country with punishment. now fifa is investigating. >> north korea's 7-0 loss at the hands of portugal was certainly a humiliation, especially as it was reportedly the first game ever to be broadcast on the country's single state-run tv station. the rumor that the coach has been sentenced to forced labor on a building site has been difficult, so far at least, to confirm.
now fifa, apparently prompted by what is said to be new information provided by the south korean football association based in seoul, has written a letter to north korea asking whether the allegation is true, as well as a claim that the north korean football players on their return to the country were subjected to a six-hour criticism session on a stage in front of 400 people. it is not yet known how or whether north korea will respond, but one thing we can say at this point is the evidence of the allegations appears to be slim. the claims first surfaced in a radio news report, citing an unidentified chinese businessman, said to have links with senior north korean officials. hackles were raised today in
georgia as russia announced it has deployed surface to air missiles to a breakaway region. they claimed independence in 2008, the georgia still considers it part of its territory. efforts to promote patriotism in georgia have taken on new urgency recently. we went to a holiday camp for young georgians and found it had a picture out at edge. -- it had a patriotic edge. >> in this youth camp in western georgia, it's time to wave the national flag. there is no greater honor. it is a popular uniform, not just for the exercise class. the youngsters will learn about georgian national dances and patriotic poetry. everyone seems to be enjoying themselves, but the feeling of nationalism runs very deep.
mention the abkhazia territory a few kilometers down the road from here and patriotic feelings are very strong. >> of course abkhazia is a painful subject. it is important for us because it is near the camp. but it is ours. that is what we're trying to explain to people. soon i believe we will have it back. >> but at the moment, there is little doubt as to who really pulls the strings in abkhazia. dmitry medvedev paid a visit to the area. georgia said it was a violation of its sovereignty. the timing is important. this week, russia signed a cease-fire with georgia, agreeing to pull back troops to their pre-war positions. that has not happened, and today russia announced they
have deployed a s-300 missile defense system like this in abkhazia. they depend on russia for security. moscow says it is there for the protection of the country. back in the camp, russia is seen differently. this performance leaves no doubt who is seen as the aggressor. russia is played by the men in white. georgia has highly nationalistic theater. this is why georgia says it needs patriotic youth. georgians are banned from going to abkhazia, but they would like their country's flag to fly there again in the future. to shock election defeat could be in the cards for
austria's governing labor party. they call the snap election after deposing her predecessor, but now she is also struggling and against the opposition liberal party and its leader, tony abbott. >> it is the campaign launch of the opposition liberal party. a group of union protesters have tried to ambush the event, wearing speedos, which have become tony abbott's inadvertent calling card. shoreline snapshots from late last year have reinforced something of a credibility problem. the staunch conservative trained to become a catholic priest. his nickname is the mad monk. the polls are pointing to a photo-finish election in which he could emerge as the unexpected victor. >> i say this -- let's bury
that era and give our country a fresh start, where politicians say what they mean and mean what they say. >> for many australians, it does not take a great leap of imagination to see tony abbott as prime minister. he has been at the main beneficiary. this has been a bizarre time in australian history, a soap opera, with the intrigue of a murder mystery. the issue was wielding a hockey stick. seven weeks ago, it was a knife. she viciously answered her predecessor when poll numbers started to slump. now, with her campaign in trouble, she has been forced to bring him back. this is their joyless photo opportunity in the shotgun marriage of convenience. >> we had a discussion focused on the role he will play in the
campaign, supporting the election of my government. >> australian rules football can be almost as aggressive as australian politics. this was a game in queensland, where there is anger about his abrupt departure. they have violated a sense of australian fair play. >> they can put him wherever they like him. >> kevin played a part in saving australia from recession. but can he help rescue his beleaguered party from the most humiliating and surprising defeat? archaeologists in northern england have discovered what they think are the oldest remains of a house in this country, dating back 11,000
years. >> carved by stone age man, it has been 11,000 years since somebody built this. this is thought to be the earliest evidence of carpentry in europe. in 8500 b.c., this area would have been underwater, but there is evidence that human beings settled around the edges. they have had to cover it back up to preserve it, but they say this is as significant as stonehenge. every hour, they turn up a new discovery. they have only excavated a tiny fraction of the site, but every arrowhead, flint, and bone fragment is a vital clue about the people here. >> they were probably very much like us, wearing jewelry. we know that they had pets like dogs and hunted animals, and we
have evidence of that from things like this spear, which is made from deer. >> this is one artist's impression. what makes the site unique is the sheer number of artifacts left behind. rich pickings for this anthropologist. >> these are antlers from fairly healthy deer in the valley. if you can imagine, almost twice the size of this. >> they have to work fast. the heat is drying it all out. artifacts like this tree have survived thousands of years under the soil. there is more on that and
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