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tv   BBC World News  PBS  August 12, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide
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range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> after the riots in england, a row over who restored order. police defend their tactics after criticism from some politicians. global stock markets show signs of stability after a week of volatile share prices. welcome to "bbc news," broadcast to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. i'm rachel hodges. coming up later for you -- we return to misrata to meet the 6-year-old girl who's determined not to become just another casualty of libyan conflict. and what does it mean to be an asian-american? complex identity and the clash of cultures.
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>> hello there. senior police officers have insisted that the tactical decisions that brought the riots in england under control earlier this week were theirs alone and not a result of pressure from politicians. more than 1,600 people have been arrested in connection with the riots. around half have appeared before the courts. here's mark easton. >> a week after the riots began, senior police officers and government politicians have indulged in a public row as each seeks to avoid any blame for the lawlessness. emerging from the latest meeting of the emergency planning committee cobra, the acting head of scotland yard made a clearly barbed remark. >> i think after any event like this, there's always people who will make comments that weren't there. if police officers had the
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benefit of foresight, we'd obviously do things slightly differently. >> it's clear that many senior officers are furious at suggestions that police only got their act together when politicians banged the table. >> let's be very clear on one thing. the vital distinction between policing and politics remains, and the police service will make the tactical decisions, and quite rightly and robustly we should and must be held to account. if we're not, the system fails. >> government ministers accused of putting police -- accused police of putting too few officers on the street and being too timid of dealing with the looters. the politicians and police alike , the stakes in the affair remain very high. the politics of the riot is shifting from condemnation and measures to restore public order, to broader questions about our culture, our society, and our values. the leaders of the three main political parties in england
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were all talking about learning the lessons of the riot. in the early hours of monday, police were pursuing looters. >> these people have nothing to lose. they've got no stake in society and no social mobility at home. >> the criticism is that politicians have been too quick to condemn and too slow to try to understand. >> ok, nice to meet you. take care. >> are there not sorblinge reasons for -- social reasons for this? >> of course there are. >> rather than talking about criminality all the time? >> no, but we're not just talking about criminality. the first was to restore public order and make clear that we were never going to excuse what happened. but excusing is not the same as explaining. now we've got to try to explain what happened. >> on tuesday, a police station in nottingham was fire bombed. it was suggested the event posed
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important questions for all of us. >> we have to ask ourselves why an 11-year-old girl, or young teenagers, feel like they've got so little stake in their own neighborhood, in their own community, that they've got so little sense of belonging, that they go around crushing it. >> central manchester was the scene of widespread looting on tuesday night. the prime minister was in the city to meet emergency services before appearing on the bbc. david cameron was asked whether there wasn't a difference between the attitude towards greedy looters and greedy bankers. >> people who cheat in banking, they should be punished. n.p.'s should be punished, and there are n.p.'s in prison today and quite rightly, too. we need responsibility right through our country. responsibility is the most important word in politics. but it can't be used as an excuse. >> no one dares suggest this crisis can be described as over.
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in many ways, the questions are just beginning. mark easton, "bbc news." >> stock markets around the world have settled down at the end of the week and seen violent fluctuations in the value of shares. but there are fresh concerns about the health of one of europe's biggest economies. after growth in france grounds to a hold. the figures put more pressure on the french government to tackle its budget deficit. hugh reports. >> it was full steam ahead today for european markets, but the problems haven't gone away, not least for france, which has been in the eye of the storm this week. there was no growth in the second quarter with consumer spending plunging. >> i didn't spend a lot of money. i saved a little bit. >> it's really difficult. it's not good. >> a stalling economy creates head aches for president sarkozy. he had to break his holiday this week to hold an emergency
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cabinet meeting and press for faster deficit reduction, but slow growth will hit tax revenues. some investors are concerned about french government debt and questioning its triple-a rating. debt is 82% of annual economic output, ahead of the u.k.'s, around 80 on a comparable basis, spain 60% of annual output. the french finance minister said there was no course for concern. >> i'm not stressed. not for a second. and i'm very confident, because we have strong basics in our economy. >> there have been worries about the health of french banks after their sharings plummetted, regular lay tors along with those in three other countries have banned the practice known as short selling to try to stop speculators making money out of falling bank shares. >> they've got a lot of exposure to the countries like greece, ireland, portugal, and more importantly, spain and italy,
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which have really been under the focus recently. >> here in the u.k., the government argues it has a credible deficit reduction plan, which investors support, and british growth was stronger in the second quarter than france's was. but events on financial markets over the last fortnight demonstrate that the u.k. is as vulnerable as anyone to a global slowdown. a fortnight ago today, the footsy 100 leading index of leading shares was around 5,800. tonight it closed just above 5,300. still a fall of 8.5% over two weeks. that means a total loss on paper of $132 billion -- 132 billion pounds. the italian government has denied approved more spending cuts and tax rises. we'll have to wait until next week to see how the financial markets react to that. hugh pim, "bbc news." >> a serial kilner the united
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states who hid the remains of 11 women in his home and garden has been sentenced to death. the court in ohio heard that anthony sowell led poor, often drug addicted women into his home with alcohol or narcotics. >> guilty of the murder of 11 women, anthony sowell was in court on friday to hear his sentence. >> the court finds that the aggravated circumstances outweigh the mitigating factors beyond a reasonable doubt, and therefore finds that the sentence of death shall be imposed upon the defendant, anthony sowell. the court will set the date of execution for october 29, 2012. >> the judge ignored pleas from defense lawyers to take into account the defendant's mental health problems and previous service as a u.s. marine. relatives of the victims celebrated as the sentence was read out. this was a suburban home in
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cleveland, ohio. anthony sowell transformed it into a murder scene over the course of two years beginning in 2007. he apparently lured many of his victims here with the promise of drink and drugs. their remains were dumped in rubbish sacks around his home and garden. his secret was only uncovered after police went to his home to investigate allegations of sexual assault and began finding bodies. during his trial, he said he was truly sorry from the bottom of his heart. but the relative of one of his victims told reporters that he was going to hell for his actions. daniel griffiths, "bbc news." >> the head of brazil's supreme court has urged police to carry out a full and swift investigation into the slaying of a judge well-known for her work against organized crime. two gunmen were waiting for the woman as she arrived at her home near rio. at the scene, her cousin told reporters that the judge knew she was on a death list.
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>> patricia received threats for at least five years. she was considered a hard-line judge with a heavy hammer, always getting the maximum penalty. she sentenced people linked to the oil mafia, to the transport mafia. michigans were -- militias were growing at alarming levels. corruption, drug trafficking. >> the bbc's paolo has more details on the killing. >> the judge was shot 21 times in front of her house. two masked men riding motorbikes, police not sure if there is still another car involved in the action, shot the judge while she arrived home. she was well-known for being very tough on organized crime, particularly on that squad, including some that had police officers as members.
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she has actually convicted a few police officers who had committed crimes on duty. an interesting piece of information is that brazil's national council of justice, that's kind of an association of judges, has informed that there are 87 judges under that group in brazil. the judge did not have a police escort, nor a bulletproof car. the family says that she had requested these and that had not been granted by the authorities. the authorities said she had this niece escort herself some three years ago and not requested it again. >> still ahead, as the clear-up continues, a special report on what the riots in england tell us about life in the modern world. a court in pakistan has sentenced a soldier to death for the murder of an unarmed teenager in carachi. five soldiers and a security
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guard have also been sentenced to life imprisonment for the shooting. the incident was recorded and later broadcast, causing outrage in pakistan. >> the court was crowded as people pressed to hear the verdict. the accused had all denied the chargers. arguing they were just carrying out their duties. but the judge ruled the evidence conclusively proved their guilt. the brother of the victim was present and said his family now felt relieved. this is the video that has caused issues across pakistan. the boy was picked up by rangers in a park on suspicion of robbery. some accounts said he was carrying a replica, or toy pistol. pleading for his life, he says please don't shoot. it was a toy gun. please don't shoot. the verdict of the soldiers is too disturbing to show in full.
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he later died of his injuries. pakistan is a country where the security forces enjoy huge powers, but cara chih's top security officials were sacked after the shocking pictures came to light. but this case is far from over. >> we will appeal in the high court and we are confident that these accused will be released. >> human rights organizations say it's common behavior for law enforcers to protect the police in situations such as this case. they're now demanding checks to stop such abuses in the future. david campanali, "bbc news." >> this is "bbc news." the headlines -- senior police officers have
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insisted that the tactics to bring the riots in england under control were not the results of pressure from politicians. shares in europe and the united states have ended higher, making up much of the losses seen since monday, but share values remain well below their highs of last month. let's get more on the global financial situation now. joining me from new york is motoco rich from "the new york times." thank you for talking to us. investors in the united states have been particularly twitchy this week. a real roller coaster on the markets. but they ended the last two days up. also this positive news with the u.s. retail figures. do you think that's going to help calm the situation? >> it's really hard to tell right now, because investor emotions as well as consumer emotions ron a razor edge and everybody is watching for every little tiny piece of data. as we've seen in the wild swings this week, it's really hard to tell which direction we're
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going. i think some of this is an overexaggerated reaction. but obviously there's a sort of undercurrent of distress and anxiety. on the other hand, like you pointed out, there have been some modest signs of improvement with retail sales. we also have relative strengths in auto loans. so there is some hope. >> if there is another bad week on the market, do you think that's going to spook the u.s. consumers even more into cutting their spending? >> absolutely. i mean, there's a lot of actual evidence out there that once uncertainty takes hold -- that's the concern, that consumers are already nervous and any little thing will droibt further nervousness. >> some analysts are already saying that the u.s. is in a double-dip recession. what's your assessment? >> we're not in a double-dip recession at the moment. you never know until after the fact, because that's how the data comes out.
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but at the moment, last friday, we had signs that there is some job growth and there is still some growth. most economists are talking about very, very modest, but growth for the next test. >> we've got these new austerity measures in italy. four countries have banned short selling to try and calm down the stock markets. do you think enough is being done to prevent a crisis on the european markets? >> well, it's really hard to tell. this has now been going on for over a year and it started in the smaller countries and has spread and has not been put under control. it depends on who you talk to. but there is sort of a growing sentiment out there among some economists that there will have to be some kind of fairly significant restructuring of debt in some of those countries. >> and as far as the austerity measures in italy go, do you think those are going to have a positive effect on the italian economy? >> well, it's hard to tell,
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because of course on the one hand, obviously something needed to be done, and the fact that they were doing it in the midst of cuts and revenue increases should potentially help. on the other hand, every time you cut, it sounds like they're laying off quite a lot of government workers, those people will be out of work, they won't be able to spend, that has a negative effect on the economy. it's a very tough conundrum. >> thank you very much. four months ago, she was fighting for her life in a libyan hospital with 30 separate pieces of shrapnel lodged in her body. when we first reported her story in misrata, the 6-year-old was one of thousands of casualties of the fighting between colonel gaddafi's forces and libyan rebels. now she -- now we return to misrata. the report concerns distressing images from the start. >> 6 years old and in agony.
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this is arwa, as we last saw her, in april. a child of misrata under victim of the regime, lacerated by shrapnel. and this is arwa today. >> how are you? >> back home and back to normal, her families say. but there are reminders all around of the raucous that landed on her doorstep and ruptured her childhood. arwa will carry her scars for life. her grandfather says she has managed to forget her injuries, but when she hears explosions in the distance, her fear is back. >> i get scared. i run inside. >> arwa tells us in a whisper.
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her wish list is a bicycle and the chance to go to school. >> when the schools are open again, i want to go there, to learn how to read and write. >> this is arwa's retreat, a pigeon loft where she plays with her cousins. but her grandfather fears the children can't escape the lessons of colonel gaddafi. he's teaching them new things, he says, about war, destruction, and killing. arwa's wounds have healed, at least the physical ones. her dream is to be a singer, but war could rewrite her future. "bbc news," misrata. >> now to a new exhibition at the national portrait gallery in
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washington. exploring the nature of asian-american identity. it took more than a year to select these seven artists in the show, which aims to smash stereotypes. jane o'brien reports from washington. >> there are almost 14 million asian-americans in the u.s. everyone has a different story. these photos focus on the korean term for ethnic koreans living abroad. all the works here focus on similar issues of identity and immigration, raising a complex question. what does it mean to be asian in america? >> what is the identity? it's something that i've inherited through heritage, or is it something that i have to confront through stereotypes? or is identity a practice that i compose in choices of how i stand, how i dress, how i choose -- make choices in my profession. >> all seven artists have
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different backgrounds, heritage, and life experiences, which reflect the wider asian-american community. these photos describe the clash of cultures when she moved to new york. while this one with japanese and mexican parents adapts traditional japanese or the trails. >> this painting is crossing the delaware, a knockoff of the famous american painting, in which the artist inserted himself into the role of george washington. >> shimamura is the oldest artist featured, a third generation japanese american. he and his family were sent to an internment camp in world war ii. >> he has been profoundly interested in this idea of the asian-american as the eternal foreigner. one who is always kind of different.
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he proclaims quite loudly that he is an american, and his art is in a sense a kind of a response to the kind of experiences that he has felt living as an eternal foreigner. >> the show draws few conclusions about the asian-american experience, but it does spark a debate that cure ray or thes say has been a long time coming. >> jane o'brien reporting there. let's return to our main story now. the riots in england earlier this week. the scenes of looting and violence have sparked a debate on the challenges facing our society, but for those who have lost homes or businesses, there are more immediate concerns. alan looks at the aftermath of the riots. >> we found the spirit of a better london. thousands of donations have come in to help those who have lost their homes. clothes, bedding, towels, pots and pans, books, children's toys.
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it is the quiet general city of the majority. they lost everything when their home was burned to the ground. >> when you look at the building, you feel empty. you feel like you lost everything. at the same time, it's not about the furniture or the refrigerator. but it's about your memory. it's about the things you've been saving from your childhood. the gift you get from your mother to keep it forever, or the gift you get from your husband when you first met. >> the road is a battered mess, but the clear-up has begun. everywhere, the waste is evident and appalling. a safe is all that's left of what was once a jeweler's shop. it's clear that many people were doubly shocked by what they saw.
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shocked first of all by the violence, but also shocked by the spirit of malice, which seemed to accompany it. the sheer gratuitous vindictiveness of the rioters, who seemed to take real pleasure in their own destructiveness. that's been profoundly unsettling. this hair dressing salon was trashed and looted on monday. she said the rioters goaded and mocked her for looking scared. she still feels insecure. >> i think i've never been -- not even as a child, i've never been all that scared all my life. having to run for your life, not knowing what's happening to your property. i spent all night not being able to sleep. >> more than half the riot victims i've interviewed this week have been immigrants. a kurdish restaurant worker. a confectioner from turkey. they have all built a stake in london. why has the same city also produced so many young people with no similar sense of
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belonging? >> if the situation wasn't as it was, if we did not have full employment, if we had youth services here, qualified professionals here work with young people, that would never happen. >> public opinion may not be ready for this. for can you blame poverty without excusing the willful criminality that did this? london is calmly picking up the pieces, but the shock of what happened endures. alan little, "bbc news," london. >> golf now. tiger woods has missed the cut at the pga championships in atlanta. it's only the third time in his career that he's failed to reach the last two rounds in a major tournament. a former world number one, tiger woods is now ranked 30th and playing in only his second event since returning from a leg injury last april. this is "bbc news."
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>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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