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tv   Newsline Daily  PBS  October 14, 2010 4:00pm-4:30pm PST

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welcome to this edition of "newsline." it is friday, october 15th, 8:00 a.m. in tokyo. i'm catherine kobayashi. the operation in chile to rescue 33 miners trapped under ground has ended successfully. the miners' leader is now in the lime light. the 54-year-old shift foreman reached the surface at 9:57 p.m. on wednesday. as the leader of the team, he
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volunteered to be the last man rescued so he could confirm that all the others had made it out safely. now, h has been praised for his leadership during the ordeal. experts say he followed a business management theory that's drawing much attention these days. when all the miners had been lifted to safety the first words spoken by the chilean president sebastian pennera were praise for the leadership. >> reporter: an expert on crisis management says he had been apparently reading peter drucker's books on business
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management. in his book titled "management" drucker writes about the best ways to lead and unite a group. >> translator: he followed drucker's theories which says the leader is the first one to take on a problem. that person will work harder than anyone else. he probably worked hard to gain the cooperation of all the miners. >> drucker stresses the importance of setting rules in a group situation. the 33 miners were trapped underground after the mine suddenly collapsed. at first there was little hope they would be rescued. the miners were reportedly in a panic.
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he determined it would be impossible for the miners to reach the surface by themselves and estimated it would take 20 days before they could be rescued. he divided the small amount of food in the shelter equally among the men. he made a rule that each miner could have only two spoon fulls of canned tuna, half a cup of milk and a biscuit every other day. that is exactly what drucker wrote. >> translator: food was limited so they needed to make a rule about dividing it. otherwise the miners would fight. the bigger, hungry men had to understand the situation. >> 17 days after the collapse the 33iners were found alive. in the shelter, humidity was
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high and the temperature reached 35 degrees. within the dark, tightly confined space the miners were packed nearly face to face. they wrote about the harsh situation they were going through in letters to their families. >> translator: it's hell here and i want out. >> local media reported the miners were given rules. >> one of us is in charge. i do the work. he is in charge of recording the daily lives of the miners. >> the leader gave rules to each member. this matched a management theory that the leader should assign members a role to raise their
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spirits. >> people realized it's important to stay alive when they're given a mission. it makes them feel they're needed by others. this raises motivation and a sense of responsibility. it also leads to inner strength and the desire to achieve something. >> he is trusted by his colleagues. he is called by a nickname. >> translator: it ae's been cal a miracle operation but is not just miraculous. thanks to his leadership the miracle happened.
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and in other news china's communist party opens its central committee general meeting on friday to discuss key policies and personnel matters behind closed doors. more than 300 party members will take part in the four-day gathering in beijing. ateng is fotention is focused o the vice president will assume a military post to cement his position as successor to president jintao. this will include shifting focus from exports to domestic demand and reducing the gap between urban and rural areas. the u.s. trade deficit with china rose to a record high of more than $28 billion in august. the commerce department said on thursday that the trade gap rose 8.2% from july. the overall u.s. trade deficit stood at $46.3 billion in august, up 8.8% from the
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previous month. the u.s. congress accuses china of under valuing its currency to gain an unfair trade advantage. it's expected to increase pressure on china to revalue the yuan. the widening trade deficit with china comes despite the obama administration's pledge to double exports and make them an engine of the u.s. economy. his economic policies are likely to come under increased criticism. japan has canceled a planned visit by a squadron of maritime self-defense force training ships to the chinese port city after china requested a postponement. bilateral relations have been strained since the chinese trawler collided with two japanese patrol boats in september near the islands which are under japanese control but also claimed by china. japan's defense ministry and self-defense forces informed china of the decision on thursday after japan failed to persuade china to proceed as
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planned. in early october china asked japan to postpone the visit scheduled for friday as part of a bilateral defense exchange. the japan squadron was to include 730 members. the chief of staff of the maritime self-defense force called the cancellation very regrettable. he said he wants to continue promoting defense exchanges such as this with mutual visits by the two countries' naval vessels. an exchange event between japan's self-defense forces and china's people's liberation army due to start next wednesday was also canceled after china asked for a postponement on tuesday. south korea has participated in a joint naval drill with the united states and japan for the first time. the exercise was part of initiatives to prevent the proliferation of materials used for nuclear and biological weapons. 15 countries either observed or took part the exercise
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carried out on thursday. the drill was aimed at blocking maritime shipments under the u.s. led proliferation security initiative. in the drill, a u.s. aegis equipped vessel and a japanese maritime self-defense force destroyer approached a mock nuclear transport ship. later south korean troops descended from a helicopter and took control of the transport ship. south korea had been joining psi drills only as an observer out of consideration for relations with north korea. however, the nuclear test by north korea in may last year prompted south korea to participate this time. by joining the exercise, the south korean government is apparently trying to keep pressure on north korea. pyongyang continues to develop nuclear weapons despite growing international criticism. now, more than 80 people across japan have been attacked by bears from april to september. over 30% higher than the figure for last year.
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an nhk survey shows more than 2100 bears have been captured and over 1800 killed during that time. officials say the unusually cold spring weather resulted in fewer mountain acorns, forcing bears to search for food in areas with people. resident living in these areas are urged to remain on alert as bears are expected to continue coming down from mountains for food before hibernating. today more than 2 million foreigners live in japan. here on "newsline" we're going to introduce you to some members of the country's population in the next couple days, starting with chinese students. they account for 60% of all foreign students in japan. >> reporter: this japanese
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language school in tokyo specializes in classes for people from china. it is setting itself as a gateway to prestigious. it says 60 alumni each year -- sends 60 alumni each year to places such as the university of tokyo. it even offers mathematics class es as japanese language schools expand their role to become preparatory schools for universities. jean hails from shanghai. she studied for two yearst college at home but the school wasn't her first choice. >> i want to study something i truly enjoy. that's why i'm looking to enter a university again. my father told me to go to the united states but i am interested in japan's hybrid car
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technologies and urban development methods. i also think japan leads in science and technology. >> reporter: jin is getting an education abroad thanks in part to china's policy. despite its huge population the country's birth rate is low. when the parents have enough savings and want to give their only child the best, the university accepted jin as a student this october. she chose japan because the regulations permit her to take part-time jobs but also because in china many students have a tough time finding the kind of work they want once they graduate. the prestige of a japanese university helps. for japanese universities,
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foreign students present an opportunity. japan's rate of about 1.3% is the sixth lowest in the world. this has prompted some universities to offer new features to attract the students. the japan university of economics opened a campus in tokyo. 90% of the students ferreiare f china. the institution is fitted to train future middle managers. >> choose companies that fit your values. >> reporter: this university teaches business skills and manners and the institution says it aims for 100% graduate employment. >> translator: i can learn
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business skills. >> some universities welcome chinese students to stimulate japanese students. this autumn the university revised its curriculum to include english for foreign students. 60 students from china and other asian countries enrolled. these students are influencing their japanese peers. >> translator: foreign students are very positive and i was inspired by them. >> they have an impact on the intellectual sparks being introduced by each other. i hope i can learn something.
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>> reporter: in the past, chinese students came to japan primarily to earn money. but nowadays with the growing chinese middle class, many are sending their sons and dawit toers japdawit -- daughters to japan to gain an education. japanese universities facing low enrollment numbers are eager to accept them. it is a win-win situation. >> earlier we gained more insight on this report when our reporter spoke with our guest. >> tell us more about why chinese students are willing to study here in japan at their own expense. >> one thing is the chinese government's policy is to favor people who studied overseas in hiring. another factor is that in china entering the university is getting much more difficult. only one in two applicants is
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said to pass the exams so the desire to study abroad in china is in stark contrast to what's happening in japan. students here are becoming reluctant to get an education overseas so the number of japanese students studying abroad peaked in 2004 with 83,000. that has decreased since then. >> and how does the japanese higher education system stack up against those in other countries. >> many chinese students are coming to japan to study, china is still sending its students to the united states studying alongside ivy league school studts. in order to compete japanese universities must include the curriculum of science and technology graduate schools. right now japanese students choose to get a social science degree because they are more likely to get a job. so with science not as
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attractive the japanese government is reviewing how much it spends on science education. but if it wants to encourage more foreign students to study here it needs to invest in the programs they want to study, science and technology. >> thanks for your report. all right. our look at communities in japan continues here on "newsline." later we'll have a story about this country's muslim population and the challenge it faces. the international nature conservation authority says that wild lions are a species that faces extinction. in kenya, for example, lions are in trouble. a severe drought has killed off a lot of their major food source, grass eating animals. now the hungry lions are raiding villages for live stock to feed on.
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>> reporter: a hungry lion recently showed up in the masai village in southern kenya, crawled its way into a house, and attacked the sheep inside. >> translator: this is rare. in fact, it's the first insta e instance. even the old men of this place are wondering. of course, a next time might be possible. >> reporter: amboseli national park, one of kenya's most famous, lies near the border with tanzania. over 440 animal species live in the wild life sanctuary. but a three-year drought has dried up the wetlands where animals can drink. the kenya wildlife service says nearly 80% of the herbivores
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have died, schwoch few wild animals to feed on, the lions search search for live stock in nearby villages. local masai villages have nowhere to turn for help. they must protect their live stock themselves. masai warrior mekuretu lost his donkey and cow this july from an attacking lion. >> translator: this is where the lion clawed me. >> reporter: he has lost most of his live stock so he killed the lion even though he knew it was against the law. >> translator: of course i know i'm not allowed to kill a lion, but i just wanted to protect my animals.
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>> reporter: this year 30 lions in the national park were killed under circumstances like this. the kenya wildlife service says only 60 lions are left in the park. what can be done to protect the lions' population? the kenyan government and some foreign ngos started a project to enclose the entire village with metal fences. this fence is two meters high. it's made of wire so thick that a lion couldn't claw its way through. >> translator: before, lions attacked our live stock. but after we put up the fence, lions come here but turn away without doing anything. >> so far, five masai villages near the national park have put up metal fences.
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but each cost about $1500 to $2,000. an ngo helped fund the project but the high costs hold back construction of other fences. the ngo is also trying to persuade the villagers not to kill the lions in retaliation for slaughtering their live stock. otherwise, all the lions in the national park could be lost within a decade. conflicts between human and lions have already taken the lives of the predators, with no end in sight for the drought, protecting lion is a crucial challenge. yudai tanaka, nhk world, kenya. >> to discourage people near the park from killing lions the kenyan government compensates residents whose animals were killed by the lion attackers.
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and now taking a look at the market figures.
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hello. here is a look at your world weather. taking a look first at east asia, in the south pacific we do continue to monitor this storm system. this will be tropical storm maggie though it has now strengthened into a severe tropical storm system. still strengthening as it heads toward the northwest. we'll keep an eye on its progress as it is going to be getting close to the northern philippines later on this week. elsewhere it is a pretty wet picture again across parts of the south china sea. nice and clear for a lot of of east china however so that is a good bit of news. a bit of rain in the northeast but nothing too significant. japan today another day of changeable weather. cloudy skies, a couple showers popping up here and there. and towards the north, the hokkaido area will see
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significant amounts of rain. in the south of course we've been seeing quite a bit of rain. in the china peninsula once again looking at heavy rain accumulation to form along the vietnam coast line but also in parts of thailand, too, looking at rainfall in the next 24 hours. other wet areas going to be the bay of bengal. we have a tropical depression here in the north just off the east coast of india. it is still showing signs of intensifying already producing quite a bit of rain that could be impacting the state of arissa here. we'll keep an eye on this one as well. highs on friday, 23 in tokyo. 26 for taipei. steamy in manila at 32 degrees with occasional thundershowers expected. over towards the americas we are keeping an eye on the caribbean here. cuba still looking pretty stormy here today thanks to tropical storm paula. now, paula has been on a weakening track the last couple days, wind speeds at 95 kilometers per hour and it will continue to weaken becoming a
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tropical depression by friday. so winds will start easing for you but at least tonight still potential for some very damaging winds to impact the western side of cuba and of course there is the rainfall to contend with. heavy amounts of rain could develop especially mountain areas of cuba here, also impacting parts of southern florida as well as the bahamas. over all a pretty wet picture into tonight. for the united states it's going to be largely settled again today. we do have the storm system toward the northeast that is pretty well developed. so winds are going to be strong and there is going to be quite a bit of rainfall impacting the new england states tonight. friday looking qui warm in denver during the day. 27 for your high. getting hot in houston with a high of 29. and 24 degrees for atlanta. in europe today, a lot of systems moving in toward the east. we do have this one in western russia still producing winds and rain. also this low moving now into the southern end of the balkans will continue to produce a
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couple thundershowers mainly across areas like greece and in towards turkey. new system is going to move in off the north sea as well so it is going to get wiet for wester and central sections of europe in toward the weekend. 5 in stockholm and 3 degrees only for moscow. rain/snow mix expected. 12 degrees in vienna. a little warmer in rome today. that's a look for your weather for now. here is your three-day outlook.
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>> that wraps up this edition of "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in
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tokyo. thanks very much for joining us.
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