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tv   Journal  PBS  November 18, 2010 6:30pm-7:00pm PST

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captioned by the national captioning institute >> this is "the journal". >> the headlines. security is tightened across germany as authorities warned of the heightened terrorist threat. general motors returned to the stock exchange with an ipo that topped $20 billion. fifa bans two members after allegations of vote selling.
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>> the interior ministers of germany met on thursday to discuss the threat of a possible terrorist attack. the federal interior minister, thomas de maiziere, has spoken of a new security situation. on wednesday, he issued a threat of an imminent attack on germany. security has been stepped up at airports, train stations, and other publications. >> there was a high visibility security in the city of hamburg. it was intended to ensure safety at the talks, but while the ministers posed together for photographers, they were at odds to how to react to the alleged security threat. >> one of the things we debated was the need for swift legislation allowing for data retention. we cannot allow ourselves to be
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hindered as we tried to remain informed. >> earlier this year, the constitutional court ruled the a lot concerning the retention of telephone and internet communications data for six months was unconstitutional. supporters of the legislation said it would allow intelligence to identify threats early enough to prevent any danger. some government ministers have pushed for an early review of the decision to outlaw data retention. but germany's the federal interior minister said the discussion came at the wrong time heard >> i would like to avoid the impression that the situation and our interpretation of it is being exploited for political purposes. >> the interior ministers are not the only ones debating security measures and personal privacy. the issue has divided the governing coalition. >> german police car on their
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way to namibia to examine a suspicious device. it is a believed the bag contained materials that could be used to create a bomb. air berlin said it was not intended for germany, but the interior minister said it probably was. >> munich, where the airplane was headed. there are indications that a suspicious package was bound for europe. the plane arrived six hours late. the passengers were questioned upon arrival. >> an unidentified will package was found. we had to disembark, sniff for dogs were brought in to search the aircraft. >> we had to take all of our
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hand luggage with us. it was searched, stand, and so on. -- scanned and so on. >> the package was handled as freight but did not have an address label. it is like that -- like the investigations will take several days, although chairman security officials left immediately for the capital of namibia. there is tighter security countrywide in germany at the moment because of the recent warnings that a terror threat could. >> peter klaven has been following developments at the conference purdy says there are conflicting reports between the german government and that of local authorities in the capital of namibia. >> we have had mixed messages with thomas de maiziere, the interior minister, saying that he does believe that there are
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firm indications that this package, of possible explosive device was destined for germany. the responsible airline said to, for its part there was never at any stage their risk that it would be on board upper german plane. it had no label indicating the address of the destination. germany will send officers from their crime office down to namibia. regarding the meeting of the interior ministers in hamburg, we have had speculation about what cities might be targeted with hamburg, berlin and munich being mentioned. there has been a call for a police presence to be stepped up in it cities with large muslim population. also, we have had the police say that they believe with the new
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measures that germany is expected to put in place that their resources will be overstressed. and the following question being asked -- has a germany done enough to prepare for the aftermath of a possible terrorist attack? >> thank you. the german foreign ministers said the withdrawal of troops from afghanistan should begin in 2012 as planned. he repeated support for gradual handover of responsibility for security to afghan forces starting next comments come ahead of friday's nato summit in lisbon. germany has around 5000 troops in afghanistan, the third largest nato force picket. we had the big gm ipo today. >> some say itcame too early, but it is paying off.
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gm is back on wall street after a blockbuster ipo to just over two hours ago. gm shares traded up 7% from the initial share price. it comes less than a year-and-a- half after it emerged from bankruptcy. >> for over a year, general motors was looking forward to a successful return to the stock exchange. its shares were sharing for $35.70. gm hopes to take it over $23 billion from the flotation making it the biggest ipo ever. >> everyone i know what the company is just -- wants to do the best they possibly can, create a value for shareholders, whether it be the government shareholders or the new shareholders coming in today. >> general motors is the world's second-largest car maker under bankruptcy -- under bankruptcy protection, it shut down is in loss-making brands. gm has returned to profitability
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thanks to the booming u.s. car market. >> this is about big day, a resurrection of a company that clearly had got itself into a lot of trouble and it's a perfect example of in corporate america where there is life after death. >> the u.s. government is hoping for a lucrative ipo because it is expected to get background 1/4 of its $50 billion bailout -- to get back 1/4 of its $50 billion bailout. >> i asked one analyst what was behind gm's turnaround para >> they were pretty lucky. they used the time of the transition period. they got rid of unproductive plants per they cut labor costs tremendously, and new employees were hired half the cost of old ones were fired at. the restructured their product programs. they are looking pretty good at
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the moment with the car sales in the u.s., and that market is beginning to pick up, and they are the market leaders. it should be in good shape for the next year and a half. >> what about the new shareholders and looking at the german subsidiary opel. what do think will happen there? >> oopepel is probably in some more rough times, not that they have not had enough in the past. i see that the research and development packadepartment whis extremely important, which originated in opel, so i do not think they will put on the screws too much, but yes, they will have to turn around their market share and be more productive. >> the problem is that opel is a european grand and car markets
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here are sluggish. what future do they have? >> they need to look overseas. they need to have some sort of sales strategy that puts them next to gm in the asian markets, where they can compete competitively, and i think that their product line will serve them well. >> thanks for joining us. >> ireland appears to be edging towards accepting assistance from the european union to bolster its banking sector after meeting with the eu and imf, the irish finance minister said he would welcome funds to stand behind his countries banks, but he continued to insist then dublin might not have any emergency aid at all. ireland has been hesitant about accepting assistance, fearing brussels could attach strings to the aid such as an assistant on higher corporate taxes. of eu members have complained about ireland's low taxes.
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let's look at market numbers. the dax index closed up at 6832. 2855, the number there. the dow jones is trading at 11,192. the euro is posting gains at $1.3631. a german pharmaceutical giant is planning to cut jobs by 2012 as part of a cost-cutting program. the layoffs are to include 1700 positions in germany. they intend to agree -- tio o create 2, 500 jobs. >> six countries, including china, russia, and iraq, said it will not be attending the nobel
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peace prize awards next month in honor of china's liu xiaobo. the nobel committee says the diplomatic pressure is unprecedented and fears it may not even be able to hand out the award at all. >> there is little likelihood that nobel peace prize winners liu xiaobo or his wife will be able to travel to oslo. in december, 2009, liu xiaobo was sentenced to 11 years. his wife has been under house arrest since october. >> we do hope we will be able to present the prize, but most likely the award winner will not attend, nor his wife or two brothers, and if no one will attend, it might be that we will not present a prize this year. >> that would be very unusual in the 109 history of the peace
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prize. in the past, representatives have turned out to accept the award on behalf of the winner. in 1975, bono, wife of the russian nuclear physicist andrei sakharov. suu kyi has now been released from house arrest and we invited to oslo almost two decades after she was honored with the prize. >> a swedish prosecutor has filed a request to retain a founder of wikileaks, julian assange. he is expected of sexual molestation and unlawful coercion and is wanted for questioning. two women main complaints in august when julian assange was in sweden. the australian denies the allegation. >> two fifa executive committee
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members have been banned from participating in soccer-related activities over corruption allegations. the two were alleged to have offered to sell their votes in the contest to host the 2018 and 2020 world cup reco. >> fifa caught is scrambling to protect his credibility following allegations that its officials offered to sell their votes to undercover reporter securreporters. amos adamu and reynald temarii were banned and fined. some observers said the punishment are too mild, but fifa says it is doing all it can to stop corruption. >> we have zero tolerance for the breach of our rules occurred we believe in god, as honest --
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we believe in good, honest, soccer. >> the scandal has raised serious questions about corruption within soccer's world governing body. how quickly did fifa respond? observers are critical of the organization for failing to indicate how it will prevent any future riches of the code of ethics. fifa president is expected to comment on the scandal after a meeting of the executive committee in zurich on friday. >> the world ocean review presented a report on thursday on the state of the planets and oceans. this situation does not look good. overfishing, rising sea levels, and stretches of water filled with garbage -- our oceans are in trouble. >> the report says melting glaciers are causing sea levels to rise and increasing amounts of the pollutant carbon dioxide
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are being stored in e water making the oceans more acidic. this report is a stark warning -- issues a stark warning. >> cow2 is being absorbed by the ocean. it takes up more of the carbon dioxide produced by human actitity, making the climate milder for us a turf but exchange's key ph of-- it changes the ph of the water, making it more acidic. >> it examined problems like overfishing and toxic waste and garbage in the ocean. the publishers of the magazine came up with the idea. >> >> i hope this review will raise people's consciousness so they can see the very complex process use are not so complex, and they will have far reaching consequences for off and our future -- for us and our
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future. >> the world ocean review it is available as a download on the internet. >> we are back in a moment with "in depth."
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>> welcome back to our indepth report. focusing on the plight of refugees in the country of greece. there is a report alleging corbeil conditions and the greek detention centers -- alleging horrible conditions under the country is struggling with a wave of immiation. 90% of all immigrants entering eu enter via greece. every year, tens of thousands of people risk their lives trying
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to make the crossing in overcrowded boats. that route has been all but cut off after italy's struck a controversial deal with libya. >> the former holding center on the italian island located between sicily and africa. it used to be one of the major transits between africa and europe. >> i think what we have seen is that the border guards have been very efficient with the interception of voboats in the mediterranean. there are no more people coming to molto or to italy because it has been stopped with the help of europe's new friends in libya. >> that is a reference to walmart khaddakhaddafi who cut a
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wi with berlosconi. >> libya is not the most reliable partner, but the status quo is not an option, because we were condemning those people there to risk their lives if they were to come to europe. >> for europe to shun its responsibility and give the state of very vulgar people over to khaddafi -- very vulnerable poeople to khaddafi is a strong signal about what is your pogo -- what europe will go. >> many migrants are trying our lot via the land border
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between turkey and greece. brussels is putting pressure on athens to maintain european standards. >> we are working with the greek authorities to improve the humanitarian situation and to work with them on the edge of plan the government has approved an order to build an asylum system and a reception system according to european law. >> but greece feels it is left in the lurch by other eu state. even though, asylum and immigration are union wide issues. >> , the more northern european countries are saying, why do not do with that? that is a very responsible attitude. we need a europe that is solidaric, where we say, we will guard the borders, but we will take a number of refugees. >> but until the european union
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approves the way it deals with would-be immigrants, many stay in greece. >> greece accuses of this fellow -- its fellow european union that members of leaving it in a lalurch. that leave greece to deal with 90% of the people and the paperwork, so it is hardly surprising that athens is struggling to cope with a backlog of 52,000 asylum claims to be dealt with. most of the refugees have already been throh a great suffering at home and en route to europe. the ordeal is far from over when they reach europe's borders. >> he offers a pray for the
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nameless refugees that restaurant. neark the the greek border town the bodies of 140 people arlie n ummarked graves. >> we recently buried a young somali girl here. she drowned trying to cross the river. >> stories are common place along the turkish-greek border. greek authorities have been struggling to contain a growing number of immigrants. they are being assisted by border guards from the european security agency. this year, more than 30,000 people have illegally crossed from turkey into greece. that is a 90% of all unauthorized migration into the eu. >> you have to understand that we are only there to discourage people crossing the border.
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it is not really possible to stop them. we are not going to open fire on them. >> but the deterrent appears to be working. the number of unrest have dropped to 100 a day -- the number arrests. they are brought to a border camp which is overcrowded. it is rarely possible to identify those detained your. here. only a few can produce a passport and many are arrive with hardly any possessions. >> the weather is not always as good as today. people turned up in t-shirts and no shoes. and i've never seen the u.n. refugee agency or the red cross here. >> many arrive from conflict regions like iraq, somalia, or like this family from afghanisn. >> we had a dispute over land
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and received death threats, so we decided to go to turkey to europe. we will stay in whatever country takes us. >> few of the asylum seekers will stay in greece. they are released after several days to make room for more rivals. the border guards have other artispriorities. >> this is how they keep -- in order to fight against the migrant. our main target is not to intercept many migrants but two or res-- to arrest the criminal. >> these efforts are now being supported by german police who monitor the turkish border every night with heat sensitive cameras. >> this section has been quiet
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for the past three nights, but the day before yesterday they arrested 12 people and two human traffickers. that is my understanding heard . >> for 60 euros, this bus driver offers a passage to ethics. those who cannot afford a ticket, have to make their way on foot. these afghans have walked all the way to western europe. >> we walk after turkey, we walk. after two weeks, one month, we are in italia. >> and more arrive on the greek border day after day hoping for a better life in europe. >> sweden has responded to the
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crisis by stopping the deportation of asylum seekers back to greece as long as conditions and holding centers continue to deteriorate. germany's highest court is deliberating whether it is constitutional to send refugees back to greece under current conditions. a verdict is expected in general. that was our "in depth." thanks for watching.
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which foot was it? best make that "best wishes." we don't want them gettin? no, i suppose not. have always done it. why should she watch the flowers? nobody really remembers,
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