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tv   Journal  PBS  October 1, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> welcome to the "journal" live from dw. a partial government shutdown in the u.s. after democrats and republicans failed to agree on a budget. >> pope francis meets with a top cardinals to discuss the future of the catholic church. >> afghan women defy a stream is -- defy extremists who threaten to kill them as they apply for
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the nation's police forces. president barack obama says the partial shutdown right now in washington is the work of hardliners in the republican party. >> many federal departments remain closed for business for the first time in nearly two decades. this comes after an increasingly polarized congress failed to strike a deal for a budget over the coming year. >> and over obama's health care reform plans. we go live to washington. first we have this. >> even the statue of liberty is closed, one of the symbols of the united states. there's no one around to check tickets and lead tour groups. tourists can only look at it from afar. >> this is the main reason we came to new york city, was to see the statue of liberty. now our dream will not be realized. >> it is strange, and it also has me worried that such a rich and powerful country like the
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united states is tied down in such disputes. >> throughout the u.s., it is the same picture -- national monuments and museums are closed. among the only operating government operations are emergency services. public employees cannot be paid because the largest economy in the world has no budget. >> i urge house republicans to reopen the government, restart the services americans depend on, and allow the public servants who have been sent home to return to work. this is only going to happen when republicans realize they do not get to hold the entire economy hostage over ideological demands. >> but republicans remain steadfast, insisting the president delay implementing his health care reform. >> our country has big problems. today our government has big problem's. the only way these problems will be resolved is if we sit down amicably and keep the american people in mind and come to an
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agreement. >> but there's no sign a compromise is close. despite the shutdown, an important part of the disputed affordable care act went into effect. >> let's bring in now max hoffman for more on this. we have heard from the president. what is the white house strategy to end the shutdown? >> the strategy is do not relent, of course, because of obama care -- the official version is called the affordable care act -- but also because of the potential much bigger crisis just looming around the corner mid-november. americans have to raise their debt ceiling in order to pay past bills. if they do not do that, it could have devastating effects all around the world. democrats in the white house are saying, "if we budget now, that will just invite republicans to do the same thing mid-november." they are trying to paint republicans as extremists and wait for public pressure to come
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along to make it harder for republicans to stay in the position they are and at the moment. >> are they willing than to wait all the way until mid-november? how long can the shutdown continue? >> you know, there are no laws on this. the last shutdown, 1995, 1996, was 21 days. it does not seem like the two parties at the moment get along better than that and with newt gingrich and bill clinton. having said that, maybe republicans have learned their lesson because it was devastating for them after that shutdown. opinion polls just plummeted against them. that might be an incentive for republicans to make it quicker this time. >> for now, max, thank you so much. >> we are joined in the studio now by our former washington chief and veteran u.s. watcher here in berlin. welcome. first off, you have seen
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washington shutdown before. what is different this time around? >> it is more tragic and i think more severe than in the past. tragic because it looks like they are both fighting each other in such a way that there is no maneuverability, no area of compromise. also more important because this is only one crisis in a row of crises, and the next was already coming up -- the next one is already coming up when they have to talk about the debt ceiling. i think this is the trailer for something bigger. it looks like the american system is at the brink of failure. >> this also comes at a time when barack obama has very recently changed his line on syria. what does this mean for his presidency? >> it could mean a lot because there are raising concerns about his leadership. it looks like he is watching from the sidelines, seeing the republican party disrupt himself
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but not interfering. he is not leading. he is leading from behind, and that is something which americans do not like over time. they always want their president eating a leader, even if he is opposing the other side -- they always want their president being a leader, even if he is opposing the other side. >> is congress less able, less ready to reach compromise today than it was in the past? >> yes, it is for two reasons. first, leaders of congress, especially on the republican side, do not have the clout to have the people to bring behind them, and to form compromises. it looks like the action name within the parties has increased . secondly, we have a new generation of american politicians, especially among the tea party, who do not have generation and who are sticking to ideological positions, and
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that is sort of deviating from one of the american virtues, which means being able to compromise and being crap maddock -- being pragmatic in what you do. that is of much concern to many. >> good to have you back. thanks so much for your insights. >> political uncertainty is usually toxic for the financial market, so you might expect some turmoil on the world talk exchange, but traders seemed to be taking it in stride. we have more from frankfurt. >> the news from washington put the u.s. dollar under pressure and drove the yield on american treasuries of words, -- upwards, temporarily even above 3%. already now, the u.s. is considered to be a slightly less reliable borrower. despite this, there is also hope on the markets that the
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government shutdown in washington will not last very long. adding to this, this tuesday afternoon, signs came in from the american manufacturing sector showing that the recovery of the u.s. economy continues. a positive surprise, which drove the german stock index upwards here in tuesday's afternoon trading. >> let's look at the closing number than for you at the dax, ending the day 1.1% higher. even stronger gains on the euro stoxx 50. in new york, the dow still trading, of course, just .2% higher. the euro trading for $1.35 30. latest unemployment figures are out in germany, and they paint a mixed picture. >> 100,000 fewer people are without a job than in august, but unemployment is up compared to the same time last year, and
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seasonally adjusted, the figures also show a slight rise in the number of people out of work. germany has the second lowest unemployment rate in the ee you after austria. to the united nations now where israel's prime minister has rejected iran's move to relax tensions with the west, saying the country's new president is not to be trusted. >> benjamin netanyahu launched a scathing attack on hassan rou hani and said that israel remain prepared to launch an attack on iran alone. >> israel warned the leaders of the general assembly that iran had not changed its policy, even if the country's president has toned down the aggressive rhetoric of his predecessor. >> i know that rouhani does not sound like ahmadinejad, but when it comes to the nuclear weapons
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program, the only difference between them is this -- a modern the job was a wolf in wolves clothing -- ahmadinejad was a wolf in wolves clothing. rouhani is a wolf in sheep's clothing. >> iran accused the israeli leader of saber rattling. >> human inspectors have arrived in the syrian capital to make reparations to destroy the country's chemical arsenal. >> serious thought to have more than 1000 tons of chemical weapons including sarin gas and mustard gas, which it stores at an estimated 45 sites. the united nations last week passed a resolution ordering the destruction of chemical weapons by mid-2014. >> we will take a look at the effects of the war in syria on a generation of children later in the show. the latest political crisis in italy has taken a new turn.
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several lawmakers from silvio berlusconi's party that they will defy his authority and vote to support the current coalition government. >> berlusconi has withdrawn his support after alice refused to block his expulsion from parliament over a tax fraud conviction, but senior party years are urging him to reconsider as a confidence vote looms, signaling a possible split within the party. >> in germany, three miners have been killed by carbon dioxide gas in the potassium mine. >> there is good news in all of this -- four others were rescued without injuries after the incident. the company that operates the minds said the gas was part of an unusually large dust cloud released by a controlled explosion. >> in munich, five suspects have been tried on charges of assisting a neo-nazi group to
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commit a series of murders. >> one of those alleged to have been killed is a youth who suspected murderer committed suicide. >> it was one day before his birthday and april 2006 at his 21-year-old son was murdered, shot as he worked in the family's internet café. he was the ninth victim in a series of racially motivated killings. he gave evidence at the trial of beate szchape. he said he found his son in a pool of blood at the internet café. for years, authorities wrongly suspected the family and did not investigate a possible right wing link to the crime. >> one of the goals of this case is to make clear the family was unfairly suspect.
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they were spied on by an investigator. their telephone was tapped. even though he told police the only motive could be racism, that the family had nothing to do with it, and that the investigations were heading in the wrong direction. >> one witness testified that he had been in the internet café but that he did not see the murder and only read about it later in the newspaper. he attracted attention because he worked for germany posta mastech intelligence agency at the time. he said his failure to come forward as a witness was a mistake. he also expressed his sympathy to the families of all the victims. >> earlier, we spoke with someone following the trial or us in munich. we asked her to tell us more about the testimony given by the father of one of the victims. >> yes, he was the ninth victim
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of this murder series. he gave a evidence today, and he also sees the case of this officer as something that he says undermined his confidence in the german justice system. he does not understand why someone who was actually at a crime scene is then not pushed by his own agency to come forward and contribute to finding out the truth. also, the wider turkish community seized this as almost a backup for the many conspiracy theories that popped up, and certainly here, german politicians, when they think of reforms of this agency, this agency for the protection of the constitution -- and there is a consensus that if this should happen, that this will take place, and i have a lot of faith to rebuild here in germany. >> we are going to take a short break, back in one minute. we will talk about the papal g- eight summit called to talk
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about the future of the catholic church. >> where is pope francis taking the ship of the catholic church? stay with us.
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>> welcome back. pope francis says he wants a missionary church with a modern spirit, one that gives hope to the poor, the young, and the elderly. pope francis has shocked the world with his criticism of the catholic church and how he says it is losing touch. >> today he started with what many see as historic talks on long-overdue reforms. the council of cardinals or papal g-8 as it is being called by some, certainly has a lot on
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its plate. >> to find out what exactly is on the plate, we will be talking to john first. >> the vatican is the epicenter of the catholic church, but also a major cause for concern. the reality is somewhat different from the theory. in 2012, alleged corruption was exposed within the curia, the papal assembly, and the vatican bank stands accused of laundering money for the mafia for decades. while there were no independent financial controls in place. the church boasts 1.2 billion members worldwide. the same doctrine applies everywhere. it holds the church together. some communities are
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dissatisfied, criticizing the lack of local economy. the number of priests is dwindling, especially in europe and north and south america. fewer men are prepared to live a life without marriage. some churches left without a leader have been forced to close. in latin america, a number of communities have started to take matters into their own hands. they break catholic doctrine by allowing laypeople and women to lead mass. pope francis has ruled out the ordination of women. only then may serve in the church's higher echelons. women's roles are limited to pastoral care and hospitals, schools, and advice centers. they struggle for recognition and lack equal rights. love, truth, and justice form some of the core teachings, but
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critics say those values do not universally applied. the church sees homosexuality as a sin. sex before marriage, abortion, and contraception are banned. people who are remarried are not allowed to receive communion. catholics worldwide consider these values to be outdated and out of line with the way they live their lives. then does the abuse scandals. for decades, the church protected priests who abused children. pope francis has challenges ahead to make sure the church is respected by an relevant to a new generation of catholics. >> let's get some analysis from our religious affairs correspondent. pope francis says he wants a missionary church like the one of his namesake. where is he taking the catholic church? >> st. francis of assisi, his namesake, was a man who was appalled by the worldliness of the medieval church, and almost
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against his will, certainly not what he envisaged, formed a religious order that rejuvenated the church. francis, the pope, is doing something rather similar. he comes as it were fresh from sons of argentina where faith for many catholics is not an optional extra or fashion accessory. it is the difference between despair and hope. who comes into a european church that is very eurocentric that has had centuries of italianate accretion, as it were, and he wants to cut through all that and returned to the simplicity as he sees it and directness of jesus of nazareth. >> one tool to apparently cut through this is this new commission, the papal g-8 as some are calling it. its founding was seen by some as
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a bit of a revolution. what can we expect to come out of it? >> i do not think that pope francis himself quite knows. i'm reminded of what pope john xxiii did in 1959 when he called the vatican council together. somebody asked him what he expected of it, and he allegedly just simply thought for a moment and then opened a window and said let in some fresh air. it changed more in the catholic church probably than any other single event since the late middle ages. pope francis, i think, has an instinct that he wants to get back to the roots of christianity, and he wants a revival based on the roots of christianity. where exactly that will lead in terms of bringing in cardinals from various parts of the world. >> so he wants a revival, but what about the teachings of the
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church? not just on sexuality and the sanctity of life, but on core topics like and forgiveness, heaven, hell? >> it is interesting that he does not really talk very much about doctrine. that's because, for him, i think it is not really negotiable. what he is doing, though, is placing a different emphasis, saying as important doctrine is fundamentally for the church, compassion and love for the individual are more important. >> as ever, thank you very much. to syria, that country could lose a generation of its children as the civil war there raises on. that is the latest warning from the united nations children fund. >> millions of syrian children have already been affected by the war, many of them suffering traumatic experiences. one million are said to be trapped in conflict areas where the united nations cannot help. >> others have escaped to neighboring countries where they are living as refugees. unicef says it is now central to provide them with a possible education.
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>> grief and suffering are recurring themes in these pictures drawn by child survivors of syria's civil war. the images reflect the horrors of their recent experiences. the unicef director likens them to a cry for help. >> those children would be not only suffering almost certainly from acute malnutrition but very traumatized, so one of our greatest jobs is to try to deal with the trauma now. >> young refugees are hoping for a brighter future here in jordan . some 60,000 children live in this crowded refugee camp. many are still traumatized by memories of the conflict at home. the children attend lessons in the cap. it is important for them to continue their education and the interaction in the classroom can
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be therapeutic. some children draw optimistic pictures showing happier times. >> this is my country after it has been married -- liberated. the sun is shining. the weather is good erie it i would love to go back there when it looks like this again. >> but most of the images to take the horrors of war. >> a plane came to shoot at us. in two cars stopped in front of us. they had machine guns, and they shot at us, too. >> the children described their pictures and an almost matter- of-fact way. the images commonly show tanks and helicopters. this boy has drawn a house and a seller with a man in it. >> they grabbed my father and tortured him. it broke my heart to see my father like that. they tortured him again and again. >> unicef says it is crucial to help children like these come to terms with their suffering before it is too late.
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>> more and more of the children that we are talking to are filled with hatred. some of the older ones i have talked to -- teenagers -- are ready to go back in and seek revenge against those who ruined their lives. >> for aid organizations, one of the biggest challenges of the war on syria is helping minimize the fallout for youngsters it has affected. >> now to another country traumatized by war -- afghanistan is now stepping up efforts to take responsibility for its own security as international forces prepare to withdraw from the country by the end of next year. >> this includes training women to become police officers. many of these women are extremely courageous in the face of extremist threats. >> this 30 robust practicing how to assemble a gun, working
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towards her goal to become a police officer, training in afghanistan's national police academy. like the other women in her class, she is undeterred by the increasing violence and intimidation faced by female police officers. >> our country and people need to have police. we need female police officers as much as male police officers, and i have come here for the security of my country. >> it would have been unimaginable under the former taliban regime. the afghan government is trying to encourage even more women to sign up for the force. >> the afghan forces planning to recruit some 10,000 female police. this is realistic. >> the future police officers feel they can play a valuable role in tackling the danger and instability still present.
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>> it's important to have female police officers because male officers cannot search women, so it should be a female police officer who does the job. >> women in afghanistan still have relatively few rights, but police officer trainees show the progress is being made. >> well, october is here, and it might be sunny in berlin, but in other parts of europe, that means winter. in central romania, for example, the first snowfall of the season causes some real fender vendors and congested traffic on the roads. >> some areas saw as much as 10 centimeters of snow. it is also a headache for farmers who now fear damage to their crops. >> all of that is ahead of us. thanks for joining us. >> stay with us. captioned by the national captioning institute
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