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tv   France 24  LINKTV  July 9, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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' our children alive. the words of one man and his voice is one of among 4 million. calling it one of the worst refugees crises since the second world war. the war in syria is in its fifth year and many people have abandoned all hope of ever going home. >> running for safety. these refugees flee the war that has ravaged their country for
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nearly five years. they have left their homes behind and are seeking help in neighboring countries. more than 4 million people have fled and that is only counting the registered refugees. most of them are women and children. 2 million syrians are living in camps in turkey. more than a million in lebanon. the rest in iraq, georgian and africa. this is the worst refugee crisis from a single conflict in a generation. >> the conditions are getting worse. this is because the numbers, the lack of infrastructure, and because the funding required by humanitarian organizations is not coming in at the level that is needed to address the basic needs of refugees. >> ngo's need $4 billion in funding. much-needed cash to help the
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displaced. 7.6 million people living in dire conditions. >> they are finding pockets of safety in places that are completely crumbling. there are many people who are cut off completely from any kind of humanitarian aid and these people are suffering the most. >> if things continue, the number of refugees were reach 4.27 million by the end of the year. >> the bodies of dozens of people who died have been identified and returned to their families. 136 coffins were taken to bosnia and will be buried on saturday. 20 years after europe's worst atrocity since the second world war. muslim men and boys were killed. over 6000 victims have been
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identified. for more i'm joined by an employee of the hague. thanks for being with france 24. this saturday will be one of sadness and grief, but a lot of people will be asking how this was allowed to happen in europe after peacekeepers were at the scene. absolutely. there is a question the last 20 years. we don't understand. we had an answer, we did not expect. it happened because there was some is functioning at the u.n. level. the mandate of the peace forces on the ground was not equal to the situation. the answers were unclear with many elements, which were known.
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in the last year, some documents from the white house and the u.n. have been disclosed. we can reconstruct the history of what happened and at the end we can understand there was a deal to abandon the enclaves in order to facilitate a peace agreement and that the west was not willing to take the political decision, which was costly, to evacuate the enclave and explain it would be given to the serbs and they let the serb forces take it without taking any measure to protect the population. after the fall in srebrenica with their victims. that is based on documents and on facts which are some kind of
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reality which make the western countries the facilitator of a genocide. >> there has been a long process to bring those responsible, to find and punish them. how does it feel to have been part of that? we appear to have lost florence hartmann, unfortunately. we will try to get her back for you. a few technical difficulties there. moving on to one of our other top stories. it has been called the last chance for greece. alexis tsipras has until midnight tonight to come up with a credible plan to reform his country's economy. it is the only way he will be able to unlock emergency funds and avoid exit from the eurozone.
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tsipras will include tax hikes and other reforms, days after the people voted against further austerity in exchange for european bailout funds. joining me now from athens is our correspondent. tsipras has quite a job on his hand, persuade his own party and the greek people there will have to be more austerity in order to unlock those european funds. >> absolutely. 12 billion euros. i can tell you that. the first hurdle starts tomorrow morning. he will present the reforms pension reforms, more cuts to his parliamentary team in parliament. it is going to be a tough one.
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we have been hearing the hardliners. there is even a protest tomorrow right here outside of parliament. that will be the real test for prime minister tsipras. who could come to the rescue is international creditors, if they agree to debt relief. that is how they will claim victory, that he pushed through the measures and in exchange he got the debt relief. if that comes through, even if the germans might accept it, for him it will be able to signal some sort of victory and escape all of this turmoil that is looming. >> we know that greek banks will be staying close to the rest of the week. people only getting 60 euros or more every day. how else is life being affected?
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nathalie: there are all sorts of hurdles. first of all there is a line to get access to your funds. that is the first problem. secondly, the economy. over one billion euros have been lost in 10 days for the forced bank holiday. that is a lot of money. also for every day, even to go to pharmacy, there are shortages. this will take several weeks. the capital controls have exacerbated the situation. many businesses have remained shut. even if you want to buy a ticket, anything that has to do with other countries cross-border countries, your credit card is not accepted.
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forget about any trips or any sort of business. it is difficult. the crux is the economy is essentially the six cad and daily. -- asphyixating daily. people cannot claim victory. >> thank you very much. nathalie: reporting from athens. israel says two citizens are being held in gaza. one of them by hamas. hamas has refused to confirm whether it is holding them. the prime minister in her says -- the prime minister benjamin netanyahu to fears that group will use the men as levers to try to secure a prisoner swap. >> a mother's tears after 10 months of anguish. her son disappeared last
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september. the family going public now after officials secret efforts to release him went nowhere. >> i call on the government to bring my brother home in peace. i turn to hamas and that's them to be considerate of my brother and release him immediately. >> abraham is believed to have jumped over a security fence last september. intelligence indicating he was detained by hamas and then they lost his trail. abraham is not the only citizen fear to have strayed into hamas-controlled territory. a person from this village entered in april. >> what does hamas need him for? they should return the boy and that is it. >> the government suspects they being held by hamas, the islamist group.
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>> we demand from the authorities or whoever is holding them in gaza to do the think we are committed to as humans. >> hamas has refused to comment. their fate races fears that that hamas will use them as bargaining chips to release prisoners. the case a reminder of the plight of the person freed in 2011 in exchange for the release of hundreds of palestinian detainees. >> 2 million people have been displaced by 18 months of four in south sudan. this comes as the country marks four years since the cleaning -- since declaring independence. one activist said his country
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has nothing to celebrate today. we won't be rushed, nor will we sit around the table forever. john kerry has been speaking as another deadline looms for a deal with iran. western powers and russia and china are poised to lift international sanctions on the economy in return for concrete plans to curb islamic republic's nuclear reprogram. john kerry: this is not open-ended. president obama made it clear to me last night, you can't wait forever. we know that. if the tough decisions don't get made, we are prepared to call an end to this process. >> france 24 is in vienna. these talks will be going until the last minute. >> the one thing they made clear to us was they will be working throughout the night and even tomorrow morning.
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what does tomorrow bring? tomorrow at 6:00 a.m. in vienna is when the u.s. president barack obama has to hand over to congress a final draft of the agreement. according to both, they will miss that deadline. we also saw some brinksmanship and we just heard that from john kerry. he said we will stay forever. some tough decisions need to be made. the iranian foreign minister also potentially posturing and said he can't change hrosesorses in the middle of a stream. the west seems to have changed its position over the past couple of days over an issue. iran can't be seen given too many negotiations so we will have to see whether it will take them a number of hours or even days to overcome these remaining
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hurdles. >> now the rainbow flag can be seen at gay pride rallies around the world. in russia, and other celebrating heterosexual unions has been created. they unveiled the flag in moscow on thursday and supporters have dismissed criticism it fuels discrimination. oliver has more. >> concerned by advances in gay rights, some heterosexuals have created a flag for the straight community. the flag is intended to counter the lbgbp rainbow flag. torganizers deny it is homophobic. >> there is no confrontation. we are speaking of the traditional family. there are a lot of children here and young people, bicycles
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rollerblades. the average family. as you illustrated in the logo, mother, from there, and children. >> he has been reported as complaining to ban the rainbow flag in russia. the new flag bears a resemblance to those flown by french anti-gay marriage campaigners. for some, the flag fills a gap. >> when we were younger, we would march on valentine's day. now we support our own celebration. >> russia faced criticism for a 2013 law targeting so-called lg bt propaganda. it is unsure how often the new straight flag will be used by russian families. >> the pope has been performing
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mass for hundreds of thousands of people in bolivia. today he visited the capital of la paz. he is on a tour of south america and tomorrow will travel again. today he urged the world's wealthy to share with the poor arguing the last fortunate cannot be wished away. the pope might have a message for the shaft that spent an eye watering amount of money on a bunch of grapes. it sold in japan for one million yen, 315 dollars per barry. they are the sides of ping-pong balls and highly desirable. this bunch will be served as a desert tonight at a hotel. the japanese chef has a reputation for paying judge upton prices for -- job dropping
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prices. there you go. let's get some business news. markus karlsson is with us in studio. no one is paying that kind of money increase. they are struggling with economic problems. you are taking a look at what the impact is on banking. markus: indeed. it greece in the spotlight once again. we are waiting for the list of reforms the government will be putting up in order to get more bailout cash. we are cutting it close again. the deadline is coming up in a couple of hours for the greek government to present. in the meantime, we are turning to be banking sector, which is
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in dire straits. capital controls are in place. they can withdraw 60 euros per day. that is to meant to prevent a bank run. there are fears they could run out within days. one of the most powerful bankers and says the ecb should not extend more liquidity. william has more. >> greek banks are running out of cash and athens has criticized creditors for forcing it into a position where it needed to impose capital control. some officials say the boehm is misplaced. the german central bank has called for the ecb not to offer emergency liquidity. >> central banks have no mandate to safeguard the sovereignty of banks. that kind of redistribution is a matter for governments or parliament. >> now fears are rising by the
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day. >> people this is going to go on for months. it took two years for the capital control to be lifted. the situation in greece is more severe. >> cyprus to impose a haircut on deposits over 100,000 euros. when greek tanks are considering a so-called bail in solution to save the lenders at the expense of the depositors. >> if a deal is not reached, the ecb will it for the plug. -- would pull the plug. >> it could be part of a plan to restructure the banking sector, an agreement athens would have to reach as part of a bailout
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agreement. markus: a terrible first quarter in the united states will weigh on the entire global economy. so says the imf and it's chief economist. the imf has cut its global growth forecasted this year to three point 3%, the slowest since 2009. the main culprit was a weak start of the year. when bad weather weighed down on that economy. let's take a look at the figures. 0.2% lower than the last forecast. the lower figure for the united states is expected to spill over onto neighboring countries like mexico and canada. the euro zone remains stable and so does the forecast for china. >> we know mechanical links between greece and the rest of the world are limited.
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on the tray side, the finance side, that is reassuring. it is not totally reassuring. what we have learned in episodes of a kind is there can be contagion. markus: speaking about the potential harm a global economy would suffer if there is a "grexit," he essentially says it would be a disaster for the greek economy were it to leave the eurozone. he said the damage for the rest of the global economy would be somewhat limited unless there is this contagion effect that the greek concerns of spread. it has been a turbulent week for chinese stock markets. the roller coaster ride continued with the shanghai composite jumping 5.8 percent. this was the best figure we have
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seen in years for the chinese market. this was after authorities unveiled a series of steps to stem the market rut easing credit conditions, chinese regulators also banned shareholders with stakes in firms from selling off. officials got worried after a 30% drop since mid-june. we have seen some steep losses so far. we did see a bounce back on thursday. that helped european and american stock markets. european indices closed higher. the indices were supported by mining stocks as metal prices have been heading higher. investors talking about hope from the greek debt crisis and we will see whether those glimmers are founded on any think in real life, so to speak. let's bring you up to date with united states. we are seeing the american indices above the flatline
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although we have seen some pretty good-looking gains fizzle out somewhat. as i say the american markets in positive territory because of optimism over greece, and because of the impetus from china and the shanghai composite. also some good-looking earnings from pepsico and walgreens. some other news we are watching, it was a challenging day for commuters in london. this is staff at the underground rail network. it centers around extended services. catherine has more details. >> the london underground closed forcing commuters to make alternative plans to get to work . it has been more than a decade since striking workers have shut down the tube.
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services stopped wednesday night and will not resume until friday morning. the walkout is over pay and working conditions, concerning the new 24 hour weekend services set to begin in september. >> what we want to see is more people employed. >> the rail unions are unhappy with the terms being offered by the london underground which would include a 2% pay raise for all employees this year and a 2000 pound bonus for nine drivers. london underground says it is hiring 137 train operators to work at night, which will result in workers doing a few extra night shifts a year. the union says they want workers to be fairly compensated and are concerned staff will have to work more hours in may have to work by themselves at some stations. talks are said to resume on
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friday. markus: let's bring you up-to-date with corpormastercard may have overcharged its customers artificially raising the cost of payments. it is investigating whether that is the case. mastercard says it is working with the commission. the global beauty industry is getting a makeover. they have agreed to by 43 brands from procter & gamble, covering max factor and cover girl. the transaction is valued at $15 billion. it makes coty into one of the biggest cosmetic companies. and a development bank will make its first loan in 2016. it was launched in the russian city on thursday.
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the meeting brought together the leaders of brazil, south africa and china and is seen as the clearest initiative yet on the five emerging economies forging closer ties. the new bank would have a starting capital of $50 billion.
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rom pacifica, this is democracy now! >> the offers for human rights say they're deeply concerned about the worsening humanitarian and human rights situation in yemen were civilians continue to bear the brunt of the conflict. the office now says a total number of siblings reportedly killed and injured since 27th of march is 1528 and 3605 injured.


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