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tv   France 24  LINKTV  December 13, 2016 5:30am-6:01am PST

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genie: you are watching "france 24." i'm genie godula. these are the headlines. as the rebels in aleppo step on reportsk of defeat, new citing atrocities against civilians there. theyn regime troops say have almost entirely recapture the city from the opposition. donald trump names his secretary of state. it will be the exxon mobil
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chairman, rex tillerson. experience-old has dealing with other nations, but strict the as a businessman. italy's new government gets to work after being sworn in monday, but it's resemblance to the government of matteo renzi last week's prompting calls for a reelection. up, in business, we will need the chinese manufacturers who have chosen to make their products in america. more on that on the way. first, our top story live from paris. new shocking numbers have come out of the syrian city of aleppo. the ewing human rights office says it has received reports of
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syria up a pro-government forces executing at least 82 civilians as they entered the last remaining rebel strongholds. what has been described as a complete meltdown of humanity. here is more now from rupert coville. reservedday evening we -- we received deeply disturbing reports of bodies lying into streets, but rebels were unable to retrieve them due to the bombardment and the fear of being shot on sight. pro-government forces reportedly have killed 82 civilians, including 11 women and 13 children. a battleat comes as for aleppo looks to be reaching the end. syrian rebels have held the city since the war began five years ago, but an offensive by regime to bashar al-assad have recaptured almost all of the areas once held by the opposition. talk more about this, let's bring in professor anthony king.
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thank you so much for joining us here, sir. we are now looking at a tipping point in aleppo. is this near-certain defeat of the rebels the -- >> unfortunately, the defeat in aleppo and the retaking of aleppo to me is the final testimony of an utterly fails, bankrupt western policy, in the sense that the western coalition led by the u.s. never developed a significantly coherent strategy or policy towards the syrian war or to the bashar al-assad regime. and it has left a vacuum in which russia decided to intervene, and one must say, deplorable though russia's actions have been, they have been decided and seemed to have fulfilled the strategic requirements vladimir putin wants fulfilled. what should the west have
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done differently? >> this is a deeply difficult question. think, given not the will of western public, that there was anything actually that the west could significantly have done. of course, barack obama drew back from his attempted bombing campaign. you remember in 2013 with the red line crossed with the kind of weapons, he drew back from that, having the u.k. parliament denying permission to use military action in that situation. given the lack of will on the part of the populations of government, there was a very limited window, a very limited opportunity in which western policy could really be enacted in western syria. the no-fly zone, and that certainly would have prevented russia bombing large
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parts of aleppo. the no-fly zone would have to have been enforced by military , with huge strategic consequences and potentially, certainly syria would have opposed it militarily. we are facing a genuinely tragic situation in which the, with huc consequences and west -- the policy has failed in syria and has not behaved well. what it is presented with a complex strategic problem. he needs to be honest about the complexity of that problem. genie: the big question now is, what would happen next? a significant victory for the syrian regime, but is it enough to take the entire country back from the rebels. is it all over now if aleppo falls? with you.etely agree it really is a decisive moment in the western campaign. i think -- and here we are in the speculation about the future.
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putting syria together as a unified nation -- in other words, reasserting assad's control over the territory of the old syria, i think that is unlikely. russia will assure -- russia will in sure that assad stays in power. what happens in the east, where isis still predominates over most of the city is an open question. and an extremely, one because in that situation, the issue is going to be a regional one, which talks to the relationships between sunni and shia population in the whole region. what is going to happen in eastern syria is an open question. basharis unlikely that al-assad will have the power to throw back insurgent groups in that area. i have no doubt that the u.s.
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will want to have a significant say in what occurs. genie: we are seeing that already, this move into aleppo by the syrian army, opening up opportunities. the syrian regime has admitted that it has taken it back. what needs to be done to get a handle on the islamic state group in syria? -- it decisive fight moves very interestingly. there are two major fights, aleppo and mosul. aleppo is essentially finished and done as far as we can tell. we now move to the fight over mosul. if mosul is taken -- and i think, again, one needs to be careful about the future, but i think the prediction there because the u.s. is so determined that isis be eliminated from iraq -- i think coming up to the next three weeks into the new year, mosul
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will fall. if mosul will fall, that will put significant pressure on isis theiry ultimately lead to defeat. certainly in terms of the u.s. and the u.s.-led coalition, the isis and theof caliphate they set up is a major strategic aim here it is a clear aim and one that is materially -- is a major strategic aim. it is a clear aim and one that militarily achievable. it involves these complicated these powers that is shot through with sectarian issues and politics between the sunni and shia regimes and populations. it is still likely that isis will be defeated. i predict that in eastern syria, but it raises very intense political questions. genie: anthony king, thank you for taking the time to speak
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with us on "france 24." a professor of war studies in warwick university. now to islamic state survivors turned activists. -- -- thebove prize toharov prize has been given two iraqi yazzie the women. they have spoken out about the persecuted yazidi minority. >> they remind us all of our obligations. said that the world has to know. quite so, the world has to know. let me add, the world must also act. the international criminal court
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must act. it must investigate crimes mustd out but -- it investigate crimes carried out by the so-called islamic state group. these crimes of humanity must be taken to the international criminal court. genie: now to the united states, where donald has named his secretary of state. that will be exxon mobil chairman and ceo rex tillerson. the 64-year-old has ample experience in dealing with other nations, but strictly as a businessman, not a diplomat. that nomination has also raised concerns given intelligence claiming that russia interfered with the u.s. presidential election to help trump win. simon harding has more. >> rex tillerson is the current ceo of the claiming global oil t exxon mobil. the texan rose through the ranks of exxon and made his name as a dealmaker, building refineries across the world. withincludes the 2011 deal
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the russian state oil company, that was worth up to $500 billion. >> what trump seems to emphasize is choosing a secretary of state who can make a deal. trump sees that as something that person could do for the united states. i think it reflects his dealmaking outlook on world politics generally. >> tillerson, who has no foreign policy experience, is however an ally of vladimir putin. he was honored by him in 2013. he was opposed to sanctions against russia following the crimean crisis. his relationship with russia is why democrats and republicans are wary of his appointment as secretary of state, including senior republican senator john mccain. >> i will tell you, it is a matter of concern to me. is a thug, a bully, and a murderer, and anyone who
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describes him as anything else is lying. >> being a friend of vladimir is not an attribute i am hoping for free secretary of state. -- for a secretary of state. >> with many republicans expressing reservations, rex tillerson may face an uphill battle. genie: next to italy, where the new government is getting down to business after just being sworn in on monday. the center-left coalition is strikingly similar to the one that ended last week with the resignation of matteo renzi. there are calls from both side is that both sides of the political fence to hold elections. let's bring in josephine mckenna. what is the likelihood these early elections will happen?
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josephine: there is a very good chance. even though the new prime minister, paolo gentiloni, wanted to guarantee the stability of the institutions and also for the struggling middle class, the small businessmen, and others struggling in the south of italy. he is facing a lot of pressure from all sides, all parties, including the five-start partynt, and even his own is preparing for elections. matteo renzi is still the head of the centerleft democratic party. perhaps there will be elections in june next year. genie: josephine, are the critics right? is this new government a mirror image of the last one other matteo renzi? >> the #photocopy
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government is going crazy on social media today. really there are few changes. the finance minister stays. moves toior minister foreign affairs. it really does look very similar to the previous government. that is a message that mr. gentiloni wants to send to the rest of the world, that this is a government of continuity. , he told the parliament today that he will be in the government as long as he has the confidence of parliament. that may not be too long. also today, we saw a new poll -- thet showing that democratic government is at 30%. the popular five-star movement
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is urging for elections as soon as possible before the electoral reforms. it is a volatile situation at the moment. genie: josephine mckenna reporting for us from rome. we have something completely different for you now out of madagascar. it is no coincidence that the first time maddock askar organized -- that madagascar are organized the world championships in any sport it was in the form of a sport patonka. take a look. the sport is popular across the indian ocean islands. fanatics can be found at any time of day.
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>> i played for the first time in 1964. when i was in the french army. there were only disco balls to play with. -- there were only two balls to play with. my first ones in 1968. >> in 1999, madagascar won the world title in the sport's popularity exploded. won the world title, and the sport's popularity exploded. doug: even just the balls come you cannot get them in madagascar. if you find a pair, they are usually very expensive. so we are usually using second sets brought over from europe. >> for all the rage over the sport, claims of match fixing and accusations that the were bribing for
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millions of euros, in a regime where the average salary is just 15 euros a month. authorities took every step to ensure the integrity of the local team. >> there will always be ill intentioned people trying to cause trouble with our players. for us, the only option was to isolate them in a simple location. we took away their phones and were strict. their families, no facebook, nothing. tournament,ipping madagascar are crushed the competition. years, theng island's love affair with the sport is stronger than ever. genie: time now for businesses with stephen carroll. donald trump is giving more details on what will happen to his business and when he is
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inaugurated in january. stephen: he will hold a press conference tomorrow to explain how he will quit his businesses while in office. a spokesperson says that has been pushed back until january. mr. trump tweeting that he will give up his businesses before the inauguration, leaving his sons to manage the company a long with others. there will be no new deals to while he is in office. he has investments in 25 countries, including hotels, golf courses, and vineyards. there are concerns that conflicts of interest for those businesses will become -- when he becomes president. genie: the oil market is set for a people. stephen: if f oil producers section, a plan to cut the demand will outstrip supply in the next six months. since 2014.n half prices have been rising. print crude, the international but mark, -- the international
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benchmark, and the vti crude have been rising today. this is a reversal of the story we are used to, companies moving production to china. chinese businesses are looking at the united states as the best place to build their products and sell them to american consumers. our correspondent reports. >> the world turned upside down. chinese factory owner -- this chinese factory owner has just moved his operations to north carolina. the product, cut thread. for his company, made in china will not do. 100% american cotton. you cannot find this anywhere else. it sells very well. >> during the 1990's, the textile industry in the american south disappeared almost entirely. now there is hope for a rebirth. i really think it is a blessing that this plant has opened here. >> the gap between u.s. and
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chinese wages has narrowed over the years. earning 11rkers euros an hour here, versus what he would pay in china. transport costs, u.s. production is suddenly be attractive option. even america's car manufacturing sector is feeling the effect. he has 30 art of parts factories in the u.s. -- he has 30 auto parts factories in the u.s. chinese media runs stories of his success -- a chinese car made in the usa. much quicker.t we can avoid the risk of the logistics of coming across the ocean. chinese investments in the united states doubled to 18 billion euros. it is a new record and a new page in the side of
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globalization. stephen: let's check what is happening on the markets. european shares trading up at this midpoint in the trading day . in the u.k., inflation hit its highest level in more than two years, driven by rises in the place of clothing. gains onll seeing london's ftse 100 up by a third of 1%. unicredit is to slash another 14,000 jobs as a 12 billion euro restructuring plan. that is on top of the 18,000 staff cuts enacted by the bank last year. time to raise $13 billion in new capital. that will be the biggest ever share issue in italy. as the company tries to restore profitability. unicredit shares are up by almost 8% in the last -- genie: thank you for that look at the business news. it is now time for our "this
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review." haxie meyers-belkin is on the set to take a look at headlines today. you are starting with french politics. le figaro has published a piece by francois fillon. haxie: it has. they accuse him of wanting to dismantle france's famous health insurance system, so this is really his response to that criticism. france's system of social security was once upon a time in the world, and under him it would be against "liberation" has been having some fun with this story. this headline reads, "now is the time for backtracking." on the francois
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hollande 2012 campaign slogan, "now is the time for change." all, just weeks ago, francois fillon promised a radical shakeup of the system. he suddenly backtracks on that. let's leave politics for an article you pulled out of "le about" an article discrimination in the workplace. >> when applying for jobs, there .s widespread discrimination -- we haveere sent more north african sounding names. all candidates, the fake candidates, were similarly qualified. 47% of the french sounding group got positive responses. that dropped to 37% among the second group.
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genie: when it comes to you and people in particular, they are hardly competing in the jobs market. "le figaro" reminds us that the unemployment rate from 15 to 24-year-olds in france is significantly worse than when president whole lot -- when president aland took office in 2012. this under a man who staked his entire mandate to an ecstatic on getting them -- to an extent on getting young people back to work. genie: eastern aleppo is just about to fall to the syrian regime. haxie: let's take a look at the lebanese paper, meeting with a picture of a rebel fire -- a rebel fighter firing a missile into one of the few rebel-held thets not yet recapture by syrian army yesterday. the headline reads, "the syrian army is about to declare victory in east aleppo."
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that's it. invertedee in comments, bishara al-assad us victory here has been heavily reliant on military backup from russia and the number of iran-backed militias. is leading with this picture of residence of fleeing their homes through rubble-lined streets. this piece quotes and activist that describes what the syrian army has been doing for months as historic genocide. here we read that fleeing residents are terrified of the imminent invasion. they say they would face certain death if they stayed in their homes any longer. were mentioning russia a moment ago. in the united states, donald trump has been getting into hot
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water over his refusal to take seriously claims that russia meddled with the u.s. elections. haxie: this piece in "the washington post" reportswater oe seriously claims that that growing numbers of republican senators are coming out against the president-elect over this very contentious issue. senators john mccain and mitch mcconnell have both called for inquiries into so-called russian involvement. saying the russians are not our friends. but president-elect trump does not seem to agree. that is why we read this piece in "the daily beast," and the kremlin is having something of a field day. every stepfficials, trump takes sounds like a victory for vladimir putin. genie: donald trump has also been ruffling feathers in china. haxie: he has. a cartoon in "the
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china daily." we see a devious looking trump about to set a number of boxes marked "foreign policy ideas" on fire. this is ad
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announcer: this is a production of china central television america. mike: illnesses can sometimes run in families. inherited genetic mutations can increase a person's risk of developing different diseases, everything from cancer to mental disorders. but now relatively new genetic testing is changing the way these illnesses are diagnosed and treated. this week on "full frame," we'll meet some of the top doctors at the forefront of medical research along with patients who are struggling with the decision about whether or not to test. i'i'm mike walter in los angele. let's take it t full frame.


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