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tv   France 24  LINKTV  October 18, 2017 5:30am-6:01am PDT

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anchor: hello. 24."me back to "france it is 1:00 p.m. in the french capital. china's president kicked off the communist party congress in beijing with a promise the country would open its doors to the world. the islamic state group is defeated in the city of raqqa, but the humanitarian crisis is greater than ever, according to aid groups in syria.
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also coming up, more protests across the streets of barcelona after two leaders of the catalonian separatist movement were jailed. thanks for joining us. we start with china, where the biggest political gathering, the communist party conference, kicked off this wednesday. the event, which takes place every five years, determines who will be chosen to lead the party and the country. addressing 2003 hundred 40 delegates assembled in the great hall, president xi jinping laid out a roadmap to turn china into a leading global power by 2050. let's cross over to our reporter for more on this. present xi jinping spoke for three hours and 23 minutes.
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what stood outut for you? [noise] facing congress, he laid out his vision for china for the next five years, but also the three decades down the road. things stand out -- thehe prededominance of party leadersp is one. the party will lead chchina inse and d outside its s bords. itit will be present at every sisingle layer of society. the second theme is that china with thering a new era words "new era" were repeated 36 times. china willll dominate, will be green, and most of all, china will be led by the communist party. anchor: this congress will last a week. what can we expect over the coming days?
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y yes, the partrty members are here for the next seven to eight days. their main role isis to elect te new party leadership. xi jinping is assured to stay in power for another five-year term. evil will closely be watching who he will place, and what his allies will be taking inside the party. people will also be watching the composition of the politburo, comprised of seven members which in effect will be party and rule china. five of these members are up for reelection, which means xi jinping is in an ideal position to places man as he wants. -- to place his man as he wants. people will also watch for an obvious successor to xi jinping. does not stand out, it could mean xi jinping will reverse party protocol and not step down after two five-year terms.
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anchor: our reporter bringing us the latest from beijing. turning now to rack up -- to ra qqa, where coalition forces have declared victory. while the fighting may be over, the area is on the brink of a humanitarian crisis. here is our reporter. this family are among the lucky ones. they fled to a mann, jordan in jordan, in 2014. he says he will return, much to the joy of his son. >> we are happy because raqqa has been liberated. i cannot wait to return to my school and to meet with grandfather d friends, and to have fun with them. reporter:ut some families have nonot been as lucky. ththe last four years have been
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traumatic and deadly. this man spent five days under rubble after an airstrike hit his home. >> it killed 40 people in our house. the jihadists also used us as human shields. reporter: according to save the children, 270,000 people fled the fighting in raqqa and are still in need of aidid. many live in overcrowded camps, without adequate food, water,, and shelter. >> the city may have been captured, but the humanitarian situation is getting worse and worse. there is more than a quarter million people who have fled the city. atat least half of those are children. they are hungry. they are exhausted. they are vulnerable. lots of them are traumatized. as some families try to return, the place they once knew is long gone, reduced to rubble. now the islamic state group has been chased out, organizations like the world food program say the victory is a game changer --
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it will be able to reach residents and provide direly-needed help. earlier, i spoke to a national affairs commentator about the uncertain future of raqqa under the rubble. analyst: it is a question it is worth asking again and again, because this is a loss of their last major city, when we talk about the broad swathe of territory a seized three years ago in iraq and syria. the big bastions are gone. in a sense, the islamic state group foresaw this. it is hardly likely they did not know this military operation was eventually going to route them and wrest control of this territory from them. they are going to prepare for this. what they do is, they revert back to where they were before in proclaimed a caliphate june 2014. they are back in the desert. they are going to pockets of the desert, hoping they will slip through security crocs, benefit from the chaos and the lack of the sort of unified government,
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especially at this point in syria. iraq is starting to regain control. it is going to go back to the low-level or not level type of insurgency. even if you look beyond iraq, the islamic state group has set up de facto basis and a lot of other countries right now, from libya to yemen to egypt to afghanistan, and even in countries where they do not have an isis-branded, so to speak, branch. there are countries such as nigeria, where boko haram has been reportedly in decline. it is affiliated there. they can still work in alliance. the philippines is another country where there are loosely tied groups. they are not going away. it is like like a mall. you take back the city if you wrest the territory. ideologically, they are still there. they are preparing for things. we have seen the devastating effect with which they can still wage these attacks.
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loosely inspired, more tightly planned, from london, to manchester, to barcelona, to marseilles. are there signs that will not continue to happen? unfortunately not. anchor: iran's highest power said they would stick to the 2015 historic nuclear deal as long as the other signatories respected it. this was the ayatollah's first official response to the speech on friday in which trump divulged a tougher iran policy. we will cross to our correspondent in iran for more. we have seen some back and forth on this isissue. previously -- reporterer: previously, the iranians have said they will continue to liaise with european partners if the u.s. pulls out. this is very much a message that the accord will be shredded if washington turns its back. which is it? reporter: i think it is a mix of designed for domestic
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consumption, a domestic audience, the iranian public. the very telling statement that indicates what iran's position is -- this was a speech by mr. that came five days after u.s. president donald trump delivered his speech in washington on friday, decertifying the nuclear deal and indicting iran as a leaead .ponsoofof t terrorism mr. . khamenei hadad some sharp words s for him today, saying he is notot going to waste his time reresponding to nonsense by a loudmouth. washington was upset they could not c cry out thehe p plan in ps like libya, syria, andnd iraq. t that if-- he says they pull outt of the e deal, ty will shredded. the most importrtt thing is, he id iran n is going to stick to the deal..
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they are notot going to walk awy if other parties remain in the deal. that a telling statementnt indicates iran's poposition. they did not see the decertification as a violation of a deal, therefore they are staying. they also have a message for europe and european leaders -- somewhat of a warning, telling europepe that they should not mr. trump'sh bullying tactics and interfering with regional issues. this is perhrhaps an indication there is at least some doubt inn tehran what europe will do. will europe follow washington's lead and push for renegotiation of the deal, something iran has said it won't do? ,r will theyey stick to the deal stick by tehran? speaking to us from the iranian capital. what is the attitude like in tehran? trump has decided to slap
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sanctions on the powerful revolutionary guard. two things we have seen. i think the animosityty and the dislike for mr. trump is certainly intensifying here among moderates and conservatives and hardliners. we are also seeing a big belief -- a reassurance that this deal is still in tact, although undermined. the most drastic move by mr. trump wawas declaring the revovolutionary guguard as a terrrrorist organization. what that meant under the u.s. -- i iwouldit went have had more implications iff the state dedepartment hadad declclared the revolutioionary d as a terrorist organization.n. ththere are still significant implications. it will make mr. rouhani, presesident of iran -- his prome
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of delivering a better economy more diffiltlt. believe thisely deal is still intact, and ththe is still some kind ofope, althoughgh not the hope we saw n 2015. anchor: some kind of hope left with iran's historic nuclear deal. the report from tehran. donald trump's attempts to block travelers from a handful of countries from traveling to the u.s. have hit yet another legal obstacle, while the decision is set to be appealed. they cannoteans restrict citizens from iran, libya, somalia, syria, north korea, and chad. strike three. timeter: this is the third a hawaii judge historic down donald trump's travel ban. derek watson and honolulu said the presidential order "suffers from the same maladies as its predecessors."
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he will be u.s. president has exceeded his authority in banning 150 million people from ever traveling to the u.s. this version of the ban was announced in september, slated to go into effect wednesday. in addition to a number of predominantly muslim countries, it included bands of north korean citizens and some government officials from venezuela. additions the white house said proved it was created from a worldwide view of security intelligence and not to discriminate against muslims. following the decision, the white house press secretary said the court's hold was dangerously flawed and "undercuts efforts to keep the american people safe." trump's first version of the muslim ban was introduced to much surprise and outrage last march. it re-to have it in airports, within government agencies, and created a huge outpouring of criticism. court, the by the
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versions have been challllengedy half a dozen states, and the presidential orders have failed to pass judicial review. theissue failed to reach u.s. supreme court this month, but the justices have called for all sides to resubmit briefs on whether the case should simply be dismissed. ouror: a victory for envivironmentalists, the first decline in three years. resilient deforestation has fell by 63%. some remain cautiously optimistic. clicks the amazon rain forest is under constant threat from human activity, but it appears this year has been slightly less destructive than the last. according to brazil's environment ministry, deforestation has decreased.
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deforestation, which last year had gone up by 19%, has this year fallen by 16%. since we have been in government, all the i indicators show a fall in deforestation in the amazon. reporter: while the government claims credit, larger forces may be at play. there is a historic relation between the livestock industry and deforereation. brazil''s economomic crisis hasd to a drop in cattle prices, so less area has been cleared for glazing. the government has also been widely criticized for slashing the country's environmental budget, , something they deny whole heartededly. >> today, we canan confirm with certainty that there is no drop whatatsoever regararding spendin environmental policies in the amazon- none whatsoever. reportrter: just last august, he openeded a world mark -- a world of review the size of denmark to
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mining companies, only reversing the decision after national and international condemnation. the fall in deforestation groups is important, that it is still too early to celebrate. september saw the highest number of forest fires in a single 1998, as farmers, loggers, and miners make space for that process. anchor: it is time for business news with delano d'souza. torting with the proposalal negotiate nafta. andno: the u.s., mexico, canada, have agreed to push the deadline to rework the north american free trade agreement. the trade representative said he was surprised at the resistance to change on display. donald trump's trades are adding that everyone needs to give up a little bit of candy in order to get a good deal. canada and mexico meanwhile say some of the u.s. proposals on the table would simply turn back the clock.
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georgina robertson reports. georgina: donald trump has called it the worst trade deal ever, and this week, the three papaies involved could not agree on how to improve it. at the end of negotiations, frustrations were laid out in the open. >> we have seen proposals that would turn back the clock on years of protective ability and openness under nafta. in some cases, these proposals run counter to wto rules. georgina: the united states is looking to reduce its annual trade deficit, and to bring manufacturing jobs back to the country. one of the most controversial of the u.s. proposals to achieve this is about u.s. content in car manufacturing. the proposals call for content within the block to rise to 95%, to want to add a new requirement for 50% of the car to be manufactured on american soil. f found thisties ha t to swallolow. analysts fear donald trump could
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tear up nafta a as well. >> he trashed the transpacific partnership. he could trash thihis. least partially trashing the iran deal. he is not afraraid to do that if he has to. unfortunately, i i think ripping up trade relationships hurts all countries. ,eorgina: the stakes are high with the part is preparing to go to a fifth round of talks next month. it is clear despite the differences mexico, canada, and the u.s. are reluctant to walk away from the negotiating table. check on the get a markets. in europe, we are seeing a strong session across the board. all the main indexes trading in the green. paris trtrading up half a percet at this hour. in europe next, the aviation safety agency has recommended companies suspend purchases of kobe steel.
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the company has come under pressure since it admitted to falsifyiying data onon the qualy of its materials. kobe steel is also facing scrutiny in the united states. the u.s. department of justice asked the company to submit documents relating to the widening scandal. the three former tesla workers are taking the company to court, as three african-american men claim they suffered constant and daily racial discrimination. they allege they were submitted to racist slurs and racist drawings to coworkers and superiors. tesla says the timing of the new claims is notable. the company is still in the midst of a lawsuit brought by a former employee who alleged that women experience unwanted and pervasive harassment. tesla has also been in the news since late last week after the company fired hundreds of staff in the united states. any of the laid-off employees say the firings have nothing to do with issues of performance.
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is swiss investor marc faber facing a strong backlash for his latest newsletter. in it, the man nicknamed "dr. doom" thank god white people populate america and not the blacks. faber was made famous by his appearances on business news channels. his newsletter also claimed america would look like zimbabwe had it been colonized by blacks. cnbc news and bloomberg have both decided they will no longer be booking marc faber. despite the backlash, the asia-based investor is sticking to his guns, saying if stating historical facts makes me a racist, i suppose that i am. not to another billionaire investor of a different kind. nearly $18ransferred million to his open n ciety foundation. the philanthropopic organization founded by y soros h has becomee second-largest in the united states, after the bill and melinda gates foundndation. it promotes a marcus lee and
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human rights in over 120 countries around the world. the $18 billion gift was quietly made over the years, that was only disclosed on tuesday. it is one of the largest transfers in wealth made by a private donor to a single foundation. that is the business news. i will hand it back to you. anchor: thank you for bringing the latest on business. time for our press review. our analyst is here to talk us through the headlines. it seems there is a lot of anticipation about the chinese commonest party congress. analyst: we are looking at the front pages of the chinese papers. it is a milestone in china's progress. that is what the shanghai daily says. "the china daily" says the past five years under xi jinping have been "extraordinary, and the momentum will be sustained over the coming years." that is a somewhat giddy
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editorial from "the chinese did -- the china daily." -- it is making news in france. the reporter says the chinese leader is looking to tighten his grip on the country's leadership by concentrating power into his own hands by ruthlessly ridding himself of rivals and through suppressing dissent. she says he is on route to gaining absolute power. anchor: there is one message to the west. "the global times" says this is a chance for the west to better understand the inner workings of the chinese communist party. the party has 89 million members, more than germany's population. that is what the global times says. it is not a list that interest west, that thehe blood and bones of china. a contributor for "forms" rbes" magazine"fo
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has suggested dropping the name communist. if china is the world's second-largest economy, it is andto decentralization incentives introduced into the communist system that have unleashed people's animal instincts for wealth creation. anchor: let's move on to today's other top story, which is the taken from of raqqa, the islamic state group, one of their last bastions. analyst: for many of the papers, this signifies the demise of the party, in appearance at least. one of the last places to fall was in central rack up. and an iraqi paper says the symbolize the brutality of the islamic state group, interviewing some people who witnessed public educations on that square during the height of the islamic state group hold fair. "the new yorker" says this is not the end of the jihadists by
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a long shot. while in marks their symbolic demise, "the new yorker" warns the syrian quagmire is far from over, and from this chaos other manifestations of extremism could breed, so we need to be careful. anchor: "the new york times" has been following the syrian democratic horses for 10 days during this battle. analyst: he has published his article and photos from his experiences, following the syrian democratic forces for the last weeks and months. the four-month battle to retake ack up -- raqqa left behind ghost city, bringing the city from antiquity to its knees with complete and utter destruction. anchor: staying with press photography, if we can -- the winners of the wororld wildlife photography awards have been named. analyst: and it is not as optimistic as you might think. the wildlife photographer of the year -- let me warn you, this picture is horrific area --
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horrific. he won with a daunting picture of a murdered black rhino with its horn hacked off in a south african game park, again shedding light on the extreme repercussions of poaching on existing wildlife. anchor: extremely graphic photo. analyst: i think that was the message as well. "the new scientist" reminds us that more than 1000 rhinos are killed for their homes each hornsbelieved -- their each year, believed to possess magical powers. award-winning pictures. ae chimpanzee who is enjoying rest and a canopy in uganda, and this one of a seahorse carrying a q-tip. a stark reminder about the dangers of plastic pollution and what it is doing to wildlife. "elle: here in france
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is exacting journalistic revenge. last week "rolling stone" had a convicted killer on the front page. the french equivalent put the picture of a french rocker sent to prison for murdering his girlfriend in 2003. in response, there was huge backlash over the cover. in response, the french version dedicatedagazine" has an addition to the murdered woman, only 41 at the time. "in her name," the magazine said, and the name of all women who are victims of domestic violence. we will never forget you. it will take more than a media frenzy for your flame to burn out, is what the magazine says. anchor: let's end on a positive note, if we can, with a fairytale story from the u.s., and unlikely romance. analyst: one that has been compared to eddie murphy's
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coming to america. joel was a plainclothes if european -- if european prints hanging out in a nightclub, when he succeeded in pitching up his future wife, arianna. they g
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narrator: yet anotother hurricae pounds cuba. waves as tall as five story buildings. streets flooded. many forced from their homes. in an era of climate change, ather around the world is becoming more extreme. hurricanes are getting worse. if this is the future for our coastal cities, how will they survive the storm?


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