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tv   DW News  LINKTV  June 10, 2019 3:00pm-3:31pm PDT

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berlin pregnant germany and iran are moving to salvage the 2015 iran nuclear deal. iran's foreign minister tells his german counterparts we will cooperate with the european union to save the agreement. can it be rescued in the face of u.s. opposition?
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the race to replace theresa may. 10 british conservatives kick a contest to become prime minister antiquity efforts to deliver brexit. plus. ♪ brent: fighting for higher wages in cambodia. government workers sing and dance to call attention to poor working conditions in the countries essential textile industry. ♪ brent: i'm brent goff. to our viewers on pbs in the u.s. and around the world, welcome. iran's top diplomat has vowed to work with the european union to preserve the iran nuclear deal. that, despite opposition from washington. he spoke after meeting his german counterpart in iran today for talks about salvaging that 2015 deal.
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the german foreign minister, heiko maas, indicated the difficulties they are facing, saying germany is working to prevent the deals complete failure. >> arriving in tehran to push for de-escalation, facing heiko maas are multiple entangled crises centering on iran. economic sanctions, a nuclear deal in disarray and rising tensions with the u.s.. he is welcomed by iran's foreign minister. talks went over time. afterward, zarif spoke about more. >> the new tension in our region is a result of the economic war the united states has declared against iran. the only way to decrease tensions in the region is to stop the economic war. one cannot expect an economic war. those waging the war and those supporting a remain safe. >> maas, responded by
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continuing the war talk. >> there is war in yemen and syria. i want to do everything to keep war out of iran. the tensions here in the region are worrying. >> what a contrast of the optimism of 2015, when iran agreed to limit its nuclear ambitions in a landmark deal and return international sanctions would be lifted. under u.s. president donald trump, the u.s. pulled out of the treaty and reimpose sanctions which have been crippling iran's economy. iran has sent warships to the middle east, part of a pressure campaign that some fear risks escalating into open conflict. now, asked about wrestling what is left of the deal, -- rescuing what is left of the deal, heiko maas had this. >> we won't work any nichols, -- miracles, but we will do anything we can to prevent it. >> iran has said they will
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resume enriching uranium if sanctions are not eased by july 7. brent: for more on this i'm joined by daniel. he is the editor in chief of an independent publication injured -- in berlin that deals with the arab world. let's talk about what the german foreman -- foreign minister, was he taking with him to tehran to offer other than good intentions? daniel: nothing more than good intentions. here's the thing. when the americans announced they would withdraw from the nuclear deal, they did not tell what they wanted the iranians to do. what the europeans want the iranians to do is clear. just one assignment if you want to say it that way. that is to remain faithful and respect the deal. brent: which they have so far. daniel: yes.
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according to the institutions monitoring this, they have. that is a technical element. they have increased the capacities to theoretically increase their uranium production by keeping a large amount. what could happen the seventh of july is a different story. if he does not comply with the deal, automatically, sanctions will apply. there is no renegotiation. when the german say the deal would be dead, that is the case. brent: i want to ask you what the iranian foreign minister said. he warned that those waging economic war against tehran cannot exhibit -- expect to remain safe. how do you interpret that? daniel: as a threat. not as an unsophisticated threat.
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for centuries, we have been discussing, to what extent is an economic war and active or? -- war? in experiencing such an existential situation, the suffocation of the iranian economy has reached a point that makes iranians feel they are already at war. the hostile rhetoric of the u.s. and their neighbors, sending troops to the gulf, these are all signs of an escalation. for many iranians they feared that they are in an -- they fear they are in and even worst situation. the iranian said there will be a moment when they strike back. at the same time, they said they've never started a war and they're not about to start one. daniel: does the european union have the ability, also with this mechanism to bypass u.s. sanctions and keep the financial transactions going echo does it
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have the ability to do all this? and still defy u.s. sanctions? daniel: theoretically, it does. i don't think at the moment, they have the political will. there are the guarantors of this deal, where the united kingdom, france and germany. you look at the political turmoil in the u.k.. they said they are committed to the deal. it won't be there first priority to elite their american allies after president trump just visited the u.k.. france and germany is a different story. they have the capacity of keeping iran in the deal. we are talking about money for oil, maybe loans, this institution to regulate trade between the eu and iran. the question is, do they have the political will? i cannot answer that positively. brent: we appreciate your insight. thank you.
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here are some of the other stories making headlines around the world. an indian court has sentenced 300 men to life in prison for their role in the rate and murder of an eight-year-old muslim girl last year. three police officers received 15 year sentences for destroying evidence. her death sparked outrage and flamed religious tensions in indian controlled kashmir. officials in new york say a helicopter has crash landed onto the roof of a building in midtown. the city's fire department say the pilot was killed. new york's governor says it appears the helicopter had attempted a forced emergency landing. international observers say that sunday's presidential election in context on was tarnished by human rights violations. the electoral commission says the winner of the vote was hand-picked by the former president.
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the election was overshadowed by the arrest of hundreds of his opposition protesters. 90 people have been injured by a blast caused by a ruptured gas pipe in a town near rome. it happened during roadwork. smoke from the blast was visible from the italian capital. more than 30 kilometers away. at least 95 people have been killed in an ethic attack in central mali. the latest massacre in an ongoing conflict between rival communities in the west african country. it happened in the village of soubouckou. it is inhabited by members of the dogon committee. official site unidentified gunmen attacked overnight, virtually wiping out the village. fighting between dogon and fulani herders has left hundreds dead in the last year and a half. for more now, we want to speak to our journalist in the capital of molly.
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it's good to have you on the show. what do you know about this attack? >> not much in terms of details have come out. as you said, it was an overnight attack. it apparently started around 3:00 a.m., when assailants came in on pickup trucks and motorbikes and started shooting and burning homes. some report mentions of the people who were inside that did not get the chance to escape. that adds some more horrific detail to what happened in the village. other than that, but we also know is that the mayor has said the village has about 300 inhabitants. 50 are accounted for. we have up to 100 confirmed dead. we don't know what happened to the others. brent: thank you. let's take a closer look at the background to this conflict.
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our reporter has spent a lot of time in the region. let's talk about the conflict between the dogon and fulani. it goes back decades. >> i would say centuries. it is a conflict over land and water. over resources. you have to know that the fulani , they are nomads. they have big herds and cattle and they need to put them to where the grass is so they can feed their livestock. the dogon hunters are settled people. with a climate crisis coming, all of these resources are getting scarce. less ground there. they are not going into villages with land. there have always been these fights, but usually only see one or two people dead. recently, we have these interethnic killings going up to
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157 people such as back in march. this one was about 100. brent: it has intensified recently. why? is a because of global warming or is there more to it? >> the first reason is global warming, but the other is you have to seem molly and a bigger picture. -- mali in a big picture. there was islamists trying to destabilize the country. they are trying to infiltrate these ethnic groups, and a broader aim is to destabilize the whole country. they are using those groups. they are predominantly muslim -- the fulani are mostly muslim and the dogon are dug us -- animists. if you say, i will give you 10 euros if you let me have shelter in your hunt for this night, they will do it.
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they will not say that they are linking to the islamic extremists, but they are easy prey for those people. the hatred comes from the other side. it is a spiral going up. they are used in my opinion. brent: where is molly's national government? >> they are really week and we might look at the statement from the u.s. from new york, where they are reacting to this. >> the mission is coordinating its response in support of the malian authorities. there -- they are providing up to those affected. we also provided air support to the government to prevent a further attack. brent: what about the government? what is able to do? >> they are really week in the region. they are concentrated in the capital region. the attack is some 800 kilometers away. no good roads or motorways or
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anything you could compare to the u.s. or europe. 800 kilometers away, i was just talking to my friend of the state television. they don't even have pictures yet. they are still on the way. it's a very remote area. the consequence of this, people have formed other defense groups. dogon used to just use spears, but now they have weapons coming from the libyan civil war and guns from the south. some people qualify them as paramilitary groups now. they were attacking in a coordinated way with heavy weapons and pickups. this gets to another level. for the state to allow these groups to have weapons, this must be the army. brent: it isn't just mali is it? >> it is a regional problem. it is mali, burkina faso.
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the borders have been artificially drawn by the colonial forces 1.5 centuries ago. it's interethnic consequences -- conflict being fired up by these extremists. brent: we appreciate the insight tonight. thank you. in sudan, a nationwide strike against the leaders has entered its second day. most shops in khartoum remain close. -- closed. opposition leaders urged people to stay home to protest the deadly crackdown last week, when security forces violently broke up opposition sickens. army chiefs have stepped up their troops' presence in the streets to counteract protest. the demonstrators are pressuring the army to hand over power to civilians. to cambodia now. garment workers battle for
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higher wages. the minimum wage for these workers rose this year to more than 150 euros per month. laborers in the country's textile industry say they struggle with that to make ends meet. >> these women are singing about peace work, starvation wages and fainting from exhaustion. they are textile workers at a label you -- labor union event. in recent years, the minimum wage has increased to 160 euros per month. it is barely enough to live on in cambodia. >> cambodia's labor protection laws are often not enforced. two hours overtime is officially allowed, but four hours is practically standard. most women workers only have temporary work contracts. they constantly worry about losing their job. the companies keep them powerless. >> facemasks and other protective gear are now standard in nearly half of companies
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here. some clothing brands pay external consultants to inform women of their rights. higher wages and more social benefits puts textile companies under pressure. >> the major brands compare prices worldwide. they want contracts for the countries that charts the lowest price. that is how it is. i cannot say if that is right or wrong. >> international labor organizations say that despite the progress that has been made, cambodia is still one of the 10 worst countries in the world for workers. brent: the race to replace theresa may has begun. the winner will become the country's prime minister. 10 candidates are vying for the job in a contest dominated by britain's efforts to leave the european union. former foreign minister in the face of the 2016 campaign, boris johnson, he is considered the favorite.
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the current foreign minister, jeremy hunt is in the race, as his environment minister michael gove. theresa may says she will stay in office until late july. charlotte potts joins us now. the race is open. some candidates gave statements today. how did they petition them's -- position or differentiate themselves act out -- themselves? >> the candidates made clear that this race is about nothing less than the future of the conservative party. if there was a general election, there would be high chances for the labor opposition party to win and for jeremy corbyn to become the next prime minister. it is of the utmost importance to find a new strong leader in the conservative party. what we could tell today is that brexit is really at the center stage in this race. all candidates are determined to
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get the u.k. out of the european union by the next deadline, by october 31. they all pledged that. all candidates think they can do a better job than the current prime minister. they say they want to go back to the european union, we negotiate a better deal. the problem with that is the european union has already said, we do not allow any renegotiation. how are they going to do that? they did not say. they are going to leave that open for debate. another important piece there is the candidates differentiate themselves on whether they want to leave the european union with or without a deall on october 3. boris johnson has made clear that october 31 is the deadline for the u.k.. they will the european union no matter what. brent: speaking of boris johnson, he appears to be the front-runner. is he? charlotte: a lot can happen in the next week.
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especially with the conservative leadership, it has been unpredictable. no one believed theresa may could become the leader. she did at the end of the prime -- she did. michael gove, another front runner, admitted he took cocaine 20 years ago. he has received criticism for taking illegal drugs. he is not the front runner anymore. michael hunt, the foreign secretary, has received a lot of prominent endorsements today, appearing to be another new frontrunner. we have to say boris johnson, for -- former foreign secretary and the architect of the leaf referendum appears to be the number one frontrunner. as chances stand right now, he will make it. brent: what is the timeline for the next couple of weeks? charlotte: at the moment, the candidates will campaign throughout the country, then,
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first of all, the conservative members of parliament in the driving seat, they will vote and eliminate candidates by candidate. in the end, you will have two candidates remaining and those be voted on by the conservative base and the conservative membership. boris johnson, a clear front-runner among those people at the base. they will vote on those two remaining candidates and then, by july 22, we will have a name and we will have a new prime minister in the united kingdom. brent: just at the height of summer. it will be a hot one. thank you. now to a question you have probably never considered. what determines the origin of a will and sweater? the sheet it came from or the human who knitted it? in iceland, it has become a divisive issue for business owners and local artisans.
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>> iceland's sheep are prize for the quality of their ruling fleeces. it enables them to withstand harsh, subarctic conditions. no wonder then that the sweaters and scarves made from there will have become a national trademark. their beloved by locals and torso like. in recent times -- they are beloved by locals and tourists alike. at issue is this common demarcation. hand knitted from icelandic wool . technically true, but with one detail omitted. the knitting often takes place in china. a source of fury for iceland's local artisans. >> imagine the carbon footprint to ship containers of icelandic will to hong kong and have it made there and sent halfway across the world.
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>> business owners say it is the origin of the rule and not -- wool. >> about 50% of the population of iceland are polish people who have moved there recently. -- 15% of the population of iceland are polish people who have moved there recently. if they live here, and knit a sweater that it is iceland made. if they do it in poland, should still be icelandic or something else? >> critics say it is misleading and accuse critics -- and accuse them of pulling the rule over the eyes -- wool over the eyes. brent: at the women's world cup, argentina made history after winning their first ever point in a goalless draw with japan. argentina were firm underdogs against the 2011 champions. they restricted their opponents to shots from long range throughout the game. japan's best chance fell to
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sugasawa, and argentina held strong to and their six match losing streak at the world cup. the u.s. women's team opened their world cup campaign against thailand on tuesday. they are the world's top ranked team, and after winning the trophy in canada four years ago, the u.s. could become world champions for a record extending fourth time in france. the global competition is catching up. >> for record world champions usa, a title defense this summer in france might prove more difficult than ever before. >> i think it will be a remarkable world cup. i think the level of competition for years on from the last one has exponentially increased. the different teams now, rising, and it will be an open world cup and we are excited to go out there and attack it. >> a challenge does not doubt the country with nearly half of the world's total registered players.
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thanks to america's solid infrastructure of club and college-level football, coach joe ellis has had a vast pool of players to recruit from over the last few years. her squad is a balanced mix of experience veterans and young talent. like 21-year-old mallory pugh she plays professionally in the end of the usl alongside her role models. >> i was talking to alex a week ago. she said, whatever role you are given, play it to the best you can. that is super important, because we need all 23 players to >> win a world cup. for the team's star, alex morgan, it will be her third time playing on the world's biggest stage. it took 15, she was coming off an injury. she is excited to perform at her very best this year. >> we are trying to take it one game at a time and we are not focusing on the fact that we are looking to defend anything. we are looking to come out with
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the win, but in no way is that about a repeat or anything. >> repeat it, they might. decisive wins in their preparation games indicate the usa might continue dominating women soccer well into the future. >> usa! brent: a volcano on indonesia's sumatra island has erupted, throwing ash seven kilometers into the air and depositing a thick layer over the nearby town. it is one of indonesia's most active volcanoes and has erupted frequently since 2010 after being inactive for 400 years. no casualties have been reported and officials say more eruptions are possible. more than one dozen people were killed in the last major eruption in 2014.
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finally, many of us shuffle around in the office. office chairs can be used to great effect. i want to show you what we mean. the competitors in japan's grand prix of office chair racing, this is hard-core. the goal is to get the most laps around the 200 meter course over two hours. this year's winning team was from kyoto. they want not only writing rights but 90 kilos of office chair rice. after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day. stick around. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its sit]nd accuracy. .
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yeah but its use welcome to live from paris will use of analysis from france. twenty four i'm margot in these the headlines ten tories in the running to succeed theresa may that range from the well known to the unknown for an international audience. plus coming off of this campaign he gets serious the first post in just three days time. what does this mean killed after helicopter crashes into a building in new york? it was an apparent forced emergency landing a few


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