>> people and profit on france 24. anchor: you are watching live from paris. the top stories. the british prime minister, boris johnson, announces he plans to shut down parliament to stop his brexit plans from being derailed. wildfiresn the amazon gather strength, president jair bolsonaro says he will consider the g7 offer of financial aid. down to the wire. italy's democrat party and the five star movement scramble to
form a coalition. this afternoon, they report to the president. america's opioid addiction crisis takes a new turn after the makers of oxycontin are reportedly seeking to settle all the lawsuits against it. that is coming up in business, plus a 12 day meeting wrapped up in geneva aimed at tightening the protection of wildlife species. we ask how you go about enforcing that. ♪ ♪
anchor: welcome back. british foreign minister boris johnson is announcing he plans to shut down the british government in mid-october with a view of stopping opponents from derailing brexit plans. days, but angry reaction from across the political spectrum. the former u.k. finance minister, phillip hammond, said the move amounted to constitutional outrage, and called it profoundly undemocratic. the leader of the liberal opposition party says the prime minister is embarking on what she calls a dangerous horse of action and called the move "an cowardice." the pound sterling fell even lower than the day before, indicating investors are alarmed at the prospect of a no deal brexit in two months and three days from now. let's cross to our reporter in london. for does this mean parliament?
what is boris johnson doing here? reporter: it is actually to suspend parliament. what forrest griffin is doing is he is actively limiting the time in which mp -- what boris johnson is doing is limiting the me in which mp's coming back from recess next week, can pass legislation to stop a no deal, to order the prime minister, in ask fornce july 24, to an extension from the european union, if indeed the 27 other e.u. countries were minded to grant an extension period they have only said they would do that in exceptional circumstances such as another referendum or a general election . boris johnson confirmed on camera about an hour ago that his plan was to suspend after the queen's
speech on october 14. we need to point out that the particular british tradition that was going to be carried out again this year -- there are annual party conferences of parties such as the sitting party, a conservative party, the labor party, the liberal could play athey part in all of this. element was already going to be , theed in its time to stop do or die parliamentary pledge boris johnson has given tquit the e.u. by october 31, which is the latest deadline that was given by the european union. a former chancellor, phillip
hammond, has been tweeting. he said it would be a constitutional outrage of parliament were prevented from holding the government to account at a time of national crisis. profoundly undemocratic. i gather the jeremy corbyn, leader of the main opposition party, has also been saying this is absolutely undemocratic and cannot be allowed to go ahead. i think the timing is crucial. yesterday, all those opposition leaders and prominent remain are -- remners gathered although parliament is not sitting, to refine their strategy to stop a no deal. but we all thought is that if there was going to be a , atogation of parliament the earliest, it would be done next week. bastad son has moved terribly fast after the g7 summit. has movedohnson terribly fast after the g-7
summit. i think he is trying to strike all the iron is hot and catch the opposition on the foot. anchor: thank you for that. our reporter is in london. thank you so much. an apparent about turn, the brazilian government now said it will accept foreign aid to help the massive wildfires in amazon. this follows a public war of words between president jair bolsonaro and france's president emmanuel macron. the far-right president has found himself isolated on the world stage, and his response to the blazes could threaten future trade deals with european nation that is something his recession-plagued economy cannot have. this is what president bolsonaro had to say. >> [speaking portuguese] told me heident has is open to reiving support from international organizations and possibly from countries as
long as the support and financial resources, added to our efforts, help combat the disaster, these wildfires. however, such support and resources must be welcomed and managed by the brazilian government, to be used. a spokesperson for the brazilian president. the fires in the amazon are thought to be worse than they would otherwise have been as a ofult of d4 is a sin -- deforestation. it is common knowledge that cattle farmers intentionally start fires to clear grazing areas. the amazon is a patchwork of forests, fields, and scorched earth. farmers harness the flames to clear the trees, so that their cattle can graze in the
resulting passages. >> we can't stop burning because we need to produce enough to eat. reporter: but sometimes the fives become uncontrollable and this is what is left. 400,s a cattle herd of says he would be willing to change jobs with the right support. it somebody paid me to replant, i would be happy to plant trees. i do not have the money for it, though. reporter: he does not understand the international uproar. in 2013, it was worse. president lula even dave -- even thatland for free so families like this could have a place to live. >> it was like that, forest. we worked and cut the trees to survive. report: the current president, jair bolsonaro, has removed protections from the amazon.
many fear the damage to the environment is irreversible. experts say the fires are part of a late stage symptom of a wider problem. before being set on fire, the bigger trees will be cut down and sold. by the time the forest is in flames, extensive damage has already been done. once the passage has been grazed, it won't be re-wilded. it will often be converted into soybean plantations. italy's opposition democrats and the five star movements have been scrambling to try to fortify a coalition after matteo salvini pulled nationalist party support from the populist coalition. a coalition between the left-leaning parties seems to be going down to the wire. this afternoon, they are due to report to the italian president. our reporter tells us what is at stake today. reporter: outgoing italian prime nte wasr content -- co spotted in this shop where
wrangling continued over formation of a new coalition. was one of the sticking points and it appears he could stay in the job in the next government. the five star movement and democratic party discussed who should gethat ministerial posts. the democratic party source said five star leaders pushed to remain deputy prime minister and the interior portfolio. the party has denied that. >> we are working on it now. we are working on it. >> they have been working all weekend. we presented a list of 10 points. now, we will meet with luigi di maio. reporter: time is running out. president sergio mattarella has already given the parties an extra 24 hours to reach a deal. political crisis was sparked an august 8, when the far-right interior minister, matteo salvini, withdrew his league
party from the coalition, hoping to spark early elections, a move he believed would propelim to the premiership. a new govnment would have to win a confidence vote in both chambers of parliament. leaders met with president mattarella on tuesday. if no new coalition is formed, president mattarella says he will dissolve parliament, triggering elections three and a half years ahead of schedule. least 40 people are feared dead or missing after a boat carrying migrants bound for europe sank off the coast of libya. the u.n. refugee agency says 60 people have been rescued so far. naomi lloyd the details. naomi: the bodies of those who did not make it. earlier in the day, they voted -- boarded a boat, but shortly after leaving a coastal city, the boat capsized, with dozens drowning. wasfter the boat sank, it
over. people were really scattered everywhere. i brought my children to the surface. the boat had totally sk. i could not save them. relief at those who were rescued, after libyan coast guards and local fishermen picked them up. most of the survivors are from suydam, with others from egypt, morocco, and tunisia. around 900 people have lost their lives trying to cross the mediterranean this year. the u.n. is calling for urgent action i.e. use states. urgent need to increase search and rescue capacity. that includes e.u. state vehicles and the lifting of restrictions on ngo's, and action to prevent people from drowning, trying to escape violence in libya. naomi: on tuesday, matteo
salvini band a humanitarian -- bay armed -- banned a humanitarian ship from italian waters. he has seen his population surge at home -- popularity surge at home due to hard-line policies. anchor: japan's ambassador will launch a complaint to remove seoul from the list of preferred trade partners, which could mean a slowdown in goods. this comes in the context of a deepening political and economic feud. is an internal blame game. at the g7 summit, japan's prime minister lashed out at south korea over its recent behavior. they continue to act in a way that undermines trust. there are bilateral agreements and promises. reporter: the comments drew an
angry rebuke from seoul. the one taking unilateral, retaliatory economic andures, twilight wto rules go squarely against the g20 declaration adopted this summer at a summit it hosted. reporter: a long-running feud over colonial grievances. as the supreme court ordered japanese citizens to paint for more time grievances. japan says this file is a treaty which settled wartime reparations. the decision by the japanese government to keep exports of key semiconductor materials took the route to a new level. accused it of using trade as a political weapon. japan announced it would remove south korea from a list of preferred trading partners that
enjoy fast track status. seoul retaliated. thennounced it would scrap military intelligence sharing pact with tokyo, and conducted military drills around disputed islands that both countries claim as their own. the route is now threatening to undermine regional security at a time when north korea has been multiplying ballistic missile tests. anchor: just a reminder of our top stories on "france4." rishaad minister boris johnson has announced he is putting to shut down parliament in a bid to stop his opponents from derailing his breaks it lands. -- brexit plans. results president now says he will consider the g7's offer of financial aid to battle amazon blazes. down to the wire. italy's democrat party scrambled to try to forge a coalition. this afternoon, they are due to report to president mattarella.
12-day meeting organized by the convention on international trade in endangered species wrapped up in geneva after a long list of proposals aimed at protecting a number of species. the international trade in giraffes and a range of shark species would be regulated, and protections for elephants and alters were amongst the other species afforded greater protection. i spoke to the head of legal affairs. here is what he told us. >> today, 93 species are included in the convention. sharkncludes the make a and many other species that because theyction are threatened in some parts of the world, not all parts of the world.
anchor: how do you go about implementing that agreement. >> that is the key question, because the listing does not mean anything if it is not implemented. we have a strong compliance mechanism to ensure that parties comply with the commitments. anchor: once it is implemented, how is it enforced? it would enter into force in 90 days, and parties have a system of permits they need to use now to authorize this trade. we are working with interpol and customs organizations to combat illegal trade in the species. countries thatre lawbreakers including alled,
trade in the 30,000 species that are protected. theor: did you get impression in geneva that the countries taking part in these 12 days of talks were on the same page? was there unity, do you feel? >> not for all of the debates. we realize it is becoming very hard. are receiving massive sets of instructions. some dissatisfactions lack ofd abo the andinuation for their needs prominence in the conservation of the species. anchor: a lot of conservationists have applauded what has been agreed in geneva, but some are also saying it does not go far enough. do you see perhaps another
meeting taking place in the near future with perhaps even tighter enforcemenagreed upon? this is an ongoing conversation. the mess -- the next meeting will be in 2022 in costa rica. there will be discussions to see if the measures are sufficient. it is time for a top check of the business stories. i am joined by brian quinn. let's start with the latest in legal actions running america's deadly opioid addiction crisis. brian: there was a $272 million judgment against johnson and johnson for its role in promoting painkillers. purdue pharma is reportedly offering 10 billion to $12 billion to settle thousands of lawsuits. oxycontin has been central to the opiod crisis in the u.s., in
an epidemic that has cost hundreds of thousands of lives. reporter: oxycontin is a drug that has become synonymous with the opiod crisis and its 400,000 deaths in the united states in the past two decades. purdue pharma has for months been in talks about reaching a global settlement. for perdue and the family behind it, the sacklers, increasing international pressure. with protests and 2000 lawsuits, the drugmaker and others are facing it. the u.s. media reports purdue is close to finalizing a deal to settle thousands of lawsuits in one swoop. "the new york times" reports that purdue pharma will file for bankruptcy and contribute $10 billion.o $12 the private company will become a public trust, where drug sales would go to plaintiffs. thagreement has not been
finalized or publicly acknowledged. purdue pharma did release a statement after the rumors emerged. >> the company has made clear its is little coming from years of wasteful litigation and appeals. the people and communities affected by the opiod crisis need help now. such a settlement is far from a done deal. companies such as johnson and johnson have traditionally preferred to go to trial. it would follow in the footsteps of a $206 billion agreement reached by tobacco companies over hiding the risk of smoking. businessop french leaders are set to convene later this afternoon for their annual end of the summer gathering. what are they talking about? france -- brian: france's main association are meeting this afternoon just outside of paris. the gathering is getting a new name, the meaning of french entrepreneurs.
is therefore the event of joins us live now. the french business climate looks to be in pretty good shape , but there are plenty of warning signs flashing on the international scene. how worried are france's business leaders about the global economy? stephen: it is a pretty positive environment for businesses in france at the moment. we know that employment is falling. job sector was relatively strong. there is pretty good data out of businesses and consumers in france. that is a short-term view and there are fears that bigger international issues like the trade dispute between the u.s. and china, the signals on the market of a potential looming recession, may also affect businesses here in france. while it is a positive start and we are hearing from entrepreurs that they are feeling good about the years to come, one i was speaking to earlier said that french
entrepreneurs were used to having difficulties thrown at them but were ready for potential trouble down the line. there are big issues going to be discussed. international issues are going to be among them. ofwill see how their points view differ, looking for the future. the irish minister for foreign affairs and trade will be speaking. a can expect praise it to be big topic, with the latest development out of london today. emily speaking, the aim of this meeting is to look at issues that are beyond the day-to-day concerns that business leaders have, looking at accor-picture issues such as, change or inequality in the workplace. president emmanuel macron has made discussions with the unions rocky. what have france's top bosses been saying about that situation? stephen: there are discussions with the prime minister and main unions and employer
representatives start next week, but there are pre-discussions happening. the conversation on pension reform was published earlier this summer. that suggested that people will have to work longer to get their full pension, there has been a debate already about the equilibrium aid, the ideal age -- willill have to be have to retire at. 64 is higher than the 62 year retirement age that currently exists in france. that has provoked a huge debate between workers and employers about how this reform will be carried out. president macron earlier this week talked about whether there would be a christian of adding this age of 64 into the policy. employers very much agree that workers will need to pay more in to keep the system funded, because it is in deficit for now but will be one of the most controversial issues facing employers and workers in the months to come. stephen carroll will have
a full report from that meeting on this edition of "people and profit" tomorrow afternoon. anchor: thanks for that. how are the markets shaping up today? europe, thein british pound is taking a hit on news that u.k. prime minister boris johnson will last the queen to suspend parliament to force britain's exit from the do you the sterling off if -- from the e.u. the sterling is off against both the dollar and the euro. k pound is- wea helping the ftse 100 index, a bright spot amid european markets as investors look at a worsening bond yield inversion in the u.s. keck 400 -- cac400 and tax are -- and dax are off.
anchor: amid the yellow vests protest movement, it looks like paris tourism will come out relatively unscathed. brian: the french tourism board has released its numbers for the first half of 2019, showing stable figures in the capital. the protest was made up for by an uptick in french visitors. reporter: the beauty of a boat ride down the seine. even during the yellow vests movement, tourists have been enamored by paris. >> it is different from where we came from. reporter: more than 10 million people made the trip to the louvre last year. its popularity is showing no signs of ending. in museum, the most visited the world, is considering making reservations mandatory.