Skip to main content

tv   DW News  LINKTV  November 1, 2019 3:00pm-3:31pm PDT

3:00 pm
>> this is dw news. turkey and russia begin joint patrols in northeastern syria. they aim to move kurdish militias out of the region. turkey's president plans to resettled 2 million people there. people say it is a catastrophe in the making. under talks trade and security with indian prime minister -- chancellor merkel talks trade and security with indian prime minister modi. germany prepares to mark 30-0-yr
3:01 pm
since the hated berlin wall was torn down. an art installation weaves together hopes for the future. one of the toughest sports on the planet prepares for its world cup title. england rugby favorite against south africa. there is a habit of grinding out wins in japan. ♪ i am phil g gayle. welcome to the program. turkey and russia have launched joint ground patrols in northeastern syria. the operation is part of a deal to in the two countries to force kurdish fifighters out of the territory near turkey's border. military vehicles are patrolling a 10 kilometer deep zone marking a major powershift, a month after u.s. president donald
3:02 pm
withdrew his forces. let's get the latest from dw correspondent dorian jones in istanbul. welcome. what is the purpose? reporter: the patrols are a key part of like after a signed up -- ankara signed up with moscow. the syrian kurdish militias have withdrawn. they see these patrols will verify the withdrawal of the forces. forceded patrol will last for hours, covered 120 kilometers of syrian territory. what we have heard in the last 24 hours from eight key syrian commander ---- a aey said they willll withdraw eveven though ty were not part of this agagreemet has s to out betweween turkey ad russia. -- attached out between -- it will lead to a further milititay
3:03 pm
operation leading to further refugees and adding to the 200,0,0 estimated to have been displaced. there is patrols seen as key to verify, but it is believed withdrawal is taking place or has been. phil: they operate on syrian territory. before we continue, let's hear from the syrian president, bashar al-assad, speaking on syrian state television. >> the agreement is a positive step. doesn't achieve everything in the sense it will not pressure the turks to leave immediately but it limits the damage and paves the way for the liberation of us -- this region in the future or immediate future. phil: was that an endorsement from president assad? dorian: certainly a far more nuanced approach from assad. you recall a week ago he tore
3:04 pm
into the turkish president, calling him a third-rate actor and adding to the bad animosity between the two. this was more diplomatic, recognizing the turkish president for the short-term -- underlining they want the turks to leave. assad said they don't want to see turkey as an enemy. it indicates marks account -- indicates moscow is behind the diplomatic approach. we heard a nuanced approach, telling the syrian kurds that while they will take control, he did acknowledge the realities on the ground and said is a long-term goal. it indicates that will be plausible negotiations between damascus and the syrian kurds and that moscow is working hard to facilitate. phil: there was a meeting between president erdogan and the u.n. secretary. what did they talk about? dorian: the key part of the
3:05 pm
meeting was heard of one selling his -- or no one -- president erdogan n selling his plan back into this safe zone. turkish forces are currently controlling in syria. this is an extremely controversial proposal because there has been critics say this is not turkey trying to change the demographic composition, removing kurds and replacing them with predominantly syrian arabs in turkey. ankara refused that but it is a widely held concern in the international community, in particular europe. president erdogan needs $25 billion to pay for this resettlement. he will get support from his close allies. the key countries are europe. they will, everyone realizes, need -- resident erdogan realizes, need legitimacy. if the u.n. signs off, it will make his task getting funding
3:06 pm
more easy. the u.n. seems to be sympathy -- sympathetic. they are facing three have -- three and a half million refugees in turkey, destabilizing for turkey and the rest of the region. earn a one has warned -- president erdogan said he would open his borders and trigger another crisis. if he doesn't get funding. phil: turkey's offensive against kurdish militias has created a dilemma for countries like germany. what should they do about citizens who joined the islamic state and are being held in kurdish prisons? authorities regard people as dangerous terrorists who pose a threat if they came home but leaving them in syria is risky as you are about to hear. reporter: more and more mass graves and people killed by islamic state are found in syria. thousands of soldiers and civilians murdered while i.s.
3:07 pm
controlled territory there for allegedly breaking islamic law. many fighters and their families have been held in detention camps run by syrian kurdish forces. they and the u.s. have been calling on germany to take back german i.s. detainees. >> the americans and syrian kurds have removed a serious threat to our domestic security. if they asked germany to take back 20 fighters and a few women, we should not dismiss it, but that is what the government is doing. reporter: foreign minister heiko maas said this would represent a danger to germany, if there is not enough to -- enough evidence to charge them with any crimes. >> we need information about the individuals in order to launch an investigation or k keep him n detention. it is a difficult process. reporter: experts argue u.s. and
3:08 pm
german investigators have gathered plenty of evividence by questioning witnesses and suspects. >> there should be enough information, but perhaps the government is frightened any resulting prison sentences would be so brief those individuals would be free. reporter: the turkish offensive has raised the pressure on germany to take back german i.s. members suspected of crimes. a number have reportedly escaped from detention camps in recent weeks. >> it is an enormous security risk. if people escape and come back to germany that will, the danger is greater than if an orderly repatriation is organized with the knowledge and security services. reporter: it is especially german women detainees who have renounced their allegiance who
3:09 pm
are hoping for repatriation. they faced abuse and threats from other detainees still loyal to i.s. among them, this woman from berlin. >> it is terrible what crimes i.s. has committed. all i want is to be allowed to come home to my beloved germany. reporter: whether or notreporter: she has committed any crimes, she has so far not been allowed to return home. for her and her two-year-old son, that is all she hopes for. phil: we'll take a look at the other stories making news. iraq's top clerics used friday prayers to warn international powers against interfering in the country's politics. protests against the government entered the second month. 250 people have been killed by security forces and thousands injured.
3:10 pm
thanks in lebanon have reopened for the -- banks in lebanon have reopened for the first term -- first time after a wave of protests forced the government to resign. they were shouting anti-capitalist slogans. there have been more violent clashes in the bolivian capital as protesters dispute the official presidential election results. this confirmed this person as the winner without a runoff. critics say it was rigged. the president denies there were any irregularities. germany's chancellor and india's prime minister have been holding trade talks in delhi. they signed a series of agreements strengthening industrial and strategic links. mr. modi announced the countries would work to combat terrorism and extremism. despite this show of unity,
3:11 pm
there are divisions. reporter: india's prime minister pulls out all the stops to the jets look -- german chancellor, who he describes as a great leader. the countdown in kashmir would remain the elephant in the room. his decision to strip the region of its semi-autonomous status has sparked outrage there and in pakistan. both sides a appeared keen to stress whahat they have in commn rather than what divides them. >> india's and germany's friendly relations are based on core values like democracy and the role of law. this is why we have similar views about the challenges that face our world. to fight the dangers of terrorism and militancy we will strengthen bilateral and multilateral ties. reporter: a critical word from
3:12 pm
merkel f for the unapologegetic nationalisist modi has s both ss exchanged memoranda r ranging fm farming to the artificial intelligigence. we get t to the press. >> i would like to hear the arguments of the prime minister on this. the situation for the people is not sustainable and n not good, something that needs to be improved. reporter: she visited the site of mahatma kennedy's -- mahatma gandhi's creation as well. it is 150 years since the birth of him, but this is in contrast to the tangible commitment from both sides to be driving forces of a multilateral l future. germrmy wants toto be part off india's rise as ececomic powerer anand political counterweight to omnipresent china.
3:13 pm
tensions like kashmir are seen as somethihing worthy of criritm but outweighehed by the economic and political potential india offers in the future. phil: boeing has -- boeing's discredited 737 max 8 looks unlikely to take to the skies anytime soon. they played -- they told u.s. lawmakers they need to win back the public's trust. those have had the opposite effect. cabin crew are demanding safety assurances before they support the grounded jet's return. this comes after u.s. congressional members grilled the ceo on two fatal crashes in indonesia and ethiopia. the flight attendant union said these represent a step backwards. chris coppola has followed the industry closely for many years. welcome.
3:14 pm
let's talk about the flight units. >> today the testimony did not cut it. we have to keep in mind obviously having lost two planes and the lives of 350 people and then going to a congressional hearing, it is difficult. other than saying sorry, which he has done before, didn't really come out of it. there is a revelation that apparently boeing new about the dangers of this system, the faulty semi automated flight assistance program which failed and led to these, at least to the one crash of indonesia, likely left to the other one. there was an email by a staffer in 2015 pointing out the fact that relying on one sensor for the system would be suspect, and
3:15 pm
one should not do that. it had tragic consequences. phil: why is it important boeing has the backing of flight attendants? ? >> the only do they want their lives on a safe lane when they fly, secondly -- safe plane when they fly, secondly pilots and agents at the gate play a crucial role when it comes to defendingg the 737 max 8, once t gets airborne. in front of customers. in front of customers who might have reservations and one could imagine having a couple of people having doubts before entering the plane saying i don't want that. i am afraid. you want someone from the airline in your corner saying it is all right. it will be ok. phil: now we hear about cracks
3:16 pm
and other planes. >> talking about the 737 ng and obviously cracks on the airplane -- airplane body which never sounds good. qantas, the one here, executives followed a directive by u.s. officials, checking the 737 late for cracks. -- fleet for cracks. where the wings are attached, they found cracks. they crowded three planes and they don't know what caused it. it does not make boeing any better. phil: boeing wants to get all of these back in the air as soon as possible. you can understand there is a huge cost of these planes being grounded. hundreds of people have died. winning back trust will take time. >> and they are not do -- not good at doing it.
3:17 pm
if we take the time that has passed from the last crash in the beginning of the year, until now, half a year. ever since there has only been more revelations about hasty production, boeing trying to push cost, questionable oversight by regulators. they are having to dig themselves out of a deep hole as it is and are not good at it from my point of view at the moment. phil: thank you. christine lagarde has become the first woman to head the european central bank in frankfurt. the predecessor of mario draghi stuck to low interest rates. she wants governments with big budget surpluses like germany and the netherlands to do more to boost growth. reporter: the new head of european central bank has not given much away about how she
3:18 pm
intends to proceed, but she has given some indication what she thinks the institution needs to do. >> the ecb needs to listen to and understand markets. need not be guided by market but needs to listen and understand. but it also needs to understand the people, because the currency is a public good that belongs to ththe people.. wewe can work -- reporter: she is expected to maintain the loose p policy spearheaded by mario draghi. the combination of super low interest rates and a massive bond buying program stabilize the e eurozone's weakest and indebted economies in the wake of the crisis. those policies have been bad news for savers who feel there is no longer an incentive to park their money in the bank and fear they could be punished for doing so. christine lagarde served as finance minister of france
3:19 pm
before taking over as the head of the international monetary fund. they demanded crisis management. experience which could come in handy in her new job. phil: our financial correspondent in frankfurt told us about her plans for a new role. >> her first task as president of the ecb is going to be to build a coalition n to gain comn ground within the government -- governing council. there has been discrepancy how the ecb inc. they should be proceeding with monetary policy. -- thanks they should be proceeding -- they have not done a review in 16 years, looking at negative interest rate policy and the effects on savers and economy that banks through the eurozone. she is going to continue on this push mario draghi started and to
3:20 pm
get countries like germany that run budget surpluses to do more in terms of spending. there is not a lot of resistance. they say they are sending -- spending as much as they can but investors will look for political hills to help her do something mario -- political skills to help her do what mario draghi could not. no to some more on the other stories making news around the world. russia introduced a new law which gives the government the power to switch off the internet. they said it is protecting itself from cyber attacks. critics say it is a step towards more censorship. flooding in somalia killed 10 people and forced a quarter of a million more to abandon their homes and livelihoods. east africa is bracing for a tropical storm which is going to worsen this humanitarian crisis. rain will continue for four to
3:21 pm
six weeks. to this president -- chile president -- they had to withdraw as host after the country was hit i serious antigovernment protests. the u.n. climate body will consider spain's offer next week. this month marks the 30th anniversary of the fall of the berlin wall. celebrations of the historic event taking place across germany. one of the most eye-catching is at the landmark brandenburg gate here in the capital. 30,000 people left messages saying with the fall means to them and what they believe is worth fighting for today. reporter: a gigantic fishing nets full of -- containing memories and hopes and demands. the art installation, visions in motion at berlin's brandenburg the -- brandenburg gate commemorates the fall of the wall.
3:22 pm
>> to create a surface as light as possible that floats on the wind that creates this feeling of something happening that is bigger than yourself. we are all aware of the wind on our skin. you feel it in your hair and you know it is happening. if you become used to it is like that is there, but you can sense it, feel it coming, all of a sudden you are aware of a bigger presence around. reporter: sharon was eager to involve as many people as possible. the organizers collected messages online, the streets and in workshops with students. this piece of art is made out of 30,000 messages from people all over the world, explaining what the fall of the berlin wall 30 years ago meanans and what they think should be different totod. visions in motion seeks to honor the protests in east germany in
3:23 pm
1989, through the messages demonstrators put on their posters demanding freedom and the demolition of the barrier that f for so long divided the city. that is one organizers of this art installation feel has to be expressed loudly again. >> we are doing this because we are living in a time when walls are going up in other parts of the world and we want to and must confront what we are ready to stand up for today. reporter: according to many, people want to fight for more mutual understanding around the world. individual thoughts that like here turn into a wave which bring color to a typical grade berlin november. -- gray berlin november. phil: south africa facing england in yokohama. england are on a high after defeating australia and new zealand in the last two rounds.
3:24 pm
south africa has had an easier route to the finals and welcome back a key player from injury. reporter: it is crunch time at the rugby world cup after a tournament spread over three months. the england coach will send out his clear favorites for the final against south africa. >> we want to get out and play. the great thing for us is we have done the preparation and we have done it, we are ready for this occasion. we have spent four years getting ready. that is why the players can be relaxed and i can be because we have done the work. reporter: rugby and be a brutal business. 2003 winners england have been forced to do it the hard way, and victory will feel extra special according to one former player. >> if they were to beat australia anand new zealand and south africa i don't think anyone could begrudge them,
3:25 pm
including new zealand's efforts, the last eight years, probably be one of the best achievements ever. reporter: south africa still have a chance, forged in the image of the rainbow nation, produced a series of dogged displays in japan. the springboks tilt at a third world cup title has been given a boost by the return from injury of one of their top stars. >> i always give 100%. i never do on the field if i am not, because it is being selfish. as a player. reporter: the stage is set for the intriguing final in one of the toughest sports on the planet but only one team can reach their goal. phil: saudi arabia has hosted a notable night of wrestling. aside from featuring former heavyweight boxing champion tyson fury, the first-ever women's match will happen.
3:26 pm
they faced off in the ring in riyadh, wwe crown jewel event. much more modest attire than they normally will wear. the most striking aspect of the night was the emotional reaction of the fans and wrestlers themselves. only in 2018 are women first allowed into the stands. mexico is morning and celebrity loved ones on the eve of the day of the dead. traditional attributes include colorful costumes, lively performance and offerings commemorating family and friends. mourners at cemeteries where the graves and tombstones are decorated with marigolds and artfully designed skulls. it is spread over several days in november. here is a reminder of our top stories. turkey and russia have launched
3:27 pm
a joint patrols in northeastern syria, part of the deal struck by moscow and ankara to force kurdish fighters out of the turkish area. angela merkel and narendra modi have been holding trade and security talks in delhi has signed a series of agreements aimed at strengthening ties between the countries. this is dw news live from berlin. i will be back to take you through the day in a moment. we are focusing on russia as it launches joint patrols in northern syria and introducing a new law at home that gives the government the power to swiwih off the internet, in just a minute. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] ♪
3:28 pm
3:29 pm
3:30 pm
. nine pm here in the french capital thanks so much for joining us for live from paris. i'm charlie james in these are the headlines. opposisition p protesters and pockets done demanding prime minister stepped down. staging a sit and that they're accusing the military helping him run on our- protests any rock entered their second month with the biggest rally yet. where packed the security forces reinforced barricades touch government buildings. and nigel garage offers a brexixit pararty alliae to boris johnson but with the catch


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on