tv Al Jazeera English Newshour LINKTV November 22, 2019 5:00pm-6:01pm PST
announcer: this is al jazeera. >> from doha, this is al jazeera. massive crowds gathering again in chile to protest against the government for a second month. and these pictures from al jazeera's camera in colombia. more protests over the proposed reforms to the tax and pension system. there's also rare positive news out of yemen. the u.n. envoy says air strikes by the coalition have dropped
80%. and a roundtable on vaping. u.s. president donald trump meets with industry executives as help advocates push for a ban on flavored elft -- on e-cigarettes. >> starting with multiple locations in fact in south america, protests in several countries have crippled major cities bringing many of them to a standstill. chile, people are demonstrating, demanding political and economic reforms. authorities are being blamed for using excessive force on protesters. and you saw those pictures from colombia. a proposal to change the tax and pension system there. that's led to a strike and huge rallies in the capital. in bolivia the power vacuum left by the now exiled former president morales the country's first indigenous leader has seen huge protests from his supporters. so we're going to start with chile. the protests there have geared up again as the defense
minister alberto espina dismissed concerns over the use of excessive force against protesters and said soldiers deployed for nine days during a state of emergency were professional and they were disciplined but the rights group amnesty international says lethal weapons have been used indiskarim fatly on at least four occasions. we are starting with our latin america editor in santiago. bring us up to date. reporter: hello. we're here on the avenue that leads to the placa italia renamed as the plaa of dignity. and we are seeing a very, very large number of people arriving. and started more than four ass and people keep coming. it is peaceful where i'm standing right now. but about 2200 meters -- 200 meters the clashes have begun and a tremendous amount of tear gas and pepper gas out here on
the streets which is a lot of people are almost everyone is wearing a kerchief around their faces so that they can sort of protect their mouth and their eyes. but there's a lot -- a rather jubilant demonstration today. this is less than 24 hours after that amnesty international report came out which the government has rejected and which by the way did not only blame the army for abuses during those nine days at a state of emergency was in place here but also the police and so the police have now stopped using pellet guns which have taken -- have injured more than 220 people and many of them have been left without one or more of their eyes or what -- or rather one or both of their eyes. and so that has been very controversial. and at least on this occasion, we know that there's a lot of tear gas and pepper gas and water cannons but we understand that at least the guns, the pellet -- the rubber bullets that are coated and lead coated
bullets are not being used by the security forces. >> lucia on the occasions you've been able to speak to people on the ground what have they been telling you? >> people saying that -- do what they want. but more interesting, the last week or two, you get the sense that they're just not going to leave the street. and that's because no matter whether you speak to young people or older people, to say if it weren't for the commotion and the violence that a lot of these demonstrations have ended up with, the government wouldn't have done anything. remember, there have been a lot of reforms that happened but a lot more than what we've seen the last 20 years. and so it is that use of violence by some people here that we've spoken to that is really driving in many ways or at least that's what many people believe is driving some of the changes. we've spoke to some of those people that the government considers criminals.
anger seems to be the common denominator among chilean protesters who have been on the streets for five weeks. but not all express that anger the same way. some do it by going into battle against riot police. armed with stones, sticks and even molotov cocktails, they describe themselves as the frontline of defense. >> i'm here to defend our people against police repression. that's who we've come to fight. >> the vast majority are young, like juan and pedro, not their real names. >> it's unfather that we've had to resort to these extremes to be heard. we protested peacefully for years and only now that there's upheaval does this state take notice. reporter: both are 17-year-old students from a public secondary school who want to go to university. but both of their parents are still struggling to pay off their own studies. >> my mother is 39 and she
still owes $9,000. it's terrible. education, water, health, all of a person's basic needs are a business here. and that's why we're so angry. reporter: they say the only -- they only use violence against security forces, not to destroy property. but there is another type of protester, the kind that justifies, for example, the looting of this wholesale supermarket. and not just looting. but also other types of destruction and violence. as a means to an end. according to the government, criminal gangs and drug traffickers are responsible for around 30% of the widespread damage to public and private property. but who are the rest? many are young men and women from santiago's poor neighborhoods who are -- where anger has been simmering for decades. also not their real names describe themselves as radical opponents of chile's socially unequal system.
>> it's a system that makes us into crumbs while the upper class accumulates more wealth. all that anger, their marginalization and people look down on us because we're on the periphery. they distrust you. no matter how hard you work or try, you're shut out. reporter: maria wanted to study architecture. but instead says she was lucky just to get a job as a security guard in a posh uptown building. now they say it's time for the political and economic establishment to feel fear. >> they need to be shaken from their comfort zone. they better not think that we'll just go and march down the street with signs and go back to sleep in our beds of the let them feel -- a direct action to force social change. reporter: they know they risk prison if they're caught destroying property or attacking police. but like a great many of those who vent their rage like this, they seem convinced that as things stand now, they have ittle to lose.
if the idea is for the political elite to take notice of the demands of the people here, well, this tactic has worked. but it's come at a tremendous price for the nation. the economy is sliding and inching its way toward recession. unemployment is expected to reach 10% because of the continuing upheaval here in the country. many people are losing their jobs. and on thursday night, at least 70 businesses were burned and looted in various parts of the country so a sense of anarchy at the same time and nobody really knows what it's going to take to make it stop. >> lucia newman, our latin america editor in santiago. thank you. we move on to colombia now. labor unions and student leaders urged people to return to the streets again on friday after at least three protesters were killed the day before. the defense minister says a -- surrounding the deaths circumstances are being investigated.
police have used tear gas to disperse anti-government protesters, the main square in the capital. we're with allesandro in boeing at that. bring us up to date. >> well, confrontations continue behind me, through bolivia. some of the protesters are still confronting the police there. we hear explosions, tear gas, is still being thrown. we had to move further up into the neighborhood here downtown of bogota to be away from the trouble. people were gathering and were -- were peacefully holding a demonstration, in bolivia, a couple of hours ago. holding pots and pans and hitting them and demanding the resignation of president ivan duque. but again, it was an absolutely
peaceful demonstration. when the police, all of a sudden attacked, tear gas starting to push the people outside of the plaza. people started moving to the streets surrounding the plaza. and some of them were hit by rubber bullets. shot by soldiers on the sides of the street. and totally unexpected, the protesters don't understand what may have forced the police to respond to what was a peaceful demonstration that way. it has been another day of confrontations in -- here in the capital of bogota. many of the demonstrations have been spontaneous. and most of them are around transit system, the bus stations, especially in the north and the south of the country. and the mayor announced that there will be a curfew, starting in two hours, at 8:00 p.m. local time, in at least
three of the main districts of this city. we've also heard rumors that that curfew could be extended to the entire city but we haven't been able to confirm it yet. >> thank you for those updates. allesandro in bogota. and now bolivia where the interim government has filed a lawsuit against the former president morales accusing him of sedigs and terrorism. -- sedition and terrorism. and a blockade has caused food and fuel shortages in la paz. morales resigned and fled to mexico on november 10. following protests over last month's disputed presidential election. and at least 32 people have been killed in the violence since then. our negotiation correspondent maria sanchez -- our next correspondent maria sanchez. latest from you. >> well, as you were saying, there's -- the prosecutors here have filed this -- have
launched this investigation against former president morales for charges on sedition and terrorism. this after the other interior minister presented to the press two days ago a video of a conversation between a cocoa farmer leader and apparently what seems to be president -- form president morales' voice. it certainly seems it was calling for the blockades to continue. and to not allow food to come into the capital la paz. this interior minister has also asked the prosecution to launch an investigation as well against the former presidential minister for talking to the press and saying that bolivia is turning into a modern vietnam. he said -- and saying that this
is also -- this should also be investigated and be charged with sediti olvet n and terrorism -- sedition and terrorism. and in exile, saying that this is a setup and that the prosecutors should be focused plus or 32 of 30 people who have died in the past few weeks in clashes with the police. >> on the political side of things, this bill to call for elections, i believe that they're discussing it in the congress now. have you got any information on the actual negotiations? reporter: a deal has been reached in congress. heated debates in past few
days, especially this morning where members of the supporters of the government were accusing members of the party that were delaying this bill that needs to be signed. now, the minister of the presidency told us this morning that they would agree to all the demands including that of the delegation of the supreme decree that says that the police and the military will not be held accountable for whatever happens in the -- in the -- imposing security in the country which have of course made thousands of people furious in the streets of bolivia. they have also demanded that all the government -- the government demands are that all roadblocks be lifted to allow the passage of fuel and food into the capital and to other parts of the country.
the minister told us they would agree to all demands. now, we know that an agreement, a deal has been reached. it will be most likely signed by the house of deputies later on. and passed to the house and senate on saturday, late saturday. and that process is -- that after that, it goes back to the executive which launches -- or gets the ball rolling if you will to begin the call for elections which they hope will pacify the country. we will still have to see how that plays out in the streets of bolivia. kamahl: thank you. that's south america, we'll take you around the rest of the world later in this newshour including this. >> this president believes he is above the law. beyond accountability. kamahl: u.s. impeachment inquiry takes a break after a week of testimony. president donald trump, though, says he wants a senate trial,
if the house votes to impeach him. leaders put on a show of you knowette o-on national day and protesters call for real independence. and in sports, serbia out of the davis cup beaten by russia in the quarterfinals in a match marred by controversy. capital. baghdad. four people have been killed after security forces opened fire on anti-government protesters. the killings takes the total number of deaths now since the demonstrations began in october to at least 330. demonstrators are angry at what they say is widespread corruption and mass unemployment. reports now from baghdad. reporter: the victims from the night before had not yet been laid to rest when new clashes
claimed more lives on friday. protesters threw stones and petrol bombs toward security forces on baghdad's historic street and breached a concrete barrier against iraq's central bank. security forces responded with tear gas and live ammunition. many of the wounded were brought to makeshift hospitals like this one run by volunteer medics. like many of her colleagues, this doctor says she has been threatened for helping injured protesters and spoke on condition of anonymity. >> today, i treated more than 15 people with my own hands. their injuries are from live bullets and some have head wounds from being beaten with iron sticks. we see between 150 and 200 injuries each day. >> one of those killed last night was 27-year-old ahmed hatham. a volunteer medic, shot in the neck when he tried to treat injured protesters. dozens gathered for his funeral in tahir square to bid a final
goodbye. heartbroken over another young life lost. seething with anger, at those responsible. >> he didn't carry anything. not a flag. just bandages. and he was treating the injuries. he wasn't a threat to anyone. and not throwing stones. he's not using a slingshot. shame on you. resign now. >> and yet the prime minister appears intent to remain in office as the casualties rise, so does the determination of the protesters to keep going. friday's killings are fueling anger at the iraqi government. parliament is there to discuss important reforms including a new election law on saturday. but demonstrators are not convinced. they remain adamant in their demands for the government to step down. simona foltyn, al jazeera, baghdad. kamahl: iran's jewish chief has warned protest -- -- judiciary
cheefed has warned protesters about the consequence of their actions. >> in recent days they misused the atmosphere and people's demand of concern and instigated riots in the society and created insecurity, made the hearts of women and children tremble. and attacked public property and looted people's belongings. they and their masters must know that a harsh punishment is awaiting them. kamahl: the u.s. had imposed on iran's information minister and been accused of widespread to internet -- and tried pressure iran to restory the internet. iran imposed a blackout to quell nationwide protests. against fuel hikes. about 100 key figures leading the protests have been arrested. now, the united nations envoy for yemen has told the u.n. security cowens the number ofary strikes have dropped dramatically in the past two weeks. martin griffith said the
reduction of violence could pave an end -- an end -- pave the way to an end of the conflict. >> u.n. has described yemen as the country with the worst humanitarian situation on earth. the regular security council meeting the first positive news for months. >> in the last two weeks, the rate of that war has dramatically reduced. there were reportedly almost 80% fewer air strikes nationwide than in the two weeks prior. and i realize these are short periods. but nonetheless, it is striking. and in recent weeks, there have been entire 48-hour periods without air strikes at all. the first time since the conflict began. we call this de-escalation. a reduction in the tempo of the war. and perhaps we hope a move toward an overall cease-fire in
yemen. doug: the current president of the u.n. security council had this reaction. >> there was lots of interest in de-escalation in yemen. and then the council once again reaffirmed its very strong support for marching griffiths' efforts to pave the way for the yemeni party to come together in this inclusive process. doug: it's believed the developments followed back channel talks involving the u.k. and amman. the plan now is to get the two sides, the huthis and yemeni government together for fresh talks. the last time that happened was almost a year ago in stockholm when they came up with an agreement on the port of debata. it's an agreement that's still yet to be fully implemented. james bays, al jazeera, at the united nations. kamahl: president trump has met executives from the e-cigarette industry and public health advocates of the white house. he is considering a federal ban on flavored e-cigarettes.
in september, trump said he wanted to ban every flavor except tobacco. but during the meeting, he raised concerns over unregulated e-cigarettes which are flooding the market if the ban took place. president trump: well, this is a very big subject. and it's a very complex subject. probably a little bit less complex than some people think. but i'm here to listen. and urgent views. kamahl: when trump announced ban on most vaping products as they're known it caused damage to businesses filling them. a report from gathesberg, maryland. reporter: a man in a cowboy hat relax nag country side with a cigarette dangling from his lips. that's how smoking was portrayed back in the 19 cibc 'tis. in a commercial for marlboro cigarettes. highlighting the taste of a cigarette, the iconic ad ends with the words "come to where the flavor is." more than 50 years later, smoking has changed a lot.
tobacco users can now smoke through electronic devices. it's called vaping. and according to the world health organization, 41 million people do it. at vapor worldwide in maryland, a store that sells all things vaping, that means business was good. with record sales, thanks to more than 100 customers a day. but that all changed quickly. >> now we can be as low as 30. to about 60. i haven't seen more than 62 people in one day since september 11. reporter: that's the day president donald trump announced he was considering banning some forms of vaping in response to several high-profile deaths attributed to it. at issue is the flavored electronic vaping liquid that makes up the different flavors that makes it so popular. this is what trump is considering banning. here at this vape shop, they sell hundreds of different kinds of flavors of e liquid. there's blueberry, banana,
mango, iced berries, lemon, just to name a few. eric, owner, says that the perception that this is dangerous is simply wrong. >> when we read the headlines that people are dying from e cigarettes and vaping, that -- that con tates that they're dying from this. from vaping nicotine liquids. nicotine liquids that are regulated by the f.d.a. we know what's inside here. but the black market carts are what has killed people and made them sick. so that to me is the biggest misconception. reporter: but some health advocates in the u.s. disagree. and are encouraging trump to ban vaping. >> the american lung association knows that the only thing anyone should inhale into their lungs is clean air. and tragically, we've had misperceptions and misconceptions coming from the e-cigarette industry. reporter: official advice in places like the u.k. that vaping is much safer than
smoking regular cigarettes. but the future of the e cigarette industry in the u.s. is now in the hands of president trump. gabriel lozando, al jazeera, gaithersburg, maryland. kamahl: marcus from charlotte, north carolina. chief medical officer for the association of state and territorial health officials. this is an organization representing public health agencies -- well, everywhere, 50 u.s. states, d.c., five u.s. territories, so you're covering the lot. if i could ask your opinion first of all as a chief medical officer on the health story here, what is your view on whether vaping is "safe" or not? >> well, we're very concerned. and i think what you saw in the meeting with president trump today is i think the medical and public health community are pretty well united that vaping is not safe and we really don't have much information about it. particularly in adults. but we know as a fact that it's
not safe in kids. and that's really what a lot of focus of these conversations have been about. we're seeing huge increases in the use of vaping products by kids and we know that those products can have significant health effects for them. kamahl: so president trump said i want to ban them all. and then he stepped back a bit and says ok. i'm going to listen. is this -- a case of big corporate pressure coming down on him? what's the interest in him for backing down? >> well, we don't know. and all we've heard is reports that he's backing down. we've not actually heard that from him or from the administration. so those of us in the public health and health care community are very helpful that he's going -- that the administration is going to stand strong on this. and that they're going to do -- they're going to let the food and drug administration do what they're able to do by law. and that is ban these products and enforce those bans. kamahl: what about regulation? how would you -- and you obviously are concerned about
young people getting involved. and our reporter was saying, blew bare, banana, mango, it all sounds very nice, how would you suggest it's better regulated? >> well, we believe that there should be a complete ban on the flavors that are in electronic cigarettes. except for the tobacco favor that's in them. we know -- the science tells us that the data that's what's drawing kids to electronic cigarettes. it's these fruity flavors, mint and menthol. so the thing that's been talked about and what president trump came forward with back in september was that he was going to have -- he was going to enforce it. he's going to put into place a complete ban on those flavors. and that means kids can't machine and sell sick rets that have those flavors in them. kamahl: the thing which has always struck me about a cigarette or vaping is just how quickly it grew. it was sort of a thing you heard of occasionally and you might see a few people with them. and then it grew very, very quickly, didn't it?
>> yeah. well, these are very compelling. and sophisticated high-tech products that kids use. to vape. and then you have these flavors like -- well, you just went through them on the program earlier. bubblelicious. pineapple. these are things that appeal to kids. it's not that surprising, actually. that you get a high-tech gadget and then all these fruity flavors. that's very, very attractive to kids. kamahl: fascinating. joining us from north carolina. hank you for that. staying in the u.s. and president trump says he wants a trial in the republican-controlled senate if he is impeached by the house of representatives. and an interview with fox news, he defended using his private lawyer, rudy giuliani, to work on ukraine policy calling him, quote, a great crime fighter. the house intelligence committee has wrapped up its
second week of impeachment hearings looking into accusations that trump pressured ukraine to investigate his political rivals. president trump: there was no due process. you can't have lawyers. we couldn't have any witnesses. we want to call the whistleblower. but you know who i want as the first witness? because frankly, i want a trial. i could -- i think i could have it. >> you want a trial? president trump: oh -- look, number one, they should never, ever impeach. kamahl: more from our white house correspondent kimberly now. reporter: first of all, why he wants a trial is because it's controlled in the senate by republicans. members of his own party. but the other reason all this, you heard the president say off the top there no due process. he feels that this has been a politically partisan process up to this point. controlled by the democrats. the opposition. and as a result, he feels that he would get a fair shake if this were to go to the senate. and essentially you heard in his own words there that he
believed essentially that he wouldn't be impeached. so that's the goal here. the president is trying and already campaigning for re-election. but it is going to be a challenge. because we have heard very clear-cut arguments that the president abused allegedly his political powers in order to seek an investigation on a political rival. but what didn't seem to happen is minds being changed. so while the republicans don't have the votes in the house of representatives to avoid that impeachment vote, what they do have are the numbers in the senate to see that the president is not removed from office. that's what donald trump is counting on. doug: also, during that fox news interview, president trump took credit for the security of hong kong saying it would have been destroyed by the chinese army if it wasn't for his mediation. president trump: if it weren't for me hong kong would have been obliterated in 14 minutes. he's got a million soldiers standing outside of hong kong that aren't going in only because i asked him, please don't do that. you'll be making a big mistake.
it's going to have a tremendous negative impact on the trade deal. kamahl: still ahead for you on al jazeera -- >> law enforcement agents describe as a first -- in africa. find out how this is affecting the presidential campaign. kamahl: and in sport, we'll look at how world number two rory mcilroy went from triumph to disaster. the world tour championship in dubai. >> good to have you back. across the united states we are watching one weather system coming up the eastern seaboard. that's going to cause a lot of problems in terms of rain as well as snow over the next few days. here on saturday, the system will bring some rain down here toward atlanta. up toward the north in the
higher elevations. that will be some snow just to the west of washington, d.c., we're expecting to see about nine degrees as your forecast with a high there. but then as we go from saturday to sunday, the system really gains intensity as it makes its way closer to new york city. but up here toward new england, it is going to be the snow there. wind will be a problem as well. so for new york, expect to see rain as well as some very gusty winds by the time we get toward sunday. but on monday, the winds die down and we'll see some sun in your forecast there. across much of the caribbean really not looking too bad here on our forecast map. saturday, some scattered showers, some scattered clouds and nothing too heavy as we go toward sunday as well. havana, it is going to be quite a nice day for you. with a temperature of 29 degrees. and for rio de janeiro, the storms are still in the forecast. about 30 degrees as your forecasted high. but as we go toward saturday and into sunday, the storms continue move a little bit more toward the north. and drop down to 23 and buenos aires at 24.
kamahl: here on the newshour on al jazeera our top stories this hour. police in colombia have used tear gas to disperse anti-government protesters in plaza bolivar. the main square in the capital. the president has ordered a curfew in bogota. in bolivia interim government, filed lawsuit against former president morales accusing him of sedition and terrorism. morales has been calling on his supporters to maintain a blockade which has caused fuel and food shortages in the past. chile, protests a second month, and defense minister dismissing concerns over the use of excessive force against demonstrators.
and soldiers deployed for nine days during a state of emergency were professional and disciplined he said. two -- to a vote that's been 20 yeeshes in the making. on saturday, people from the pacific island of boginville will take part in a long-awaited referendum deciding whether they should become the world's newest nation. this is a culmination of a lengthy peace process which ended a decade-long civil war which cost thousands of lives. we're going to talk to -- joined from the wonderfully named anne marie potato point in new south wales, australia. a non-resident fellow at the lowy institute. so for people who are unaware an autonomous region of papua, new guinea. how long has the idea of independence been around? is this a long held historical thing? >> in two parts, really. the idea of the referendum
seeking the people's views on whether or not they wanted to be independent is part of the formal peace agreement which was signed in 2001. and that peace agreement took everal years to be negotiated. conflict stopped in 1997 and took four years to get to that peace agreement and independence was one of the three key pillars of that agreement. prior to that, there had been a great desire by at least some leaders of bougainville even before papa, new guinea, became independent itself. there was a stirring for a movement for bougainville to be quite separate. from papua, new guinea. kamahl: an article which you've written that said the question they're being asked is not so much yes or no but do you want greater autonomy or do you want
independence? now, if people go for that option, or a majority go for that option of independence, what happens then? is it cut and dried or does it have to go back to the papua, new guinea government, for their ratification? >> it certainly does. that was also specified in the peace agreement that the referendum would be held, and then the results of that referendum would be ratified by the government of p.n.g. or the parliament of p.n.g. i should say. but even before that step, so after the referendum, and before ratification and whatever the result is, there's to be consultation between the autonomous government of bougainville and the element of p.n.g. -- the government of p.n.g. kamahl: the government as it has been with independence and i'm thinking when, for example, scotland voted whether it wanted to split from the u.k. and about whether they can handle it or not or do it economically. whether they can stand on their own two feet.
in your view, can bougainville do that? >> not at the moment, no. it needs two to three times the size of its budget that it currently has to fund what it needs to finance as an independent country. now, on top of that, of the current budget it has, which is only about 68 million australian dollars or if you like around about $45 million u.s., of that, only 13% is sourced locally. so they've got a long way to go before they're financially independent. much less politically independent. doug: and talking bougainville with -- kamahl: and talking bougainville with us. and an underreported part of the world and i'm glad you could talk to us about it. >> my pleasure. kamahl: now, candidates in guinea, presidential election, holding their final rallies
ahead of sunday's vote. incumbent president is running against 11 candidates including two of the prime ministers he fired when he was in office. last month, prime minister aristides gomez refused to step down when the president feared him and led to a political crisis until he backed down under pressure from the international community. and we have -- to talk us through it. bring us up to date with preparations. reporter: well, the campaign is officially over. in just 15 mis' time. and this has been quite a political campaign. full of drama and it all started as you mentioned in your intro with the president dismissing his prime minister but then him refusing to step down and then west african forces that -- that our -- stabilizing force sending extra
troops in order to ensure that the prime minister can do his job. the president really cornered, his mandate ran out in june. the west african has a -- allowed him to stay. despite him delaying elections. so he is seen as the -- a divisive figure but during this campaign, he presented himself as the man that will bring the country to work. and there are real pressing issues here. i'm standing, it's -- the middle of the night but standing right next to the parliament building. and for the last couple of years, there has been no laws voted, no budgets approved. and the international community has been withdrawing its aid to a country where most people live on less than $2 a day. so lots of pressing issues here in this election. kamahl: 11 candidates, nicolas, a pretty large field and you quorned about -- so much
controversy anyway a real splinting of the vote. reporter: yes, that is quite a large field. but that's to -- in essence, to -- it's a good fit -- good thing for guinea bissau and proves that it has a vibrant democracy. because for the past week, we've been following this presidential campaign. and this country has come under a lot of criticism. you know, law enforcement agencies like the american d.e.a. describes it as the first narco state in africa and lots of analysts describe it as a failed state. but what we've seen in the past week is people coming out to these campaign rallies. listening to these candidates. and there has been no violence, despite the political instability. and the presence of these westar can -- west african troops and fear of the mill tar wanting to take over power. so what was interesting throughout this campaign is
that we saw a lot of young people going out, really trying to ensure that they will have their voices heard. and they are the majority of the voter in this electorate, out of the 760,000 people that will come out to vote on sunday, the vast majority of them are first time voters. and they are real pressing issues. and as i mentioned no laws and budget voted in parliament, that means that teachers haven't been paid. nurses haven't been paid. and so for the past year, schools haven't been running. the hospitals that we've visited are really in a terrible state. and so many young people here want to see these institutions jump back into action. they're waiting for a candidate not just to bring back political stability. but really bring back the government back into function. kamahl: thank you. turkey's government is offering a $700,000 reward for the
capture of an exiled palestinian leader it says was involved in an attempted coup. anakar mohammed dehan on its most wanted list and accused of having links with a u.a.e. spy network and channel being funds to the outlawed gudenas movement. he was a former security official in the palestinian government before being exiled in 2011. thousands of algerians marched through the capital algiers on friday calling for the nation's december 12 election to be canceled. the frequency of these demonstrations is on the rise. just three weeks now until the presidential poll. in response, authorities appear to be making more arrests. protesters say the vote can't be free or fair while the military and senior officials from the old guard retain power. israel's prime minister says he won't be stepping down after being charged with corruption offenses. benjamin netanyahu's criticized investigators calling his indictment an attempted coup. the attorney general charged netanyahu with bribery, fraud,
and breach of trust in three different cases. this report from west jerusalem. reporter: israel's president says his country is going through harsh and dark days. hard to detect perhaps in the autumn sunshine in west jerusalem. but talk to a few of those making the most of it and the shadow of this political crisis is never far away. >> the country has to be stewarded carefully and responsibly. and we -- you know, want questions, how responsible that stewardship is going to be. in the coming months, year. reporter: for the first time a sitting israeli prime minister has been indicted for crimes he's alleged to have carried out while in office. but there are still plenty of israelis who agree with him that the case is politically motivated. >> they don't like trump. they're going to get him. just as the same thing with bibi. a lot of people have had enough of him. he's been there long enough and that's it. i'm not saying he's innocent or not saying he's guilty. in a sense israelis have got used to many months to the
details of these indictments and the case has been set out at some length. so too they got used to netanyahu's repeated attacks against the media and the legal establishment. nonetheless what happened on thursday night was particularly stark and it sent a political shock wave through this country. reporter: and through a system already stressed to breaking point. no functioning government, the prospect of a third election and a prime minister attacking the legal establishment as he fights to stay in office. >> the polluted investigation against me erodes the public faith in the system. they should quore every citizen. we have to put an end to this. reporter: israeli newspapers have featured editorials urging netanyahu to resign for the good of the country and some calling on senior members of his own likud party to engineer it. >> there might be some cracks within likud or cracks in the 55 bloc of the right because the indictment now is final and maybe some cracks there. this could be the political of
this indictment. reporter: what's clear is netanyahu will fight off all challenges to his position be they legal or political and one thing he's learned in his decades in israeli politics it's how to survive. al jazeera, west jerusalem. kamahl: and calling the united kingdom an illegal colonial occupier, that's after the u.k. ignored a deadline to return the chegos islands. the commonwealth says the u.k. has every right to keep the laws. the u.n. gave britain six months to give the archipelago back to maricius. and in the 1970's it forced the people to live there so the u.s. could build an air base. opposition protesters in several cities in georgia have tried to shut down state buildings with padlocks and chains. this after a week of angry demonstrations over parliament's failure to approve planned electoral reforms. the opposition is coming together with new tactics to
keep the government under pressure. report from tib listi. reporter: another day of pop-up protests in tiblisi. this one outside the interior ministry to force the authorities into confrontation with the opposition. this week, activists who blockaded parliament for failing to reform the electoral system was sentenced at tiblisi courts to short prison terms. he spoke to us before being jailed for 13 days. >> they haven't any evidence and can't threaten us with violence. we'll continue to protest from prison or on the streets until we kick this pro-russian regime out of the country. kamahl: not everyone sympathizes. and a passer-by, his opposition party was once in power. it still has enemies. polls suggest georgians have
lost faith in politicians from across the spectrum. but the public does approve of democratic reforms. a recent national democratic institute poll found that most georgians support the plan to introduce fully proportional representation in elections. that's why opposition parties united after the government reneged on its promise to change the electoral code. the governing party is on unapologetic. >> the final say for the constitutional amendments and legislative amendments is up to the parliament of georgia. and citizens dislike this decision of the parliament, i am sure they will -- they will put their positions in the next election in 2020. reporter: georgia's opposition wants to stay now. >> this is a new tactic by georgia's opposition. activists making loss lots of noise.
creating excitement and raising attention and popping up at different places around the city to show the government that they're not going to go anywhere. they're going to continue to put pressure on them to change that decision or not to allow electoral reform to go ahead. reporter: the government insists nothing will change. and that the opposition will have to take care to avoid breaking the criminal code and finding themselves behind bars. al jazeera, tiblisi. kamahl: spots coming up on the newshour and in a bizarre u-turn maradona returns to coach the team he quit 22 days ago. those details in a moment.
kamahl: -- reporter: novak djokovic serbia team controversially knocked out of the davis cup tennis tournament. they were beaten by russia in the quarterfinals in madrid on friday. the best of three matches came down to the deciding doubles. tempers when victor trowicki held up play for three minutes arguing with the umpire over a late call. djokovic smashed a ball into the stands after losing a service game. the match going to a third and final set. and three match points but couldn't take advantage. russian team of rublev and khanavo winning 2-1 to take place in the last four. >> it hurt us really badly.
me personally as well. there's no -- not much to say. these kind of matches happen once in maybe forever. and that's it. i mean, the season is done. and we're turning the negotiation page. the next morning is going to be different. >> meanwhile, three-time webled champion boris becker couldn't inspire germany to victory against great britain in their quarterfinal. another former wimbledon champion andy murray was absent for team through injury and didn't miss him as kyle edmund won the opening match against germany against felix kohlschreiber in straight sets. dan evans won the second singles rubber to complete a 2-0 win for britain. they reached the davis cup semis for the first time since 2016. the world governing body of athletics has suspended the reinstatement process for russia as it awaits the outcome of an investigation into the
country's athletic federation. the athletics integrity unit suspended federation president dmitry schlatan for breaching anti-doping rules. they've been charged with various offenses linked to an investigation into high jumper danielle osenko which the officials are accused of obstructing. the federation has been suspended since 2015 over a doping scandal that had hoped to be reinstated before the 2020 oirks. athletics president saying the suspensions were the right decision. the russian federation also risked being expelled from world athletics altogether. >> so we will get through this process. and i'm sorry. yes. you know, nobody would want to be dealing with this. but i'm afraid so much of the work of the a.i.u. has helped us safeguard and protect big chunks of our sport that we need to deal with, with renegade factions like this.
>> the man credited with inventing the modern snowboard has died at the age of 65. american jake burton carpenter quit his job in 1977 and founded burton snow boards. his vision of riding a surf board on snow helped propel the sport into the mainstream. he died from complications linked to skesh. a britain came up with the snowboard design after using something called a snurfer the predict ssor to the modern board and initially his company struggled as the new snow boards were banned from ski resorts. that all changed in 1982 when they held their first competition. then in 1998 snowboarding became an olympic sport when they appeared at the nagano winter games. since then the sport has gone from strength to strength and the industry is worth $1 billion globally. and over the last decade, 25% of all visitors to mountain resorts in the u.s. were snowboarders. golf world number two rory mcilroy had a dismal day in
dubai after a stellar opening round the northern irishman has slipped down to fifth at the season-ending world tour championship. and france's mike lorenzon a three under 69 to expand his lead to three shots after day two. and contrast mcelroy never recovered from the double bogey on the sixth. he finished with a 74. that's 10 shots worse than his opening round. europe's newest football nation kosovo must win two away matches to qualify for next year's european championships. kosovo had been drawn against north macedonia in their playoff semifinal. the country only gained official recognition from european football's governing body in 2016. and in total, four places at euro 2020 are up for grabs through these playoffs. all the semis will be played next march. diego maradona is back as coach of argentina team after quitting only two days ago. the 56-year-old announced he's returning to the side on social
media. maradona said he made the decision after both parties had finally achieved political unity in the club. argentina's world cup winning legend took the manager's job back in september. the new formula season under way in the capital of riyadh. for the first time all four of germany's major car manufacturers audi, porsche, mercedes and b.m.w. are competing in the same championship. and another team who were sbrathe at the end of the race, british driver sam bird from envision virgin racing winning ahead of porsche of andre lauderer and van-duren in his mercedes of the one of boxing's all-time greats floyd mayweather has announced plans to come out of retirement next year but to do what isn't exactly clear. the 42-year-old says he's in talks with ultimate fighting championship boss dana white but never previously contested a ufc bout. and that is all your sport for now. more later. kamahl: thank you.
the launch of tesla's futuristic new electric pickup truck. didn't go as planned. it was an ambitious demonstration of its armored glass in front of c.e.o. elon musk. have a look. well, they call it the cyber truck. it drew gasps of astonnishment as it rolled on the stage. the unconventional looking. but the audience's expectations were quite literally shattered when the glass was put to the test in -- i'm hoping we'll actually get to see this here. you know what? we're not going to. we're going to show you later. that's what we call a tease. it keeps you coming back. back soon.