Skip to main content

tv   Democracy Now  LINKTV  December 10, 2019 4:00pm-5:01pm PST

4:00 pm
12/10/19 12/10/19 [captioning made possible by democracy now!] amy: from the u.n. climate summitit in mamadrid, spai thiss democracy y now! designe foress was glob j justi. where it is as werful as the eupepean uonon thehe uted ststes. but the nstant bullying of these gg countes are making th process worse than useless.
4:01 pm
amy: despite the fact that president trump is pulling the united states out of the paris climate accord, we'll look at what the u.s. is doing while it's still here. then, as two more indigenous activists are murdered in brazil, we'll bring you the voices of protest at cop25. >> also naro's government is threatening -- bolsonaro's government is threatening. all of our lives are at risk. that doesn't mean we will stop fighting and fighting for the lives of our people. then we look at indigenous resistance in canada and the united states, from the dakota access pipeline to the alberta tar sands. we will speak with canada's indigenous climate action eriell derangnger. > we brought in an indigenous cop25organizatioion to the
4:02 pm
to p promote and standnd up fore indigenous peoples's rights. amy: and we look at the explosive "washington post" expose on the history of the u.s. war in afghanistan. all that and more, coming up. welcome to democracy now!,, the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. we are broadcasting from the madrid,mate summit in spain. back in the united states, house democratic lawmakers are expected to unveil articles of impeachment today, charging president trump with abuse of power and conduct they say presents a clear and present danger to national security and the upcoming 2020 election. "the new york times" reports the articles are expected to center on two charges -- that trump violated his oath of office by elevating his personal political
4:03 pm
concerns over the national interest, and that trump stonewalled congressional attempts to investigate his actions. the ongoing impeachment inquiry centers on how trump pressured the ukrainian president to investigate trump's political rival, joe biden, and his son, hunter. "the new york times" reports the house judiciary committee was working overnight to prepare the articles of impeachment. this all comes after the house judiciary committee held a hearing monday in which two lawyers argued evidence for and against impeachment. this is republican lawyer stephen castor speaking about president trump's july 25 phone call with the ukrainian president. >> the call summary reflects absolutely no pressure or conditionality. president zelensky vocalized no concerns with the subject matters discussed. and there is no indication of bribery, extortion, or other illegal conduct on the call.
4:04 pm
amy: and this is daniel goldman, the house intelligence committee lawyer who led the ukraine inquiry, testifying to the evidence for i impeachment. >> president trump directed a month-long campaign to solicit foreign help in his 2020 reelection efforts, withholding official acts from the government of ukraine in order to coerce and secure political assistance andnd interference in our domestic affffairs. as part of this scheme, president trump applied increasing pressure on the president of ukraine to publicly announce to investigations helpful to his personal reelection efforts. himselfed t this pressure and through his agents working within and outside of the u.s. government.
4:05 pm
comes as thehis justice department's independent inspector general, michael horowitz, released a long-awaited report that concludes the fbi acted without political bias when it opened the investigation into links between trump's 2016 campaign and russia. the repoport debunks trump's ofn repepeated claims that he was targeted by a politicized conspiracy. the report did find serious and systematic problems with the fbi's wiretapping g of former trump campaign adviser carter page. the american civil liberties union said -- "the concerns the inspector general identifies apply to intrusive investigations of others, including especially muslims, and far better safeguards against abuse are necessary." "the modern-day pentagon papers." that's how people are describing a confidential trove of documents obtained by "the washington post" revealing how senior u.s. officials have lied throughout the 18-year and
4:06 pm
-- war in afghanistan, the longest wawar in u.s. history. the fifirst instlalation of thte explosive report, published monday, is headlined "at war with the truthth." it documents how u.s. officials repeatedly lied about the war's progress, while hiding evidence that the war had become unwinnable. it documents how three successive presidencies -- president george w. bush, president obama, and president trump -- have failed to win the war in afghanistan, despite deploying 775,000 u.s. troops since 200101. more than 202000 u.s. soldiers have d died in afghanistanan and 20,000 have been wounded. the papers also reveal how the u.s. officials tried to hide the truth about the war from the american public. in one interview revealed in the papers, douglas lute, a three-star army general who served as the white house's afghan war czar during both the bush and obama administrations,
4:07 pm
said -- "we were devoid of a fundamental understanding of afghanistan -- we didn't know what we were doing. if the american people knew the magnitude of this dysfunction." the 2000 pages of secret documents contain 400 interviews with generals, diplolomats, aid workers,fghahan officicials, and others who p pyed a direct roloe in thehe war. "the washington post" won access to the documents after a three-year battle. the explosive afghanistan papers come as vermont independent senator bernie sanders and california democratic congress member ro khanna are urging fellow lawmakers to vote against the $738 billion national defense authorization act. in a joint statement, the two lawmakers said -- "congress should have used this national defense authorization act to stop our endless wars. instead, this bill does nothing
4:08 pm
to rein in out-of-control military spending, prevent unconstitutional war against iran, limit the poisoning of americans' drinking water, or end the obscenity of innocent children in yemen being killed by u.s. bombs." russian president vladimir putin and ukraine's president volodymyr zelensky met in paris monday and agreed to a full and comprehensive ceasefire in eastern ukraine by the end of this year. the ceasefire aims to end 5.5 years of fighting that have killed at least 13,000 people. russia and ukraine agreed to release all conflict related detainees by the end of the year and to resolve a dispute about russian gas exports via pipelines that cross ukraine. the two countries still disagree on the withdrawal of russian-backed troops and elections in areas of ukraine controlled by russian-backed rebels. in india, protests have erupted across parts of the country, as the lower house of parliament passed legislation that
4:09 pm
reprpresents a major step in the official marginalization of india's 200 mimillion muslimims. the citizenship amendment bill would establish a religious test for people who wish to become citizens and provide a path to citizenship for all of south asia's major religions, except islam. the legislslation now heads tote upper house e of parliamenent we it's expepected to pass. ththe bill is part of indian pre minister narendra modi's hindu-nationalist agenda. here in madrid, spain, protest continue as part of cop25, the u.n. climate summit. this morning, indigenous women protested outside the u.s. embassy to demand action to address the crisis of missing and murdered indigenous women and girls across north america. madrid police shut down the protest within minutes. this is moñeka de oro from guam. >> i see m my struggle to protet my land and waters for militarization and from the expansion of u.s. imperialism in
4:10 pm
my waters in the whole region of micronesia is very much connected to the violence and the assault on the women across north and south america. amy: on monday, indigenous climate leaders also gathered outside the canadian embassy in madrid to protest the canadian government's support of the alberta tar sands extraction and mine and pipeline infrastructure. this is ta'kaiya blaney of the tla a'min nation. >> we're here to statand against issconstruction because it violence against us. a violence against the land is violence against indigenous people and fututure geneneratio. we are here e to bring visibiliy to not just that desecration, to theo bring visibility climate defenders. amy: also on monday, chilean activists gathered outside the cop25 venue to prorotest the right-wing government of president sebastian pinera and to denounce the summit being
4:11 pm
relocated to madrid. this is chilean feminist activist christine engelbreit. >> spain cannot welcome a murderous government because the government of sebastian pinera is murdering. it is wounding.. it is purposely murdering our people witith the armed forces d the police. it is a delibeberate attack. they pererfectly know what the'e doining. theyey are violating protocol. it has been confirmed by human rights watch their human rights violations in the state is denying it. it is the state that negates what is happenining. human rights are being violated in chile. amy: the u.n. climate summit is being run by chile, even though the chilean government canceled it in santiago amid massive anti-austerity protests there and then the u.n. moved to the cop to madrid. and in yet another protest on monday, protesters walked out of a forum on carbon markets promoted by oil companies
4:12 pm
including bp, chevron, and shell. the activists covered their ears and walked out as shell vice president duncan van bergen began speaking. they later confronted him as he left the forum. >> are you willing to do what they are asking you to do? >> nobody has asked me anything. there is a need -- >> complete withdrawal from fossil fuels? is muchnk the dialogue more complex than that, but i would agree with everody who says there is a need for action. amy: denmark has passed historic, legally binding climate legislation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 70% by 2030. denmark's climate act also commits current and future climate ministers to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 at the latest. in australia, at least six people have been killed and d er
4:13 pm
5 million acres have been scorched amimid australia's s wt firere season on recorord. at least 100 different fires are burning across the australian states of new south wales and victoria. they are expected to worsen today as the temperature soars above 100 degrees. prompting some residents to flee their homes amid the climate-fueled wildfires. in iraq, the committee to protect journalists is calling for the release of freelance journalist zaid mohammed al-khafaji, who was abducted from his home in baghdad on december 6 after covering anti-government protests in tahrir square. his abduction came the same day an unidentified gunman shot and killed photographer ahmed muhana al-lami while he was covering protests in baghdad. security forces and militias have killed over 400 protesters since the massive antigovernment demonstrations broke out across iraq on october 1. burma's de facto leader aung san suu kyi is arriving at
4:14 pm
international l court of justice at the hague today, where she will try to defend burma against accusations the burmese military has committed genocide against minority rohingya muslims. gambia brought the genocide case to the international court, accusing burma of trying to "destroy the rohingya as a group, in whole or in part, by the use of mass murder, rape and other forms of sexual violence." international aid groups say thousands of rohingyas have been murdered and a quarter of a million have been forced to flee into neighboring bangladesh. this is rohingya refugee jamalida begum, speaking from bangladesh. >> three military personnel rape to me. they detained hundreds of our women and raped them in front of their children and husbands. we have been demanding justice for all of this. now we demand a trial for suu kyi. amy: aung san suu kyi is a nobel peace prize winner who spent years fighting against the burmese military, which she is
4:15 pm
now defending at the hague. the u.s. supreme court has refused to hear a challenge to a kentucky law that requires doctors perform ultrasounds and show fetal images to patients before they can perform abortions. the refusal to hear the american civil liberties union's appeal on behalf ofof kentucky's only abortion clinic means the anti-abortion law remains in place. pro-choice advocates argue the law has no medical basis whatsoever and that its only aim is to coerce women into not having an abortion. in houston, texas, police chief art acevedo slammed senate majority leader mitch mcconnell and texas republican senators john cornyn and ted cruz for not reauthorizing the violence against women act after a houston police sergeant was killed while responding to a domestic violence call. >> one of the biggest reasons that the senate and mitch mcconnell and john cornyn and
4:16 pm
ted cruz and others are not getting into a room and having a conference committee with the house and getting the violence against women's act is because the nra does not like the fact that we want to take firearms out of the hands of boyfriends girlfriends.eir and who killed our sergeant? a boyfriend abusing his girlfriend. amy: here in spaiain, peace acactivists gaththered at thee sagunto poport in the reregion f valencia early tueayay morni to protest against t d docking of a saudi vessel that may be carrying weapons to be sent yemen. the vessel arrived i ithe port early y is morning as a group pf seven actitivists rallieied with signgns that read d "stop the w" and "the warar begins herere." the war in yemen h k killed er 100,000 people and c created the
4:17 pm
world's s worst humaninitarian crisis. and those are some of the headlines. this is democracy now!,, the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. yes, we are broadcasting from changethe u.n. climate conference here in madrid, spain, where representatives from almost 200 countries have gathered to negotiate solutions to the climate crisis. the climate summit, known as cop25 for conference of parties, offers a rare opportunity for all countries to have an equal say in negotiations. the madrid summit comes four years after the 2015 paris agreement to limit g global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees celsius, or 3.6 degrees fahrenheit. but as the summit heads into its final days, representatives from the globalal south say that the united states and other rich countries are obstructing the
4:18 pm
talks and trying to avoid their obligation to assist poorer countrieies already facing the worst effects of the climate crisisis. we will be joined in a a minutey harjeet singngh, climate changne specialist at action aid. but first, let's turn to a clip om his spepeech here at the cop25. this process was designeto deliver global justice where we are as porfrfuls european union or ththe uned state but the consntnt bullying of these big countries are making this pross wor than useless. there bullying has not stped. they are notetting umake any progogss in this space. there ino substitute fo action. and what these countriesrere ing,g, ty areereatininan
4:19 pm
ililsion of action by just talkg. when we demand action, they offer reports. wh we dema money, they offer workshops. that is not gog g to help people who ar suffering right now. amy: harjeet singh joins us now, along with asad rehman, executive director of "war on want." he has worked on climate change issues for over a decade. we welcome you both back to democracy now! it seems every u.n. climate summit we get to speak to each of you. harjeet singh, you are speaking here at the climate sunday on monday. i think for people to understand around the world what is taking place, especially as in the united states people understand pullingsident trump is the u.s. out of the paris climate accord, that they may think they have nothing to do with these negotiations.
4:20 pm
but in fact, isn't it true they are central to these negotiations? >> absolutely. at this very moment, what negotiators are discussing is how to deal with climate emergency. and what we call climate emergency on the outside is basically defined as loss and damage. this is a very crucial moment where they're putting concrete proposals from the table to help people who are suffering climate crisis. as we sit here, 45 million people in africa are facing the wrath of climate change. and that is the reality. women and children are far more foodrable and are facing starting situations at this very moment. and the problems they're facing is worse than 35 years. this system, the united nations system on climate change, is broken. it has not been able to help these people. in this particular cop is about creating that situation for thee
4:21 pm
money to start flowing in. and the united states, which is not yet out of the paris agreement, is obstructing any progress that could have made help in fixing that broken system. it is not allowing any process that can take us closer to mobilizing money to help people are facing climate emergency. amy: according to the climate news source heated, the united states is circulating a loss and damages proposal here at cop that would make it even more difficult for poorer countries to receive financial support to recover from drought, floods, another climate emergencies. what exactly is the u.s. proposing? >> the proposal the u.s. right now is only sharing with heads of delegation and not putting it formally is a way to arm twist developing countries. that if you want any dissident on loss and damage process which can help people, you have to
4:22 pm
agree that we will continue to have a seat at the table even when we are out of the paris agreement. and even more worse, you have to make sure that the liability waiver is extended to the united states and its pollution -- polluting industries. this is the worst i've seen in the last 10 years of a decision taken -- attending the negotiations. it is arm twisting and bullying at the highest level where the united states, which is not meeting its mission target, not giving any money to the green climate fund, not even letting a system to be created that can help people who base climate emergency now. look at the audacity of the united states, the way they're behaving in these negotiations. amy: earlier this year, mozambique was hit by two cyclones -- idai and kenneth. over 1000 people were killed, millions displaced.
4:23 pm
this was the first time in recorded history that the country was hit by two powerful tropical cyclones in the same season. cyclone kenneth was the strongest storm ever to make landfall in mozambique. in the wake of idai, the internatnal monetatary fund loaned mozozambique $11818 milon for reconstruction. sarah-jayne clifton, director of jubilee debt campaign, blasted the internatational community fr forcing mozambiqique to borrow money to cope with a disaster brought on by climate change. she told climate home news -- "what's happening to mozambique is going to happen to other places more frequently. unless there is a more systematic approach for tackling debt problems of poor countries, there is going to be a climate debt trap spiraling out of control." a climate debt trap. explain. >> absolutely. let's look at what happens when you're hit by a climate crisis. one incident can wipe out development gains over the last decades.
4:24 pm
they don't have money to invest into development because all of their money gets diverted in providing relief, so they will -- and then they are forced to take a loan from the same system that is responsible for the climate crisis. they will always remain in debt. poor peoplwill end up repaying that that that the governments are forced to take because there is no system that exists that recognizes that climate cririsis isis making words for people who are not even responsible for this emergency situation. the money that should have gone to education to better their infrastructure is now going to provide food, is now going to provide material to reconstruct their homes over and over again. these poor countries will never be able to come out of that debt trap that they are put in. amy: but what does this have to do with the united states? explain.
4:25 pm
i mean, in the past, the united states was running all sorts of side panels here. now there is a must no obvious presence in terms -- almost no obvious presence in terms of that to the outside public. explain what they're doing behind the scenes. and next year -- well, i think it is a day after election day, the u.s. is formally out, we will see who will be the president then, but they will be president yet, which means next year and glascow, cop26, will the u.s. not be present at all? would you say that is better than what they're doing right now? >> absolutely. inht now the u.s. is is discussions get adaptation, loss. they are everywhere. and everywhere they are obstructing and not allowing any thing to happen, particularly on finance. we talk about the system that should provide money to climate survival, they don't want that system to be created. a newemand is not a do --
4:26 pm
demand. on behalf of smaller states made the demand for the first time in 1991. it took us 22 years to set up a mechanism called warsaw international mechanism in 2013, which had a very clear function to mobilize, finance, and help these countries. in the last six years, constant bullying and blocking by the united states, joined by australia and even european unions, did not allow even a group to be created that can discuss what the needs are, with the gap is, how many can be mobilized. and that bullying continues at this very moment. so this year is important. that body, the warsaw mechanism, is being reviewed. thee is an opportunity -- disasters we are facing is because of one degree celsius temperature rise. we are going toward three
4:27 pm
degrees, which does not mean three times the impact. the impact will be much more. is this body fit for purpose? is it able to help people for people are suffering climate emergency right now in mozambique and other parts of africa? no, it is not. how do we look at this body? how do we bring in finance which is much more needed for these communities? the u.s. is busy protecting the interest of its own administration and polluting industries so they can never be held liable for the crisis they have caused. in the u.s. is the biggest historical emitter, which means the largest country responsible for this crisis. amy: finally, article six. explain what this is. i think so often the jargon here prevents people from having access were understanding the very real consequences of climate catastrophe in the world. >> to put it simply, article six
4:28 pm
is about how to get private sector involved and how markets are going to play in reducing emissions. this is the only piece still hanging from the paris rulebook that was finalized last year. so the interest of developed countries is, mobilize money from private sector in a manner where they don't have to invest money. but from the developing country side, it is fairly important to see much more public financing coming in and the rules that are set for private companies are robust enough so that there is no leakage were loopholes. theseere is a danger of mission reduction targets being double counted if we don't put the riright rules in place. there's also a bigger challenge of human rights. today, we see how these companies have been continuously violating human rights. thatally have to make sure people's human rights are not
4:29 pm
violated by these private the soul for them purpose of making profits. there was a profit over planet. it is very important to make sure these so-cacalled carbon markets or carbon trading is fair. say more aboutn, these carbon markets. >> as you said come off we talk about these terms and there is a lot of jargon. let's break it down very simply. we know with the climate scientists have told us. we now see with our eyes about what is happening around the world. that is all happening at one degree. clinic crisis have told us we cannot make the 1.5 degrees guardrail. if you look at the climate science report, it says it is about five years left. if you want prevent that. 10 years if we want to be generous. what is happening now is rich
4:30 pm
developed countriries, not just the united states, but australia, canada not only do not want to cut t their own omomissions, n not only don't wt to provide finance they promised, not only don't doubt the most impacted people, but now want to get out of jail card. this is what article six is. it basically says i won't have to cut my missions but i can pay somebody else and you cut your emissions and i will counted as if i cut mine. as if there's a never-ending magic box of carbon pollution we are allowed to do. it is not possible. if a country like, for example, the united kingdom or the united states, their fair share of efforts would be as something like -200 by 2030. there is simply no carbon that you can use for an offset. and that is taking away the issue around the environmental integrity. because 10 years ago, we had an argument in these very negotiations about carbon markets and developing countries and civil society absolutely rejected them.
4:31 pm
they said they do not deliver emissions reductions. they will lead to huge even rights violations. they allow private companies and nothing to ordinary people. as the united states and other developed countries block progress on the finance conversation, the health loss and damage, what they're saying is if you agree to the carbon market, maybe in their we will give you some share of the profit. what developing countries are left with is that is the only thing that is left on the table. they know it won't deliver emissions reductions. they know it will be devastating the planet. prophets,ch-needed that is the carriage being dangled. they will say we will only allow conversations about much-needed loss and damage if you allows to have the carbon market decision go through. amy: we're going to gotta break and come back to our discussion. asad rehman is executive
4:32 pm
director of "war on want." harjeet singh is the global lead on climate change at actionaid. when we come back, asad rehman, will also talk about the explosive "washington post" series on the history of u.s. war in afghanistan and we will talk more about what is happening here and what is happening in britain. the elections come up on thursday. we will find out what is happening. and also, the major players there, the candidates position on the climate crisis. stay with us. ♪ [music break]
4:33 pm
amy: this is democracy now!,, the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. we're broadcasting from inside the united nations climate summit in madrid, spain. as we speak come outside the
4:34 pm
halls of the summit in madrid, in the background we can see the enormous hands of a sculpture pressed against the edifice of a street scene in venice, italy. it was created by an italian sculptor, son of the oscar-winning actor anthony quinn. inscription at the basase ason partrt "venice, floatiting cityf art anand culture that has inspired community for centuries is threatened by climate change and time decay and is in need of the support of our generation and future ones." the hands are those of a child representing venice's present and future supporting life and culture. in november, nearly 90% of venice was flooded amidst high tides and heavy rains, causing over $1 billion worth of damage to historic buildings. the mayor of venice called the flooding apocalylyptic and said clclimate change is to blame. still with us, asad rehman,
4:35 pm
executive director of "war on want." worked on climate change issues for over a decade. we just finished up with harjeet singh and you talking about what is happening here. i'm wondering if you can talk about what is happening right now in britain. i hope to come back to you at the end of the week when you will be in london because your elections are thursday. but the significance of what is happening there, what is at stake? >> there is much at stake. election from a climate-related point of view, it will be a big debate about whether the u.k. adopts what is called now agree new deal with really ambitious targets of trade reduce our emissions by 2030 or close to 2030 with a massive investment in terms of new green jobs and tackling austerity and delivering both climate justice for people domestically and also recognizing the uk's proffering
4:36 pm
globally. amy: earlier this year, the british house of commons became the first parliament in the world to declare a climate emergency. this is labour party leader jeremy corbyn. >> we hahave no time to waste. we are living in a climate crisis that will spirall dangerouslsly out of control unless we take rapid and dramatic action now. this is nono longer about a distant future. we are talking about nothing less than the irveversib destruction n of the environment wwithin our lifetime of members of this house. amy: the resolution came on the heels of april's extinction rebellion uprising in london that saw police arrest more than 1000 protesters, many of whom superglued themselves to buildings, trains, and sidewalks in a nonviolent direct action campaign. so the position of the prime minister now, boris johnson, the two top candidates essentially are labor leader jeremy corbyn
4:37 pm
and boris johnson. to put it starkly, we have environmental organizations who rated everyone's manifesto. at this moment they are saying the labour party is the strongest manifesto on tackling the climate crisis. the offer being put on the table by the conservative party is deemed to be the weakest, but it has a much longer target date of 2015. to put it into context, uk's import because next year the u.k. will be the president of cop26 moved to the u.k. you can help a blocked really for ambition both in terms of missions which developed countries but also of countries accepting they have an obligation to pay the climate finance. many of us who have it inside this space, we know the reality of mobilization around the world now with millions of people out in the streets needs to change
4:38 pm
our governmental home so they come here with a mandate to actually adopt action. otherwise, it feels like were governments continue to talk but offer little action. amy: i want to get a quick comment from you. we will do this much more extensively in the days to come. but on what many are calling the new pentagon papers. "the washington n post" revealig a trove of documents that reveal how senior u.s. officicials have like drugs the 18 year war in afghanistan, the longestst war n u.s. history. the e first elation of the explosive report published monday headlined "at war with truth: documenting how u.s. officials repeatedly lied about the words progress while hiding evidence the war has become unwinnable." it shows how three successive presidencieses have bungled the war in afghanistan despipite the quarters of a million u.s.s. troops thehere since 2001. the papers also revealing how
4:39 pm
u.s. officials try to hide the truth about the war from the american public. you have long worked on what not only climate issues -- and they are connected -- but the issue of war. can you talk about what you have read so far? >> it is a damming indictment. it validates what many have long said during both the war in afghanistan and equally applicable to the military intervention that takes place in a rack and libya. we have always said the trillion dollars for example spent on this misguided war would not deliver any progress -- progress for the people in afghanistan and the fact the military and the government lied to their own people and said action progress was being made and it is shocking. the reality we know is afghanistan is still a more dangerous place. this is not genuine peace building. he's building does not come at the barrel of a gun and democracy does not come at the barrel of a gun. if the government was serious come the first step would be to
4:40 pm
stop selling arms and weapons that fuel these conflicts. the first would be to stop supporting military dictatorship in these resumes which commit human rights relations. ththirdly, we would support the afghan people and their genuine peace building movements. it did none of those things. it is leaving afghanistan and a much more horrific and broken place than it would be. amy: we will certainly continue to cover this explosive series and will link to it at asad rehman, executive director of "war on want." thank you for joining us. when we come back, we look at indigenous resistance here at the u.n. climate conference from pipeline politics to the amazon. stay with us. ♪ [music break]
4:41 pm
amy: this is democracy now!,, the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. we're broadcasting from inside climate summit here in
4:42 pm
madrid, spain. on monday, indigenous activists from the brazilian and ecuadorian amazon rallied outside of the cop25 venue to protest the assassination of indigenous forest protectors and the destruction of their lands -- known as the "lungs of the earth." their protest came just days after two indigenous chiefs -- firmino prexede guajajara and raimundo guajajara were gunned down in a drive-by shooting saturday in brazil. >> i am from the indigenous community in the ecuadorian amazon. i'm here to support the brazilian delegation that is denouncing two indigenous people that just passed away due to the politics that bolsonaro is pursuing in brazil. we are here denouncing the
4:43 pm
policies because bolsonaro is not only bad for brazil, bolsonaro is bad for the whole world. .> i am from brazil we are here at the climate group and many a other climate justice movements. we arere pleadining for the surl and the support for indigenous peoples that are the guardians of the forest. and the first ones to be attacked in this moment with genocide and ecocide that we are living. brazil is one of the countries that has killed the most nature protecectors and climate activis in the world. many of them are indigenous nations. because our territories are the ones that protect or than 80% of biodiversity in the world. >> i am 17 years old.
4:44 pm
i am from the ecuadorian amazon. my community has been fighting oil since forever, as long as i can remember. , grew up during this process fight. my people have been fighting this for such a long time. that has made me part of this movement. i think it is my responsibility as a young person and and indigenous youth to make the people of the amazon -- to make their voices heard in spaces like this. ♪ getting stronger by the hour power people ♪ >> can you explain what is happening? >> we're going to take action now. we're doing civil disobedience with groups from the north and south. >> you can see the two lines of activists from extinction rebellion from the global north. they have said they're putting their bodies on the line, that they are risking arrest in order to be in solidarity with
4:45 pm
indigenous people who put their bodies on the line every day. we spoke to many of these extinction rebellion activists while they were blocking the road right next to the press conference of these brazilian activists. >> i am from extinction rebellion n belgium. we are in front of the cop25 where it isis all happening, sitting down on n the road blocking the traffic stop that is what we're doing, especially to support the indigenous people in the amamazon that are sufferg a lot from the way we live. fighting for life literally because we are biodiversity is being lost. we're losing more than 200 species of -- the risk is the next one -- >> i am alex from california. we are here sacrificining our bodies as the bodies of indigenous people have been sacrificed and abused for centuries. it is our turn to take a
4:46 pm
sacrifice. it is what everyone needs to do. >> i am carrie from the u.k. and we are here blocking the road. this is our last chance. this is our last chance and we need to stand up for those who died in the amazon and for our children. >> how old are your children? >> they are four and six years old. i want them to have a livable planet. >> we see a delegation from the brazilian amazon who have come to denounce the killings of brazilian activists and leaders, particularly indigenous brazilian activists and leaders. in the center, can see sonia, relative of two indigenous activists from brazil who were murdered this weekend come on saturday, as they were coming back from a meeting of the electric company and the indigenous federation demanding their rights as indigenous people. sonja. i am from brazil.
4:47 pm
in the executive director of the indigenous people of brazil. in brazil at the moment, it is very hard to live as an indigenous person. for the legal certification of logging and mining and agribusinesses that are destroying the amazon. and 35 days, there have been three killings. this is a direct result of bolsonaro's direct policies that are threatening the indigenous lives in brazil. >> three of your family members have already been murdered. are you afraid for your own life? government is threatening all of our lives. all of our lives are at risk. that doesn't mean we will stop fighting and fighting for the lives of our people.
4:48 pm
♪ was indigenous leader sonia guajajara whose two relatives were assassinated on saturday. we are broadcasting from madrid, spain. indigenous people from canada and the united states are speaking out against extraction, new pipeline projects and the environmental devastation of their territories at this year's summit. on monday, rose whipple, a member of the santee dakota and yoyoh delegate with sustaiainus, spoke onon a pel o of uth climate e tivists. sunshine on myhe skskin a i stood at th headters of e mimisssippi river from the drinki source for er 1 18 llion n mans. here i joined oth indigenous youtho prepare for our moh-h-longanoeoe journey through are olenen aestral home.
4:49 pm
we paddled to raee awareness of the tar sands oil pipeline that thatens toevastate our mmunities. we dipped our cupsanands a thehe river, sippinghehe cle water this is thsame sacdd rer where my ancesto have be harvesngng our sacred wh for thousandofof years. this rerer is important and sacred not only to my ancestor but fomyeople stl tohis day. we happi canoed down this river for weeks, smilingnd lahihing, arining r dream of a foilil fueworld. soon after, everythi chang. thin were daer. , ourky, the water, the air grp p came underneh the shadow of a factory loongng oveourr lands a od nightmare. our sacred waters were sk k from ouour h he knelt into despair. it washen that we took actio any hioric ce against the
4:50 pm
pipelinewe camamtogetherss yoh to intvene witfive herribes toight for justice. althghgh we ughtht f our ors, they did noteave la and wat alone, to say n to t pipeline, it wasn't alone. the pipene was unanimously proved. we have been fightg g thes extrtorr projects rough th u.s.ouourt stem, but this colonial instution continuously valued corporate ofofit or inindinous l les. today this injustice and my hope are the fes that have broht meo o this room. llo, m relatives. my name is rose whipple d d i am 1818 yrs oldld i am attending the g globa negotiations with thfirst-ev sustn n us iigenenou youth delegationrorom thunitited states.
4:51 pm
we a here to share these sries, tohare ourrayers, and bring arontline fht to the halls of the united natio. our people come omom man dierent lands, warsrs, an cultur yet each of us are rere gether clingng on thstrength of o ancestors to rend us of our commitment to furure generatis. ou movements for the proteioion of o ouracred si and land sound like -- our movement for ou water sound like -- say bristol bay and alkaka. no keystone xl peline. thel expanon across grt t plai andnd no pipeline through minnesot the climate crisis is more than a diusussion about 1.5 degrees ceius. it also oks like stolen
4:52 pm
engaged chilen at the u.s.-mexico bord. it looks like missing d muerered iigenenouwomen.n. .eople a dying indigenous land offenders are being muered. the climate crisis is a spiruaual cris f forur entnte wod. mt meet science with srituality and ecological knowdgdge wi tecechnogy. our r moments must be bierer an recling and braver than holdg g sign its up to o ch and everyone us to build movements that center the rigs s of iigenenou peles. healing d justice for the nt seven geraration it is timeme for us to reconnect wiwith mother r eart it is time to remember how listen to herto guide our climate solution. destroy white supremacy. whippleyo as rose addressed reporters at cop
4:53 pm
25 monday, elders gathered outside as well as indigenous youth come at the canadian embassy in madrid to protest the canadian government's support of the alberta tar sands extraction and new fossil fuel infrastructure, including a pipeline that would cut through indigenous lands to carry tar sands oil from alberta to wisconsin in the united states. we're joined now by one of those demonstrators, eriel deranger, a member of the athabasca chipewyan first nation and the executive director of indigenous climate action. welcome to democracy now! it is great to have you with us. so we just heard rose, a young indigenous activist who lives in st. paul, minnesota, talking about the map of the pipelines and what crisscrosses indigenous lands. take us from there to canada. >> right now what is happening is there is a series of pipelines being built. i come from a territory in
4:54 pm
communitylberta in a called for triple one. there are hundreds and hundreds of miles of kilometers, whichever you prefer, but we have pipeline corridors that are running from our community south in the heart of the extractions are just north of fort mcmurray going southward down into edmonton, alberta, where we have hubs of pipeline corridors that are shooting out to the west coast of canada to the eastern canada and united states and down through the south and into the united states as well. we have pipeline corridors going coast to coast to coast of the continent of north america traversing over critical waterways through the indigenous territories of multiple indigenous nations across canada and the united states for these pipelines are now delivering oil to refineries where they're being processed outside of low income people of color and indigenous committees further exacerbating pollution as well as the emissions those
4:55 pm
communities are faced with at the source. amy: i went to the alternative climate summit and you and other indigenous youth from canada were really focusing on the teck frontier mines, which might sound to people in the u.s. like silicon valley. the teck frontier mine. in explain more what that is the kind of cross-border organizing that you're doing. >> right now what is happening teckere's a company called resources. they have been a mining company, mainly working in coal. they have a tremendous human rights abuse record. they are not a very good company. at this is their first foray into the oil sands or tar sands. their proposing the largest ever tar sands mine. this project will be 29,000 hectares of land, bigger than the city of vancouver, twice the size of that center of vancouver or the size of metro
4:56 pm
vancouver. it will produce 260,000 barrels of oil a day. it will also create six m megats of emissions and crisscrososs ov the habitat of bison, caribou, moosose, m muskrat, as well as lesser m meaning w wild flock of putting cranes of the adjacacent toto the river systemm that t ie hearart of my ownn communityty. in 1 17 kilometeters and the boboundary of one of our settlements as well as 30 kilolometers just south of world heritage site. amy: some may think the canadian government takes a more light and view when it comes to indigenous people than in the united states. but explain what the canadian government is doing. your demanding -- you are outside the canadian embassy here in madrid stock also, to take it home to right here come in the heart of the u.n. climate summit and what your demanding. we are right outside the plenary, which i guess they are now having a concert, i guess.
4:57 pm
>> i think the big issue is candidate comes to these meetings touting themselves as a global leader in addressing the climate crisis as having great relations with their indigenous people. but the reality is and alberto come and my treaty, not a single project that is ever been proposed in the alberta tar sands has ever been denied. even this project being proposed by teck resources, the frontier mine, the largest might ever, it went to the canadian terminal assessment agency review process. it clearly indicated it will have your reversible impacts on the environment, ecosystems, and indigenous rights. yet the project was deemed in the public interest. it is who is the public if the indigenous peoples are not included? which brings has back here to cop madrid where we are having conversations about human rights within article six, a market-based and non-market-based mechanism for reducing our emissions, were we arguing whether or not to include human rights and
4:58 pm
definitely having even more credible challenges, including the rights of indigenous peoples. of the rights of indigenous people are critical to addressing these issues. as we have seen in canada, the rights of indigenous peoples are not even consider part of the public's rights. better to demand protections for people and we can't be advocated for more carbon markets. amy: we will have more discussion and post it online at eriel deranger, member of the athabasca chipewyan first nation and the executive director of indigenous climate action. this final news headline, the ethiopian prime minister is receiving the nobel peace prize in oslo, norway, today. it is international human rights day. the prime minister will not take questions from reporters before or after the ceremony and he is facing increasing criticism at home in ethiopia for the governmeme crackdown againstst protest in o october in which or 60 people were killed. that does it for our broadcast. happy belated birthday carla wills.
4:59 pm
democracy now! is looking for feedback from people who appreciate the closed captioning. e-mail your comments to or mail them to democracy now! p.o. box 693 new york, new york 10013. [captioning made possible by democracy now!]
5:00 pm
♪ hello. a very warm welcome to nhk "newsline." it's 9:00 a.m. on wednesday in tokyo. i'm miki yamamoto. we begin in stockholm where japanese scientist akira yoshino has collected his award for the nobel prize in chemistry. ♪ yoshino and his co-recipients, u.s. scientists john goodenough and stanley whittingham from britain received their medals and diplomas from sweden's king carl gustaf. the trio was recognized for developing the lithion


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on