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tv   Al Jazeera English News Bulletin  LINKTV  October 12, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> the e.u. pledges a billion dollars in emergency aid for afghanistan while still refusing to recognize the taliban government. ♪ i am lauren taylor. this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up, the un's top court rules in somalia's favor in its long-running dispute with kenya over there maritime border. a state of emergency over the indigenous mapu seizing control of theirche dozens of bolivia
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rally in support of their president. i day after antigovernment protests. ♪ hello. the european union has pledged $1 billion to afghanistan as leaders of the g20 countries met to discuss the crisis there. leaders from the u.k. and the e.u. also met representatives from the taliban in qatar. the money will be given to aid groups, not the taliban government, to prevent a humanitarian and socioeconomic collapse. many households in afghanistan currently don't have enough food to eat, according to the world food programme. and at least 2 million children are malnourished because of food shortages. meanwhile, 90% of afghanistan's health facilities are closed because of lack of international aid. you and that's six hundred million dollars is needed to sustain basic humanitarian operations for the next few months.
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before the taliban takeover in august, international aid accounted for 75% of state spending. our correspondent reports from kabul. reporter: thousands of kilometers away from afghanistan, negotiations go on. following their talks with americans the delegation met you and representatives in doha. afghanistan on the agenda at this virtual g20 meeting led by italy. prime minister mario draghi warned of a humanitarian disaster. >> that humanitarian emergency that is unfolding is very serious. many people and representatives of international organizations and the united nations have told of humanitarian emergency and with the onset of winter, the situation will get much worse. reporter: in kabul, hardly anyone has any money. >> since the arrival of the islamic emirate, i believe all our colleagues have been employed. meanwhile, our salaries have not
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been paid by the government. my request to the government of the islamic emirate of afghanistan is to pay as first, because the people live in poverty. reporter: and paid salaries, no jobs. a country that has a severe cash flow problem, hugely dependent on international aid that is now being withheld. there is a growing security problem, too, with isis and afghanistan increasing its attacks. we met with the manager of kabul security, he says afghanistan is capable of handling the threat. >> if isis is a threat to afghanistan, it will also be a threat to neighboring countries. the taliban promise to the world it will not let terrorist groups use afghanistan as a base to launch attacks. in the past 20 days, the taliban damaged isil capabilities with our operations against them. reporter: but isil in afghanistan has managed to carry out attacks including here in
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kabul. . preventing groups like it from gaining ground here and using it to attack other countries was one of the top points of last year's agreement between the u.s. and the taliban. despite engaging in dialogue with the taliban, the international community has made it clear that this does not mean a recognition of the taliban as afghanistan's government. . that is dependent on things like an all-inclusive government and protecting the rights of women. as that back-and-forth continues, billions of dollars are being held abroad and, that is having a devastating impact on the people here. >> a prominent afghan civil activist has been shot dead by an unknown gunman. he was killed in the city of jalalabad. 9) his attacker is believed to have fired at him from a rickshaw before fleeing the area. targeted killings have been on the rise in the east of the country, sparking concerns he. >> was walking towards his car
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and the attacker opened fire on him from the rickshaw and killed him, in an area where taliban police are only 100 meters away. we are confused now because the previous regime was blaming the taliban for killing those people. who is killing them now? lauren: kenya does not recognize an international court of justice ruling in favor of somalia in a long-running dispute over there maritime order. the state controls over 100,000 kilometers stretch of the indian ocean, with prospects of vast oil and gas deposits. somalia says it should be expanded further south, as an extension of its land water. the new boundary drawn by the court was closest to this line. kenya's president says he rejects the decision in totality. malcolm webb has more on the reaction from nairobi. reporter: the court ruled largely in favor of somalia in the area of ocean in question. the area mostly goes to somalia, but a sliver does go to kenya.
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there are areas widely believed to be rich in oil and gas deposits, and kenya had given concessions to international oil companies to. start exploring the area. that is what triggered the maritime border dispute in the first place. kenya had said it would not accept the court's decision, but the court said that kenya cannot retroactively pull out of the court's jurisdiction, which it had signed up to in the 1960's. that kenya has legal obligation to uphold the ruling still stands. the question is what each country is going to do next. somalia now has a strong position with the court's ruling to seek rheumatic support from the united nations, from the security council. kenya has position is weaker but it certainly depends what the two countries choose to and what their allies choose to do.
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certainly important to remember that there are international oil companies and foreign governments behind each of the country's respective interest in extracting the wealth from their natural resources beneath the sea. ♪ lauren: chile's government has declared a state of emergency following large protests. armed members from the indigenous mapuche group have taken control of forest from logging companies. there have been protests in recent weeks in the capital of santiago. the mapuche people are demanding preservation of ancestral lands largely owned dialoguing firms. our correspondent has more from santiago. reporter: they are doing it because of what the president calls a "grave altercation of public order." this means ongoing violence,
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that's, destruction of farming equipment, burning. down of houses earlier today another church was burned down. continuous attacks by militant indigenous mapuche r groups who say they are fighting for their ancestral land. a lot of this land has been occupied by mapuche communities. it is mounting. many would say that the chilean state has lost control of that region. the president has been under tremendous pressure to declare either a state of emergency, or even a state of siege, which is the next step up that would allow him to suspend all guarantees. he started with a state of emergency and what it means is the army can go in and accompany the militarized police who are already there. you really cannot see much of a difference between the militarized police men and the soldiers, but there is a difference in their training. the army will provide logistical
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support, telecommunications and patrol alongside the police, but not be able to do it on their own. that means we are going to have the army in the militarized police side-by-sidsi going into that region to try to bring it back under control, as the government would say. anchor: tens of thousands of pro-government demonstrators have been rallying across bolivia. they have rallied in the capital city, cuchabamaba, and santa cruz, against a proposed law that they say is a step towards a police state. the legislation would allow authorities to investigate the assets of any citizen without a court order. the government says it is essential to tackle illicit earnings and help the economy. we are joined live from buenos aires by our guest. what is the bolivian government hoping to achieve? >> the government is very keen
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to push this law. president luis arce has been flying to the cities of la paz and cochabamba, santa cruz, talking to his supporters in those cities, it really it is a show of strength. asking people to support his mandate. he came to office a year ago with 55% of the vote. he is questioning the intentions of the opposition. he says some of the people behind the opposition movement are the people who initiated a coup in 2019, which removed from office his predecessor, president evo morales. so he is lessening that, really, he says, to bolster his mandate to push this law through. 80% of libyan workers work in the informal economy. most of them don't pay taxes. so he is very keen, the
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president, to bring these people into the economy. to bolster bolivia has waning economy which has suffered greatly during the pandemic. so the battle lines have been drawn. the government forces are out today to show which has the greatest number of people out on the street, because often in bolivia, few people have faith in the institutions. a lot of the politics is conducted in this way. anchor: you mentioned the antigovernment protests on monday. how much impact they have? danielle: they managed to block, according to police, something like 150 streets. there were clashes with police as they tried to clear the way for workers to get to their places of work. what the opposition has said is that if the government does not annul the illicit earnings law within the next three days, they
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will hold a national strike, a 48-hour one. blocking roads and causing destruction. the government said that the strikes on monday were a failure. the opposition objected and said it was a success and they will be out there taking their fight to the streets if the government does not do their bidding and a annul this law. they say it is intrusive and it will give the authorities powers they have never had to investigate their affairs, and they say this is the first step towards a totalitarian state. the government disputes that. the battle lines have been drawn and we are likely to see a great deal of concrete -- conflict between the two sides in the coming months. anchor: thank you. still to come, flooding in china provinces destroys infrastructure and moves dozens of people from their homes. and we speak to business owners
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caught up in the e.u. and u.k.'s dispute over northern ireland. ♪ >> hello, great to see you. here is an update on this tropical storm elsa is rolling over hainan province on wednesday. it is producing floodwaters of a meter and a half deep on the island. the turn of vietnam will not until thursday. we have bursts of rain for the east coast of china and also to work the south. remember you were talking about komapasu drenching hong kong?
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look for 60 millimeters of rain. in japan the system is moving. to the south. temperatures have fallen off. every day through the month of october, you have been at 30 degrees, but that will change. watch what this does to adelaide, we will see wind up to 55 kilometers per hour. new zealand winds are also a story here, we are seeing some driving rain the capital region. wellington, it wind watch in play, gusts as high as 88 kilometers per hour. now you are up-to-date. we will see you again soon. ♪ >> inequality. corruption. >> repression, and rage. >>the military just decided to cut the piece. >>. >> of cake and share it amongst each other a new documentary
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explores the desperate state of democracy in lebanon. through the eyes of those who are losing hope. >> every day our dreams are becoming lower. >> marcus he may be. democracy for sale, on al jazeera. ♪ anchor: among the top stories here on al jazeera, that you pop has pledged $1 billion to afghanistan at the money will be for international aid groups and not the government. international funds had been frozen since the group's takeover, worsening the humanitarian crisis. the international court of justice has ruled in favor of somalia in a long-running maritime border dispute with
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kenya. the state has control of oil and gas deposits. and she lives government has declared a state of emergency in one region where armed members of the indigenous rep. chu: people have taken control of first from logging companies. tropical storm kompasu has triggered landslides and floods in the philippines. thousands have been evacuated from homes and towns in the north of the country with seven people still missing. the storm which swept through the country's most populous island on monday, intensified as it approached another island. severe flooding in china has killed at least 15 people. thousands of buildings have been damaged and 120,000 people evacuated in yangtze province. reporter: with unrelenting reins since the start of october, this area is seen to be
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expressing the worst flooding in @@history, resulting in the direction of dams, r rail lines and highways. this river has recorded its most powerful flood peak in 50 years. emergency teams helped by heavy equipment have been racing to shore up defenses to prevent more flooding. but already, thousands of hectares of farmland have been inundated. 19,000 homes destroyed and 120 thousand people evacuated. considered the birthplace of chinese civilization, the province is rich in culturally important sites and relics, with many now said to be at risk. the province is also an important call producing province, and there have been fears the storms could worsen china's shortage of coal, which has resulted in power outages across the country. >10% of minds there -- 10% of
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mines had stopped operations. this could be an example of the increasing frequency and ferocity of extreme weather events to hit china. these floods come less than three months after rains and flooding in neighboring hunan province killed more than 300 people. again, rainfall records were broken across the province, with the provincial capital experiencing 200 millimeters of rain in a single hour. back in the province, millions of dollars in much-needed relief have been provided for the people affected by these floods. robert bride, al jazeera, hong kong. anchor: the international monetary fund says the economies of the poorest nations will recover unevenly. it has reduced its forecast from 6% to 5.9% this year, adding that low-income nations will
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ppcontinue. presided over one of the worst failures as the pandemic took hold, costing thousands of lives. that is the opinion of two parliamentary committees which criticized both johnson's government and its key scientific advisors. reporter: mp's across the political spectrum helps to deliver a dampening verdict over the government's handling of the covid-19 pandemic. in the words of the report, it was "one of the worst public health failures in u.k. history. it left vulnerable." ." groups exposed>> this evening, i must give the rich people are very simple instruction. you must stay at home. reporter: both johnson's delay in ordering the first lockdown in march of 2020, the report says, cost many lives. it was part of a strategy based on advice aimed at achieving
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herd immunity, something the government has always denied. groupthink among ministers and and a so-calledgroupthink among ministers and government scientists, the report says, lead to a failure to learn lessons from what other countries were doing. >> we should have been able to avoid a lockdown if we had followed the model taken in taiwan or south korea with a much expanded test and trace program right from the outset. we could have avoided locking down in that first year as those countries did. that is a big lesson. reporter: despite being one of the first countries to develop a test for covid-19 in january of 20 20, the report says the u.k. squandered that lead turning it into a situation of permanent crisis when mass testing was halted in march. by the time a system did come test system did come, trace and isolate along in the summer, it was, say mp's, slow, uncertain,
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often chaotic. there are moments of praise for the vaccine rollout and the development of life saving treatments both involving scientists from oxford university. but that does not exonerate the government or its advisers for a litany of criticisms set out in what is an almost universally scathing report. bobby lost his dad took covid-19 in april of last year. he wants an apology. >> this moment is not about politics. not about saving face. it is about understanding the pain people are going through and doing what we can to ameliorate that and preventing from happening again. you can convey all of that in two simple words, "i am sorry." the decision to not do that i think that's a different and unfortunate message quite loudly. reporter: the national covid memorial wall outside parliament bears testimony to the pandemic laid bare the extent of , and parliament has now laid bare the extent of government responsibility for those losses
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. a public inquiry is due in 22. jonah hill, al jazeera, london. anchor: it has been more than a year and a half since the u.k. left the european union, that this week, both sides are on a collision course over how their relationship hoping to have two should work. the u.k. is hoping to have two to three weeks of intensive talks with the block over a key issue ccerning northern ireland. the only area where britain and the union physically meet with a 500 kilometer border there was a fear that a return to security and customs checks could lead to violence, and scenes like those of near civil war known as "the troubles," which ended with a peace deal in 1998. to avoid physical border posts on land, the northern ireland protocol created a custom divide in the irish sea and inside the u.k.. it has proved politically toxic . people fear it could boost those who wanted to join ireland.
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unlike the rest of the u.k., northern ireland must follow e.u. rules on standards. andrew simmons travels to belfast in northern ireland to see what effect the row is having. reporter: is the uk's brexit minister prepared to speak in portugal, karen sloan was taking a delivery from the irish republic. it is his main supply line now delicatessen in northern , and without it, his delicatessen in northern ireland would be out of business. he had been hoping the e.u. was about to smooth things out with concessions over regulations on food exported from the u.k. and streamlined custom checks. but the way the british government is now behaving leaves him and business people all over northern ireland in doubt. until now, he and many others never realized the role of the european court of justice was an
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issue in the post-present crisis. >> rule her was thinki was brexit and protocol and that is what you hear. he just think, that is something new, another thing to worry about. i work hard in this business to keep it going. you are left hanging. politicians need to do something. they need to smooth us out. reporter: but there is nothing smooth in what the u.k. brexit minister has to say. he wants to rewrite the northern ireland protocol, a device used to avoid a hard border on the border with ireland. >>. >> we now face a serious situation. the protocol is not working. it has left consent. the proposal looks more like a treaty, with international arbitration instead of a system of european law ultimately policed in the courts of one of the parties, the european court of justice. reporter: there is puzzlement in belfast on why the uk is taking such a hard line when there seemed to be more hope of a
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compromise from brussels. is this last-minute posturing on the part of the u.k. government? if it is not, there is a serious escalation to this crisis ahead, this when the majority of the people in northern ireland went on and this standoff. protests have been led by unionists who say they have been cut off from the uk before becoming prime minister, boris johnson had told the democratic unionist party three years ago that he did not want to see northern ireland left in the lurch by a border in the sea. >> no british. >> conservative government should sign up to such an arrangement. reporter: that assurance failed by the wayside. the northern irish people could be forgiven for feeling betrayed. there is a feeling of unease for many people living here. andrew simmons, al jazeera, northern ireland. anchor: the investigation into the beirut port explosion has
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been suspended after two politicians wanted for questioning filed a complaint against the judge. the former finance minister complained after an arrest warrant was issued for him. he is close to hezbollah, as is his public works minister, who is also wanted for questioning. however reporter faced many obstacles as he tried to talk to public figures about what they knew about the chemical stockpile which exploded, killing more than 200 people. early results from sunday's election in iraq show a coalition led by sheer cleric moqtada al-sadr 1, 73 out of 329 seats. but some political parties have rejected the results. our reporter reports from an opposition stronghold in the south of the country. reporter: for the first time in 20 years, the people of necessary have a voice in iraq's
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parliament. he is one of four candidates elected to represent the antigovernment movement known as "october," a referen to the nationwide mass protests that began in october of 2019. he and the four others are among 19 candidates elected to represent the southern province and its capital, nasiriya. we met him before the election, when he told us about his decision to fight the election. early results suggest his party has won the second most seats in the province, after moqtada al-sadr's coalition. >> [speaking in arabic] >> we will join forces with independent candidates to form a considerable bloc in parliament. accountability and combating corruption are at the top of our
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agenda. also all laws related to our human rights and human dignity must be verified. reporter: like other cities in southern iraq, the province is suffering from neglect. that is mostly felt in the health sector. in july, several people were killed in a fire that broke out at a government hospital. frustration is widely spread among its people, especially younger generations who haven't had many job opportunities or access to services. >> [speaking in arabic] >> those we have voted for since 2003 have done nothing for us. they only serve their own interests. so i and my family voted for the opposition. reporter: in this city say they are finally managing to punish the dominant political parties by voting for their opponents. previous election results have led to anger and protests in
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this city, but now, many people here say that they are happy with the outcome of sunday's vote. but some still reject the electoral process and boycotted the election.■■■■■■■
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(sophie fouron) this is japan. but people here don't call themselves japanese. it's okinawa, an island closer to taiwan than tokyo. there's something like a million and a half people here, and they're known to live longer than anyone else on the planet. there's a very strong american presence in okinawa. not only did the americans occupy the island after the second world war, they stayed. there's a very big military presence. the fact that these old enemies coexist on this tiny island, but coexist peacefully, says a lot about the people of okinawa. there are a loof


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