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tv   Al Jazeera English News Bulletin  LINKTV  November 11, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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this is al jazeera live from doha. while politics plays out between belarus and the e.u., thousds of migrants face another night of freezing conditions on the border with poland. as the climate summit draws to a close, the u.n. secretary general calls on world leaders to pick up the pace and agree to a deal to fight global warming. >> coming up, trying to honor both indigenous children found in unmarked graves on former residential schools as well as fallen soldiers. canadian government and first nations leaders come together.
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♪ >> we begin in sudan where the army chief has appointed a new ruling council. within two weeks after the military seized power. the general has been sworn in as the head. the new 14 member council excludes members of the main opposition coalition. it has drawn condemnation from the u.n., which says sudan has been put further away from constitutional order. >> once again, the protesters take to the streets. the city has been at the center. pro-democracy demonstrations since the uprising that overthrew the former leader. the formation of a new sovereign counsel described as an extension of the military's takeover. in the united nations, the
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office of the secretary-general was quick to react. >> we are taking a look at the developments. i would say they are very concerning. we want to see a return to the transition as quickly as possible. >> the transition government was intended to guide the country toward democratic elections in 2023. it was disbanded by military leaders last month. the prime minister placed under house arrest and a number of political figures imprisoned. the security council held a hastily arranged meeting to discuss the crisis. no statement was issued by the council as a whole. the u.k. is the pen holder, which means it takes the lead on the issue and the ambassador had this to say. >> we remain gravely concerned by reports of further unilateral action by the military, which is against the spirit and the letter of the constitutional declaration. we had a helpful briefing from
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the special representative of the secretary-general who was very frank in his assessment that the window now is closing for dialogue and for peaceful resolution. >> the protests could also have been intended to spur international reaction, but for the moment, the security council is weighing what its next action will be. >> an analyst says sudan's military says it will have a hard time holding onto power. >> this is a coup. they called themselves provisional usually. usually leaders when they take over. they remain in power for a long time. have seen this over and over again in many places. in this situation, i think the sudanese military will have a tough time holding on to power
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because sudanese civil society will not allow this. sudan has too many problems for the military to depend on guns and be able to hold onto power. the military looks reckless. when you consider the fact that sudan in august had 387% .55 something inflation. food prices are out of reach for many sudanese. economics is in shambles. i don't know what these military leaders are thinking in terms of being able to hold onto power because i don't really see any country that would support them. i think they might be depending on certain middle eastern countries but that will not be enough to hold onto power. >> poland is sending more troops
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to the border with belarus accusing its neighbor of encouraging migrants and refugees to enter its territory. the european union is preparing new sanctions against belarus. president lukashenko says he is prepared to retaliate by cutting off gas supplies to the e.u. more from the poland belarus border where thousands are camped out in the cold. >> as the temperature plunges, they try to keep warm as best they can. men, women, children huddling around fires. belieber says there were more than 2000 refugees and migrants camped out here with more arriving all the time. this man fled syria. he is relatively safe in poland. he was driven toward the border by belarusian police but he says he was also beaten. >> they kicked me in the face. i passed out for a couple of minutes.
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broke my nose and broke a bone in here. >> managed to cross the border a day go. he says belarusian forces bust them to the border dressed in civilian clothes. they cut the wires on the fence and force them to cross. he is still afraid and didn't want to show his face. >> they said either you cross or you die here. one of the soldiers beat me on my leg and took 2007 hundred euros from me and forced me across the border. >> there are polls here trying to help. this charity has collected clothes and food. >> we are afraid people will die very quickly. and we will not be able to do anything about it because they will die on the belarusian side or in the zone of the emergency state. >> at least seven people have died here in recent months. there is a fear that number
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could grow. how long could this continue? there are 15,000 polish forces at the border with daily attempts for people to cross. very thousand stuck in freezing temperatures with nowhere to go. >> the un security council has held a closed-door meeting to address the border crisis. western countries including the u.s. and the u.k. say belarus is trying to destabilize its neighbors and calling for stronger international action. >> the belarusian authorities should understand putting pressure on the european union in this way through a cynical instrumentalization of migrants will not succeed. >> the former south african president has died aged 85. he was the last apartheid leader handing over 10 nansen -- to nelson mandela after south africa's first democratic elections. they share the nobel peace prize -- nobel peace prize in 1993.
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a look back at his life. >> this was the moment when south africa's last away leader signaled the end of apartheid. >> i wish to put it plainly that the government has taken a firm decision to release mr. mandela unconditionally. i am serious. >> in speech to parliament, he stunned the world. he freed nelson mandela and promised equal rights that would lead to south africa's first fully democratic elections. >> if we did not take the initiatives we took, i have no doubt in my mind we would have reached a point that the majority of all the people in south africa would have taken hands with the total international community and would have united behind one common goal and that is to overthrow the regime. we avoided the. -- we avoided that.
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>> mr. nelson mandela, a free man. >> within days, nelson mandela walked three after 27 years in prison. >> we pray for god's guidance. i thank you. >> a deeply conservative afrikaner, he was never known as a reformer but he had come to realize in his own words that to cling to power for the white population group means facing a revolution. >> we must find a way in this country as blacks and whites to live together in peace. >> revolution almost came anyway. the black townships erupted in violence. hard-line afrikaners threatened to bloody revenge. lengthy negotiations resulted in nonracial constitution and mostly peaceful elections in 1994. millions of black people voted
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for the first time endorsing the african national congress and nelson mandela as president. as the man who cowrote the end of apartheid, he shared the nobel peace prize with mandela. he later chair the global leadership fund promoting good governance worldwide. to many within the ranks of his afrikaner people, he was a traitor to the end. history will remember a leader who knew that white supremacy had run its course. >> still ahead on al jazeera, what is causing the toxic foam covering part of india's sacred river and why it is dangerous? ireland is quickly becoming a major hub for data storage worldwide but it is raising concerns about the impact of the climate. ♪
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>> look forward to brighter skies. the weather sponsored by qatar airways. >> the weather is largely quiet across much of china and the korean peninsula. some showers rattling their way into that western side of japan. a cool breeze blowing through here. snow over the higher grand sheltered by the mountains. dry for turkey the next couple days. 21 celsius on friday. looks dryer. a tad warmer. similar temperature for beijing. much of china will be settled and sunny. largely dry across the good parts of indochina but we have what or whether in play. heavy rain just around the northern parts of malaysia. that will continue to punch its way across a similar area as we
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go through saturday. pushing into the bay of bengal where we have a tropical cyclone. just been declared close to chennai. over the past few days. i the last 24 hours, chennai, 100 and nine millimeters of rainfall. november average, 353 millimeters. ere is more to come. >> the weather, sponsored by qatar airways. >> standing on a sacred site. >> the dakota oil pipeline snaked through indigenous lands but not witht resistance. >> they will shoot us. >> beaten, arrested and shot as protesters, they are leaders and self-proclaimed water protectors. the women of standing rock on al jazeera.
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♪ ♪ >> you are watching al jazeera. a reminder of our top stories. sudan's army chief has appointed a new ruling council led by himself weeks after the military seized power. the new 14 member council excludes members of sudan's main opposition coalition. thousands of refugees trying to cross into the european union remained trapped on the border between belarus and poland. the e.u. is accusing belarus of encouraging the migrants.
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the un security council has met to address the border crisis. western countries including the u.s. and u.k. say belarus is trying to destabilize its neighbors and are calling for stronger international action. as the united nations climate summit enters its final day, the u.n. secretary general has urged ellicott's to pick up the pace and agree on a way forward. antonio guterres says efforts to keep global warming to 1.5 degrees above preindustrial levels is on the lights -- is on life support. commitments have failed to meet the goals. he told attendees he remains hopeful. >> we remain on a catastrophic temperature rise track well above two degrees celsius. so in the zero pledges require rapid sustained emissions cuts of this decade. i welcome recognition of this
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fact in the u.s. china cooperation agreement. an important step in the right direction. but promises ring hollow when the fossil fuels industry still receives trillions in subsidies as measured by the imf or when countries are still dealing -- are still building coal plants. >> environmentalists in new delhi say the government does not seem to understand a word knowledge the link between the environment and public health. pollution has reached a critical point in the capital. the air is choked with smog and the sacred river is churning out toxic foam. >> these images have come to define new delhi's pollution crises. hundreds taking a dip in a dip in river covered by page from -- by pig farm caused by toxic
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waste. >> it is really dirty but what can we do? >> we need to do our rituals and had to do them in dirty water. we have to come here for the festival. >> it should not be filthy but what can we do? people responsible are making so much money to >> the small stretch that flows through delhi as the main stores of water for the 20 million people. it is also one of the most polluted in the world. the government has put billions of dollars into cleaning it but it is still polluted and covered in foam most of the year. it has banned people from entering the water, sent boats to clean out the foam and set up barricades to stop it from reaching the banks. critics say this has done nothing to solve the issue and now people have come here despite the stench and the filth. >> when well, the air quality in the -- in one of the worlds most polluted cities has plunged to the worst levels this season. much of it has come from
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neighboring states perform fires like this have been burning for weeks. politicians admit the strategies have had little impact. >> the biggest obstacle is well the government has a very aggressive action plan against pollution, we do not have any kind of regional action plan mandated by the central government on pollution that holds all the north indian states accountable for their actions. >> environmentalists have criticized the government for its approach to these crises. >> lack of bureaucratic will and urgency and coordination. understanding the link between public ecology and public health in our political and bureaucratic class is important and that is the main problem that makes our air toxic, a river frothing and our forest disappearing. >> studies say air pollution costs billions of dollars every year and is one of the leading causes of death in the city. millions of people are struggling while the government tries to find a solution.
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>> ireland's tech industry is on the up and up but so is its environmental impact. power-hungry data centers are demanding more electricity leading to warnings of blackouts. >> on the outskirts of the irish capital, tech giant microsoft is lang the foundations of a vast new data center. a short walk away from where google has one of its colossal hubs. they are so big they can use as much electricity as a small city. and as needed around 5000 liters of water a day to cool their systems. we need them to support the internet and store content. for years, the irish government welcomed the tech giants with open arms and tempting low tax rate. but there are deepening concerns that within a few years a third of ireland's electricity will be used to power a rapidly growing network of centers.
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some experts say the figure could be even higher with worries about the nation's energy security. >> if it is a cold winter for example and there is a big demand on the grid for heating and so on, there could be blackouts. >> ireland is racing to produce 70% of its electricity from renewables, mainly wind by 2030. in the short-term, data centers will rely on fossil fuels. mostly natural gas to keep running. opposition mps want a freeze on all new centers until their impact is fully known. >> we cannot do without email and we can't do without mobile phones peered i'm not a luddite. i'm not dissing all these things but we have too many of them already and we have planned for too many more. >> the irish capital is europe's largest data handling hub. a quarter of the continent's data comes through here. there is a cost, and environmental cost for
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everything that we do online. internet accounts for roughly 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions. that is the same as the entire world air traffic. a figure that is expected to double within five years. none of the tech giants we approached agreed to be interviewed. several including google and ibm confirmed they are committing to easing strain on the national grid. next-generation centers such as this one under construction will also generate their own electricity using an on-site cast powered energy plant. this site near dublin is being built to house service from tiktok. >> it has to be processed securely and in large data centers like this. therefore they are a infrastructure. the world needs to be able to process this data. the issue is how do you do it in the least damaging and most sustainable way? >> there are future plans to
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power centers using wind and other sustainable means. with any surplus energy adding to the national grid. with an average of three internet connected devices for every human on the planet, ecologists say the transition needs to have happened yesterday. >> the dutch prime minister has been holding an emergency meeting in may bring back lockdown measures as the country deals with its on spike in coronavirus infections. more than 16,000 people tested positive in 24 hours, a record since the pandemic began. public health experts are recommending measures including shutting down theaters and cinemas. it could be western europe's first partial lockdown since the summer. an announcement on the new policies is expected this friday. germany meanwhile has recorded more than 50,000 covid-19 infections. its highest number since the pandemic began. germany likely new chancellor called a meeting to discuss how
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to react. the outbreak has been blamed on germany's relatively low vaccination rate. two thirds of the population has received the job. pakistan's foreign minister is urging the international community to avoid repeating past mistakes and to pursue positive engagement with afghanistan. speaking at a meeting in islamabad with senior diplomats from the u.s., china, russia and afghanistan to discuss the situation since the taliban took over. they also focused on the worsening humanitarian and refugee crises during the talks. >> it has become difficult to pay even salaries let alone the development projects. the government is reeling under the effects of the severe drought. any further downward slide would severely limit the administration's capacity to run
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the government should >> more from islamabad. >> the interim of the foreign minister has come with a large delegation to discuss a number of issues with pakistan. this is a bilateral visit. it coincides with a meeting in islamabad, which is attended by the special envoy for afghanistan from the united states, china and russia. the next meeting expected in china the pakistani foreign minister speaking at the meeting stressed the need for enhanced cooperation and enhanced engagement with the afghan government in order to avoid a humanitarian and economic collapse in afghanistan. pakistan has been asking for enhanced engagement with the taliban in order to avoid the movement of refugees or the prospects of an economic collapse. pakistan has pledged support to
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afghanistan. it wants to negotiate on the dollar days of cross order movement and trade. at the same time, the taliban delegation is likely to meet on the sidelines. the special envoy to attend the meeting and it will be important to see what comes out of that. >> moscow has dismissed concerns raised by france about a potential deal between mali and a private security firm based in russia. molly's foreign minister is in talks with his russian counterpart. it follows reports the military is close to recruiting 1000 mercenaries from the controversial group. nicholas has more on the story. >> this is an important meeting for malley. as the foreign minister explained, the situation is deteriorating so badly needs the help of a good friend. referring to russian help. there has been help coming ahead
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of this meeting happening in moscow. russians have delivered helicopters filled with ammunition. this a gift from moscow. there has been an announcement made by the russian ambassador in mali that funds in military help will be given to it is a big deal for mollie pin -- for mali. for the people in charge of mali , they need help from wherever it can come from. right now, they're looking at russia. this is -- it is this negotiation that is happening between the malian government and the private military russian contractor that has been active in the past in ukraine and says syria -- and sincere -- nic area -- and in
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syria p there is a sense of deja vu from the cold war where in places where france was the primary partner to its former colonies, they are being replaced by the russians are that has been the case and it is central african republic and the french are feeling that their influence on mali is slipping away to russia. >> a rocket carrying four astronauts has docked at the international space station. >> we have confirmation the hard capture is complete. crew dragon endurance made it to the international space station. >> the flight celebrated the 600th person to reach space in the last 60 years. let's take a look at these live pictures after multiple delays. and durance blasted off from nasa's kennedy space center in florida in the early hours of thursday morning. the astronauts will spend six months in orbit performing station maintenance and carrying
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out research such as how to grow plants without soil. good luck to them. canadian indigenous leaders are marking remembrance day as an overdue turning point, no relationship with the canadian government. prime minister justin trudeau has faced multiple controversies specifically over his government 's handling over indigenous issues. >> just to let them know that they are not forgotten. >> each november 11 at 11:11 a.m., canadians like david ward pause for a moment of silence. it is a day to honor fallen soldiers. the message of lest we forget and poppies memorialize those who gave their lives in military service. lowering flags to half staff as part of the member and stay protocol. -- the remembrance day protocol. this year, the particle had to
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be revisited. for much of the year, canada's flags had already been flying at half-staff in in memory of indigenous children. in may, 215 unmarked children's graves were discovered at a former indian residential school in british columbia. the discovery shocked the nation and have triggered outrage among indigenous groups who believe others may still be buried elsewhere. now, as flags are lowered again to remember the country's fallen soldiers, canadians are remembering indigenous children by saying lest we forget. >> there is still time for us to reflect and certainly for the indigenous community to take the lead. >> may be in the future they will not make such mistakes. >> for david ward, both a native and a canadian armed forces veteran, it is an appropriate response.
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>> it is up to us to defend canada, the people and the land. and that is what all canadians do.
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