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tv   DW News  LINKTV  May 31, 2022 3:00pm-3:31pm PDT

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berlin. the european union approves a ban on russian oil imports by the end of the gear, the harshest measure today to punish muska. -- to punish moscow. on the ground, russian forces push deeper into donetsk. officials fear it will become another mariupol.
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the hollywood trial watched by millions. jurors deliberate between pirates of the caribbean star johnny depp and his actress wife amber heard. hello. it's good to have you with a spear he of the european union has handed down its harshest measures yet to russia for his aggression with ukraine. after weeks, members of the european union have agreed to been most russian oil -- ban most russian oil by the end of the year. >> viktor orban is celebrating his 59th birthday at the eu summit here in brussels. the hungarian prime minister,
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however, already got his presence in the wee hours when eu leaders agreed on an embargo on russian oil, but with exemptions for hungary and others. the eu commission president still considering the watered down deal a success. >> these sanctions are fighting hard -- biting hard. >> the eu plans to cut only russian oil that is transported by sea. hungary, slovakia, and the czech republic continue to receive oil by pipeline for now. according to eu officials, in total, 90% of russian oil imports to the bloc will stop by the end of the year.
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>> i was positively surprised because when we went into the room, the sides were not that great, but everybody was very constructive. >> it is a lot easier to compensate for russian oil. we managed to solve technical problems with viktor orban, but gas is a different story. that's why a gas embargo will not be part of the next sanctions package. >> soaring energy pces all over the bloc were also addressed. as well as the growing food crisis. >> the responsibility for all the dangers we are facing lie clearly with russia and its president. that's why it is so important we reinforce our efforts to make sure grain can be exported from ukraine. >> eu leaders will gather at the end of june. ukraine's wish to join the
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european union is likely to talk the agenda. >> despite the compromises, this deal represents a success for the european union. >> this package of sanctions has the potential to deal a severe blow to the russian economy. we are talking about 90% less oil going into the european union, and this could translate into 25% less revenue in the russian budget according to some experts, so a huge chunk of money. we are not just talking about oil but also petroleum products. we are talking about diesel, talking about petrol, cosmetics, production of that, asphalt, and various other areas, so these industries will all be targeted
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by sanctions and some are likely to be brought to their knees. >> how tough can they put in a chilly before the eu economy? will there be a substantial price to pay? >> they are going to hurt the eu economy. there's no doubt about that. this is also one of the reasons why this took so long. this is one of the reasons broadly why hungary did not partake in the final agreement. the prices of oil have already gonna there. just to give you an example of one of the member states, germany has committed to phasing out oil coming from the russian pipeline by the end of the year, but still, germany has refineries in the country that need to work with russian oil. there are jobs connected to it, so there are discussions on
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putting these companies under state control. each and every member state apart from cost also dealing with logistical issues. >> what else came out of this eu summit? >> various other topics discussed, one important topic is food security. ukraine is also dubbed the breadbasket of europe. it is one of the biggest producers of grain and one of the biggest exporters. due to the war in ukraine, we are talking about 20 million tons of grain that are stuck in the ports because they are blocked by the russian military. a lot of this grain goes to some of the poorest countries in the world. the poorest countries in africa and the middle east, and a lot of it goes to humanitarian aid.
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a lot of the discussion has been around grain lanes, trying to bring out this grain and putting it back into the supply chain. >> thanks very much for that. let's take an even closer look at these sanctions. i'm joined now by a research associate at harvard university and former european energy security advisor at the u.s. state department. thank you so much for taking the time to join us. i want to get your thoughts first on how significantly this eu embargo is likely to hit the russian economy. >> i think it is very significant. i think this is a major step that had to be taken right now. it could not have been taken any later and really should have been taken sooner. this is partial oil band, something we were hoping to see really right out of the gates,
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but i'm glad that we he seen this now and seen partial unanimity on this. but this is only one step. this is 2/3 of the oil traffic going into the eu i understand it. but there's still two major pipelines, one going to germany and one going toungary that need to be cut off, and we need to get to a point where natural gas is ended as well because everminute the eu is using russn energy resrces and paying the russian economy is a minute that basically the putin regime is able to use these revenues to fund russia's war machine against democracy in ukraine. >> do you see a scerio in which those oil pipelines could also be cut off? >> they have found by the end this year, the pipeline to
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germany will be ended. i think that has happened because polin has stepped up and work between warsaw and berlin to have additional resoues coming ithrough poland's domestic oil pipeline to get to germany. unfortunately, what we have seen from the proto-authoritarian government in budapest with viktor orban, we do not see that happening very soon. hungary has taken steps over the pa several years tt have gone retrograde to actually increase its energy dependence. >> immediately after the eu agreement, oil prices rose, and that means russia may not be able to export as much but on the other hand will be earning a lot more for what does export. how likely ishat to dent efforts to actually punish russia? >> there's two things we have to
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look at. number one is the crude rate of pressure that has basically been depressed since the start of the war. even today, we have seen -$34 with respect to the global brand price, the price of oil baked into global economic metrics, so the longer that price is deprsed, even though it is trading lower, it can basically make the whole embargo in the future more tenable, but in the short-te, it will not do as much as we need to end the amount of revenues that are gog to the putin regime. i worked with an n international sanctions research group, and we are talking about the end goal being this embargo, but in the short term, steps to get to zero need to be through increased terror of rates, an escrow account, so basically, all of these sort of special payment lands to make sure putin cannot
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actually benefit from these increased prices. >> i want to tnk you so much for taking the time to come on the show. let's go to the situation in ukraine. the governor of luhansk in the east says russian forces now control most of the city of donetsk. estimates are that as many as 20,000 civilians are trapped without food or power. russia is trying to seize the enti donbass region, already partially in separatist hands since 2014. >> the sound of artillery echoes across the donbas. russian forces in sunny fields shattering already shattered -- shelling already shattered towns and cities. ukraine's president said getting artillery from allies would make a crucial difference.
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>> in the east, it is difficult for us because of the lack of appropriate weapons. if our mission to reclaim the region leads to tens of thousands of our people diane, we will wait for the appropriate weapons to save as many of our people as we can. the weapons are what will reclaim the territory. >> russia is pushing to seize the entire region of donbass, which has alrdy been partially in the hands of russian separatists. donetsk has seen widespread destruction, but ukrainian forces have had some small successes elsewhere in the east. more than 1000 civilians were evacuated from russian-controlled towns around kharkiv. >> there's no power, no phone
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service, no water. it is hard. i cannot contact my children. there's no work and no money. an occupation regime is being established. prices have changed. they have forced people to sign agreements saying they will cooperate. i hope -- i believe that i will return home to where i'm from and that it will be a part of ukraine because i don't want to live under occupation. i just don't want to. >> as the russian onslaught drags on, the exodus continues. people fleeing the east with whatever they can carry, leaving behind homes reduced to rubble and bodies buried hastily before leaving. >> russia's attempt to capture
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ukraine's capital team at the start of the war ended in failure and many of the city's residents worry moscow could be preparing for a second assault. dw met up with a group of civilians getting ready to defend their homes as best they can. >> preparing for a second onslaught. when russia tried to storm kyiv, these residents were on the back foot, like katya, who felt helpless to defend herself and her city. >> what made me want to learn this even more is after everything, all the war crimes started to get out, you know, i wanted to have an opportunity to protect myself. >> the actress says she owes everything who fought when she felt she could not. >> the only thing that allows me to do that, allows me to live,
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to choose life, is that somebody is choosing death, like, right in the same moment. they are choosing death for me to live, you know? and that is just terrible. >> with fears growing that moscow could launch another attempt at taking the capital, these people say the will not be caught off guard again. volunteer instructor yuri guides them through the basics. since the war broke out, hundreds have signed up for courses like this one. so many wanted to assist in the war effort but did not have the skills for combat. >> they are not yet soldiers completely, but at least they have some knowledge of the experience. >> experience they feel they need. for people here. >> we need to be prepared for
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everything. the threat of russians returning will remain with me until the end of my life. >> there's always a chance russians will come back, but it into the attitude i see from my friends, i don't think they stand a chance here. >> the recent buildup of belarusian troops at ukraine's northern border has only added fuel to fears of another attack. >> they e waiting for some order. we don't know what it will be, but we need to be ready. >> if there is to be a next time, katya says she will definitely fight. she and her classmates fear a second attempt on the capital could be even worse. >> norway and hungary have confirmed their first monkeypox cases. over 20 countries with a virus
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is not endemic have reported outbreaks. 300 cases have an identified, most in europe. monkeypox is usually confined to parts of africa. u.s. president joe biden has met with new zealand's prime minister in washington, d.c. gun violence and extremism dominated their talks following recent mass shootings in texas and new york. she successfully pushed for better gun control in her country after a white supremacist attack. funerals have begun for the victims of the school shooting in texas where a gunman killed 19 children and two teachers. the tragedy in the town of uvalde has rekindled debate over gun control in the u.s. thousands of fans and relatives have turned out for the funeral of a punjabi rapper who was sht
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dead while driving his car. authorities say the killing was linked to enter going rivalry. thousands of severely ill palestinians are treated in israeli hospitals each year, but getting there is a challenge. they are not allowed to drive israeli check once with their own cars. that's why israelis are volunteering to show for them with new -- with a new organization. our correspondent joined one of their drivers, picking up a palestinian mother and her son at the checkpoint in israel. >> 7:00 a.m., a few kilometers away from the check, an appointment to pick up a palestinian boy. >> he is coming with his mother. i don't want them to wait. >> he has met them before.
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today, they have made it through some of the check once quickly. it does not always go so smoothly. he wants to leave the checkpoint as soon as possible, as the security situation here can rapidly deteriorate. this mother and her son have just two hours to get to the hospital. >> it would not work without him . there's no other way for us to get to the hospital. and this is a much safer way to get there. >> they have to go there every other week. as a baby, adam had a brain tumor. he and his mother have a special permit to enter israel because there's no proper treatment in the west bank. but they are not allowed to bring thr own car with them, and there's no public transportation.
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>> we cannot afford to take a taxi from the check went to the hospital. especially since my son has already been in treatment for five years. >> joshua is driving them for free just like the other 2000 volunteers who work for the organization road to recovery. >> i can help promote peace by doing this. the palestinian children only know israelis as soldiers and police officers and mainly associate them with violence, but in me, the kids see an israeli who looks after them. >> during the rides, they talk about the daily lives of the kids. sometimes this leads to friendship, and the rides have changed his perception of the
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people on the others of the check point. >> because of the suicide attacks, some israelis have the misperception that palestinians place no value on other people's lives, but i see mothers here who value their children as much as others. >> soon, he will again be waiting at a checkpoint to pick up other palestinian children and drive them to hospitals. >> here in germany, police have reported a rise in sexual violence against minors. authorities estimate over 17,000 children were the victims of sexual abuse in 2021. while more people are coming forward to report cases, the actual number is believed to be much higher.
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>> investigators in the state of north rhine-westphalia shauna spotlight on the most recent case at a press conference on monday. >> i've never encountered such a level of inhuman brutality and callous indifference towards the suffering of young children. the pain of their cries and their obvious fear. >> in december last year, police arrested a 44-year-old man. he has since been charged with multiple cases of child sexual abuse. the suspect advertised himself as a babysitter on online portals like these. prosecutors believe he abused or raped at least 12 of the children he was looking after, half of whom were under three years old. prosecutors say the suspect also exchanged child abuse videos and
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photos with other pedophiles over a number of years. police secured 32 terabytes of data that help them track another 32 suspects. officials believe the suspect was in contact with another pedophile network. >> this shows once again that the perpetrators mainly exchange information via the internet, but the perpetrators are not alone online. the police are there, too. i can only say to all pedophile criminals, we may not get to you today, but one day, we will be at your door. >> german police are making progress with child sexual abuse cases as a result of investment in better i.t. technology. more investigations allow them to track down more suspects. >> after the first case in north rhine-westphalia, we made a major investment to examine cases intensively and in a timely manner. >> federal states are now said to be broadening their
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investigations, but therapists say one problem is that many victims are still too young to even speak properly. >> in terms of trauma, these girls and boys, once they become men and women, need the opportunity to turn to good professionals if they need them. >> many experts say those resources are still in two short supply. they want to see more funds dedicated to supporting survivors of abuse. >> for six weeks, the world has lapped up lurid claims and counterclaims between "pirates of the caribbean" star johnny depp and his ex-wife, actress amber heard. he is suing her for deformation and she is counter suing. now the trial is wrapping up. >> johnny depp and amber heard's
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lawsuit and counter lawsuit have kept millions glued to their screens for weeks with dirty details. the accusations ranging from absurd to harrowing. as the trial unfolded, crowds of spectators and supporters gathered every day in the early morning hours to get a peek at the movie stars entering the court in fairfax, virginia. experts say the decision to broadcast the trial was part of depp's strategy. >> most celebrities do not want cameras in the courtroom. johnny depp's team pushed for. amber heard's team did not want it. with a celebrity case, normally we do not even see this part of it. >> depp denies allegations of abuse, instead accusing heard of
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tarnishing his reputation. >> this is about him winning his fans back, about him getting his reputation back in hollywood, in studios. >> judging by the internet, depp's strategy has worked. social media users overwhelmingly showed their support for him while many engaged in campaigns to discredit heard. experts warn that victims of domestic and sexual violence make see the trial as another reason to silent. -- may see the trial as another reason to keep silent. >> finally, one for harry potter fans. how much would you pay for a sign first edition of the series? this hardback is just one of
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just 500 printed in the first 1997 run. the high price is despite the word "philosopher" being misspelled on the back. before we go, let's get a reminder of our top story. european union leaders have imposed their harshest measures yet to punish russia for its aggression in ukraine. the 27--- the 27 member states have agreed on a partial ban on russian oil imports by the end of this year. that's your news update, but stick with us. i will be back in a couple of minutes to take you through the day. don't go away.
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elections live on france 24 and france24.com. mark: welcome to live from paris world news and analysis from france 24. these are the headlines. the eu asks to stop russian oil sales. it is the sanction ukraine has been calling for the start of the invasion. president zelenskyy welcome to the news but said the 50 day delay is not acceptable. who be joining our correspondent in a moment. ukraine admits a major part of the city of severodonetsk is tonight under russian control. but the city is not surrounded. regional governorsas

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