The relationship between several semiempirical fracture analyses (SEFA) and the R-curve concept of fracture mechanics is examined. The conditions for equivalence between a SEFA and an R-curve are derived. A hypothetical material is employed to study the relationship analytically. Equivalent R-curves are developed for real materials using data from the literature. For each SEFA there is an equivalent R-curve whose magnitude and shape are determined by the SEFA formulation and its empirical parameters. If the R-curve is indeed unique then the various empirical parameters cannot be constant, and vice versa. However, for one SEFA the differences are small enough that they may be within the range of normal data scatter for real materials.