tv [untitled] RT August 19, 2010 5:01am-5:31am EDT
years since the soviet space program so i fear of dogs become the first living things to survive in order to fly. also it's russia's first report and one of the country's diamond centers parties closer to visits a multi-faceted northern city. this is coming to you live from moscow i'm marina joshie welcome to the program our human rights groups are raising alarm over india turning into a global hot spots for drug trials they claim international pharmaceutical companies are experimenting on patients in some cases without consent they also say many of those who sign up don't understand the risks statistics from any us health
ministry show drug trial deaths in the country have been increasing over the last few years for the first six months of this year nearly five hundred deaths were down drug trials more than the combined total for two thousand and seven and two thousand and eight artie's current seeing reports. india government run hospitals provide low cost treatment to the poor but there are increasing claims that being made guinea pigs in drug trials for western pharma companies without their knowledge here at the. hospital in the north has been taking pills for the last six months on the advice of his doctor he suspects he's being experimented upon. to get to me i had a pain in my abdomen they did all sorts of tests and gave me all sorts of pills to have in the morning afternoon and night but i haven't got any better. rational recount that they can test any medication they like. allegations have surfaced in
the media that the hospital conducts illegal drug trials on patients police are investigating the complaint the hospital officials say any trials are being conducted in accordance with government guidelines india is fast becoming a global hot spot for testing new drugs with two million people estimated to be taking part in clinical trials all without their consent caught in this year drug trials are increasing here because they cost just one sixth of what they do in the west the regulatory system here is comparatively corrupt inform the companies can easily register patients and begin trials in developed countries it would take six months to reach the five patients whereas in india in the same time they can conduct choice on two thousand people. giving informed consent to be part of an experiment is the golden rule of all clinical trials but many patients here sign on the dotted line without understanding the nature and the consequences of what's
being administered to them. are americans or treaty indians as guinea pigs the patients being used for trials are illiterate and pool they don't even know details of the drug that it is a drug trial this is unethical to root. without proper consent without. taking part in a drugs trial it is both an ethical and a legal and patient sometimes sign up out of desperation to them experimental health is better than none at all. agreed to let her child be treated with a new drug which she's been told will bring his fever down. the treatment is free happy with it. there are regulations in place to monitor drug trials including setting up takes communities and hospitals to ensure patient safety but these are often used by doctors to simply rubber stamp trials so. the ethics committee has
the important responsibility of monitoring drug trials but it's a very out hook system that is misused for instance a medical institute in faraway mumbai gives permission for a drug trial in cities like indoor. poor how can you use permission from an ethical committee of another institute in another city to justify drug trials in an institute here with over one thousand three hundred drug trials currently being conducted in india this industry's already said to be worth one billion dollars it's clear that the laws against unethical trials are not working and the government will have to come up with other ways to stop the country's poor from being enticed into medical experiments that could potentially have serious side effects seeing r.t. india so have three this hour a trip to diamond fields in the russian north. this site right here is one hundred meters deep and it produces about half a million carats worth of diamonds each here now this is just the beginning because
they want to go deeper into the earth with the for oil is richer and with a lot more of that precious stone many women called their best friend find out how the. home to russia's first shipyard turned into diamonds hotspot. they caved a salad now theophany spector's leave moscow after spending four days in russia to determine the nation's by ability to host the world cup details ahead. stopping terrorists in standing in the flow of drugs that's what was agreed upon at a summit of central asian countries president dmitry medvedev host of the meeting in the russian city of sochi where the leaders of afghanistan a ticket stand in pakistan former white house drugs policy spokesman robert wiener things the u.s. is failed in afghanistan mainly because wiping out drugs is not part of their mission. the us military regrettably has
determined that a policy should be had of not. interdicting and not eradicating the drugs in afghanistan because it would destabilize afghanistan what a mistake of a policy and it's a policy mistake both by the military by general petraeus by ambassador holbrooke because it's the drugs that that fund al qaeda which is the reason that the united states went into afghanistan in the first place drugs are seventy percent as much as seventy percent of al qaeda is in the taliban's funding according to senior democratic senator charles schumer and if that's the case what are we doing making happy farmers in afghanistan or is our job to secure afghanistan stop the drug trafficking create alternative economies and then stop the killing that goes around the world both by the terrorists and by the drugs themselves that have killed
millions throughout asia and europe and america's only option in afghanistan is to withdraw all its troops as soft a soft afghan war veteran the full interviews coming later on here in a program an r t but let's not take a look at a preview. you should. you cannot depict the country as a den of terrorism or its people as terrorists by default this is not true there is a faction of people within the rebel movement that use terror methods some of these people do indeed have links to al qaeda in no way does this mean that any afghan or any armed afghan is a terrorist the us is facing a philosophical problem they spent nine years there by december two thousand and ten their military presence will match that of the soviet contingent now over this period they have failed to understand the afghans outlook on life they do not understand afghanistan barack obama is now facing the gorbachev dilemma of whether
to withdraw u.s. forces if he pulls them out it will be bad if he doesn't it will go from bad to worse i'm deeply convinced that barack obama should do the same thing as me which i do with afghanistan there is no other way. now they say every dog has his day but for two dogs in the soviet union it was a day the launch them literally to international fame it's fifty years since belkin were sent into orbit and returned safely a day later becoming the first living thanks to survive such a flight that pave the way for the first manned space eight months later i just looks back. but they. just. became the first ever human in our space first return was. the first space. before manned space yielded to man's best friend at least fifty
seven dogs were sent into orbit by the soviet union arguably one of the most famous travellers were too much or whitey and little arrow fifty years ago after months of strenuous training they and a bunch of mice rats flies plants and a rabbit boarded sputnik five all. the most important criteria was the dog's size there was only that much space aboard the spacecraft also dogs are much better tolerating cold temperatures but it wasn't every dog that was acceptable their car their physical condition all that was taken into account. he worked with the soviet space program for decades he remembers bill as they really were under different names when. the dogs got named systems and the girls name these two dogs and they like the sound of those names but then our boss found out and he was not
impressed he criticised us for giving these dogs foreign and politically incorrect names so we changed them and that's how they became famous. still continued on the ground she had six pups one of which was presented by the then soviet leader nikita khrushchev to j.f.k.'s daughter caroline and international room and believe him to be true or fluffy and another kennedy dog called charlie they in turn had puppies which the u.s. president jokingly referred to as pup nicks man's best friend became not only a link between two ferns a maze of the cold war dogs are also the guarantee scientists needed to safely send a man follow. in their pop prints. nobody knew you see whether a living organism could survive in space how a body would react to those conditions which is why bill constrain were the first giant leap for mankind you could see that belka was more agitated and that the dogs
were at times uncomfortable but they made it safely home and scientists knew that it was man's turn to reach for the stars. the door and stamps calendars became the subject of tales and news reports fifty years after their flight their trip thousand eight c.n.n. old alike and the museum where they are displayed is proud to tell their story again and again catherine as our of our r.t.e. . our got plenty more in space at our website r.t. dot com so log on for an hour of this world blog russian cosmos plus. the first steps to the stars find our water to prepare for space wide and help take man to the moon. after moving helm a monument to what he really appears in france as part of a series of tributes to twentieth century figures.
tighter security measures remain of force in moscow after tuesday's terror attack in russia's north caucuses police have evacuated people from moscow city court after an anonymous apparent tipoff a bomb has been planted in the building which is now being searched this follows two bomb threats and wednesday explosives were said to have been planted in a business center and elsewhere near an apartment block officers evacuated the buildings but found no bombs the fear of more attacks was raised after tuesday's car bombing in the city of course in the caucasus some thirty people were injured police are now hunting for the man who left the car outside a busy cafe investigators believe a tourist. who said to have links to al qaida may have masterminded the bombing.
now russia's been going all out to win the football world cup bid for twenty twenty twenty two inspectors from the games governing body fisa are wrapping up their tour across the country assessing whether it should be chosen to host the tournament. is now at one of moscow's airport where the officials will soon leave holding a stacy so with been monitoring nearly every move of the inspection and now it's over so what can you tell us about the results. they came they saw and now russia waits to see if this bid was strong enough to woo feed the inspectors for four days the committee led by harold may nichols visit it for the third. staging cities but a world cup there if they petersburg moscow because done and sochi and they did all of this if the if russia is in fact ready to host the world cup in either twenty eighteen or twenty twenty two there is the afternoon nickeled and russian minister of sport but probably but that's where the press before the inspectors left moscow
and the minister said that russia and her people have a great desire to host the world cup they did everything possible to. to prove. all the information they needed to make a fair and then return. specter said he was very impressed by russia's. trip. and said that they did everything they did to make. all the questions they needed in order to make a fair. and. he was also impressed by russia's dedication to the game with a name russia's. program all of that and part of their program thousand more football fields around the country to attract more children to the game. and they also talked about who he was supposed to be on vacation be proposed in order to
meet with the committee directly and he also promised to fulfill all the geishas made in the bit that the selection committee said that they were looking for also additional things such as a temporary postponement of the so that players coming to participate in the games . coming to watch the games would be able to. also talk to. says that they're pretty good it's because russia is going to be hosting the olympic games in two thousand and fourteen and they were. to see just what russia was able to do. it seems to be a pretty good visit and that russia has an extremely good chance to secure world cup posting. twenty two now russia is one of the nations hoping to get the coveted title but as i mentioned earlier the
committee is on its way out of town and heads to the u.k. and the u.s. the committee will make its final decision december second. in zurich all right say well it's now keep our fingers crossed while we're waiting for the final decision thanks very much indeed for bringing us the latest. and we have successfully stage events that proves we can host this world cup we've already held the nine hundred eighty olympic games and the chamberlains league final which everyone was happy with and the fact that we won the bid for the sochi olympics also proves that we are able to host any big sports events all that was stacey been stair reported give us giving us more details on the fifth official's visit here in moscow now let's take a look at some other stories from around the world the last u.s. combat troops have left iraq nearly two weeks ahead of schedule the planned withdrawal deadline has been set at august thirty first over fifty thousand troops
are to remain in the country through twenty eleven to advise iraqi forces and protect u.s. interests. in pakistan many of those in need of vital supplies following the devastating flood say aid isn't reaching them international donors have pledged millions of dollars more to help the country following criticism from relieved groups that the response to the disaster has been too slow floodwaters are still at their peak levels in some places hampering a war pakistani officials say sixty thousand troops have been tasked with helping the effort. now we continue exploring russia's varied regions in our close up series and it's an in-depth and personal view on the everyday life of local people and the history of the country. and today were in the northwest of russia in the hardest region once the country's
only seaport recognizes the capital of northern russia it has everything from ship building to diamonds we sent test our cilia to explore all the appealing sides of this region. where now with the north of russia and the out how goes region a region which has a coastline on three arctic seas now because of its location it was extremely important in the seventeenth century as russia's first and only seaport as well as its first sea route to the west now this region became extremely wealthy because of that sea trade and monasteries were very much involved in the business in trading salt and wood and it was also here that the first arctic expeditions were outfitted as seen off who ever once it has where it was found at sea trade was made from here to st petersburg at a hyundai also lost its importance well today of honda's may no longer hold the titles it once did but it is still going to be a glorious history as well as thriving traits in shipbuilding and lumber as well as a budding diamond industry take a look thanks to its waterways one hundred s. is known as the gateway to the arctic but this wasn't always the case in the one
nine hundred twenty s. it was called the national hard currency shop as its rich timber and paper pulp industries yielded the lion's share of the treasury's hard currency earnings it's a controversial part of its past these industries flourished thanks to tens of thousands of prison inmates forced to work in the north during stalin's time but on hunger else did make a more positive and lasting mark in history when peter the great founder of russia's first shipyard here and it became the motherland of the country's fleet our crew visited a ship repair plant in the region which has also recently started making vessels the facility was set up in the one nine hundred fifty s. especially for repairing and retooling soviet ships and submarines in the ninety's or whenever the suv hit government radical because the number of defense contracts and the plant's output foam they had no choice but to diversify and went into diamond cutting. where you were done including was one of the alternatives you have
the idea of cutting rough diamonds in the direct vicinity of the diamond field looked attractive. that diamond field is the lemont to solve mine named for the local scientists and pull with me on a sort of back in the seventeenth century he said that there were diamonds in the region but the gems weren't found until much later this period opened in one nine hundred eighty two and the first diamond was extracted just five years ago not an easy task in a water rich region the field is located smack in the middle of a marshland amid rivers and springs engineers had to build an eight kilometer long canal to divert the water flow. i don't know of any other diamond fields where the extraction conditions are so complicated. their work is like looking for needles in a haystack in every truckload of rocks only two or three diamonds can be found but they're no ordinary diamonds. deposits produce transparent barely
colored gemstones here we find intensely colored diamonds green yellow even pink and blue. this side right here is one hundred meters deep and it produces about half a million cars worth of diamonds each year now this is just the beginning because they want to go deeper into the earth or the soil is richer and where this a lot more of that precious stone many women called their best friend. but before anyone could even see a single sparkle a long process has to be gone through and what you get are real gems jewelers as well as women from all over the world called it aha girls today is still an important industrial and commercial region here in russia and if you do see foreigners in the city more often than not they're here on business there are a number of foreign companies based in and to tell us more about doing business with the region we're joined by gary thank you very much for joining us now could
you briefly tell us what how do you value a the economy of. our company. by. according sector for the oil and gas market our company is excited about the future developments in new york and those creatures and we greatly look forward to working with our russian partners what do you see how else has a competitive advantage. is strategically placed for the arctic circle the ports are open all year round so supplies are easily accessible and it's quick to get the oil and gas fields the infrastructure and the manpower we found to be very good for our specific market currently we are starting to employ and we found the skill sets to be very good ok thank you very much now i'll come a long way from being just a seaport and it will continue to reshape itself as more industries develop in this region. that brings up today here in r t and business news is next was danio.
and fresh signs the world economy is not out of the woods yet but company results of since tumbling that the sales in the program but first russia's economy has rebounded considerably since the beginning of the year a recent decline in industrial output has raised doubts about the strength of the recovery the drought and heat have been partially to blame but economists warn some of the problems wrong think of and that's michael reports. the volume of russian industrial output declined a sizeable ten percent in july compared with june which in turn saw a contraction from the previous month although much smaller just half a percent economist worry that a further decline in august which would be a third successive drop would suggest this ignorant of the economy is slowly falling back into recession we do expect that the russian economy is likely to slow considerably in the second half of these yeah i guess this slowdown of the
manufacturing production is partly in line. with that the pace of that rather covering the snow because of the fading. base effect the something like this battle for this nation of investment in. the reversal of the fiscal stimulus the weak demand for russian made goods can partly be attributed to the increase in the value of the ruble since the beginning of the year this is made products for export more expensive while handing foreign goods sold here a price advantage moreover economists warn that any sickness in manufacturing could start to infect other parts of the economy banks see that the growth rates are not that strong they might be more reluctant to give out loans so there's growth in lending that we started to see a couple of months ago it could be undercut by this. stagnation . in front of well. and this is i think
a bigger concern because there are potentially you can have a vicious circle whereby slower growth leads to slower landing this and turn leads to slower growth as well clearly russia is not an island unto itself its prospects are heavily tied to the wider global economy and its biggest customers in europe continue to grow more quickly than expected as the recent data indicates then there is little prospect of the wider russian economy suffering a double dip recession even if industrial output temporarily stalls michael christian business r.t. . a new report from h.s.b.c. bank says russia won't return to pre-crisis growth rates in the near future the author of that report alexander morales off chief economist for the region explains why. first of all there already is science but that's happened in industrial production data shows it was clearly yes that is publication of the investment thanks investment data also going to invent direction but for a more fundamental factors that would not allow the russian economy to go as fast
as before i want to elicit showed that in the past of a key drivers russian economic growth was a very but one interest and strong rise in the commodity prices prices is number one and secondly it was a straw inflow of pepitone into the russian economy through russian companies borrowing and also for foreign investors invest in the russian assets with these loans etc now looking forward the overall prospects of a slow global economic growth we should not rely on capital inflows it will be happening of course bots are not of the extent of the past as far as commodity prices is concerned also volatile is not as benign as before probably if you see some oil price rise a for all prices will not be as high as before where for so the fundamental factors which are used to drive hike in i'm a girl from the boss will not be working any more than the grow should come from the mastic sources the mastic sources are rising to get it set up but here we also
have problems because compared to experts drivers actually drove faster cover after the crisis of domestic demand drivers are not as strong for it will be realistic to expect it's growth will dixie the rate that will still be growth victims will be growing barto growth will be according to our wisdom is between two and four percent for the next few years it's only in the long looked on once russia hopefully successfully addresses structural problems institutional problems and to improve its competitiveness invent we should see growth for exhilaration two of four percent. if you're continuing yesterday's slide the world's number two cement they've got a whole thin film moving three percent on the. remains weak. in frankfurt.