tv [untitled] RT August 19, 2010 4:01pm-4:31pm EDT
attempts at shaping the us media agenda and policies in the middle east. turn around the last u.s. combat brigade withdraws from iraq two weeks ahead of shutter limits accusations america's just rebranding the patient not ending it. the true part is it's fifty years since two dogs in the soviet union became the first living thing to survive space travel paving the way for future exploration. live from our studios here in central moscow twenty four hours a day this is auntie pharmaceutical companies are accused of using people in india as guinea pigs to test new drugs without their consent human rights groups say those who do know they are taking part in trials don't get
a full explanation of the dangers they face statistics from india's health ministry show the number of deaths linked to clinical trials have risen over the last few years this year the figures of risen to more than the combined total for two thousand and seven and two thousand and eight. investigates. any india government run hospitals provide low cost treatment to the poor but there are increasing claims that being made guinea pigs in drug trials for western pharma companies without their knowledge here at the. hospital indoor the north has been taking pills for the last six months on the advice of his doctor he suspects he's being experimented upon and maybe get to me i had a pain in my abdomen they did all sorts of tests and gave me all sorts of pills to have in the morning afternoon and night but i haven't got any better. turn around to recap that they can test any medication they like on me. allegations have
surfaced in the media that the hospital conducts illegal drug trials on patients police are investigating the complaint the hospital officials say any trials are being conducted in accordance with government guidelines india is fast becoming a global hotspot for testing new drugs with two million people estimated to be taking part in clinical trials routes all without their consent. drug trials are increasing here because they cost just one sixth of what they do in the west the regulatory system here is comparatively corrupt inform the companies can easily register patients and begin trials in developed countries it would take six months to register five patients whereas in india in the same time they conduct trials on two thousand people. giving informed consent to be part of an experiment is the golden rule of all clinical trials but many patients here sign on the dotted line without understanding the nature and the consequences of what's being administered
to them and they are americans or treaty indians as guinea pigs the patients being used for trials are illiterate and pool they don't even know details of the drug or that it is a drug trial this is unethical to repay she. without proper consent without. taking part in a drugs trial it is both an ethical and illegal. patients sometimes sign up out of desperation to them experimental health care is better than none at all but agreed to let her child be treated with a new drug which she's been told will bring his fever down. to cheat ministry sound happy with it. there are regulations in place to monitor drug trials including setting up takes communities and hospitals to ensure patient safety but these are often used by doctors to simply rubber stamp trials so. the ethics committee has
the important responsibility of monitoring drug trials but it's a very ad hoc system that is misused for instance a medical institute in foreign women by gives permission for a drug trial in cities like indoor pulp all enjoyable tour how can you use permission from an ethical committee of another institute in another city to justify drug trials in an institute here. with over one thousand three hundred drug trials currently being conducted in india this industry is already said to be worth one billion dollars yet it's clear that the laws against unethical trials are not working and the government will have to come up with other ways to stop the country's poor from being enticed into medical experiments that could potentially have serious side effects got unseeing r.t. india. this is in the russian capital and still to come for you this. they came based on our feet the inspectors leave after spending four days in russia to determine a nation by ability to host the world cup details ahead. also
a trip to russia first seaport and the diamond hotspot close up to visit speed morgan city. first falls declassified in america have revealed the covert. public relations and lobbying activities of israel in the us the national archives made the documents public following a senate investigation this is just israel has been trying to shape media coverage of issues it regards as important you can download the files from the website of the institute for research on middle eastern policy and god have smith who is a director at that institute in washington explains what's been uncovered. these files are from a sealed senate investigation which was the result of the senate foreign relations committee as the u.s. department of justice looking into groups that brought thirty six million dollars into the u.s. to plant stories in the us media and promote israeli foreign policy objectives in
the united states they're extremely relevant because they revealed for example of vast effort to divert us attention from the israeli dimona nuclear weapons facility by saying it was merely a research center they carefully tracked how that story was playing in the us media and they also were using outlets such as the atlantic magazine funneling fifty thousand dollars into that magazine in a major effort to disrupt the u.s. peace proposal which would have involved bringing some palestinian refugees and allowing them to return to their homes and properties in israel it's extremely important for people to see this media influence and the mechanics of it because over the passage of time this is only gotten worse they have successfully built a campaign financing system in the united states that's an extremely at fact of at
pushing israeli objectives by withholding or dispersing campaign funding to u.s. politicians so there is a high degree of control that's in place but firm for your average american it's almost completely hidden. those responsible for tuesday's car bombing in southern russia will be found and should they attempt to resist arrest killed that's the message of the russian president to travel to the blast hit city. after discussing security measures with the local authorities but video visited victims of the blast fourteen of the thirty people injured in the terror attack remain in local hospitals the russian leader has pledged to provide additional medical equipment wherever it's needed. the last u.s. combat brigade has left iraq two weeks ahead of their planned withdrawal at the end of the month but a fifty thousand strong american military contingent will remain in the country for
support and training until the end of twenty eleven have the power to use their weapons in self defense or at the request of the iraqi government and over seven years of being in iraq more than four thousand u.s. soldiers died according to the pentagon on light ready from the antiwar group democracy village says there'll be no actual pullout in years to come. why central is happening is they're going to stay there for at least twenty years that's the length of time the all contracts have been signed the fifty thousand troops there is also a believing number because it's actually about one hundred thousand private contractors there that number's likely to increase so i don't see any change really for the iraqi people normal life will be resumed for another ten thousand years until the depleted uranium is has disappeared from the environment. between now and then life is just going to be one big struggle for the iraqi population and it's a really sad tale five hundred thirty innocent civilians killed last month alone that's more than that in afghanistan and the moment all we're hearing about is afghanistan but look at the permanent military bases there in iraq i mean they've
spent so much money that it's really unlikely they're going to move this i think ninety four permanent bases there look at the american embassy the u.s. embassy in iraq in baghdad is now the size of the vatican city i mean that's a huge investment there's no way they're going to believe in that what they're doing is they're rebranding the occupation and instead of calling it combat operations they're going to call it stability operations it's not it's not a mass exodus at all you just need to look at where the permanent military bases have been built and where the money's been spent you can actually do a dot to dot on the map and be there with the resulting line is exactly what the pipeline route is going to be. some of these iraqi troops some of these u.s. troops in iraq will probably be redeployed into yemen as well which is a another undeclared war that the u.s. is beginning so between yemen. afghanistan pakistan and iraq this is this is just permanent war this is what they've been talking about for the last ten years. russia's emergencies minister says there needs to be
a rethink in far protection to prevent future disasters such as this summer's wildfires across the country the cost of combating the blazes was revealed that over four hundred million dollars over this figure dwarfs the bill for overall damage which experts expect to be around fifteen billion dollars officials say fifty three people died and three and a half thousand were left homeless however rescuers menace to save around four thousand towns and villages incineration more than one hundred thousand rescue workers and volunteers were involved in the operation emergencies minister added that the situation could have been prevented if advance information about the threat was given a heat wave which triggered the disaster is at an end in most parts of central russia. when i say every dog has its day and for two dogs in the soviet union or the launched literally to international fame half a century ago. became the first living creatures to circle the earth and come back to life they prove that humans were able to exist in outer space pave the way for the first manned mission eight months later. but it makes little sense to.
watch just one bad man. then became the first ever human in our space one of the first things he said upon his return was i don't know if the first space or the last before manned space yielded to man's best friend at least fifty seven dogs were sent into orbit by the. arguably one of the most famous travelers were too much for whitey and little arrow fifty years ago after months of strenuous training they and a bunch of mice rats flies plants and a rabbit boarded sputnik five all. the most important criteria was the dog's size there was only that much space aboard the spacecraft also dogs are much better at tolerating cold temperatures but it wasn't every dog that was acceptable their character their physical condition all that was taken into account. he worked with
the soviet space program for decades he remembers as they really were under different names and. the dogs got named by our lab assistance on the girl's name these two dogs and they like the sound of those names but then our boss found out and he was not impressed he criticised us for giving these dogs foreign and politically incorrect names so we changed them and that's how they became famous and still. still continued on the ground she had six pups one of which was presented by the then soviet leader nikita khrushchev to j.f.k.'s daughter caroline and international room. mance believed to be true for flattery and another kenny called charlie they in turn had puppies which the u.s. president jokingly referred to as pop nicks man's best friend became not only a link between two friendlies of the cold war dogs were also the guarantee scientists needed to safely send
a man following in their pop prince. nobody knew you see whether a living organism could survive in space how a body would react to those conditions which is why bill constrain were the first giant leap for mankind you could see that belka was more agitated and that the dogs worry times uncomfortable but they made it safely home and scientists knew that it was man's turn to reach for the stars. during stamps calendars became a subject of tales and news reports fifty years after their flight their trip thousand eight c.n.n. older like and the museum where they are displayed is proud to tell their story again and again catherine as our r.t. moscow russia's chances of holding the twenty eighteen or twenty twenty two foot in the hands of feet for inspectors who wrapped up their visit to the country and has
been following their progress reports now from moscow they were dead of a. russia waits to see if its bid was strong enough to woo inspectors now for four days the committee toured russia and four of the thirteen cities slated to host the world cup games in those cities include st petersburg moscow close on and sochi which is poised to be the host of the winter twenty fourteen olympic games and they did all this to make sure the russian is in fact ready to host a world cup game now on thursday here at the airport the. investigator along with the minister met with the press before the thief inspectors left town and prime minister putin promised that all available all funds would be available and that all projects would be done on time believe and specter said that he was very impressed by what he called an excellent trip and that he said that russia's bid committee was very forthcoming and gave them all the information that they
would need to make a fair decision now football is russia's number one sport and fun fans feel pretty good about its chances of being able to host a world cup including a legendary soviet goalie. and we have successfully staged events that proves we can host this world cup we've already held the games in the champions league final which everyone was happy with and the fact that we won the bid for the sochi olympics also proves that we are able to host a big sports event. that's the fee for heads to the u.k. and the usa before going to zurich to make its final decision december second. well time now for a look at some other stories making headlines around the world countries have announce more humanitarian financial help for flood devastated pakistan you an official's operating in the region say much of the aid delivered so far hasn't reached some parts of the country the u.s.
is person extra one hundred fifty million dollars the asian development bank is to redirect dollars of loans for reconstruction about twenty million people infected by the floods. fresh clashes between muslim separatists and police have erupted in indian controlled kashmir leaving twenty people injured the violence follows the death of a nine year old boy was hit by a stray police last weekend fifty nine patients bystanders were killed by security forces during two months tension in the province. forty people have been injured. in spain after being knocked over the fence of the pakistan these perfect things including the time to take the hospital on the subject line. it took fifteen minutes to bring the animal under control before the official say incidents of this talk are extreme. also i want update the police abuse rubber bullets against protesters on the second day of a nationwide strike of civil servants in south africa and instructors demanded
higher wages for some three brits and police in india at least one officer the company has proposed a wage increase of up to seven percent but workers want an extra nine percent. well now we can tell you close up series where we bring into focus russia's diverse regions including some fairly hard to reach places artie's team gets an in-depth and personal insight on the everyday life of local people and the history of the country. and today we're in the northwest of russia in the region the country's first simple back in the seventeenth century recognized as a regional capital it now has everything from ship building to diamonds we sent to syria to explore. we're now with the north of russia and the girls region a region which has
a coastline on three arctic seas now because of its location it was extremely important in the seventeenth century as russia's first and only seaport as well as its first sea route to the west now this region became extremely wealthy because of that city trade and monasteries were very much involved in the business in trading salt and wood and it was also here that the first arctic expeditions were outfitted as seen off however when cicutto was found at sea trade was made from here to st petersburg at a loss its importance now today of hundreds may no longer hold the titles it once did but it is still home to a glorious history as well as thriving traits in shipbuilding and lumber as well as a budding diamond industry take a look thanks to its waterways on hunger is known as the gateway to the arctic but this wasn't always the case in the one nine hundred twenty s. it was called the national hard currency shop as its rich timber and paper pulp industries yielded the lion's share of the treasury's hard currency earnings it's a controversial part of its past these industries flourished thanks to tens of
thousands of prison inmates forced to work in the north during stalin's time but on hunger else did make a more positive and lasting mark in history when peter the great founder of russia's first shipyard here and it became the motherland of the country's fleet our crew visited a ship repair plant in the region which has also recently started making vessels the facility was set up in the one nine hundred fifty s. especially for repairing and retooling soviet ships and submarines in the ninety's or whenever the suv it government radically cut the number of defense contracts and the plants output phone they had no choice but to diversify and went into diamond cutting. where you know dining putting was one of the alternatives the idea of cutting rough diamonds in the direct to the city of the diamond field looked attractive. that diamond field is the law manasseh of mine named after the local
scientists and poet. back in the seventeenth century he said that there were diamonds in the region but the gems weren't found until much later this period opened in one thousand nine hundred eighty two and the first diamond was extracted just five years ago not an easy task in a water rich region the field is located smack in the middle of a marshland emit rivers and springs engineers had to build an eight kilometer long kamau to divert the water flow. i don't know of any other diamond fields where the extraction conditions are so complicated their work is like looking for needles in a haystack and every truckload of rocks only two or three diamonds can be found but they're no ordinary diamonds. deposits produce transparent or barely colored gemstones here we find intensely colored garments green yellow even pink and blue. this side right here is one hundred metres deep and it produces about
half a million carats worth of diamonds each year now this is just the beginning because they plan to go deeper into the earth or the soil is richer and where there's a lot more of that precious stone many women called their best friend. but before anyone could even see a single sparkle a long process has to be gone through. and what you get are real gems jewelers as well as women from all over the world called it. girls today is still an important industrial and commercial region here in russia and if you do see foreigners in the city more often than not they're here on business there are a number of foreign companies based in. now i'll come a long way from being just a seaport and it will continue to reshape itself as more industries do. well up in this region.
the soviet war veteran who fought in afghanistan in the eighty's says the u.s. is failing in its campaign because even after nine years it still doesn't understand the country or its people a secret so often speaks to the toilet in africa that's our coming away in just one minute here on our exclusive interview.
but first mr kraft well thank you for joining us today sochi has hosted this summit the second of its kind after the july session last year and does it mean russia is strengthening its position in the region where it's always been present and is opening up new opportunities for cooperation primarily with afghanistan and pakistan as you've said that you're doing much better if you have three needs of course but if you think that russia is trying to strengthen its position russia is trying to reserve its position in the settlement process in afghanistan via this quartet to achieve this goal which is really important for both afghanistan and for the region as a whole as well as for russia these regular events take place pakistan has one view on the afghan crisis stand has another view russia may have yet another position but as for russia. entergy christan it's obvious that they want to settle the situation in the country as soon as possible they are concerned with terrorism and
with drug production and trafficking that's where pakistan has been playing a double game over the past forty years virtually express the willingness to fight terrorism but in fact and everyone knows that everything that is now going on in afghanistan has pakistani origin pakistani influence and impact over. that i've you've mentioned the drug trafficking issue the sadistic say that about thirty thousand people in russia and nearly died because of drugs coming from afghanistan how can the american presence in afghanistan help resolve this problem and can russia solve it on its own. you have to have a fuck to finish a little make sure the point is the status of the international forces the u.n. mandate stipulates their participation in anti-drug measures from time to time they take part in such operations but it sporadic and aimed at small producers and small smugglers carrying out anti-terrorist operations they come across some drug
caravans just join them of course but nothing more but at a recent international conference in moscow nato refused to state that nato troops must fight narcotics they fear that it will only pose a greater threat to them and aggravate their position but. president obama plans to begin pulling out troops from afghanistan next summer how realistic is this. current to give me over the past nine months the position of the american authorities has changed considerably on the one hand american congress the house of representatives and most importantly the democratic party categorically insist on a considerable pullout of american troops from afghanistan starting july first two thousand and one on the other hand the us military commander especially after the start of david petraeus his term as a f commander has been looking for excuses to delay president obama's decision or to postpone it you must remember that the larger part of the u.s. military serves interests of the republican party and so does the us defense
minister the longer the forces u.s. and nato forces stay in afghanistan the more they will destabilize the region it's evident that the presence of any foreign troops nato u.s. or soviet troops will only inspired terrorism in afghanistan you cannot depict the country as a den of terrorism or its people as terrorist by default this is not true there is a faction of people within the rebel movement that use terror methods some of these people do indeed have links to al-qaeda in no way does this mean that any afghan or any armed afghan is a terrorist the u.s. is facing a philosophical problem if they spent. nine years there by december two thousand and ten the length of their military presence will match that of the soviet contingent now over this period they have failed to understand the afghans outlook on life they do not understand afghanistan barack obama is now facing the gorbachev dilemma of whether to withdraw u.s.
forces if you pulls them out it will be bad if he doesn't it will go from bad to worse the first one to have the stanley see happening in afghanistan or pakistan is affecting other countries including russia what could russia do to step wish to secure regina in this region. and with. no single stakeholder in the region will be able to do anything on their own the us tried to do so but failed they brought in the nato contingent and failed again i can say that countries in the region with their different stances and viewpoints will never come to consensus on the afghan crisis in order to find ways to settle the conflict from outside of the region we will certainly have to draw neighboring countries into the peace process iran pakistan tajikistan and definitely pakistan as well as russia and kazakhstan russia's afghanistan's historical partner and vice versa the u.s. and nato states have never been afghanistan's partners they don't understand the fundamentals of the region the only country that can provide for