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tv   [untitled]    September 10, 2010 1:30pm-2:00pm EDT

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rush is still primarily driven by the events coming out from the states and they're coming or going out from continental europe japan and china there are very few some very specifically russian it hasn't been driving the russian spokes this week the quite a few names that the mention is often of us are all still accomplished for it's just we're based on local news primarily besides that we've seen sort of the market a little bit sideways again although to be honest with you there is a potential momentum gaining place we probably going to see some substantial rise in the next couple weeks because there's a remarkably new money coming into the funds for a global europe global fund some of the emerging market funds are getting some inflows as well stories this week by you can always find more on our website that's already dot com slash.
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nupur the international association of russian language and literature teachers will host a world festival of russian language. are you interested in a better understanding of russian language and culture can you sing russian songs well. become a participant of the world festival of russian language and win an exciting trip to st petersburg in russia. for more information visit the
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festival website. every month we give you the future the best in science and technology from across russia and around the world. join us for technology update on our jeep now with i.b.m. this is data data generated from an electrical grid. the data you can do to do it in california preparing for alternative energy sources can help us in black and. that's going to support a plan. nine thirty pm in moscow thanks for being with us here on our t.v. these are your headlines president medvedev says the u.s. shouldn't be jealous about a new security agreement between russia and europe which would help everyone
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speaking at the global policy forum the osce labile he also said the speed of development in the country shows that only those with poor memories still accuse russia of totalitarianism. russia's republic of north this idea more of the victims of yesterday's car bomb attack in its capital central market the blast killed seventeen and left more than one hundred sixty injured. and figures show thousands of americans have been converting to islam since nine eleven despite accusations that the media is fuel again targeting islam towards muslims. next r.t. special report the cotton forest in western russia again infamy long before the polish president died there in a plane crash in april of this year in one thousand forty thousand of polish military officers were executed there by soviet forces our special report reveals the truth behind the lies that had shrouded the case for decades.
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for decades this incident was rooted in speculation and fit the facts were either suppressed or cooped up in one nine hundred forty more than twenty thousand polish prisoners who disappeared and still be a territory without a trace of censorship control and accounting case in general under a strict ban. catchin forest in the smolensk region this is where a mass grave of people in polish military uniform was first discovered that was in one thousand nine hundred three during the german occupation. the bowls lay their graves in three or four rows side by side some were even layered on top of one another there. who ordered the execution of the polish prisoners of war when exactly would they kill. the one witnesses have to say about it off the more than
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fifty years of silence why would the details of the captain tragedy kept secret for so long. in russia's north west lies among the straight on an island in lakes and again in one nine hundred forty eight house the prison camp where more than five thousand polish on the servicemen and police were in prison. was just a child at the time. she found out how the mona street had been turned into a prison camp for prisoners of war from a relative who was serving in the soviet even in secret police the n.k.v.d. . raging every day a special train was coming to the city i'm astonished of should you put the polish prisoners of war barely had any roof over their heads therefore all. all of
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a monastery is buildings were hastily adapted for their accommodation a triple plank beds were made for that purpose. polish prisoners of war were brought to the soviet union soon after the start of world war two german troops had altered by poland in the autumn of nineteen thirty nine and so obvious entered the country's eastern regions the poles were sent to prison camps. and cars outside. the poles were held in order to prevent any potential riots or attempts to restore poland's territorial integrity among them was career officer vida the father of polish film director vida yeah common his fellow on the servicemen were sent to the cause else camp in the smolensk region to further that i mean unlike my father most of those taken prisoner when not korea offices rather they represented the polish
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intelligentsia but they were university professors high school teachers actors and autists among them. in short all those who had been drafted into the army in one thousand nine hundred thirty nine. in august that year the soviet union in germany signed a non-aggression treaty in moscow which later became known as the molotov rippon trial pact this covert document detailed the partition of eastern europe on september the first nine hundred thirty nine germany attacked poland by september the seventeenth soviet troops entered poland as well this rare footage shows a joint parade in the town of brest the soviet brigade commander chris shane and general good rianne of germany share a viewing platform the polish army had never ceased to exist. they. needed i never saw my father from that moment on there was no word from him until
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he. taken prisoner by the soviets soviet. most of the police officers and frontier troops were sent to the stash of camps one of three hundred for polish prisoners of war a dam built by the poles to link the island to the lakeside still serves as a reminder of that time that the poles stayed for just over six months in april nine hundred forty the first groups of prisoners would then taken to an unknown destination the poles moved to the nearby railway station across the frozen ice of lakes and. i knew our though if they were actually very joisting the guards told them that they were being sent closer to the polish border board so that they could be handed over to the polish government when the time come that i meet your. secret from a reporter stuffed dog large sensor and kev ed the headquarters. of the prisoners
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of war are in good spirits it is apparent they have a strong desire to leave the camp ghost train behind are envious of the ones who are about to leave they think they are going home she is proceeding in an orderly manner without incident. isabella sonnier scums because grandfather. worked at the polish prosecutor's office. when soviet troops entered poland on september the seventeenth one thousand nine hundred thirty nine she was arrested after being branded a suspect. when she was put in a p.o.w. camp she had only one opportunity to send a letter that was in the late one nine hundred thirty nine years when once a week my granny sent to past college to the address of the prison camp my grandad had given her. for some time the past god simply disappeared without a trace. but starting with the spring of one thousand four take the boys sent back
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the bore the mark address on. nineteen forty three the pickup between the soviet union and hitler's germany. it was then that secret burials were found in the village of canton near smolensk the german on his medical course at the bodies of more than four thousand polish army officers had been found seven ditches in a forest. they had been examined under the supervision of professor again brooks a well known anthropologist from presley. but slater told the international red cross committee about his findings. throughout the world really on april thirteenth one thousand nine hundred forty three radio berlin announced that polish army officers and policemen had been shot and killed by the end of a day in one nine hundred forty the soviets refuted it two days later they claimed
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that the polish officers had been executed by the germans third in the autumn of one thousand nine hundred forty one for your war with. in one thousand nine hundred three dimitri was thirteen years old he's lived in the county in forest area all his life the german authorities took him and many other local people to the exhumation site dimitri thinks the message was clear. nothing would have happened if the germans had uncovered anything it was a political matter a polish army had been formed insolvent territory so the aim was to show those poles that they had no business fighting on the russian side could see what they've done you'll be in for it to the wounded. in the polish capital walsall the so to you captain lists began to appear towards the end of spring nine hundred forty three. people queued for hours in front of news stands to reason the new names were added to the list every day. when they still have said that the name of my grandad
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appeared on one of the lists shortly after such an estate were made public and then gin my father often said he remembered the day when hello and that he had become an orphan after his father's death and his mother's death six months before. in late one nine hundred forty three soviet troops drove the germans out of the smolensk region soon another medical commission this time led by the well known soviet surgeon nicholai but then started work in the captain's forest it's time to find evidence that the polish prisoners had been killed by the germans in nine hundred forty one after they'd invaded the soviet union. or were or were when a german made water pistol was found there that became the main argument in support of the claim that it was the germans that executed the polish officers the theory that it was the nazis that killed them was based on this discovery.
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and tom and of seeing is a former political prisoner whose father belonged to lenin's in a circle. he sent up a goon like museum commemorating the victims of political repressions. a friend who work. to the institute of forensic studies told how evidence in the counting case had been faked in the soviet union in one nine hundred forty four. are not the woman was on duty at that time me she saw the remains being hauled out of boxes you see and the pockets being stuffed with newspapers and letters bearing falsified dates the aim was to create the impression that all that had happened in one nine hundred forty one rather than in one nine hundred forty in all the evidence it was supposed to demonstrate that nobody but the germans were to blame that around the
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same time a man hunt was underway to spot locals who believe that the poles have been executed by the n.k.v.d. needless to say they also met a tragic fate yes but if you know if i had believed the russians had killed him yet i would have been dead for sure. after the soviet medical commission led by but then finished its work in one nine hundred forty four a memorial cross was erected in cutting the inscription read polish prisoners of war executed by hitler's troops in one thousand from to rest in peace here among those attending the unveiling were polish on the service because to speak division who were fighting in the soviet side. delegates in cudgen represented various units including my fifth regiment of the second infantry division and everybody said they had no doubt that the crime had been committed by the germans.
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after the end of world war two poland joined the socialist bloc from then on any discussion regarding canton was to boot. in contrast to the official soviet memorial in canton people in poland flocked to warsaw to commemorate the countryman who died in captivity. relatives of the dead had to hold them a memorial services in secret but not any longer. are saw other forts in heaven hallowed be thy name thy kingdom come thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven is this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us the silence lasted nearly half a century many relatives of the executed polish prisoners of war didn't live long enough to learn the secret truth of the count in tragedy.
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for the full story we've got it first hand the biggest issues get a human voice face to face with the news makers. in. fifty fifty. fifty five. if the many years the most senior economist officials had access to the soviet archives for most of the documents among top secret in one hundred ninety eight president mikhail gorbachev hold of this folder containing reports on the counting
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executions to be removed from the archives and handed over to. the most valuable document is a memo sent to stalin by. the people's commissars of internal affairs in april one thousand nine hundred forty. eight stalin the polish prisoners are trying to continue their counterrevolutionary to it is in the camps each of them is only looking for an opportunity to join this struggle against the soviet government then the us asar feels it's necessary it's implied to them a special procedure execution by a firing squad signed beriah people's commissar of internal affairs of the u.s.s.r. issue. that was the first time that soviet leader mikhail gorbachev officially declared that the soviet government was to blame and he offered his condolences and gave me a folder of documents containing a lists executed polish officers and asked them to the next day i went to
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cotton mills and paid tribute to the memory of those who were killed. now it was necessary to find the secret graves of the polish prisoners. the trail led investigators to the town of a stash golf where one of the concentration camps used to be. there was still a few surviving witnesses to help the team and it was proved once again that in april nine hundred forty the poles were taken away by railroad. and nobody saw them alive again. brought here to listen railway junction. they were put into boxcars. and taken away in this direction my trains. much later we found out.
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that they had been taken to the city one of. the train journey took took twenty four hours in one hundred forty the communist official. was among other high ranking officials indorsing the execution of the poles. the building standing opposite the monument to kellin in. the n.k.v.d. regional headquarters this is where the lives of the polish prisoners were cut short. more than fifty years later dimitri took around the local n.k.v.d. was interrogated by investigators from the military prosecutor general's office. afterwards showed me the talker of archive documents proving his guilt realized that it was in vain to deny anything and gave a detailed true testimony. my men didn't shoot more than three hundred people a day only once did they shoot as many. that had to be done under the cover of
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darkness because the nights were now too short. so they brought two hundred fifty people in a time and we shot them during the night. those about to be shot would taken to the basement one by one supposedly to have their papers checked but once that they were stripped of their personal belongings and valuables and me then did it occur to the prisoners that they were never going to leave that place alive even . one questioned by investigators it to me treats all corrupt told them the guns used for executions had been brought from moscow by. sheen was the ex superintendent of the central directorate and had a trunk full of walther pistols with him if they gave them to the executioners just shortly before the axe then the guns were collected in order to prepare them for more shootings.
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after the biography of a polish prisoner of war was completely identified two men would say to him by the arms and lead him into a cell just like this one the walls of the cells were covered with filth of cloth so absorbed noise a third man fired a shot from a walther pistol at the back of the head of the prisoner. when dmitri talkative was interrogated in one thousand nine hundred one he agreed to sketch a route leading to the site where the bodies of executed polish officers had been buried there was a building here where senior n.k.v.d. officials relaxed talkative as dasha or country house was nearby. it's a very place by the riverside and president socials spent a lot of time relaxing there the wives and children of minor officials lived here and large ditches only thirty meters. thousands of.
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covering up traces. down to the minute details but in the. to do their job as they could the bodies. were tossed into large ditches and covered with earth. used to be the n.k.v.d. in the region was examined in the summer of one thousand nine hundred. the first horrific finds were uncovered a few days later the investigators job was made to the fact that there is compact clay soil in the region which doesn't allow it to filter through. the bodies in that mass graves showed no signs of decomposition there was an easily identifiable polish military uniform of them. in the uniform of polish police their bodies were almost intact and this is listed fossilized remains.
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seventy three sixty five bring to downplays. polish forensic scientists joined counterparts in identifying the bodies many of the personal items and papers that once belonged to the dead prisoners were later taken to an. institute of forensic studies for further examination. helps me to realize many things when i study all these items lighters cigarette cases i imagine how they lived wrote letters play dice and smoke cigarettes each item reminds of a real person and i start to understand what life in the camp was like. there is a memorial museum in the forest it features documents and accounts of the poles buried here and also of the soviets who died during stalin's reign of terror the death penalty was handed down to more than five thousand people in the callinan
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region their graves were found side by side with those of polish prisoners. it's impossible to identify the bodies of soviet prisoners soviet they timbs of oppressions were taken to the burial place in underwear or stark naked and later in a bid to cover up their tracks and covered used a special acid and line to dissolve human remains in the soil. where. several times a year activists from the red name a more complex in northwest russia go on an expedition through villages in the very known in soviet times as cullinan they meet relatives of the locals like the poles were executed at medway are. these people in the relatives of dead polish offices have something in common. left of them murdered loved ones or a few faded photos. i remember my father saw obs when i saw him in
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prison. i adored him and he loved me. many years have passed since the relatives of the victims of the repressions were first interviewed gradually historians came to the conclusion that the poles had no chance of escaping death stalin's terror machine was crushing friend and foe alike making no distinction between them and caught in just two cases in point. given that system of government many polish officers and men had no chance of survival any prisoner discussing poland's future was immediately classified as a suspect at the time of stalin's reign of terror the people of any other nationality would have been dealt with in the same manner if they had found themselves in the same situation.
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twenty ten seventeen years since the execution of the polish prisoners of. a memorial service was held in the county forest on april seventh the ceremony was attended by relatives of the dead and leading political figures. of the polish military cemetery in cotton on april the seventh the prime ministers of russia and poland put an end to ask who was standing nearby my father thought it was a historic moment and he's thought it. but marking the anniversary was to take a tragic turn the plane carrying polish president lech kaczynski and many other senior officials crashed near canton as he tried to. relatives of the time prison victims are heading for the memorial ceremony that they died along with the president. that was simply incredible family couldn't believe it when tragedy struck again this time on april the tenth two thousand and ten my
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mother kept saying this can't be true my granddad was murdered and my father was killed in an air crash almost in the same place the two sides are separated by only a few dozen committees. for many in russia the air crash was a personal tragedy for days people brought flowers to the polish embassy in moscow a russian state television channel showed on jay vidas poignant film. my dear admits he had a hard time making it there was not a single collection of stories about canton for that reason in his works based on memoirs including his mother's recollections of the fine good as a young man in that movie i'm happy to know that the film caught him has been shown to such a vile story in its war or so that they could evaluate it and hear what
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a polish film director has to say i'm fine quote all of those who made this possible that this is a good step forward towards reconciliation between us. a stache gulf at first sight nothing seems to have changed here over the years the great grandchildren of those who saw all the polish prisoners of war now play in the yards. morris carpet is eighty five he's been teaching in the local school of his working life for a long time he could not share his memories with enter and finally the days come when a documentary about the events of nine hundred forty will be shown on russian television several years ago film director came here in person to listen about how the polish prisoners were brought from the a stosh called camp to their place of execution boris became blind two years ago now he can only listen to what the film has to say
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it's a poor sort of lists are they. they give the names of people taken out of the camp up the city look at sort of people could easily go astray or their families and the army want to see that. i keep a diary. and ours don't catch fire no. buttons all that will be left of us is the buttons on our uniforms. which of course i feel sympathy with on j.y. down and the polish people. as it turns out grief unites nations what we feel compassion for the polish people because of that tragedy. grief brings us closer together. it's too soon to draw a line under the cap in case work is still underway to find more places where polish prisoners of war a better.


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