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tv   [untitled]    September 30, 2010 4:30pm-5:00pm EDT

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yes now. dad let's go home. the village of position it's part of. the first world war two after being exposed to on ambiguous pressure by france and great britain two of its . germany was the price paid for hitler's promise not to start a war in europe which he breached not only a year later. according to many research as it was the conflict over these two dozen and that in effect triggered to. the division of czechoslovakia have been a floated which went on behind the scenes of these talks and what played the decisive role in them people in various countries including russia are still looking for the answers documents declassified by the foreign intelligence service
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seventy years on are directly related to the events of those times. at a no contest family take lunch seriously on a day off towards noon all of the family gets together in this house in the suburbs of munich traditional the variance sausages are served on such occasions. here the sausages. just put a better country watch in general traditions are respected in this family they know the back is a suggestion german when he was only eight years old he and his parents were deported from czechoslovakia now that he is away from his homeland anything reminding him of his first home is especially valuable to him.
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family was among the three million germans forcibly evicted from czechoslovakia by a special decision of president banish in one nine hundred forty five they lost their check system ship and all of their property. the speaker. always said here is our police sees it but he didn't get the answer and i tell you if czech prime minister would come to this would be. meeting. people would cry. do you know the opec is the director of the archives at the headquarters of the suggests and they are spread in central munich the capital of southern germany is
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the only major city situated close to the czech border small wonder the largest organization all three dozen germans is in munich. oh there is an archivist she was one of those who may. be seeing so for here. one interesting thing is the huge cooking book that is written in germany. it's the same. each time she looks at the feta grass. recalls the experience he and his family went through at the time of deportation after the.
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not knowing. that. this is arizonans the germans have no moral material right to lay claim to these houses it's too late in the day you know. we've lived here for a long time since we bought this house and naturally were sure it belongs to us. both this house ten years ago like most of the properties in the suggestion region his house belonged to the germans the czech settled down in this area in the late one nine hundred forty is the germans were to put it on a must scale. but it's not it's not going to give his house back to those who used to own it. his neighbor says few most chicks agree that these houses no longer belong to the germans. so happened historically did cherubs took
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possession of these lands just well so be the week nobody's going to give anything back to anybody if. they fool world war two these two dozen germans were considered to be czechoslovakia is the ethnic minority but in fact the germans for the second largest ethnic group after the czechs they even outnumber the slovaks the germans living use who doesn't land had their own schools universities the nice papers small wonder that the german question over's almost as soon as czechoslovakia emerged as a state in more amenable tropical becoming a god complex split up right off the emergence of czechoslovakia as a state. population was opposed to it and. the czech historian young namecheck is absolutely sure that the citizen germans paid a price for their active role in the dismemberment of czechoslovakia the treaty on
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the secession of the citizen region to germany was signed by need as a former european powers seventy years on the original copy bearing the signatures of the main players in the game is on display at parks national museum. local or in the signatures later of great britain chamberlain the leader of from still a dear leader of germany hitler and a leader italy muslim and. a clip about the exhibition at the national museum has been shown on television plays no doubt about the position the czechs have concerning the munich treaty. if you month schools have seen dissention and sneeze at the little head kutas for
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a reunion few young people ever show up here but the older generation tries not to miss it before listening to a consolation to public lecture on history to remember the younger days of mine. this is all used as a secure story of. the quotation. hundreds of books explain why the suit s. and germans will eat it's a leaf within germany but back the archival director has first hand information. in german right over the front there was a development and development no i mean brought persons that was perhaps one reason that they are seeing.
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the chicken saying it is the transmission mutiny and the siege as a reason he said to the nine hundred thirty eight certainly used the occasion as an excuse to declare that the germans were being discriminated against and he a few days mason here tresses phone was to call for an end to the genocide of the german people. per a perennial crime might happen make him your ire more sure and mr trimble and i are a pretty good here but we're really. ordinary money no more of our territorial problem in europe we want no track. she does a race to make sure that the citizen region was to ceded to germany historians are still trying to understand what. stood behind those events. one of them is. the german. had a conference concerning the main agreements of the ship. so once they answer to an
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important question could the dismemberment of czechoslovakia have been prevented and could to have been avoided there is some reason to believe that this could have been done the czechs had signed an agreement on mutual support with france and the soviet union. the world war one european countries including france and england where we read the prospect of launch skill has to choose what war and france on the dillard year most of all could be done in order to breach the mutual support agreement under the same time avoid implementing it in full. in the one nine hundred thirty eight the british prime minister has never changed and held several meetings with hitler in a bid to persuade him not to stows a war in central europe. this continent he was ready to do anything in his power to obtain the suggestion region. on his part fearful of the prospect of the spirit of
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the french prime minister. to put pressure on czechoslovakia in order to achieve a peaceful solution france made it clear it would give new film if the czechs decided to go to the headcount benish was ready to surrender everything else healthy facility it's apparent that the chicks free. to plan their government s. just. needless to say and literally the czech government was categorically against ceding mr dayton regional to germany but they changed their mind following very crude pressure from their allies and from that sent waves of anger with the result that the people of czechoslovakia came out onto the streets to demand that the government distance itself from the agreement and retain all the territories all of that took place in front of the government buildings just near here. the russian historian valentin fine was in new nine hundred forty five he was employed at the
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soviet him to see at the time and supplied stone a bit on the elliptical loops falling feels that in signing the agreement on the division of czechoslovakia the western powers are not being guided by the fear of war in europe. news there. generally germany and the soviet union should be put on a collision course dollywood fight with each other and more than that they would bleed themselves white and when they were weak enough when we would dictate our terms to them there was a whole jungle i'll go such top level statements with. the most received intelligence reports from all of human. cultures that so much on me is going to make it a lot of people are not the readers in the world polarized opinions more than
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venezuelan president hugo chavez is denounced by critics as a dictator what does the future. a russian historian and a former officer with the foreign intelligence service has been working with archives in recent years to get detailed information on the cipher communications of salvias agents now that the documents have been declassified such cough says despite france's refusal to help czechoslovakia moscow is ready to help its part now under that agreement it is true though that nobody asked for support.
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troops on the western borders and some of the troops in central regions were put on full alert there were twenty frontline divisions and also warplanes bombers fighters all ready to help pull up a deal with one hitler addressed a crowd of fifteen thousand party faithful in. last september david forney journalist working israel has written a book about the unique agreement one of the most important parts this president spanish is addressed on the czech radio station on the day when he decided to see the suggestion reach into germany. and hear. all our cities and czechs and slovaks and germans and my daughters. without distinction of fact we all have the same duties all can make
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a great contribution to peace i'm not talking to political parties i'm not talking to organizations i'm talking to you as individual citizens that. try to find means of understanding try not to aggravate the situation. on september the twenty ninth one thousand nine hundred thirty eight leaders of four countries miti munich to sign the. in ceding this who doesn't want to germany . the german historian go to go so to speak slowly approaches the building where hitler presided over meetings seventy years ago the mansion house built on the owners off hitler looks especially gloomy on this cloudy day. for a baby is situated in this street. the building where the many conferences are full powers were seldom the twenty ninth of september nineteenth thirty eight. dollars. per hour as leaders true along the streets. it
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was waiting for them inside this building for the mission here just room over there on the second floor. the walls of the national music school played witness to the participants off the munich agreement who ascended this model stake case seventy years ago then this building house the headquarters of adult hitless polity. no we are in hitler's study so it was here in one thousand nine hundred eighty eight. chamberlain. lenient he had a meeting. where the new treaty was signed. in syria it
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was just as it was then. we will leave the conference was told to in a friendly atmosphere the phrase used on such occasions both sides declared right away that they wanted a peaceful settlement to the conflict it illustrates that he too was against a forcible solution to the sea debt an issue only the french prime minister. said he was surprised by the facts that czechoslovakia's destiny is being decided without its representatives. more know you're not there in that conference was a rare occasion when a country's feat was decided without its participation lockyear had not even been invited to. the conference last day until three in the morning without a break financial the text of the unique agreement was translated into four languages and prepared for publication after every detail has been agreed on.
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people stood in the other side of the road. everybody real oist that's where the war would break out in europe depended on reality chromosphere spit secure conference. there were scenes of jubilation i wanted to become crazy but there were no one. in the future. when. the british prime minister neville chamberlain appeared to be satisfied with the outcome of the conference mr for everyone applauded him on his triumphant return to london the. often and parliament the media applause for a man who had preserved peace in europe and here it could very well. could well. have brought a man. that chamberlain had committed a blunder became clear only a few months later when he landed in a bomb shelter when
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a gas mask in anticipation of a possible german it turned. many historians regard the day when the munich agreement was signed is the start of world war two although on september the thirtieth leaders of european countries troop to be able to sign a peace memorandum under the terms of the agreement signed by hitler mussolini chamberlain and an idea that checks words leave the citizen and within nine days ago four off the agreements said that the territory would be occupied by german troops on living by the tenth when german troops into czechoslovakia plain old earl becks the director of the archive fifty suitors from germany was just over a year old place or his mother often told him that the citizen germans hailed those days as an occasion for celebration the arrival of german troops was seen as the longer waited accession to the third reich he told me. they
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were delighted and not because of the troops but they were delighted because germans that was an old british zings and eighteen. the small town of home it off situated one hundred kilometers away from prague was populated by the germans only seventy years ago after the war as the germans were resettled by force almost no one came back and history people attended meetings at the local branch of the students and. had few kournikova a german woman by birth has lived all her life in czechoslovakia during the war years she and her family found themselves in the crossfire literally. has spent her childhood in the czech kindergarten and the czech school. when the nazis came to power she had to pay the price for her friendship with czechs she and her
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family were thought to be suspect picturing the wall the chicks to change their attitude to the suggestion germans. german soldiers once sent hedrick you was a little girl at the time along with her younger brother to a chick canteen to get some food but they never got it their former classmates pelted them with stones that get. into and i my brother came to the school. our classmates pelted us with stones. and drove us away from the school building it and. crying as heil hitler. but. after the birth the su disciplined was returned to czechoslovakia the czech president. returned from london after. his first degree deported from the country deprives them of their citizenship and confiscated their
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property. and was accompanied by the so called death marches tens of thousands of students and germans died in a matter of months. back the director of the archives these citizens returned to his homeland sixty years later he returned as a tourist. finds nothing but his name to be also a village was destroyed and if you go over you will find some traces stones from houses not trees after trees and this is the only thing you can recognise here was once you reach there of nearly solace and inhabitants that means i think. three hundred houses. they all have gone only this one
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year. this is the region where the germans lived. in prague anything he can do for the time being conjure up memories of lost territories the germans. return but no one here expects them to. know there is a difference between an italian coming here to sell pizzas. and a german whose parents lived here wants german who was born here. we feel germans must have some special conditions for their return here. or special conditions for our return or assurance to the czech republic exist nor can they exist in a legal context in the present european legal system the only thing that could be
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discussed is similarities in mentality. here the love this land and the no check lifestyle but this does not imply any special rights or concessions. for the czech foreign ministry the thirty five year old has if he leeson to see himself as someone of. he is a suggestion german. with one family line although it is true that he is a chick in accordance with another his grandfathers were on different sides of the barricades which in no way undermines his firm pro czech position. the debate on how the unified green interface to the course of european history in the twentieth century has shown no signs of abating is here it is a theoretical conference dedicated to that event in moscow both. historian from
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the czech republic and. historian from germany had the opportunity to present their views on the subject. of the historians changed their views but they did agree on the lessons that can be drawn from events that took place years ago mr situation in nineteen thirty eight showed that if the structure of collective security is undermined. the league of nations national leaders are guided only by national interests gives rise to a dangerous situation. if that's kind of a historian is going to publish declassified documents compiled by intelligence agents so that they can become available not only to specialists but also to anyone he was interested in world history in fact anyone who feels there's a lesson can be drawn from any historical situation. the main
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lesson to be drawn from prison to very simple formula instead of encouraging an aggressor must be countered by ensuring there for its efforts to stabilize the system of collective security in nineteen three fields but the problem has a good deal of relevance to the. political ambitions of the powers that be. and the attempts to decide everything but the stroke of the pen or through violent acts only result in human casualties transit is interested lives. if this affects ordinary people in the first place. on a tissue and seemed to find it difficult to take to heart these apparent the obvious conclusions in the twenty first century is wild.
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while a poppy crop disease cuts afghanistan's opium harvest by sending prices rocketing threefold r t reports from the country on the devastating impact of drugs across all levels of society. pakistan blocks a vital supply route for u.s. led coalition forces into afghanistan after a cross border nato airstrike blamed for the deaths of three pakistani soldiers. major media outlets leave the un general assembly in new york as the world's political heavy hitters depart pulling the plug on coverage for smaller nations at a gathering intended to boost help for poor countries.
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one am in moscow good to have you with us here on our t.v. i matter as a our top story the u.n. panel says the price of afghan opium has shot up three fold this year it's the consequence of a poppy eating virus slashing the size of the harvest by half but demand for drugs remaining strong as ever the survey also suggests the area of opium fields remains the same in fewer than ever are being destroyed but the heroin producing harvest is the main source of income for taliban militants maintain a stronghold in the drug rich southern provinces of afghanistan despite a massive nato effort and the drug issue is affecting the fight against crime and corruption because it was artie's paul asli reports many afghan police officers are among the addicts. do much you know used to put people behind bars for doing drugs now he's been put there himself because the full mommy commanded tonight is the target.


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