tv [untitled] October 3, 2010 7:30am-8:00am EDT
that shortly afterwards. his family have lived in this german mansion for several years now. dad let's go home. the village of position itself is part of. the church. after being exposed to an ambiguous pressure by france and great britain two of its . money was the price paid for hitler's promise not to start a war in europe was he breached not only a year later. according to many research as it was the conflict over these who doesn't and that in effect triggered to. the division of czechoslovakia has been a floated which went on behind the scenes of these talks and was played the
decisive role in the people in various countries including russia still looking for the answers documents declassified by the foreign intelligence service seventy years on are directly related to the events of those times. at a no contest found they take lunch seriously on a day off towards noon all of the founder gets together in this house in the suburbs of munich traditional devalued sausages all served on such occasions. here the sausages. just put a better actual launch in general traditions are respected in this family they know the back is a suggestion german when he was only a cheers old he and his parents were deported from czechoslovakia now that. he is
cower away from his homeland anything reminding him of his first home is especially valuable to him. family who was among the three million germans for specific tips from czechoslovakia a special decision of president banished in one nine hundred forty five they lost their check system ship and all of their property. to speak. germans always said here is our police seize it but he didn't get the answer and i tell you if czech prime minister would come to. me. people would cry.
do you know the opec is the director of the archive for the she caught as if he said yes and they are spread in central munich the capital of southern germany is the only major city situated close to the czech border small wonder the largest organization all three dozen germans is in munich. oh there is an archivist she was one of those who made. a moral through seeing so for a year. one interesting thing is a huge cooking book that is written in truman the. same. each time she looks at the fate of graphs they know better. recalls the experience
he and his family went through at the time of deportation after the. eighty or ninety years old. not knowing where we go in with that was. we didn't know the best. reasons arizonan the germans have no moral material right to lay claim to these houses it's too late in the day you know. we've lived here for a long time since we bought this house and naturally were sure it belongs to us. just laugh a foam or both this house ten years ago like most of the prophecies in the suggestion region his house belonged to the suggestion germans the czechs settled down in this area in the late one nine hundred forty s. after the germans were to put it on a mass scale. but it is not going to give his house back to those who used to own it. his neighbor says few most checks agree that these houses no
longer belong to the germans. that so happened historically did cherubs took possession of these lands just well so be the week nobody's going to give anything bad to anybody if. they fool world war two these two dozen germans were considered to be czechoslovakia is the ethnic minority but in fact the germans were the second largest ethnic group after the czechs they even outnumber the slovaks the germans living use who doesn't and had their own schools universities the nice papers small wonder that the german question overs almost as soon as czechoslovakia emerged as a state in more amenable topical. conflicts flared up right after the emergence of czechoslovakia as a state. population was opposed to it and. the czech historian young
namecheck is absolutely sure that the citizen germans paid a price for their active role in the dismemberment of czechoslovakia the treaty on the secession of the siddhis region to germany was signed by need as a former european powers seventy is on the original copy bearing the signatures of the main players in the game is on display at parks national museum. local or in the signatures later of great britain chamberlain the leader of from still a leader of germany hitler and a leader italy muslim and. a clip about the exhibition at the national museum has been shown on television plays no doubt about the position the czechs have concerning the munich treaty.
if you month schools have seen dissention and sneeze at the little head kutas for a reunion few young people ever show up here but the older generation tries not to miss it before listening to a consolation to public nature and history to remember the younger days of mine. this is all used as the sickest story of. the quotation. hundreds of books explain why these two deaths and germans will eat it's a leaf within germany but back the archival director has first hand information. in the german right over the front there was a development and development no i mean brought persons that post perhaps one
reason that they are. the cheapest thing which is traditionally you see in these c.d.'s initially said to see thirty eight thirty used the occasion as an excuse to declare that the germans were being discriminated against any a few days mason dresses phone was to call for an intimate genocide of the german people. per a perennial crime might happen like in your irish through and mr campbell and ira printed here were really. ordinary money no more of our territorial problem in europe we want no. she does a chance to make sure that these desert region was the ceded to germany historians are still trying to understand what. stood behind the fence. one of.
the german. had a conference concerning the munich agreements of the shoot. so once they answer to an important question the dismemberment of czechoslovakia had been prevented and could to have been avoided there is some reason to believe that this could have been done the czechs had signed an agreement on mutual support with france and the soviet union. the world war one ripping countries including france and england where weary of the prospect of launch still has to choose what worried france on the dillard year most of all could be done in order to breach the mutual support agreement under the same time avoid implementing it in full. in the one nine hundred thirty eight the british prime minister who never changed and held several meetings with hitler in a bid to persuade him to stone to war in central europe. this continent he was
ready to do anything in his power to obtain these two deaths are legion. on his post fearful of the prospect of the speech of the french prime minister. to put pressure on czechoslovakia in order to achieve a peaceful solution promised made it clear it would give new shampoo if the czechs decided to go to mauritius headcount benish was ready to surrender everything else healthy facility it's apparent that the chicks free. to plan their government air defense needless to say and italy the czech government was categorically against ceding mr dayton regional to germany but they changed their mind following very crude pressure from their allies england and france that sent waves of anger with the result that the people of czechoslovakia came out onto the streets to demand that the government distance itself from the agreement and retain
all the territories. all of that took place in front of the government buildings just near. the russian historian valentin fine was in new nine hundred forty five he was employed at the soviet embassy at the time and supplied stone in a bit on the elliptical loops in fields that in signing the agreement on the division of czechoslovakia the western powers are not being guided by the fear of war in europe. news there. generally germany and the soviet union should be put on a collision course so that he would fight with each other and more than that they would bleed themselves white and when they were weak enough when we would dictate our terms to them there was a whole channel although such top level state. received intelligence reports from.
for the full story we've got it for. the biggest issues get a human voice face to face with the news makers. russian historian and a former officer with the foreign intelligence service has been working with all types in recent years to get detailed information on the cipher communications of salvias agents now that the documents have been declassified such cool says despite
france's refusal to help. moscow is ready to help it's part of that agreement it is true though that nobody asked for support. troops on the western borders and some of the troops in central regions were put on full alert there were twenty frontlines of asians and also warplanes bombers fighters already to help pull up at the pool with one hitler addressed a crowd of fifteen thousand party faithful and. in september david forney journalist working israel has written a book about the only could grammont one of the most important parts president spanish is a tryst on the czech radio station on the day when he decided to see things reason to germany. and here i got all our cities and czechs and slovaks and germans and my drawers. back to
we all have the same duties. can make a great contribution to peace i'm not talking to political parties i'm not talking to organizations i'm talking to you as individual citizens that. try to find means of understanding try not to aggravate the situation. on september the twenty ninth one thousand nine hundred thirty eight leaders of four countries met in munich to sign the agreement ceding the su dissonant to germany. the german historian your concern to ski slowly approaches the building where hitler presided over meetings seventy years ago the mansion house built on the owners off hitler looks especially gloomy on this cloudy day. for a baby is situated in this street. the building where the many conferences full
powers were seldom the twenty ninth of september nine hundred thirty eight. dollars. per hour as leaders true along the streets. it was waiting for them inside this building. over there on the second floor. the roof of the national music school played witness to the participants off the munich agreement who ascended this model stake case seventy years ago then this building house the headquarters of adult hitless polity. no we are in hitler's study of it so it was here in one nine hundred thirty eight. chamberlain. lenient had
a meeting. where the new treaty was signed. it was just as it was then. who believe the conference was held in a friendly atmosphere a phrase used on such occasions both sides declared right away that they wanted a peaceful settlement to the conflict it was stressed that he too was against a forcible solution to the sea detonation you knew the french prime minister. said he was surprised by the facts that czechoslovakia's destiny is being decided without its representatives. more know you're not that conference was a rare occasion when a country street was decided without its participation lockyear had not even been invited to. the conference last from midday until three in the morning without a break finance the text of the greenland was translated into four languages and
prepared for publication after every detail has been agreed on. in the other side of the road to. everybody real oist that's where the war would break out in europe depended on reality chromosphere split secure conference. there were scenes of jubilation i wanted to become clear that there would be no war . in the future. when. the british prime minister neville chamberlain appeared to be satisfied with the outcome of the conference mr for everyone applauded him on his triumphant return to london the. government parliament the media applause for a man who had preserved peace in europe and here it could very well. could well.
imagine. that chamberlain had committed a blunder became clear few months later when he landed in a bomb shelter when the gas mask in anticipation of a possible german it turned. many historians regard the day when the munich agreement was signed is the start of world war two you know on september the thirtieth leaders of european countries troop to be able to sign a peace memorandum. under the terms of the agreement signed by hitler mussolini chamberlain and. the czechs with leave the citizen and within nine days to go for off the agreement said that the territory would be occupied by german troops only even the tenth when german troops into czechoslovakia plain old earl begged the director of the archive. of suitors in germany is just over a year old place or his mother often told him that the so distant germans hailed
this days as an occasion for celebration the arrival of german troops was seen as the longer we waited accession to the third reich he told me. they were delighted because of the troops but. because germans that was an old rich. eighteen. the small town of home it off situated a hundred kilometers away from prague was populated by the germans only seventy years ago after the war with the germans were recessed told by force almost no one came back only street people attended meetings at a local branch of the suggests india. had few konica for a german woman by birth has lived all her life in czechoslovakia during the war years she and her family found themselves in the crossfire literally. has
spent her childhood in the czech kindergarten and the chicks school. when the nazis came to power she had to pay the price for her friendship with czechs she and her family were thought to be suspect in the wall the chicks to change their attitude to the suggestion german. german soldiers once sent hedrick she was a little girl at the time along with her younger brother to a chick canteen to get some food but they never got it their former classmates pelted them with stones. to align my brother came to the school. our classmates pelted us with stones. and drove us away from the school building it and. crying heil hitler. but. after the earth the su disciplined was returned to czechoslovakia the czech president banished returned from london after. his first degree
deported from the country deprives them of their citizenship and confiscated their property. and was accompanied by the so called death marches tens of thousands of students and germans died in a matter of months. back the director of the archives these citizens returned to his homeland sixty years later he returned as a tourist. finds nothing but true. to be all civility lost destroyed and if you go over say there you will find some traces stones from houses not trees africa trees and this is the only thing you can recognise here was once a village there of nearly solace and inhabitants that means i think. three
hundred houses. they all have gone only one year. this is the region where the germans lived. in prague anything he can do for the time being conjure up memories of lost territories the germans would be only too happy to return but no one here expects them to. know there is a difference between an italian coming here to sell pizzas. and a german whose parents lived here wants german who was born here. we feel germans must have some special conditions for their return here. or special conditions for a return to the czech republic exist nor can they exist in
a legal context in the present european legal system the only thing that could be discussed is similarities in mentality. here the love this land and the no check lifestyles but this does not imply any special rights or concessions. for the change foreign ministry the thirty five year old has if he leeson to see himself as someone who. he is a suit distant german in a cordon. with one family line although it is true that he is a chick in accordance with another his grandfathers were on different sides of the barricades which in no way undermines his firm pro czech position. the debate on how the munich agreement affected the course of european history in the twentieth century has shown no signs of abating as here it is
a theoretical conference dedicated to that event in moscow both. historian from the czech republic and. historian from germany had the opportunity to present their views on the subject. lot of the historians changed their views but they did agree on the lessons that can be drawn from events that took place years ago in a situation in nine hundred thirty eight showed that if the structure of collective security is undermined. it was the league of nations and national leaders are guided only by national interests gives rise to a dangerous situation. if that's kind of a historian is going to publish the classified documents compiled by intelligence agents so that they can become available not only to specialists but also to anyone
he was interested in world history in fact anyone who feels there's a lesson can be drawn from any historical situation. the main lesson to be drawn from prison to very simple formula instead of encouraging an aggressor must be countered by air for its efforts to establish a system of collective security in nine hundred thirty eight field but the problem has a good deal of relevance to the. political ambitions of the powers that be. and the attempts to decide everything with the stroke of the pen or through violent acts only result in human casualties transit is interested lives. if this affects ordinary people in the first place. well a tissue and seemed to find it difficult to take to heart these apparently obvious
party's top stories of the week montana's mayor is fired after almost two decades in charge the president says he monstrosities the capital's leader. is a rising sun in the east with a major oil pipeline to china helping to clear away future big deals with its biggest trading partner. and the double edged sword down the sands deadly drugs crop of virus choice was the opium poppies but surging heroin prices keep officials addicted.
more welcome to the weekly here on r t this sunday on many so now with the latest in a look back at the week's top stories and a major story this week moscow's long serving mayor was shown the door by the president dmitry medvedev said he lost confidence and yuri luzhkov who had worked eighteen years as the capital's chief was called leaves behind a controversial legacy loved by some but hated by others. explains. so i decided to dismiss the mayor of moscow the decree i signed states that i as president have lost trust in yuri luzhkov. once deprived of power where the phone support to the top was hard to come by. it's obvious the professional relations between the presidents of moscow had worsened meanwhile the man subordinate to the president and not the other way around certain steps should have been taken to return the situation back to normal.