tv [untitled] November 11, 2010 5:30am-6:00am EST
it is about to kick off. to me this is the most important part of the year when you come here your one on one with you forget all about civilization. when the. blank spots left people with a passion for exploration dive down deep. depths. for the sake of scientific research others hunting for treasures from times past. but. the world is one of possibilities unimaginable.
hi glad to see. this has been pitched on the sure of the black sea every year for the last fifteen. the current strait is a strip of water four kilometers wide it separates ukraine in crimea from russian territory. in one thousand nine hundred three during world war two the most terrible battles shook this region. dozens of soviet and german ships sunk in around the same time. the expansion members have only four days to explore the ships at the top of the list is a soviet armored boat sunk in the summer of one thousand nine hundred three. our task is to look over everything here and. period detail to report.
according to satellite imaging the boat is not far from the shore and is at a considerably shallow depth. however the divers are not expecting much from the first dip even knowing its exact location they doubt they'll find a boat in the opaque waters of the black sea. but if i go. first air in one tank will be sufficient for two hours according to the schedule the initial dive is not to last more than forty minutes but the four divers spent about an hour under the surface when they come up the reason for the delay becomes apparent they found their boat if. it.
was there we saw the gun turret the this still is this thick there is a part of the gun tower and the machine gun. will write down a description in a minute for. at the same time for several thousand kilometers to the east another expedition is setting off from the bank of the world's deepest freshwater lake lake baikal. to the people on this march floating on a huge lake is the same as being in outer space they think of themselves as astronauts of the aquatic world and their deep sea submersibles look much like spacecraft. meet mir one or two machines designed during the soviet period back in the one nine hundred eighty s. these water craft can dive to a depth of six thousand meters however they won't need to reach the dead deep in my call. as the deepest parts of the lake are within one and
a half kilometers the surface. mia to depths fourteen hundred fifteen misses at the bottom. motorboat to near one finish taking samples begin the baling. it's the third expedition of the submarines in my call within two months the hydra nuts plan to perform many experiments during dozens of individual dives. which with this time we will perform very accurate exploration in order to make a water analysis chart find out the chemical composition of the sediment and to finish research on the geology overlaid by call. good work on the sofa we go. take let the expedition begin.
five men a dog and a boat always does the old for travelling the expedition starts in st petersburg their destination the russian river volkov. just where sail into the river volkov. is one of there is where we try to trick the old water routes in the olden times the majority of trips where the water. is predicament and you sail over the sea into the mouth of a river and then head upstream to a certain city. many boats stayed in a permanent moring along st petersburg zimm banquets many ships were turned into restaurants but the explorers are not interested in these boats they're attracted by untouched history such as the sunken vessels. found by the sea you experience the strongest emotion use when you dive been fine.
anding you want to achieve and see things nobody would expect. there are many ships in the gulf of finland having seen only by me. the next day the expedition heads across lake la to go to the river. it's an old russian waterway and a real paradise for underwater explores. were used in a trade. to use a different circumstances. when the ship sinks it stays at the river. and ends up being slowly come over the sand and silt. if you try to find the old ships. and how they worked. here because you have to dress as if you were the north pole. it's like
a skiing outfit. joke five on the right. members of the expedition start their work early in the morning. drop saying above the place they believe a merchant ship was sunk. a few brief instructions before they dive this sunken target sits in relatively shallow water and they'll be able to evaluate what state it's in. it lays along and it's rather big. so you can move along the flow a bit deeper oh maybe closer to the shore and simply move forward i think you'll find the ship there. i'm ready. the first dive last for half an hour but it's not as easy as they thought the visibility is poor and the diver has to disappoint his colleagues.
first day of the expedition comes to an end. with oxygen for a walk to have a look around. long the sure is related to research to a soviet squadron was here in one thousand nine hundred three. divers normally go underwater tonight they're going underground a long time ago soldiers would go through these dark damp corridors they bring shells here and take the wounded to a safe place quite often members of the expedition do things unrelated to underwater research their only cable ducts and this must be an emergency exit for fifteen years businessman alex has been funding the expeditions to the black sea in search of sunken ships. i was born in ukraine year
and as a child i used to dive with a mask and a snorkel looking for sunken ships. and world war two landing craft. that's how i got interested in it. but well it's on the yoke in makes it back to dive in the black sea only once a year. i can't live without the sea. diving when the first appeared in the soviet era initially he was interested in the traces of ancient greek settlements not artifacts of war. you know i once found a well under water but. there was a lot of anxious to go around for as scattered around it would go. on and when i took one of them out i wanted to show it to everybody right away that i had a straight from the surface and jumped out of the water with the in my hand it's.
decision day of the mir expedition starts with some routine work but not all of it but this is our laboratory where we store our samples in refrigerators. there are some freezers of tables and other things a little base of the living quarters and here is the toilet. and this is where we sleep an expedition just came in they're making themselves at home but. illegally stall from the bike all research institute will be our guide today he's probably the most anxious one waiting for the exhibition to begin only near submersibles are capable of reaching the depths needed to confirm his theory of how gas hydrates are formed some called these unique deep water compounds of water and methane the fuel of the future. these will then i would go to the latest four hundred meters deep in the spot the gas hydrates become unstable above this level that we want to use this
gas to all my hydrate on the surface but we're going to recorded on video to measure the temperature that maybe they need. mirrors are capable of remaining underwater for up to two days working on their own i nag is planning to spend at least eight hours looking for gas hydrates this scientists opportunities are limited as each dive cost several thousand dollars the next opportunity to see the bottom of the lake probably won't come anytime soon. wealthy british style. market. find out what's really happening to the global economy
morning news today. flatow for these are the images being from the streets of canada. today. members of the expedition have a lot to do by themselves including cooking. to make this stage we will need a lot of onion and if you carrots. is usually made with us we have none so we just use poultry. meanwhile the senior researcher is trying to figure out when the ship they're studying was built. is a russian ship the construction technique is russian weekend in term and its age as
of now let's just say it was built in the eighteenth century. however as the first dive shows detailed inspection could be a problem strong currents and murky waters make it hard to get a good look at the ship the divers boat maneuvers itself in position to drop anchor right above the ship. which is ready you can. maybe some extra large portions so right here i go. will pull him out later he won't make it on his own with such a weight. an expedition of sunken ships is no punishment for these divers it's a vacation professional divers get their money from doing different kinds of work
they spend most of their year studying the bottom of the baltic sea where russia is currently building a valuable gas pipeline. is more difficult and the schedule is far tighter. person usually visual association you know that if a man finds himself lost. in the forest or tundra or any other place that has no clear landmarks he starts going around in circles one leg is always stronger than the other one i have experienced this myself and it's the same on the water stronger than the other one. finds the vessel four metres below the surface. covered in silt and the ship is barely visible. over an hour underwater every minute he's at risk of being in tangled in the ship's fishing tackle.
yet. there are a lot of every ship has them that will that when there are many there in the vocal river the people have been on them up for decades and often the nets end up lost so they quinta boats and are dragged across the bottom and if you look at some ships you'll see that there are clumps of nets stuck to them you can make you have to be very careful not to get cold when visibility is there spared the worst thing is to get snagged with the a valve in that case you will have to reach around your back to. the diver finally comes to the surface he was successful this time and the ship can be identified. here are the rods nails. the quality they iron is clear without corrosion points to the rather great age of the ship. sundries favorite design. this ship is loaded up with slabs of limestone the most
valuable local community. doesn't have is. a four hundred meters deep depression is forty times as great as that on the surface complete darkness rains down here. and the only. light source. is separated from the hostile environment by a thick layer of extra durable glass i've we have selected several samples the main thing is that we have found gas hydrates at the slope of the bed deposits i've the second finding a bike i. in turn from which the mirrors were lowered stopped right above the place where these unique chemical compound. samples. from the depths.
gives us a finding we were also looking at this time we have found the second point of. hydrates are at the surface. that's probably what crews felt like when they submerged in the atlantic ocean to shoot footage eventually shown around the world . vessels searchlights revealed the name of a sunken ship. was among the remotely controlled vessels during the. famous footage. cameron i can see he was easy to work with. was a pleasure. but i know that every time he comes. up with
mint and the missions are always complicated. rumors about james cameron coming to lake baikal have been circulating ever since the expedition began not everyone believed a famous director would make the dives. mr cameron couldn't turn down an invitation from. each the two had worked together on titanic. went well it was very calm and creative even. if we had a rendezvous with mir two at the bottom we move smoothly in silence. james cameron celebrated his fifty sixth birthday right before taking the plunge when he resurfaced he called it one of the most remarkable experiences he's ever had. this completely unique situation deepest freshwater
lake in the world it felt like being at the bottom of the ocean. this in petersburg divers expedition on the river is about to conclude they found several sunken russian barges over a five day period using sonar to go in. a sand bank. i'm sure will run into a ship since countless numbers of them well you have sunk here over a thousand year. if you can see the shoreline here. and this silhouette is probably a ship. our vessel will soon turn around and then we'll try inspecting it again but still they can't manage to get a good look at the ships. it's
hard to. put it on the table but wait. on this one since it's colored and that's. the visibility is only twenty centimeters down there so you crawl around constantly getting caught up on the net with. the divers in crew still consider the expedition a success their main objective of finding the sunken ships and charting them on maps has been completed. meanwhile on the shores of the black sea island some of the preditions is nearing its end the tenting will be gone tomorrow but there's still time for one last dive to the submerged ship. the ship. is located seven meters from the surface it's the gun turret of
a sunken armored ship it's a dream he can touch. to bring to dry land this time. with i think if you can go i think the ten days to spend here were quite fruitful. of course we couldn't bring up deterred but i think next year will be better. than . the expedition traditionally ends with the seaside picnic stories of ship wrecks are told along with several and sighting tales nearly running out of oxygen tomorrow these tents will disappear from the coast of the current strait. the hum of compressors pushing oxygen. into cylinders will fall silent and nobody will see the wreckage of ships hidden in
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minutes time. and a new twist in the spy ring scandal which group the world a russian double agent is reported to be responsible for blowing the cover on his colleagues in the united states. are you. ready for a change british students pull onto the streets of london protesting against a high. the government stopped taking advantage of the breaking its promise. well lotty is coming to you live from the center of moscow a very warm welcome to. a shared economic solution and currency wars are on the agenda for the g. twenty leaders who have now gathered in south korea.