tv [untitled] November 11, 2010 6:30pm-7:00pm EST
hi glad to see. been pitched on the sure of the black sea every year for the last fifteen. straight. it separates ukraine in crimea from russian territory. in one thousand nine hundred three during world war two the most terrible battles shook this region. distrait waters dozens of soviet and german ships sunk in around the same time. the expedition members have only four days to explore the ships at the top of the list is a soviet armored boat sunk in the summer of one nine hundred forty three. there were
two gun terrorists our task is to look over everything here and prepare a detailed report. according to satellite imaging the boat is not far from the shore and is at a considerably shallow depth. however the divers are not expecting much from the first dish even knowing its exact location they doubt they'll find a boat in the opaque waters of the black sea. better gold. in one tank will be sufficient for two hours according to the schedule the initial dive is not to last more than forty minutes but the for about an hour under the surface when they come up the reason for the delay becomes apparent they found their boat if. it.
was there we saw the gun turret the. thick there is a part of the gun tower and the machine. will write down a description in a minute for. it to seem time for several thousand kilometers to the east another expedition is setting off from the bank of the world's deepest freshwater lake lake baikal. to the people on this barge floating on a huge lake is the same as being in outer space they see. of themselves as astronauts of the aquatic world and their deep sea submersibles look much like spacecraft. meet mir one in year two machines designed during the soviet period back in the one nine hundred eighty s. these water craft can dive to
a depth of six thousand meters however they won't need to reach the dead deep in my call is the deepest parts of the lake or within one and a half kilometers of the surface. mia to depths fourteen hundred fifteen minutes is at the boss from. the motorboat to near one finish taking samples begin the baling. it's the third expedition of the submarines in my call within two months the hydra nuts plan to perform many experiments during dozens of individual dives. with us move abroad this time perform very accurate exploration in order to make a water analysis chart find out the chemical composition of the sediment and to finish the research on the geology old lady called.
good luck on the sofa we go. to let the expedition begin. five men a dog and then both always does the old for travelling the expedition starts in st petersburg their destination the russian river volkov. just where sail into the river of old cove. as one of the areas where we try to trick the old water routes in the olden times the majority of trips where. this predicament ends you sail over the sea into the mouth of a river and then head upstream to a certain city. many boats stayed in a permanent moring along st petersburg him banquets many ships were turned into restaurants but the explorers are not interested in these boats they're attracted by untouched history such as the sunken vessels.
you experience the strongest emotions when you dive and finding you want to achieve and see things nobody would expect. there are many ships in the gulf of finland having seen any by me. the next day the expedition heads across lake la to go to the river. it's an old russian waterway and the real paradise for underwater explores. the years in a trade. is a different circumstances. when the ship sinks it stays at the river. and ends up being slowly colorless sand and silt. if you will try to find the old ships. and how they worked.
out that it's a plus thirty here because you have to dress as if you were the north. it's like a skiing outfit. joke five on the right. members of the expedition start their work early in the morning. drop saying above the place they believe a merchant ship was sunk. a few brief instructions before they dive this sunken target sits in relatively shallow water and they'll be able to evaluate what state it's in. it lays along and it's rather big. so you can move. the first dive last for half an hour but it's not as easy as they thought the visibility is poor and has to disappoint his colleagues.
then we'll see if there is a shell left inside. the first day of the expedition comes to an end. with oxygen divers go for a walk to have a look around. this truly long the sure is related to research to a soviet squadron was here in one thousand nine hundred three. divers normally go underwater tonight they're going underground a long time ago soldiers would go through these dark damp corridors they bring shells here and take the wounded to a safe place quite often members of the expedition do things unrelated to underwater research their only cable ducts and this must be an emergency exit for fifteen years businessman alex hunter you can has been funding expeditions to the
black sea in search of sunken ships. i was born in ukraine year and as a child i used to dive with a mask and a snorkel looking for sunken ships. and world war two landing craft. that's how i got interested in. well it's on the yoke and makes it back to dive in the black sea only once a year. i can't live without the sea. diving when the first appeared in the soviet era initially he was interested in the traces of ancient greek settlements not artifacts of war. you know. i once found a well under water but. there was a lot of anxious to go on for as scattered around it would go. on and when i took one of them out when i wanted to show it to everybody right away that they do know
that i had it straight from the surface and jumped out of the water where they are in my hands the. decision day of the mir expedition starts with some routine work but not all of this is our laboratory where we store our samples in refrigerators. there are some freezers of tables and other things. because of the living quarters and here is the toilets. and this is where we sleep an expedition just came in they're making themselves at home but. illegally stall from the bike all research institute will be our guide today he's probably the most anxious one waiting for the exhibition to begin only near submersibles are capable of reaching the depths needed to confirm his theory of how gas hydrates are formed some called these unique deep water compounds of water and methane the fuel of the future.
these people don't always get at the latest four hundred meters deep in this about the gas hydrates become unstable above those levels that we want to use this gas to form a hydrant on the surface that we're going to recorded on video to measure the temperature that they do in the middle of. mir's are capable of remaining underwater for up to two days working on their own i nag is planning to spend at least eight hours looking for gas hydrates this scientists opportunities are limited as each dive cost several thousand dollars the next opportunity to see the bottom of the lake probably won't come any time soon. culture is that so much good music. a lot of people a stereotype but look at what makes a person powerful and influential maybe it is a combination of numerous factors and forbes magazine sixty most powerful.
lives is just a parliament building in her. but then. sixty five years ago. it was the final target the last major offensive from the man army. has captured became the symbol on the fall of the financial system. and the victory over nazi germany. the follow. on r.g.p. . a moment when the world has changed forever. thousands passed to nothingness. thousands wounded. and noone to suffer to the end of the land. was the first
but probably not the last military using this weapon. many more will be come. children calm and get on in the future. members of the expedition have a lot to do by themselves including cooking. to make this stage we will need a lot of onion and a few carrots i was simple you know it is usually made with but we have none of it so we just use poultry. meanwhile the senior researcher is trying to. figure out when the ship they're studying was built. is a russian ship the construction technique is russian weekend in term and its age as of now let's just say it was built in the eighteenth century.
however is the first dive shows detailed inspection could be a problem strong currents and murky waters make it hard to get a good look at the ship the divers boat maneuvers itself in position to drop anchor right above the ship. which is ready you can ace its while and maybe some extra large portions so right here i go. will pull him out later he won't make it on his own with such a weight. an expedition to evoke of sunken ships is no punishment for these divers it's a vacation professional divers get their money from doing different kinds of work they spend most of their year studying the bottom of the baltic sea where russia is currently building a valuable gas pipeline. is more difficult and the schedule is far tighter.
ship person usually visual association you know that if a man finds himself lost in the forest or. any other place that has no clear landmarks starts going around in circles one leg is always stronger than the other one i have experienced this myself and it's the same on one leg kick stronger than the other one. finally finds the sunken vessel four metres below the surface. covered in silt and nets the ship is barely visible. spends over an hour underwater every minute he's at risk of being in. ship's fishing tackle. if you. ever
a ship has them there are many if they're in the river. and i'm up for decades. from the nets end up lost so they quinta boats and drags across the bottom and if you look at some ships you'll see that they're stuck to. you have to be very careful not to get cold when visibility is this bad the worst thing is to get. in that case you'll have to reach around your back to. the diver finally comes to the surface he was successful this time and the ship can be identified. here are the rocks nails. she the quality they iron is clear without corrosion it points to the rather great age of the ship. sundries favorite design. this ship is loaded up with slabs of limestone the most valuable local community. doesn't have is. it
four hundred meters deep depression is forty times as great as that on the surface . down here. and the only light source. is separated from the hostile environment by a thick layer of extra durable glass i we have selected several samples i mean thing is that we have found gas hydrates at the slope of the bad deposits the second finding out by cal i. got lucky it turned out that the barge from which the mirrors were lowered stopped right above the place where these unique chemical compounds are formed the vessels mechanic orms begin to collect samples of ground. water. from the depths. gives us a finding we were also looking at this time we have found the second point where gas hydrates are at the surface. that's probably what crews felt like when they
saw the atlantic ocean to shoot footage eventually shown around the world. to the ocean floor by the mir vessels searchlights revealed the name of a sunken ship. was among the remotely controlled vessels during the dive to the titanic. this particular ship famous footage became part of the film that won eleven academy awards. cameron i can see he was easy to work with. was a pleasure to work with him but i know that every time he comes. up with mint and the missions are always complicated.
rumors about james cameron coming to lake baikal have been circulating ever since the expedition began not everyone believed a famous director would make the dives but mr cameron couldn't turn down an invitation from. each to have worked together on titanic. well it was very calm creative. we had a rendezvous with mir two of them a lot of way move. in silence. james cameron celebrated his fifty sixth birthday right before taking the plunge when he resurfaced. experiences he's ever had. this completely unique situation deepest freshwater lake in the world it felt like being at the bottom of the ocean. this in petersburg expedition on the river is about to conclude
they found several sunken russian barges over a five day period using sonar to go in. or smaller weighing a sandbank. it cause i'm sure we'll run into a ship since countless numbers of them well you have sunk here over a thousand year. if you can see the shoreline here. and this silhouette is probably a ship with. our vessel will soon turn around and then we'll try inspecting it again but still they can't manage to get a good look at the ships. it's hard to. put it on the table but wait.
on this one since it's colored and that's it so one big would say. that the visibility is only twenty centimeters down there so you crawl around constantly getting caught up on the net with. the divers in crew still consider the expedition a success their main objective of finding the sunken ships and charting them on maps has been completed. meanwhile on the shores of the black sea alex somebody preditions is nearing its end the tenting jim and will be gone tomorrow but there's still time for one last dive to the submerged ship. a ship. is located seven meters from the surface it's the gun turret of a sunken armored ship it's a dream he can touch be able to bring to dry land this time.
or that he can to go i think through ten days to spend here were quite fruitful of . course we couldn't bring up deterred but i think next year will be better. than. the expedition traditionally ends with the seaside picnic stories of ship wrecks are told along with several inciting tales nearly running out of oxygen tomorrow these tents will disappear from the coast of the current strait. the hum of compressors pushing oxygen into cylinder. and nobody will see the wreckage of ships hidden in a massive money until next year. for
market. find out what's really happening to the global economy with mike stronger for a no holds barred look at the global financial headlines to conjure reports. leaders of the world's twenty richest nations brainstorm ways towards a global economic recovery at the sole g. twenty summit but a showdown over a possible currencies war is stealing the spotlight. a newspaper in moscow says a top russian intelligence officer who controlled deep undercover missions in america was a double agent to the nest aspiring to the u.s.
last summer. and reports claim that the yemen mail bomb plot was simply a hoax by intelligence services but officials insist the packages which were intercepted in the u.k. and by last month were real and targeted at the u.s. . find out why the president of the world bank is urging the leading economies to re adopt a modified global gold standard and what's the chance of a new international reserve currency to overtake the dollar this and lots more in the kaiser report up next. into. the.