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tv   [untitled]    April 26, 2011 2:00pm-2:30pm EDT

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is it every member is for the victims of the chernobyl disaster exactly a quarter of a century on report from the commemoration ceremony talk to survivors and travel to the exclusion zone and be ghost town of. climate curtain calls into question nato's operation in libya saying the no fly zone is being used as a cover to disrupt the country's infrastructure and eliminate colonel gadhafi. first week it's a relationship that britain is a terrorism a breeding ground with promise trained in london mosques i'm lost in mines finding safe haven in the country. and the russian partners in the joint venture t.m. gave me peace a they may sell their stake in the company find out more in our business police
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didn't want to give us time. international news live from our studios here in central moscow this is our team is just now past ten pm in the russian capital so it's exactly twenty five years since the world was shocked and shaken by the worst civil nuclear catastrophe in history a deadly explosion at the chernobyl power plant spewed a radioactive cloud across several continents prompting long lasting human and environmental consequences but he's now who's in the ukrainian capital kiev is covering a commemoration of ants in the country. of course attention has shifted to ukraine as the country marks the twenty fifth anniversary of the world's worst nuclear catastrophe actually noble that's when an explosion ripped the roof off reactor number four and vast amounts of radiation spewed across europe and several
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confidence around the world it's estimated that eight and a half million people in ukraine or russia and bellow reuss the three most affected countries were exposed to high levels of radioactive material now after the immediate time of the accident two people were killed but in the months and weeks that followed more than thirty and in total the number of deaths and the statistics vary enormously i just want to give you an idea of some of these numbers the world health organization puts the number at four thousand while greenpeace puts it at two hundred thousand and a russian publication has the number at nearly one million so you can see the tremendous difference there all of these organizations claim but the death toll is severely underestimated you know in terms of contamination the highest areas were mapped off at the time and caught off hundreds of thousands of people were forcibly evacuated some insisted they stayed behind in their hometown and commemoration
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ceremonies have been taking place throughout the day in that exclusion zone artie's the lex luger sets is there i've never seen the exclusion zone being so crowded as it is today during the anniversary of the explosion at the chernobyl nuclear power plug now we witnessed a solem ceremony with presidents that meeting he had made over russia and the ukraine here ukraine called the article which laying flowers and and saying couple of words about how difficult this loss was how difficult the liquidators job was to clear the aftermath of the chernobyl fallout i believe a huge amount of sanctions use from ukraine and russia and putin to deal with the aftermath of this tragedy in the face of such disasters we should be honest and. the government should do to people we need to admit to the. government is doing the right thing by just metres away where i'm standing right now from the epicenter of all evil in chernobyl the infamously known pipe of the fourth block of the
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chernobyl nuclear power plant that is where the explosion happened exactly twenty five years ago around it is is the area called the exclusion zone thirty kilometers and in radius and this represents some certain museum of normality because you can see so many things which are of normal for instance it is an absolutely impossible to live in the town of p.p.i. which has levels of radiation which would kill a person in the long run but still some people managed to return here after the collapse of the soviet union just such a mess was happening in ukraine that they were managed to get inside the exclusion zone without drawing attention of the authorities they've been living here ever since and i managed to talk to them on many occasions they told me that they were offered flats and pensions in kiev and other cities and towns across ukraine but they still decided to return to their home land to their houses to their castle and to the place where they grow vegetables and fruits neighbor living ever since some of them are of course dying but this is down to their age they certainly have some
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health problems but this is not related to radiation as they say and they do not fear this radiation and in fact this bravery some may think this is crazy but these people just say that they want to die on the land where they were born now of course this is twenty five years this is a big date and in my report to take a look at how things unraveled court a century ago in chernobyl. twenty five years ago the town of the p.r.c. was a place any soviet person could dream of high salaries great standards of living and impressive infrastructure restricted town for the employees of the chernobyl nuclear power plant it was regarded as the pride as the pearl of the soviet union it was not only can. structured to look like a perfect social city but the people who live here were also the best of the best the best musicians sportsmen and the best professionals in nuclear energy all of them lived here all of that changed and april the twenty six nineteen eighty six
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when the chernobyl reactor exploded the result of an experiment carried out in the wrong hands with. the reactor was almost completely out of control in april twenty fifth but it could still have been saved and management pushed for a completion of an experiment personal hesitated more reluctant to and eventually couldn't go against the authorities we all know the result. and meanwhile the town's population had no idea about the disaster people were enjoying an unusually sunny saturday outdoors. and we ran away from school pleated beach we returned home on called in mud to my mother asked me where i had been i lied that we were cleaning a school yard and she was shocked as she'd already heard rumors of some action in the nuclear station. that shock was easy to understand ambulances with sirens had a lot of the population of this small town in the middle of the night they delivered the severely injured plant workers and firefighters to the hospital but
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it really people had different fractures burns and the radiation most of them had food or fourth degree radiation burns one of them died instantly the others had to wait twenty four hours to be evacuated to a hospital in moscow ironically those were the lucky ones others stayed in that sound exposing themselves to believe there was of radiation many died or suffered radiation sickness afterwords nowadays people it is described as a debt nobody lives here and never will again the fall out period of many nuclear cells reaches twenty thousand years this has not been a scare from out there on the corridor and here straight after the u.s.s.r. collapsed we can't keep me afloat and the pension might have found it impossible to survive like that and here i had. grow every. yes there is a little here you can find a place without it anywhere we're not scared in the wake of the fukushima disaster the word noble echoed again world wide just about when everyone thought all
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mistakes have been learned another crisis with the nuclear energy issue through serious debate but the former journal liquidators say they are ready to fly half the way across the planet to japan just like they did in their own backyard twenty five years ago or they want to make sure nightmares like chernobyl and fukushima never happen again. ski r.t. reporting from chernobyl and kia in ukraine. both of the cleanup crews deployed in the immediate aftermath of the blast their lives were on the line to prevent tragedies spreading even further and artie has been speaking to one of them. everything was difficult at work tempo was difficult each day we were facing new demands they had to be resolved somehow using all our experience the energy towns the villages were the ones that made the most oppressive oppression only people were evacuated from chernobyl the surrounding areas of the villages and towns were abandoned and it was very dismal and you can watch the full interview later here on
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our team well the anniversary of the chernobyl disaster coupled with the current crisis in japan is raising anxiety over the safety of the industry itself and on our website we're asking you what will happen to atomic energy in the near future but this is how you've reacted so far as i look at the results on the screen when i refer think that there is a danger of more serious disasters happening but others are more optimistic we can see that twenty eight percent think that atomic energy will expand and be good for humanity the same number of respondents pin their hopes on green renewable energy and seven percent think that nuclear energy is days are numbered and that people's fears will see it phased out you can have your say and r.t. dot com because if. well maybe a quarter of a century since the unthinkable happened but time hasn't lessened the consequences of the chernobyl loss the later this hour you can watch a documentary from the dead streets surrounding ground zero streets that will stay silent for hundreds of years. this silent
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trajectory. twenty five years ago to die or fifty thousand population over ukrainian town a week yard was evacuated with three hours. plus now it wants to be heard recently some people started receiving post notices telling them to beat up letters at this post office ingredients. the stories of the world long gone. have to be chosen. later in the diaries of the ghost of our two. well we're chernobyl's twenty fifth anniversary reminding the world of the terrifying consequences of nuclear safety negligence many eyes have turned to the continuing crisis in japan and for more on what's happening there are now joined live from london by professor
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gerry thomas she's from the chernobyl tissue bank research center thanks very much indeed for joining us professor well given your expertise can you tell us about some of the long term health effects that chernobyl caused and what we can expect to be the consequences of what's happening in japan. well first of all we have to remember the chernobyl was a very different accident from what happened in japan there's a lot more radiation released from chernobyl and that's because the reactor core was exposed to the environment and threw up a large amount of radiation into the atmosphere and so that it's not a nation with more widespread than it has been for but what we found is not what we expected everybody expected there to be an increase in leukemia following the chernobyl accident in actual fact what we saw was an increase a very large increase in fire of cancer particularly in those who were very young at the time of exposure so children and adolescents now cancer is not a pleasant disease but it is actually very amenable to treatment so that's the good news that although we have a large intern's of the disease
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a small amount of the population is like to suffer a relapse of that disease and a very small percentage perhaps only one percent will actually die from fire and cancer and then the treatment of those we get into those children and adolescents and now adults who are still getting radiation induced cancer has been excellent in both ukraine belarus and russia but what about the situation in fukushima where actually it hasn't ended the crisis ongoing many analysts are saying that the next nine months are crucial and indeed nobody's really to shore coal further this crisis could go and indeed there is contamination of food and water supplies radiation is leaking into the sea the very fact of its geography and where it is isn't is not posing a greater threat to human health. well actually they pose a lesser threat to human health because the reactor core has not been exposed in the same way that it wasn't your novel the containment around the outside of the reactor core is still intact there is a small leakage of of i eighteen into the water but of course you've got the
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pacific ocean there in the pacific ocean is a very big sink it's a very large body of water and that radiation will get dispersed very quickly and the majority of it is short lived isotope of iodine i.d.m. one three one which will which will take a in the environment very rapidly there hasn't been a huge amount of deposition in the surrounding area they are right to restrict access to milk and green leafy vegetables particularly the take up i had seen and therefore are contaminated but actually those levels are very low they're much lower than they were in chernobyl and it's the precautionary response by the japanese government rather than something we should be scared about so there hasn't been an overreaction do you think to what's going on there in japan you did mention the japanese being precautionary and they've expanded their exclusion zone for in fines and jail time for people to return to their homes so clearly there must be some sort of radiation threat there or are they just being precautions and not overreacting i think that it's difficult when you're in power in a situation like this if you don't do something then people will tell you you're
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wrong if you do something then people will tell you you're overreacting they have in fact learned the lessons of chernobyl in fact some of the people advising the japanese government have been looking at the long term effects of chernobyl and they did the right thing they moved the population back they asked them to stay indoors and they didn't breathe in any radio that was in the air and most importantly they gave stable i had seen that's a mild side to those who were young and those who were pregnant at the time of their focus schieber accidents so many nobody's. got a lot of time but certainly people are being critical in the way the japanese authorities and the operator of reacted to this incident are you actually saying the opposite that they actually have coped with very world. i think they've actually coped with it extremely well i mean not only did that plant survive an earthquake it also is that by fifty meters tsunami that's a pretty tall order for any plants to survive so they designed it very well it wasn't perfect but they're nothing man designs is perfect but their response to it has been absolutely textbook they learn the lessons the problem is going to be
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dealing with the psychological consequences which is what we have not learned to not all an awful lot of psychological damage was done to the people who were moved away from the chernobyl area and you still live with the fear of getting some form of radiation induced cancer or illness as they go on through their lives now we need to learn how we deal with giving information to people to make sure it's correct and to make sure it doesn't frighten people when there's no necessity for them to be frightened professor jerry thomas from the chernobyl tissue bank research center thanks so much for your time joining us live there in london. thank you very much. well clearly a fascinating stories are waiting for you on our web site hearty dot com including a chance to meet all your social networking bodies in person every user is invited to facebook pile and it's a crucial mailer he's setting up to rename a strip of land off of the world's most popular network and also there on the web site the battle of artistic merit is a giant piece of profanity scoops the top russian art of war many question whether what is essentially buttons and should receive such an honor you can find out more
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at r.t. dot com. who gave coalition forces in libya the right to eliminate gadhafi well that's the question of let me approach has been asking during an official visit to denmark the russian premier also said nato is effectively joined one of the warring sides in the conflict a more responsible action should be taken instead lottie's daniel bushell has more from for us what's. he's made a speech in there mark and he was very angry he says that he is not the best person in the world sure he's made many mistakes on many bad things but that does not give the coalition of rights a bomb indiscriminately coalition said that their plan was not to get rid of gadhafi so his question was a question was why are the coalition forces obviously making this effort to go off the colonel gaddafi himself now we also heard that the experts here in brussels have confirmed that there is bombing going on by the coalition forces which is not
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being covered by the media here in the european union as putin did that oil was a key interest for the western powers for the european powers who have gone into libya they want to get rid of gadhafi and install people who are more favorable to the european union so that european companies can control the oil reserves let's have a listen to exactly what you have to say the coalition said destroying good jeffy was not my goal. his palaces and there were some officials have claimed that eliminating him was in fact their goal who gave them the right to have a fair trial returning to the no fly zone the bombings are destroying the country's entire infrastructure when the so-called civilized world uses all its military power against the small country destroying what's been created by generations i don't know if that's good mr putin said that they have to give the libyan people time to sort out their own problems and there's really gobble standards here here
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he added there are several other parts of the region in the middle east and north africa which is facing pretty much civil war situations but which the west is either ignoring or not really paying the same amount of attention to the european union has plans to send up to a thousand troops under the guise of supporting humanitarian aid to the country now the un is not keen on that it wants to see troops on the ground only as a quote last resort russia is even more. and saying that it fears they'll be used as a pretext for an invasion why the western coalition. is all due for libya to provide full ground troops in fact to be deployed by the western coalition in the port city of misrata now russia has said that it will only support another u.n. resolution if it explicitly says that it will not continue the violence that if it's ends the boilers and starts we go she then that is the only condition under which we would support that now i've been speaking to military analysts here in
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brussels and they confirm that ground troops already in operation in libya. and that was artie's down a bushel reporting from brussels where it has become a hotbed for terrorism with extremist preachers and nasty minds freely able to operate there and uses come tonight in the latest we can leak which reveals at least thirty five guantanamo detainees have been trained for terrorism in london mosques the secret files also suggest an alleged al qaeda bomber worked as an informant for british intelligence office lindsey france reports now from london. eighteen of these detainees reported to have come out of britain were from abroad seventeen of them are either british nationals or at the documents said they were asylum seekers from arab countries who then filtered into the u.k. and received their training here in london now most notably in the documents finsbury park mosque was cited its in its northern london mosque here that was
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cited as quote an attack planning and propaganda option base and this was not new to the us military officials who actually drafted these documents this mosque was known as a very powerful training ground for many of these men for quite a while in fact these documents do raise a very big question about where security and government forces were during the time that london gained such a strong reputation as being such a hotbed for these for these training techniques in fact london actually earn of the nickname within these doc documents as long as i understand so it does raise a lot of questions about where security and government forces were in quelling this reputation and stopping these men from filtering into the u.k. and then out into terrorist hotbeds around the world. in different reporting there from london when it hit the expert opinion of terrorism and political violence. in
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london as well phil thanks very much indeed for joining us here in our to this revelation come as any surprise to you. not at all i mean i went to the finsbury park mosque and it was open to people to attend you could hear. the preacher who is now in jail and i'm speaking about particular muslims to help their brothers abroad living under occupation for example and this was referring of course to afghanistan and iraq so it was very open and of course this was not targeting britain in any sense but it was encouraging muslims and reinforcing in many ways that the qur'an says that there is a duty to do jihad if part of the muslim family the omar are living under threat from some regard to living in hardship what is our correspondent saying questions are being asked about the security services did they know about it if you went to that mosque why didn't they. knew about it but remember that you know prior to this
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and we're talking now about a period of sort of several years ago now but i mean prior to two thousand or certainly prior to nine hundred ninety eight when there were the. bombings of the american embassies the west was working with islamists i mean we can go back of course to the war in the soviet union in afghanistan to expel the soviet forces you know the west was working with them the man responsible for the first world trade center attack in one nine hundred ninety three. it was given a visa by the american government to go and live in the united states but these people had been under the sort of the eye and indeed the agreement of western authorities throughout this period and it was only really after two thousand and one that their efforts were seen to be against western policy and therefore an act of terrorism is still happening is still happening behind closed doors. it might be happening behind closed doors because the war in afghanistan in iraq prior to that
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caused a great deal of anger amongst muslims in britain i'm certainly not in this mosque that is being referred to as unsaleable quite proud of the other chief sort of ideologue it's mentioned he's also in jail now so you know there has been an attempt to close it the police the special branch were involved in other islam is not a mosque but just just quickly you say it could be happening and human rights issue comes into place here political correctness when trying to censor the messages of what's supposed to be a religious organization if you try to censor that and stop it could not be seen as a correlation of the democratic principle of the freedom of religion and therefore not allowed well yes this is a pretty major issue in britain but counter-terrorism laws have been brought in since two thousand it is now an offense to encourage anybody to commit an act of terrorism anywhere around the world so if that's been go now that person can be prosecuted under british law but equally well people can travel to areas like
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afghanistan to yemen to somalia and say they're going to work for a charity or doing this and that so it's very hard to actually determine what they're there for when they haven't actually had training in britain all that has happened is they've been shown videos about muslims under threat muslim suffering in various parts of the world and that has stimulated them to take that plane to a foreign country where there is a war going on and we're often western troops are actually fighting muslims in those lines we're talking about people going abroad what about those coming in obviously we're seeing many fleeing the unrest in the arab world there are those who say there are concerns that this could be seen as perhaps the exploitation of extremism and we're going to see even more problems in britain and europe. well it's quite possible obviously we've had like thirty thousand. going to italy and going on to france you will have a mass exodus from libya i think one of the things that the west is doing in its involvement in libya is there to ensure that it is managing the opposition to get
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that feeling ensuring that some of the islamists that are fighting gadhafi they're not also involved in what you might call the global jihad or linked to al qaida that would regard western targets as the legitimate place for them to attack just briefly has britain continue to be seen as a soft touch as a haven for terrorism do you think bearing in mind that david cameron said he wants to clamp down on immigration do you think perhaps britain will try and change its image as a haven for terrorism in extremis. well of course i mean britain still those duties . under international legislation to give refugee status to asylum seekers so long as he will have wars and conflicts in muslim lands he will get people coming here but certainly it is strange that now i think in the ninety's the security services were happy to have people in britain so they could watch them monitor them and even essentially manage these dissenters from the middle east but i think that has certainly changed and it's far more difficult now computer silent in britain and
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certainly people who are voicing that type of things the need for having in foreign countries they've been arrested in silence interesting talkative phil thanks very much for your time phil reece rational terrorism and political violence joining us live in london thank you. well now that brings us to twenty six minutes past the hour in russian capital into beatriz next with business update stay with us for that. banks will resolution of b.p.'s dispute with its russian partners the n.k.v.d. may finally be in sight as the latter is ready to sell its stake in the company big to vex and better one of the partners in the a consortium which owns fifty percent of t. and k.b. he says the sale will be possible if they're offered a good product. a i had earlier refused the seven billion dollar offer and suggested the price should be forty billion dollars b.p.
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is seeking to buy its russian partners out after a legally blocked a share swap an article gratian deal between b.p. and last year. moved to the markets now u.s. markets are trading higher led by caterpillar and three m. chairs of three m. are up two point four percent after the company hiked its twenty eleven earnings outlook even as it took a hit from japan's ongoing crisis. it's now a check of what's happening in europe and the jews they session ended on a positive note on a rally in u.b.s. and that u.b.s. rose over five point eight percent up this with the biggest bank profit beat estimates. and russia's markets managed to pare losses by the end of tuesday's volatile session and this is are focusing on the upcoming words from ben bernanke an oil price fluctuations so you can look at some of the index movers on them i say gazprom was down the three quarters of a percent last they have managed to come back as oil prices reversed by the end of
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the session in russia it's up half a percent growth telecom is up four percent in the last minute of trading as the shareholders and i was shocked more investors this portfolio manager alexander. to day we see a little bit more activity of volume. one for some of the usual volumes the market is a range of problems and everybody is expecting more or statement from more for them see from mr brown the key judging from the forecast brings to the future of some adoption some of the interest rates the market participants. fifty percent there will be cards of twenty five basis points but my personal opinion that it won't be that one going to happen. and the ruble will rise and pre-crisis levels against the dollar by the end of the year prices they have current levels according to russians them an economic misstep. but it appears it's quite possible that we'll see
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a substantial inflow of capital in the second half of this year in these conditions the ruble will become even stronger than we originally expected g.'s this will lead to a groove in imports into the group of some senators of our economy such as food and light industry as well as engineering. while the greenback now costs just under twenty eight roubles and according to alexander couldn't make the patch it's expected to news another fifteen percent of the russian currency meanwhile exporters complaining that the strong ruble is cutting into their profits there to meets with monetary officials in may to discuss an optimal exchange rate. so maybe the next hour for an update ahead like the next.


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