tv [untitled] August 28, 2011 3:30pm-4:00pm EDT
welcome back and this is our team now here's a recap of the week's top stories and today's made headlines libyan rebels have joined our reported offer by more market alfie to negotiate the power transfer as they prepare a final attack on the colonel's hometown and. there's a big shakeup in the russian space agency after the loss of one another on that admission that scientists now rushing to resupply the international space station and prevent a disaster. north korean leader kim jong il rolls through half of russia by train for meeting with president medvedev saying that he wants a resumption of international talks that will bring peace to the peninsula. out of
tropical storm i release over four million people without power along the u.s. an eastern seaboard as it slides up to new york and bringing high winds and heavy downpours all of it a trail of destruction that's also claimed at least fifteen lives. well next to explore the latest in the appliance of science in russia and around the world an arctic knology update that's that's. history. welcome to technology update and welcome to mocks the world famous moscow air show where the plane its premier aerospace pioneers have come to show off their latest high flying hard supply water to dream for the best and the best to soar above the
rest at the legendary coastie airfield in suburban moscow the very place named after an early russian hero dynamics genius this year was the tenth time around for this festival flight since it started making ninety three with over eight hundred companies representing thirty countries to be strong for the year shows more than half a million guests will surely begin flight action movie business was also on the bill racking up some ten billion dollars in deals even with all the international big shots bringing their wares russia's open secret made the biggest bush this two hundred top forty fifty finally broke out from behind the closed doors covering its development flying for crowds in cameras for the first time it's a fifth generation stealth fighter jet propelled russia's air force deep into the twenty first century each maxie's new headlines and highlights like this to hoist superjet in two thousand and nine to two thousand and eleven is already a new decade with new projects like a whole batch of edition cargo and passenger jets in russia's civil aviation
pipeline. undoubtedly the most notable newcomer is here could see and see twenty one with a full scale cabin model on display for the very first time its final boarding call for a glimpse to the future of this short ended grange commercial line. this single aisle narrow body game c twenty one is actually an emerging family two hundred three hundred and four hundred modifications forthcoming will be capable of transporting anywhere from one fifty to over two hundred passengers per flight at a range starting at thirty five hundred to five thousand kilometers potentially up to seven thousand in the future cabin designs are easily transformable to increase comfort or capacity the total order to make these plans and internationally competitive aircraft rests on the shoulders of the. you could corp on the strength of over seventy five years at its factory in the siberian city of you could see the company hopes not only to bring in reinforcements for the aging to mystic to pull f one five four fleets but also challenge the dominance of giants boeing and airbus
in this market segment thankfully they're not starting from square one with a steady flow of skilled scientists and engineers from russian aerospace schools making the project all the more promising. were designing this plane with a wide range of international partners inside russia this means working with research institutes for every one hundred dynamics aviation materials and aviation technologies the stage is a tool of aviation systems is helping design the airplanes digital components for a while before you see twenty one will be offered with engine options either present with the speed of you fourteen hundred g. or the specially designed new p.c. for t.v. a project of russia's obviously good to. tusk is to provide the advantage of cheaper engines without compromising performance parameters and available resources most importantly in terms of the lifecycle cost as compared to our competitors abroad of the it's important to point out that we are
a god in this engine as the platform on the basis of which engines will be designed for the home line of these airplanes to p.t. fourteen is projected to meet and exceed international standards on fuel consumption emissions and noise pollution new engines are restored but they aren't the only innovative rethink for the future could jets. are leading aerodynamics is it your psyche made a crucial contribution to this project their experts produced a new concept for when designing it has an altogether new profile for supercritical airfoils all of their work helps greatly improve the plane's aerodynamics in addition to this super critical design high wing aspect ratio on the wide beach an airplane is a further aerodynamic advantage but it's largely what the winds are made. they can . visit if it's here you can see it complicit wing books for the n c twenty one airliner if uses unique advanced technology what's called vacuum infusion in a joint project between the name design an aero composite and the support companies
designed your on the russian side as well as austria misha and the material supply aside from the us i think these materials and technologies have made it possible to improve the aerodynamic characteristics of the wing reduce its weight and as a result increase the airplane fuel efficiency by up to twelve percent of so. there are an awful lot of parts that have to fall into place for a passenger plane to break into the country commercial market but the m c twenty one is already taking its first strikes into a sunny future on board the prototype cabinet in moscow air show i could already get a feel for how a flight on the could airliner might one day be automated latches open oversized luggage bins spacious seats in both business and economy and of course a screen it every seat. as passengers we're most concerned with smooth sailing to our destination and hence by every available amenity the carriers are all about the bottom line all three m. c.
twenty one models allow for everything from spacious mixed class layouts to the tighter tour operator scheme that makes the most out of every last row in any combination airplanes will remain wider than traditional single aisle jets just enough extra aisle space to eliminate the annoying service cards squeezed by a drink cereals time. thrown at the flight deck pilots also enjoy every perk of twenty first century aviation with multi-functional l.c.d. output panels to integrate the latest in digitize flight controls. those pilot wings thing runway ready obviously this model's not exactly here we're here could explaining for twenty one by twenty fourteen so there should be more progress to. ported the next mux this year's most triumphal entry went to the brand new long awaited seventy seven dreamliner from boeing which has just wrapped up test flights for u.s. federal aviation administration certification at its home base outside seattle
washington with one of the nine trial seven hundred seventy three up for a short getaway mox business got a glimpse at the latest wide bodied boeing billed as the company's most advanced most fuel efficient airplane ever and with russian flags should bear like i said to take twenty two of the new dreamliner the ten hour cruise from far away seattle gave future customers a good preview of what the modern machine is capable of. it was a very enjoyable easy flight we use a lot of the automation on the airplane to make the workload is going to little as possible so the hot of course was used all throughout the regimes this monitor through those systems the airplane is equipped with c.p.d. all see an automatic forty nine so forth so we took advantage of all those things we didn't have to make the standard position reports on the h.f. radio airplanes system did those reports course so very very
enjoyable flight and russian was hardly a brand of choice for the dreamliner visit as moscow is home to boeing's biggest engineering office outside the u.s. the eleven hour time difference from the west coast headquarters to russia's capital means the company has around the clock engineering operations within aerospace tradition they grew up alongside and even at times ahead of the american and european schools russia provides a rich pool of specialists that was a big deal in developing the dreamliner to think about the russian contribution to this airplane i think that i would say that you make your ills and. who made an error as well. weather partnership in russia made it possible for me probably little say that this airplane wouldn't happen without our russian partners in terms of design russian engineers can lay claim to the nose cone structure that leads to seventy seven skyward they pitched in an electrical systems or
conditioning they designed a crucial video that you believe that provides lift the pylon for mounting the engines and even added some flair to the passenger from the interior. when it comes to simply airplanes there are parts in their parts and it's largely thanks to unique new components and boeing is promising a twenty percent bump in efficiency they could help the dreamliner as operators cut two point four million dollars per plane per year this efficiency would be impossible with how key parts like this body cord connecting the we need to fuselage made entirely of russian composite materials to source of these all important materials this would all boeing a joint venture between the aircraft company envious m p o v small producer of fully a quarter of the world's titanium it's a boeing russia stood last region the unique type t.v. meloy are turned into the backbone of the seventy seven breakthroughs in material science achieved here for
a major reason the world can expect in lighter stronger more eco friendly airplanes in the coming years. we have no design in seven eight seven there schneid that's an excellent occasional this airplane which will be the leader will carry more passengers two hundred eighty passengers the longer distance that airplane. antolin service in two years and where there would be the design of this airplane would also paid a lot of attention to the other doing interesting project he in moscow called seven for seven deaths eight that brought it goes in parallel with so it's one in such the case and in flight tests and will continue to work on the improvements of this airplanes and i am sure that there will be. important projects including the small airplanes that i think he has will continue at the boy. for now all eyes are on the upcoming commercial goal out of the first three miners due within the next month for delivery to japanese carrier a.n.e.
and that's just the beginning boeing racked up over eight hundred sales for their new standard bearing jet before it even made its first test flight to expect them soon in an airport near you not all of the new music box or commercial jetliners come from any of the far flung sparsely populated russian regions bigger isn't necessarily better if with an eye on regional small craft aviation it is a choke has been developed and it's already one attention it mocks for greater than its size the assembly lines that some are as say escape their progress help put the first soviet cosmonauts in orbit and propel generations of an era in space craft skyward for more than a half century of its history so it's an auspicious starting place for what will be the first post soviet small aircraft first serial production designed by engineers at moscow based technology it's intended to combine modern performance of the bionics with the rugged all condition reliability needed to serve russia's regions . no hell of
a design as can be seen in several solutions employed on this airplane it is excellent they were done in a couple days including the a full ensuring great performance even at low velocity as its landing gear is very good and allows you to land the aircraft on substandard if fields the aircraft withstand strong winds very we'll with the symmetric engines also for very good performance which is particularly important for multi engine aircraft and also is a significant advantage in china aircraft. before recent show flew in to take its place of the air show in moscow we had a chance to climb aboard for one of its certification testing flights in the western russian city of somalia. conditions of the former military airport are luxury as compared to the remote airstrips the research old is built to access but it's a good base for monitoring and servicing the newborn aircraft while it gets its
wings in the field it can take off and land from dirt lift off with one of its two engines disabled and provide crew and passengers with emergency oxygen if flight conditions demand a climb above thirty six hundred meters experience test pilot blood even a mark of going off which the light airplane around curves with performance parameters to establish these trial flights are no relaxing total jump but once it makes muster with russian aviation regulators the first batch are due for delivery to a flight school in lenin's hometown will be honest. it really stands out for its modern flight control equipment which in practice and i will air academy students who have master this machine to transition easily to modern passenger jet line is. good when research old kids to market it won't just be raising a new generation of skilled pilots it will also help revive an important evasion sector that suffered from post soviet anomic belt tightening and an aging fleet of light aircraft would reduce
a choke and recent changes to airspace regulations the range and flexibility of multi-purpose and general aviation should be back on russia's enormous map. this excessive risk of choking the potential for expansion in russia's small aircraft sector has drawn the interest in the involvement of some of the country's biggest producers that includes the new makers and many i'm against it now work on a domestic clean bill tension. air show displayed in on their assembly lines salute is most distinguished for powering the skies bigger beasts in the soviet era there are fifteen three hundred push the record breaking may twenty five interceptor unprecedented speeds in altitude to data updating and repair. the engines from the thirty one f. family the boosters behind a big chunk of the russian air force's fighter fleet from soup to twenty seven to its descent in suit dirty suit thirty three m. c.
thirty four salute also collaborates with ukrainian partners to power several large and tone of passenger and cargo planes as well as the firefighting video from the two hundred with the old that under their belt the company agreed to an order for what would become its first white airplane engine. how did salute come to the decision to expand from the production of engines for fighter jets into the arena of small aircraft as we know the decision was made to to the existing need for a new engine in this class of aircraft since the engines currently in use were designed back in one nine hundred seventy s. and accordingly it was quite obvious that the demand for a new engine will be high judith's in truth technical an operational performance as well as economic advantages resulting from the improved fuel consumption rates and hans engine power performance but if you used the term proxy five hundred s. consists of the production gear attached to the propeller the combustor the compressor and at the rear the accessory gearbox what's called the gas generator
comprises both come bus train compressor essentially the heart of the engine. the gas generator is the biggest piece yet produced in seleucid project for that is the choke turboprop engine along with it they've developed a custom made experimental stand to confirm their down for the appointed performance figures. since it is a choke is already flying on a check made walter m. six o one f. and might see a replacement from general electric stevie five hundred s. need specs to set it apart. here we joined said you'd see engineers to fire up the gas generator for another round of tests draw power is important but not the only objective given recent shocks to me. stature a lighter less powerful engine it still has that thrust to provide a desired cruising speed in takeoff distance while guzzling less gas is a more profitable formula. so far seventeen seems to be the engines lucky number
projected to be seventeen kilograms lighter than the water model and you seventeen percent less fuel so it's still just figures the t.v. five hundred s. is shaping up to be a highly competitive engine for small turbo prop planes so few technical solutions have laid a good foundation for the development of a future engine right now we're talking about the gas generator but we're hopeful to complete development of a new engine by twenty twelve what it was from the outset we've been developing our engines to complete the older from techno obviously there is that shock aircraft project it could be used in for troll flights for example aerial monitoring of border areas for the emergencies ministry's risky fleet full medical aid operations and we expected to be in good in mind full light transport aviation with a. side from frustrating journalists trying to make sense of the trials of faith when there's an ever present variable he ation for aircraft of all sizes for generations
me kind has been playing occasionally catastrophic we losing a dangerous game with wind shifting weather systems every time we take to the skies fortunately now we're increasingly prepared with advanced equipment to keep us from getting away. when she or where we in changes in direction or speed over a short distance can quickly turn a smooth flight into a dangerous one given enough elevation pilots can easily recover but options are much more limited around takeoff and landing that's why russian scientists me how can you have steve has developed technology to provide pilots and air traffic controllers with improved wind shear warning must be able to know the moment the atmosphere around there. it is unstable in some cases and airports have been built in places with complicated landscapes take for example hong kong where roughly one in every two hundred fifty landings and takeoffs is performed under hazardous wind shear conditions therefore it's
a defeater will be fully covered with advanced sensor equipment to map out when other hazards information that will help relieve congestion increase throughput a goldmine for the patient industry schooling sure detection systems rely on an anemometer or simple wind gauges light or wind profiler three hundred developed by brushing firms laser systems and aircraft engineering concern is ground based shooting laser beams skyward and then determining wind direction and speed by detecting the frequency of the backscatter light at least in principle one liner when profiler should give more detailed information over shorter distances crucial around airports and low flying aircraft then several anemometer spaced out around the same territory another simple task is actually quite simple our device here will now measure the wind profile at an altitude of three hundred meters in the vicinity you can see a tower with special platforms where wind gauges like the one i'm holding are installed. in us and that's our goal is to prove that the measurements of our lead
are wind profile or correspond to the measurements obtained through the sensors installed on this high meteorological tower. if i stood. up against a whole host of spinning anemometers just one skinny notch on the l.w.p. three hundred is left of pain an equally accurate picture of the window over this kaluga region test site in this case are high since the losing system may soon be consigned to the dustbin of aviation history the physical benefits of replacing the towers in the already cluttered space around modern airports is obvious soon. missing the ground a slider systems would also be less of a challenge but if the numbers don't back up the win profiling benefits then the towers are better left in place fortunately the new technology for very perfectly and may soon be ready for full time action. conditions put on your person in the
test have been completed successfully and most importantly in the near future we hope to get certified by the interstate aviation committee the organization that deals with equipment certification and once you've got that our task is to provide this equipment for russia's first wind shear detection system and install invaluable storch which will be hosting next year's major international summit was an obvious be should be that we should ensure maximum flight safety for the high ranking guests and naturally old commercial passengers flying to and from bloody vostok every day not sedition two thousand and eleven features more than ten american military aircraft something unthinkable in moscow when this airshow first opened nearly two decades ago improve relations i thank you at least in four to a multinational treaty and high flying surveillance technology this story starts in the darkest days of the cold war when an arms race and mutual suspicion held the world both east and west in a state of great tension moved by the constant threat of all out war in nuclear
destruction we're trying to do then you made me this great fear a surprise attack so now our allies are still proposing inspection of all what america not of the rio grande. and all your. anything for a. russia enters our. japanese eisenhower's mean message at the geneva summit of nine hundred fifty five but soviet and western leaders failed to agree on a neutral inspection regime and the idea was put on ice for a generation it was reborn in one thousand nine hundred two however as the treaty on the open skies the united states and russia were eventually joined by thirty two others. signatories to date they've completed more than eight hundred flyovers and generated both valuable data in a crisis boost in mutual relations bent on thirty in the triple of one five four it carried out most of russia's flights to date but like their counterparts in other
countries the plane thirty g.b. have taishan the aeronautical electronics you would think company vegas is responsible for bringing russia's open skies surveillance capacity into the twenty first century camera in sensor equipment allowed with industry has to be fine tuned light maximum ground resolution for photo and video material strictly limited to thirty centimeters. after years of work they came to modest two thousand election raid a humvee all their brainchild defer specifically built to believe to fourteen a west would be the most advanced aircraft in the history of the open skies tree. this beautiful aircraft is not simply the first plane in russia or any other treaty on open skies countries that incorporates all types of equipment allowed for use on board it's also automated to a remarkably high level of the equipment is controlled electronically all the data displayed on the screen where they operate a monitor is no. use standing by the forward equipment by the aircraft will tickle
electronic equipment isn't stools and while the tail compartment contains airborne ray does and the infrared camera the best place on board the plane is reserved for photo and video cameras because we expect them to give us the main bulk of information one fixed photo camera shoots directly below the craft that one another one takes panorama peaches plus two side b. cameras and three video cameras all this photo and video surveillance equipment and i bills us to cover a very large stretch of land and gives us a detailed picture of the landscape the aircraft causes of a photo a camera has a separate all people port protected by sliding doors that are designed to prevent good from sticking to the lenses during takeoff and landing generally speaking the equipment. very reliable and fully automated. with the cameras and sensors installed in the plane's underbelly crewmen and women on the little planes operated them right from that tiny camera but due to go live to fourteen zero wes's moved to remote control automation lets the mission commander the individual camera
operators and host country observers all sit comfortably in the passenger cabin and book a little bit where entering the compartment where the equipment operators six. of us will this is the key part of the plane because this is where we receive the desired information. you'll notice that there are two additional seats located behind each operator who is there for the representatives of the countries the plane is flying of. this is a necessary provision i am to exercise in constant control over the treaty flights in for a cause and here is the equipment that operates the infrared camera and the radar should also mention that this is the first time in the history of the treaty on open skies that surveillance radar has been installed on board an aircraft so much of the trouble of two fourteen zero s. is already flight worthy and ready to fill all its treaty obligations a second plane is on the assembly lines set to join in the formal flights as soon as next year international observers who came to mach's agreed the plane is
a big step to making sure this guy stayed open well and a future it's the end of an airshow here in moscow in the end of an era for technology update i'm off to get one of these jets back to the states but the rest of the take up team will be back next month with more from the ever changing world of russian animation the two men enjoying the ride.