tv [untitled] April 3, 2013 5:00am-5:30am EDT
trigger bells on the korean peninsula with many sounds the south koreans fearing war as pyongyang suspends access to crucial industrial zone drawings iran with seoul. also ten day countdown to the presidential election kicks off in venezuela would be travis blessed actually president in a race against the pro washington opposition leader. and a milestone deal in arms the yuan adopts and treaty is supposed to control global trade of conventional weapons hailed as a landmark by some but criticized for a lack of clarity by others. this is an see coming to you live from moscow hello and a very warm welcome to the program firestone north korea has suspended
a south korean access to a joint industrial zone the latest move in the ongoing conflict with washington and seoul beyond young also says it will restart a nuclear reactor to beef up its arsenal after washington moved its military closer to the korean peninsula south korea based journalist joseph came isn't solvers. the south korean president is newly elected north korea doesn't want to test her limits and perhaps she's willing to change her policies towards north korea and the game's main objective is actually to start a dialogue with the u.s. with north korea's recent. what the u.s. calls provocations it's actually been easier for the united states to pivot its military back into the studio something that the pentagon has said that it would want to do to rebalance back into east asia so because of this we've seen a larger increased presence of military expansion by the u.s.
into east asia during these annual drills something that we haven't seen before we're seeing a lot of money spent despite the eighty five billion dollars budget cut that the u.s. is currently going through these threats from north korea or what people say are perceived threats have actually become common and lending to many people in south korea but this time around the rhetoric has actually gotten a lot harsher so many south koreans are actually getting more of an eerie feeling on what this might turn out to be i don't feel a direct threat but i'm getting a little anxious sense can't even the south korean government is taking a coup worse this time so it feels like it is getting closer when the u.s. is more forceful it has a less positive effect from the perspective of a south korean citizen i feel anxious and it doesn't feel like protection you know buying on the net and first of all it's not the first time north korea has issued threats so to us we don't feel the threats we don't perceive them to be dangerous
but it seems there are a lot of things happening inside kim drones regime it seems that the u.s. is doing those things to make correct evaluation on king john so that the nuclear problem doesn't see it and i'm putting stress with south korea with the joint military drills but i don't think it is really helping in terms of into korean peace to. so the u.n. says the deadlock has gone too far off to pyongyang's claims that it will restart a nuclear reactor which has been shut for six years north korea allisat its missile units are called but radio and warned of a possible preemptive strike on the us and so and shark has written extensively about here us foreign policy and east asian politics and believes both sides should know they have playing a dangerous game that when you escalate to this point any small mistake can turn into a major catastrophe and that's the danger north korea itself knows that if it didn't attack and didn't tack the united states it would be committing national suicide
united states would would retaliate in a tremendous fashion north korea does not want to commit suicide i believe north korea is doing all this so it can get to a point to actually negotiate some kind of peace agreement with the united states but the north korean threats are very dangerous and sound very sinister and i think they look up and they see these big and b. fifty two supplying this is a reminder of the tremendous power firepower the united states inflicted on north korea during the korean war and that's a reminder to the north koreans of the absolute danger of war with the united states but also gives their state kim jong un and his very very monolithic authoritarian state another way to you know we yield this to show the north korean people that indeed there is a threat so in some ways i think by escalating it to this point the united states is playing right into kim jong un's hands. so gaining access to north korea hasn't
been an easy task for foreign media he's alexei guitar shop skase among the few who have managed to report from the reclusive country and earlier he shared his thoughts and express and experiences with my colleagues about not say. to be honest with you i haven't had a chance to talk to many ordinary people six years ago when i was there in north korea but i don't think the situation has changed i talk to the officials there and i didn't hear a single negative word towards south korea i got the feeling that this was more about north korea versus the west and the us rather than being against the neighbors. and i was and i thought back then i still stand by that by this thought that this conflict between the two koreas is more about something inspired from abroad rather than being an internal issue between the people of the two korean of the two koreas i mean they're very close they used to be one country they used to be one empire they are divided politically by the thirtieth barrel they're not divided by any other way what do you know impression on north korea. i mean he he's
come people have said he's coming to change the if they really are going to do there's already changing you know we saw google officials in pyongyang unthinkable just five six years ago we saw dennis rodman i mean it's just maybe just a show but still he wants to show that he wants to be more open than his dad and his predecessor his granddad who was also a power he recently said he likes american computers mad computers is interested in everything happening in the world in particular the technologies he said that the country needs to embrace the technology but the question is whether kim jong un will be the man to reunite careers and not to go to a full out war with the south. now the presidential race has kicked off in venezuela in ten days' time the country will treat the successor to the later leader hugo chavez two main candidates axing president nicolas maduro and his opposition challenger and recreate the privileges both started their official campaigns with huge rallies and benefiting from chances personal blessing to become the next president maduro made
a pilgrimage to the late leader's basque lazy man's mission to ruin their lection in his opinion polls show madurese leading the race over his rival a centrist. this country was assailed by some as the us bank account to try to supply interest he's the solution to venezuela's problems and he's advocating free market economy combined with strong warfare spending under michael spoke to dr francisco demain get out of latin american studies at middlesex university who explains why i'm a doer is the favorite to win. nicolas maduro as demonstrated to be a formidable communicates or is he. this able to use him body land which he has the masses very well he conveys a good message is he's very good very astute politically and i think he's doing very well that's why he's leading in the polls. gaming if you like from the spontaneous outpouring of grief or for capitalizing or for want of
a better word on the grief. oh i'm sure there is a lot of sentiment about it i mean now chavez was a figure of haters in the international media now the population of venezuela realize how much he was loved was two million actually that came out in the streets to be a bit him fair world as impossibly was the biggest demonstration in the history of the country and any candidate whoever they are would be foolish not to use it however the key point is that i think is the message people are saying you know mother is saying to them do you want the continuation of what you had with him for forty years improving it perfect a need or do you want to go back to the bottle days of republic which the british represent and the message in that sense is very clear last for you mother oh i see this is really in between ten to forty percent in the polls. now a landmark deal to regulate the arms trade the you are
a treaty and controlling exports of conventional weapons advance humanitarian concerns but critics doubt its effectiveness with claims of loopholes more details just ahead. the taliban could regain a political a foothold in afghanistan as soon as next year afghan president hamid karzai didn't rule out that the taliban leader could run for presidency in the twenty fourteen election nato is pulling out his troops by the end of cause i stand with the afghan government pushing for peace talks however be taliban are refusing to speak directly with president karzai describing him as an american puppet but then oust plans to open an office and to facilitate peace talks with the u.s. and also a contributor afshin rattansi says nato has conduct in the war zone is only helping the insurgents gain political ground. the american public may be thinking what was the point of this debris relatives of all the thousands dead they must be getting
a very strange picture of afghanistan and the taliban on the mall obama is going to run afghanistan is it going to be a pull out of course lots of people are asking their hundred fifty thousand nato troops there and already people are talking about fifteen thousand remaining on five different bases the continuous drone attacks and the atrocities committed by u.s. and nato allies of troops of course do catalyze protel about support it was only in the past week or so that a u.s. commando unit were thrown out of new york province drug ations of complicity in kidnapping torture and summary executing people in new york province because i told the americans they better get out and of course those kinds of atrocities abound about it all and support. and. you know who's been to afghanistan and covers the region explains what's behind karzai is a recent announcement that. he's made this point numerous times before calling for
the taliban to participate in elections is that stand is so open and democratic that even mullah omar were he to disarm essentially could run for office of course the reality is that this is a complete political nonstarter because the taliban have been very clear in their position they do not see the karzai government as being legitimate they have openly called it as a puppet of the united states they refuse to hold any sort of negotiations much less view the constitution as legitimate or offer any sort of candidate so again this is just sort of wishful thinking perhaps or rather a rhetorical remark by president hamid karzai than any sort of reality on the ground because the taliban has refused to negotiate with him there really isn't very much that cars i can do in the situation for the taliban the number one position is this affectively to remove all foreign troops from the ground in afghanistan in order to do that why negotiate with the so-called puppet government when we can talk to be occupiers themselves but there's divisions within the
taliban as well do they actually hold negotiations or do they fight until the occupiers the u.s. forces leave the country there's also divisions within the obama administration about this because while this war has been incredibly credibly costly to the united states and the taliban have long been an enemy for the u.s. many factions in the administration see the political solution as the only possible sort of way forward i mean it's been more than clear that military might isn't enough to eradicate the taliban so somehow talks have to take place but at the end of the day i don't think anyone actually relist tickly expects peace with the taliban anytime in the next few years for sure when i was in afghanistan most of the afghans that i've spoken to have seen this deadline with looming trepidation in fact they think that once the americans draw down and there's no indication the americans will fully withdraw from the country but of course they will leave a massive power vacuum there's the potential for the country to descend into civil war and it also really remains to be seen what happens with the aleck. actions on twenty fourteen because again if the country doesn't it isn't seen as sort of
having a legitimate. non corrupt elections it really could spark a much much much further unrest than we've seen so far food for thought now while toughening a starry seas and biting families across tons of food is big from world away each year and later on we'll meet beholden tears pouring particular good products then for no reason our report on that and much more after this break.
a treaty to control the trade of conventional arms it prohibits the export of arms to countries under an embargo and the sale of weapons that could be used for war crimes or terrorism and also require states to prevent conventional weapons reaching the black market but as all she's going there to check out reports now many feel the deal is ambiguous unlike unclarity. the treaty that the un general assembly passed this tuesday is the first attempt by the international community to try and regulate global arms straight the treaty covers the export of conventional weapons and that's a long list that includes fighter jets worship's tanks as well as small arms the document has knowing foresman mechanisms so the success or failure depends on the will of the world's major exporters and care they are the us accounts for thirty percent of global arms sales to russia twenty six percent germany friends china seven six five percent respectively the figures are provided by the stockholm
international peace research institute they cover the last four years of arm sales by the way this global. is worth around seventy billion dollars and four out of five of the world's largest stakeholders in this business happen to be permanent members of the un security council to which abstained from the vote that is russia and china they cite a lack of clarity in the language of the treaty in the part where it says arms transfers should be subjected to risk and human rights assessments first so it's supposed to tie arms sales to the buyers record on human rights which sounds like a very good idea but then this raises all kinds of questions like do brain or saudi arabia have a perfect human rights record so the treaty leaves lots of room for all kinds of interpretation is russia being actually supportive of the effort to regulate arms sales says it abstained from voting for the treaty also because it has not been arms sales to non-state actors. despite the calls of
a number of states what was not reflected was the ban of the supply of weapons to north ryde state and this is a significant shortcoming which will inevitably have impact on the effectiveness of the international arms trade treaty. even though the united states supported the treaty at the u. way congress has made it clear that they will not let anyone tell the us who to sell arms to so it would be like the kyoto protocol the one that set obligations on industrialized countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases the u.s. also signed it and yet never ratified it gun manufacturers like lockheed martin or a northrop grumman have an origami of lobbyists on capitol hill to make sure that their ability to sell weapons and profit is not constrained in any way but then thomas countryman the assistant secretary of state to lead the american delegation to the talks defended the treaty saying it will actually give american weapons manufacturers a better competitive competitive position in the world so maybe the u.s.
government is actually trying to help its gun producers by supporting the treaty anyway the international community seems united on one thing and that is something has to be done about the unabated flow of arms in the world but as they say the devil is in the details in washington i'm going to. israeli prison guards have fired tear gas to quell disturbances which erupted in several prisons across the country hundreds of anger inmates protested after the death of a fellow prisoner. died of throat cancer while serving a life sentence for his role in a four hundred bomb attack but a syrian officials accused israel of medical negligence and refusing to give him vital treatment despite his deteriorating health israel insists it did ask for an early release but it was already too late the scandal also sparked a street marchers and clashes with police in various palestinian areas and spoke exclusively to marwan barghouti member of the palestinian parliament and former
minister of information and he says peoples on gazes deep rooted not just a few particular incidents. these settlements and this apartheid system contradicts even the american interest in having stability in the middle east those who think that the situation in the middle east will remain as it is short sighted sooner than later with the prevalence of democracy you would see more and more people in the middle east siding by the palestinians and demanding that out of the palestinians. and you can watch this exclusive interview with marwan barghouti here on r.c. at six forty five pm g.m.t. . while the u.k. government is pushing for further study receive thousands of families across the country are finding it more and more difficult to pay for basics even food meanwhile supermarkets and restaurants are embracing a throw away culture been in terms of good products each year ati's point of boko
may be volunteers buying the trend plums that's again going to be got going into the deserts of the hydrates. down here we've got. lots and lots of. spring onions again. goods and absolutely free daniel volunteers at the people's kitchen it's an eco conscious collective in east london their aim to say food that would have been thrown away by shops and markets at the end of a day's trading today daniel and chef tom are preparing to wow two hundred dinah's with a feast made from discarded food as a chef on the same food being wise to every restaurant and i've ever done on a big scale in the supermarkets and i'm not even larger scale at these big markets so the food that we're taking is not good enough to so to throw away it's kind of in that category and there's a big gap that nobody's really doing anything about in the western world and it's
just sad really that nobody has respect for the food it's just kind of ok to get someone to when there's people starving not just in the other countries where this food came from in this country one in five of the u.k. population lives below the poverty line but there's a dramatic discrepancy the rest of the population spends an average of just eleven percent of its budget on food the institute of mechanical engineers says that that's fueling a tragic throwaway culture with four point four million tonnes of food pinned avoidably each year in this fridge with. its ridiculously are loads of reason you can see. these are just perfectly good maybe one or two bad ones but it's just really a matter of sorting them having someone to sort them so this is a huge scale the fifth time down managed to salvage for their kitchen is likely to end up here as landfill in fact over ten billion pounds worth of food is thrown
away in the u.k. each year that's a colossal amount of waste to such a tiny island and before fruit and vege even hits the shelves up to three quarters of it is discarded by farmers just. not looking good enough at the moment we pay supermarkets and other food businesses to trash the planet to grow food and then. we need to make a demand as consumers they change their behavior as well when we go to supermarkets and see that straight and all the apples look the same we need. some vegetables and at the same supermarket do with. actually they stock fruit and vegetables as they grow in a huge variety not uniformity. markets don't help by tempting customers with deals consumers alert into buying excessive quantities of food. which ends up in the bin or spent many years visiting the skips of supermarkets literally. and what
you see is a ray of perfectly fresh good vegetables and fruits and other foods that have been thrown away and most people think gosh how disgusting to get food. it's true it is disgusting but what's disgusting is that with away the consumption food and while every link in the supply chain continues to throw away perfect. tom and dan can keep proving that finale there really is such a thing as a free lunch. east london. behind bars and starving for justice hunger strikers and gun turning away they're engaged in a desperate act of defiance for fifty seven days now the risk to their health is growing rapidly however officials are continuing to talk down the scale of the protest the pentagon say thirty nine men refusing food but the noise assessed it's
more than three that number people about his gas clash on this issue later on when r.t. . these individuals that thomas keeps wanting described as innocent based upon the obama administration's review have had the opportunity to go in front of a federal judge and get an order requiring their release and failed to do so so suggesting that the court has concluded there is a legal basis to hold them so i think thomas overstates his case and then with respect to what charles is saying you know if you're trying to sell and i'm going to say i should not engage in a little spanish i don't want to engage in are you are you are you all are you a little level i think that i think let me finish please i don't want to get in this question as a political matter but i think it's going to be very difficult for any president whether it's obama or bush or republicans or democrats in congress to want to expend political capital on a politically unfavorable call it is that i have to do it justice what does that have to do is just what does that have to do with justice is half what does it have to do with just exactly thomas go ahead yes it's tough but you do it it's tough but
you do what you do the right thing by the way i don't know whether you know it but i'm the guy who won the right behavior is corpus for those people and if you really know what it's a very thin review of the most any evidence that the government has could you could justify their holding it under hey b.s. that's why the administration did a thorough detailed review for each individual to see whether they really posed a threat and it concluded they don't and they should be released. and of course you can see the crosstown debate in full later. at about eleven thirty g.m.t. you analyse and to up next elsie's off label documentary taking a look at the wall of medical experiments and the potentially damaging side effects to stay with us. choose your language. of choice we could with no influential senators today still
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transitive lifestyle and long story short i take drugs for a live human drug test and what other people see my scars a think of a drug that is or could ever do i track marks for applejack and heroin but after i get about one hundred needles in there is going to leave a mark that's what i'm sure and i've been in studies where we had one hundred sticks and like fourteen days that's a lot more traffic than i going through my veins i mean that's what i'm being paid to do being paid to be a poet prodded. tested and if i don't want to do that i won't be here doing it i have to believe that i'm doing something to help out society i could be seven i was that many people but do i really believe that.
it's hard. when the stare. my name is robert helms and i am a professional guinea there's a take take relationship between me and the pharmaceutical companies my name is robert helms and i am a professional going to pick they need bodies to do the testing and i need money. so no i don't have any moral qualms my name is robert helms and i'm a professional in the real robert combs makes his living as a human guinea pig for scientific explain your guinea pig you have to fit the description they're looking for you have to be drug free and you have to pass a medical screening and the only way to consistently do that over and over is to lie. tell the truth. if you say you've got anything wrong in your medical care.