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tv   Documentary  RT  November 8, 2013 4:29am-5:01am EST

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brazil or germany what would be able to pay off the house would you do it i think you would let's not buy into this myth that locals in country x. don't want to work they just don't want to work in complete futility for table scraps but the shust my opinion. if you us presidents elected to a second term in office and leave the white house successful or even popular bronc obama is a case in point his poll numbers are low his legislative agenda is in deep trouble and washington's friends and foes are around the world do not take him seriously is obama already a lame duck president. the welcome to sit there and go on sophie shevardnadze our guest today calls himself
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a strict constitutionalist his business suffered in the wake of the n.s.a. leaks scandal why because the service to provide it was believed to have been in use by the person most want to buy the united states snowden these are sick harris were is their privacy and the trust of his clients. forced to make a difficult decision which put an end to ten years of hard work. the owner of love a bit has just one goal to defend the american constitution but now his freedom is at risk who will win the legal fight the government wants the keys to privacy for the man who sees himself as the brave keyholder. our gas is louder levison founder owner and operator of flaubert in credit mail so . that will good morning to you but good evening from us it's great to have you on
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the show today so your service was barely known before this scandal with edward snowden do you appreciate public attention that it allows you to put some of your ideas forward or would you rather never have to deal with it. i think i would have rather rather never had to deal with this you know i was quite happy running you know a small business we were successful enough that we didn't have to worry worry about survivability anymore. my primary concern. at the beginning of this summer was you know upgrading systems modernizing our servers. deploying a new version of our daemon you know the problems that a business like mine would normally face and now all of the work that i've put into my system over the last ten years is for not. the only thing i can hope is that
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something positive will come out of out of all of this but like you said your business is smallest so for those who may not know it yet in simple words what is lavabit. we were a email service that was focused on privacy and security and we tended to cater towards heavy e-mail users we were one of the first services to offer pop back sess one of the first services to offer a map access and by that i mean free pop and free on that back says we never had a very strong webmail offering so we really cater to people who like to do email on their desktop with an application like thunderbird or outlook. it's widely known that this story dates were looking for snowden's email in lavabit that did you have any contact with your client before or after the case started. why i didn't have
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any contact with them after the case started that would have been illegal. but what was before. i believe i did send him one email several years back as the result of a support inquiry. do you actually look i've course did not know him personally but right now because snowden's name is so huge huge like the fact that your name is linked with snowden story. i don't dislike it honestly i don't really have an opinion on that. you know it is what it is we neither of us can do anything about it we're just reacting to the world around us let out it could you ever have imagined that ten years of your work would be ruined once you would refuse to cooperate with the fads no i didn't think it would ever
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come to something like this. you know i thought if there was any country in the world that a free and secure and private email service could operate without interference from the government it would be the united states. and i was of course sorely disappointed when i started interacting with federal agents and started listening to what they wanted to do now you chose to shut down lev abate not to compromise your customer's data how safe is it now from governments getting its hands on it while i mean it's as safe now as it was when the company was operating. you know users who had encrypted storage you know their data can't be accessed without their password. and of course most of our free users didn't have that. you know. if the if the feds came along and demanded the data on
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a specific count there's nothing i can do but turn over the data for that specific account. the issue that i had was what the government wanted to do was monitor everyone on the system nothing it was designed it wasn't just didn't they wanted everyone's data. they wanted access to everyone's information yeah and that was the problem i had but why did they ever explain themselves i mean it's all b.s. why they would want snowden's information you know he's in hiding but why would they want to access to every what is information because that was the only way they could get access to the accounts that were under investigation was by demanding the s.s.l. keys. unwrapping mean crippin that was protecting all of the connections coming into the system and in theory isolating out the ones of interest but what was
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interesting about this whole process was that they were completely unwilling to provide any transparency back to me they were completely unwilling to prove that they were only going to be collecting information on a handful of accounts so all i'm left to do is assume that what they really wanted to do was collect information on everyone's accounts but what exactly did they tell you. they told me that they would be collecting mated data content passwords and then the other information of interest to their investigation so because i was going to ask it wasn't it easier to just give access to one account instead of shutting down the whole thing but now i'm realizing they wanted the whole thing right. that's precisely the problem if they had been able to tailor their requests to a specific account i wouldn't have had a problem with it the issue is the way my system was designed i couldn't access the account that they wanted to access so they decided to break open the entire system
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and compromise that security just so that they could access in theory a handful of accounts so are you saying that even if you want it to hand down snowden's account information you couldn't because you couldn't access it yourself anymore that was the way the system was designed. but once the data was on the server it was secured with the user's password so then that if it means that you really had nothing to offer right that's what i thought and i didn't have anything to offer on the accounts that were under investigation so what they decided to do was demand these s.s.l. private keys which belong to my business and not the user and use them to decrypt all of the information coming in and out of my network regardless of who it belonged to figure them the keys i was forced to but i also shut
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down my business when i was forced to do that so there is no way they could actually access the account even if they have the keys right now. in theory that's correct what we don't know is whether or not they were recording the encrypted information that was coming in and out of the network before i shut down if that was the case then they could have gone back and retroactively access that information once they had the keys now with the shutdown of lavabit did you warn your customers did they have a chance to do something about their accounts or have they basically lost any control or wherever they had. unfortunately i couldn't warn them i couldn't tell anybody that i intended to shutdown the service i was afraid that if i did that if i even did so much as threaten to shut down the service. i would
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be issued an order requiring me to keep it open and once i receive such an order i would have to either keep the service open or face an open and shut obstruction of justice charge so i had to be very secretive about it now in terms of users i know that many of them were left stranded when the service shut down because all of their messages in some cases for several years had been stored on the server so what i did very recently was resurrect a small download site so that users can now go back and pull down a zip archive of all the messages that may have been on the server when it shut down. did anyone from your customers try to contact. yes several customers tried to contact me both before i shut down and directly afterwards. you know i was speaking to john mcafee recently and he told me that if he were
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a google he would do exactly the same thing do you blame google and others for selling out what would you do. i think google has a very different situation they have shareholders to answer to they have a board of directors to answer to and they've got hundreds of millions of customers shutting down their service would take a lot more than simply the decision of one or two people and unfortunately i don't think they could build the necessary consensus to shut down their service. one of the decisions i made very early on in my business was not to go out and seek venture capital i didn't want to have to give up a controlling interest in the company because i didn't want somebody else to come in and decide that i should sacrifice the philosophy of the company in order to make a profit and it was because i had made that decision and decided to grow the business
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the hard way to grow it organically that when the time came i was able to make the decision to shut down. i mean my guess is no but i got asked do you trust your personal information to on encrypted services any of them. i don't trust my personal information to encrypted services if i don't have to let alone unencrypted ones all right after a short break we'll be back with our leveson owner of lavabit to talk about who we can trust and does privacy have a future stay with us. on
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there's a goal. for shoes that no one is asking with to get that you deserve answers from. politics only on our team. welcome back to the show our guest is love our levison founder and owner of lavabit who is fighting for his business and he's believes in court great to have you back now your know what's on the shutdown website greets defending the constitution is expensive well you know it's kind of ironic that you fight a case for justice in a country that prides itself over its justice system. there is a great deal of irony here you have to remember that the people on the other side
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of the aisle in the courtroom from me all swore an oath to uphold the constitution and yet here i am trying to remind them of their own duties. but where you get your court case right now. we've filed the opening brief in our appeal and we're currently awaiting the government response which we expect to come in about a week now you have set up an encrypted service it's now suspended and you have to face the legal system is that one of the it's every encrypted system in the country is this a war on privacy. yes that's precisely what it is and it's not necessarily a war on privacy it's a war between security and privacy it's a war between law enforcement agencies who have a need to conduct surveillance in an effort to stop and catch criminals
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against an industry that is trying to make secure products products that protect people's private information from criminals so do you feel like all encrypted services will be shut down no i don't think all of them will be shut down but i think a number of them have faced and will continue to face the same type of pressure that my company faced and it's a question of who in our country is willing to sacrifice their business rather than compromise its principles. it's it's kind of a disturbing issue because this entire battle over which companies are being forced to do what and precisely what they're being forced to do
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is taking place in secret so we don't even know as a society what companies have been asked and whether or not they've been able to stave off the demands of the government in court. do you feel threatened because hey you are wrestling with the big guys. i definitely felt threatened when i was in the midst of trying to prevent them from getting a hold of my assets sell keys i was threatened with arrest i had to go to extremes i have a small dog that lives with me i had to send her over to a friend's house because i was afraid they would break down my door and arrest me and there would be nobody to take care of or you know i was losing sleep at night it was certainly a very stressful position to be in i think the issue is changed a little bit at this point i no longer have
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a running service so i'm no longer of interest to the government and i'm coupled with the fact that all of the media attention has given me a certain measure of protection as well how well i have two questions first of all you don't fear anymore to be arrested right from what i understand none at the moment as long as i don't do something incredibly stupid and as far as did media attention goes do you feel like you've got enough coverage in the mainstream media. our i think the issue of privacy the issue of surveillance hasn't gotten enough coverage in the mainstream media i think the majority of americans don't know what's going on don't understand the significance of what's come out this summer i don't think it necessarily. they need to hear about me and my story because love of it is one small piece of
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a much larger puzzle but what i do think that mainstream america needs to hear about and or stand is just to what lengths our government is going to conduct surveillance just how much information they're actually collecting and storing in some cases for years you know these are very significant problems these are the types of issues that can do a democracy like ours and i just hope that some of the information that's come out this summer will prompt the necessary changes to prevent that from happening but it's kind of crazy because they remember living in america during nine eleven and i remember drastically elavil americans becoming before and after because everything was about security being scanned being you know listen to tap but they were ok with
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it then because it was a terrorist act so one would think that the n.s.a. leaks there would be a before and after as well but from what you're saying not much has changed in the level of a number average american. yeah to my knowledge nothing has changed it's still business as usual at the f.b.i. in the n.s.a. . i heard in one of your lectures you said that the government officers that you had to deal with were offended by your distrust toward stem so you described them as people fully confident in a trust of american people but don't want to if they are right and they do have the trust of most americans. sophie what i think is very important to remember is that our founding fathers realized that even if we trust the people in power now we shouldn't be forced to trust the people in power tomorrow. our system of government was designed specifically so that we wouldn't have to trust our government.
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that our government would govern with the consent of the people how can we as a people consent to activities that we don't know about that's why the issue of transparency and the issue of secrecy is so important it would be a very different story if we knew this type of surveillance was going on and we as a society decided to accept it but we haven't in fact we've done the exact opposite every time the issue has come up we've decided as a country that it's far more important. for us to have privacy in and our freedom to associate than it is for our government to conduct surveillance and as a result what's happened is law enforcement and the national security agency has
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gone behind our collective backs and tried to accomplish this using the courts in secret and that's truly what the issue is they've broken whatever trust and violated whatever trust we may have had and that's the real issue and they're going to have to earn that back the hard way now let our i know that you are collecting money how much money have you managed to get at this point for your legal case and is this money enough or do you have to raise more. we raised over two hundred fifty thousand dollars for the fight and we've spent a pretty good portion of that at least well over one hundred thousand dollars on it . just on this first round of appeals. so the real question is how far will we have to take this fight if we have to end up going to the supreme
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court and i truly think that we will then we certainly will have to raise more money how much more money are we talking about while my legal team tells me that a supreme court case typically costs between two hundred fifty and five hundred thousand dollars to litigate do you know the people who are or who gave the money to this cause. i know a handful of them but most of the donations have been small between five ten and twenty five dollars we're literally talking tens of thousands of people have stepped up and donated whatever they could. not because they know me personally not because they feel sorry about my business for at least some of them do but but because they believe in what i'm fighting for and they realize just how important it is and they want to make sure that my team has the resources it needs
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to win this is one of those battles that just too important to give up on and dare i say too important to lose now here's a question that i picked up from online why don't you use bitcoin for fundraising. you know that's been suggested. i just didn't use bitcoin before i shut down so i haven't really gone through the process of setting up a bit coin wallet. and and going through that process but i think it's an excellent idea and you know if i were to shut down my service again i probably would have posted a bit coin link are you planning to resume the work in the internet after the case is closed. if i'm victorious i plan to resume the love of it service and continue working in information technology if i lose i will probably
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turn the business over to somebody who lives in a country that still respects freedom and privacy and wash my hands of it maybe try and become a farmer or an actor such to a business that doesn't involve computers and technology do you have any countries in mind. yeah my legal team looked into moving the system to iceland or switzerland or even the bahamas we decided against it in the end because if i wanted to continue running the service as an american i could still be subject to u.s. jurisdiction and i could end up being put in the very difficult position of having to choose between breaking u.s. law and breaking the laws of the country where the system was hosted so i felt in that situation the best thing i could do would be to keep the service shut down and
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open source the code because if there can't be a lot of a bit hopefully there can be a hundred love a bit like services for people to choose from. thank you very much hopefully you will so you don't have to turn to acting or farming and just stick to something that you love doing that you're very good at that's it for today folks thanks for watching that was blood hour levison founder and owner of lava bait and will see on the next edition of sophie and co. it's simply the fourth so only goal in life was nothing more than making money and
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as quickly as possible true with what we go to war for the kids. who would mornings wake i wonder. if it's not a kindergarten or an orphanage. where you live with your families your children five children and you can be a father to seven two children just like your job your husband to twelve mother. why you all shouting yeah i wasn't ready it's like if a man proposes to you and you answer oh whoa i need time to think so when she called me mom i needed time to think with that well i think. you could say mom is the most important simply a person in your life and yes they told me much kara stories about what their lives were like about their trunk mothers fleeing home and living on the streets they've let me into their world and it became easier for them to comb.
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if you. know opportunity. start to construct your current. bit. don't want to be gangsters you don't want to be drug dealers they don't want to blow a window of time a kid came be we can see. you just made so that i was like oh probably the hook. thirty round clip. but i said. i don't want to die i just really do not want to die young young. wealthy british style.
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market why not. come to. find out what's really happening to the global economy with max cons are a no holds barred look at the global financial headlines tune into cars a report on our. we're not psyched to active camps walked on a motorway where patients are forced to months after a massive popular strike that turned world's attention to the ways that something
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gulag of our times. surging civilian casualties steer iraq towards tragic new records r t assesses the warring numbers with an in-depth database of innocent cost of terror also. that it is nothing at all. britain's spy chief sporting to terrorist threats to justify illegal tapping and that the public exposure of what they were doing opens up possibilities for tap meanwhile secure surveying gets a boost in the states it's the small internet company that could coming up i'll be introduce you to the salt lake city c.e.o. standing up to the u.s. government in the name of privacy. plus britain is king of the world's tax havens. dependencies and overseas territories is being considered i'm.


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