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tv   Documentary  RT  November 15, 2013 3:29am-4:01am EST

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the crime is that a viola manville a seventy four year old woman found dead on the twenty ninth of november one thousand nine hundred eighty eight along this dirt track. dozens of suspects will be questioned and will be released including frank stirling seen in this photograph . two years later detectives trained by reed reopen the case and are convinced frank is guilty. a few years earlier his brother had been sentenced to prison for raping viola manning and frank sterling is thought to have wanted revenge. the police are relentless and pressed sterling until he cracks the eleventh of july one thousand nine hundred ninety one and exhausted frank sterling admits to the mudda his confession is recorded.
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many years later the murder of a four year old girl is arrested he confesses to the murder of viola manning and traces of his d.n.a. confirm the fact. was frank sterling is released on the twenty eighth of april two thousand and ten after serving nineteen years now age fifty four frank has become frail and anxious and finds it hard to talk about his feelings. april twenty eighth two thousand and ten the day i get released. that your. freedom. for frank sterling obtained his freedom largely due to the vigorous efforts of his lawyer donald thompson under the war where the question remains why did he ever confess to a crime he never committed. the police officers don't beat people anymore i mean it just doesn't happen really in the course of interrogation because there's been this
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said lightman no because the psychological techniques are more effective in obtaining confessions than physical abuse. yet in the case of frank stirling only his confession was filmed but the video speaks for itself the two policemen had applied the read method as well as some of their own making. here they offering coffee and donuts to prepare frank sterling for his final declaration of guilt but what had gone on before. i remember the back. shoulders. trying to be all buddy buddy and we're here for.
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lunch and all that. i did. you not listen to me. over an hour it's like ok i'll give you what you want well they had this weird interrogation technique in your case that i've never seen before since where they are robin is feeding rubbing his back and having him lie on the floor put his feet up on the chair and whispering in his ear you know picture yourself out of the crime scene now picture the victim here she comes what do you do you know all this kind of really hypnotic kind of suggestion. the video of the confession is just the acceptable face of what happened during the interrogation. to help frank admit to the crime he didn't commit one of the offices is rubbing his shoulder as the other is holding his hand. if you. were does you can.
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right. here and speak out. sort of like you're floating he said on the chair but you're going on as if you feel like you're sitting at a chair no weight any shoulders. no scars no way. to look at a body. why you die someone will say this crime that she didn't do. very often. you know has been so tired you know really like four hours sleep you know for three days and like. i just try to go on or sleep you know. yes. that's very.
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prejudices your finals are difficult for your day. is something i have been with them. yesterday. one of. the ratio yes even when you're learning. something. what else. is difficult for. racially digger gives them. very. yes. this form of questioning shows how an innocent man can be made to
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confess with no recourse whatsoever to violence psychology has thus become a powerful weapon in the hands of the police and frank was one of its deliberate victims. to prevent any possible excesses has given rise to a new kind of specialist the lawyer expert. it's even inspired hollywood and its popular series lie to me because. certainly the small psychologist helps result crimes by observing body language and facial expressions it may be human nature for the truth is written for all of us. stand walters has been a lie expert for the past twenty five years. like to say i'm taking a little trip inside the swamp of their brain. in a morning around a swamp and i'm fighting the rotten stuff and trying to drag it out for four of the
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people. who will to crisscrosses the united states to spread the basics of good interrogation techniques to the police. his unique methods upset many of the theories online including those of his pee is . here in texas they did a study on interrogation training and they tested years officers ability to spot deception he says to training courses they brought him back and test them again what he found one hundred ninety officers none of them got better in an improved after two courses they looked at the content of courses and found those courses were perpetuating the myths stem malta's campaigns against preconceptions and received ideas. very little body language has anything to with the steps in causing arms what else. could because
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a hand up bone hazing the other causing legs sitting on hands wrapping feet around a chair holding on a cross in a hose on the chair no correlation deception. and possibly stress but there is no difference whatsoever when i contact lars make a true killers and no connection. and now the myth of the myth of i move a little left leg and right and i'm swimming against the tide and i get academies and hate me for this and kids my. kids are doing a disservice teaching again and again and again trained officers who thought their greatest sporting lie before and worse in civilian population and had no training in deception which tells you what about training. to general. when a bag of his method is together a bundle of clues based on behavior and language which could indicate
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a suspect may be lying beyond any stress he may be feeling. his well known people such as bill clinton he is seen lying to the entire nation when he claims he never had sexual relations with white house intern monica lewinsky. i never told anybody to lie there wasn't so much is deception here with president clinton other then there were some symptoms that told us he would be totally open one he refers to monica lewinsky is that one and that is a very typical depersonalization its way of separating oneself and being above or outside the realm or better than that the other one is his emotion and using it is a parent's payslips persian is the hostility of anger then a split second when he turns to walk away watch with a smile not a single. these allegations are false and you go back to work.
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switch from anger to smile another is courtney love suspected of being a drug addict now ron nothing to do and that i'll know her by god i'm going to ask a lot of questions that people think now my parent that out and out with courtney love you see shock when she's asked about their own question was a good stress marker to see her version of body away get multiple answers if she has a good strong cause to be a vors was consistent was only being deceptive that you and later we know that she has had a long history of drug abuse from you on nothing now so the first question is very general you know nothing today no and in barbara they ask. a more pointed question now you see you react no more heroin and you nobody jump run nothing today no. zara to face expression
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the large eyes from a shock response of the question this when stones are so it's as if i were the interviewer that means i would follow up on here on questions that's a simple me of of incriminating potential my god i'm going to ask you all the questions the people think now my hair and that out now watch your body back. in away from barbara and multiple no answers. a notice we haven't really answered their own question you're back to prozac and should ask you very pointedly have you ever done drugs in front of your children and watch the huge reaction again on a parent cluster behaviors of deception evident that it's a fantasy a child like god let us out to make sure that i'm not looking for meth again body language is got a large margin of error so i'm looking at groupings and looking for it to be consistent so if i'm there when issue comes up to keep getting these powerful
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responses and i keep getting similar cluster behaviors of that any stress or cause to behavior that we think art and put some point consistent deception. on stem alters criticizes the most is the obsession the police hat with obtaining a confession at the cost of the investigation this is what happened in the little town of camden a narcan saw in early august two thousand and six when the body of eleven year old katie was found in the small prints. she had been suffocated using a plastic bag. after a botched investigation detectives determined the murder had to have been inside the house. in fact only katie's mother melody and twelve year old brother thomas were inside. when the police arrived the military was hysterical while thomas
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seemed quite calm. cool when thomas's moya believes the police became fixated with his behavior which they judged as to come and convince them that thomas had killed his sister. pat we all know that in the modern world. there is a great deal of monitoring of international communications a lot of his directed to stopping and intercepting terrorist activities but i think that is legitimate some people people support that. the trouble is this that the technology has run the political control exercised over it if the technology permits you to do something then on the whole people will do it unless they all specifically told not to do it and it's quite we have perhaps going to start to be almost as necessary for dealing with international terrorism and international crime into areas where it is
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a question of. people's privacy that is a problem we have admitted it to be dealt with videos of. speak your language. programs and documentaries in arabic it's all here on. reporting from the will talks about six of the ip interviews intriguing story do you. see them trying. to find out more visit arabic.
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margy dot com is launching a special project to mark the appalling scale of violence in iraq. we want you to know. the first thing that went wrong is that as soon as the police got to the house. they decided thomas had committed this crime that was their first error and then everything they did after that just compounded the error. thomas was twelve years old at the time today he was nineteen. and the police pressure he confessed to everything and was sent to prison. the supreme court would overturn the sentence two years later after the details of his interrogation were revealed. the video recording of the interview was appalling. the pictures caused the worst police scandal in the history of the state of arkansas.
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it was. hard to speculate. i mean kyra listen to some some of the story. and i'm going to tell it like it is your boy archie. where we're pretty intelligent. and not irony you know that i broke in that there's no indication a british. show your sister died and it was only two people in the us it could kill. your best you know my wife and a book there i go i don't like your shit ok the tone is set right from the start the police never question thomas about his movements all the facts but are relentless convinced of his guilt the basic era which should never happen during questioning so i was scared didn't know what was going on. didn't know what to do
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just there things were so fast and we just sat there for hours and not know what was going to happen. just i was lost it's no longer an interrogation but a never ending series of accusations. leave a man old intelligence to the side. oh. yes for it. all i will. i really want to know. if i want it if she. leaves my. heart. you know you did. what it has she. i didn't you. i did. feel well.
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thomas will deny killing his sister thirty six times. already do you. and i told me you see the man my mom and i complete trust my mother to protect me my sister and all to. so done it and the only way it could happen is if i had done it so i thought the police would tell me the truth so i just died did it and i don't remember doing it. but. scott so confused and i just can't take the pressure and.
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the police use the smallest details of the boy's life to further incriminate him. you're probably right yes. keisha but my medication. do you think if you know. did you hear from the. booklet gate but i really think that. you're going to feel yourself. and yourself you're going to hear it is. hard. like. most kids would have confessed to this crime a lot saner it's
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a it's absolutely amazing that he was able to withstand their. badgering of ham as long as he didn't. cripple. the constant harassment has a name the police call it quote cooking over a small fire the offices leave the room and leave thomas to stew on his own there's no need for physical pressure as the suspects imagination runs wild as to what would happen if he doesn't confess the tactic works inside the mind of the twelve year old kid. oh sure you can nerves sweat and cry and. this is an emotional. confused by the accusations thomas begins to break down. while there i thought maybe i blacked out. because the cops find the cops could a lot of me. nobody
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. oh oh. well. after more than one house cross-examination the police have still been unable to make thomas confess so they turn on his mother melody. she's bipolar and hasn't taken her medicines for six months but the police focus their questions on getting her to point the finger of blame at her rotten son.
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when we. know he hollered and then he went on life after. his craned and he waited. and i don't have another comic con out here you know i hardly ever write. i don't remember but i don't think so. either. ya know. you don't think. it was they didn't notice it was gone but my mother. who is there to help me but she betrayed me very much for of. just spreads through me to the cops and said he did it. they're going their own. ways yet only a car. that went nowhere near. as
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his mother condemns him thomas' interrogation continues this time off camera half for a while thomas finally says i'm hungry i haven't had anything to eat all day and then they turn off the tape and they take him in the other room for the next three and a half hours they interrogated thomas just like they had been doing on tape but now they were off they could do what they wanted they could say what they wanted and there was no evidence of what they did or what they said. turning into the room and he saw talking to me tell me that it was only me who could have that if i do not confess before he left he was going to give me the death penalty. so he left and i got scared i called him back in there and by then i realized no way i was
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going to leave without telling them i did it. to tell me if i just told them the truth for what they wanted to hear i could go home so i gave them a story. and they said that enough so they added beats bits and pieces for me to add in my story to look fit what they wanted it to. and when i took them back on camera. off an hour later he's like an automaton that repeats everything the police have told him to confess. so i. turn off the t.v. . and
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. climb off. next morning. he. shot scaled. down. or he sent lane the national chief of police contacted me and asked me to contact thomas regarding his interview and they want to use it as an example of how not to interview a child and i think that's very telling. now after his admission the police leave
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thomas on his own to confront his mother. he whispers in her ear that he didn't kill his sister before declaring his guilt out loud. i think. then he consults her.
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to the state investigation into the murder of young katie remains unresolved. the reason the questioning of thomas went so badly is that the police are still focusing on confessions rather than evidence. of the three hundred one prisoners on death row or serving life sentences in the united states that were later proved innocent about ninety at made false confessions during interrogations that had been wrongly conducted.
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on june sixteenth one thousand forty one we had a graduation party at school and the war broke out. the shops were always full of goods. in september leningrad was blocked. one day mom went and saw that all the shelves were empty. in november they bombed the day of steel warehouses it was the main storage place for all the food in this. people would be eating the earth because it had small traces of sugar in it i tried to eat it as well but i couldn't. live i was incredibly heavy bombing. it was a direct way told that very sheltered and everyone was buried underneath. all of
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them would. deliberate torch is on its epic journey to such. one hundred and twenty three days. through two thousand nine hundred towns and cities of russia. relayed by fourteen thousand people or sixty five thousand kilometers. in a record setting trip by land air and sea and others face. a limpet torch relay. on r t r two dot com.
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this is a media lead us so we leave that maybe. by the same potions to cure the other party visible. pushes that no one is asking with the guests that you deserve answers from it's all on politics only on our t.v. .
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disarming the skeptics off to syria meets the initial targets to get rid of its chemical weapons un inspectors plan the next. justice i'm profits rolled into one in a few minutes we take you on a tour of the new puts us private prisons when you incarcerate people for the purpose of generating corporate profit you have a built in incentive to incarcerate as many people as you can for as long as possible morality and ethics aside business is booming for america's prison corporations is the number of inmates sourced to new heights. and covering their tracks the british conservative party's accused of trying to bury evidence of broken promises the speeches made before the posse came to power are.


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