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tv   Documentary  RT  August 29, 2021 5:30am-6:01am EDT

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i lose the whole earth catalogue was part of the movement. this publication was created by steward brand, a former biology student, and a jack of all trades. he wanted to help the middle is find everything they needed to fend for themselves by showing them where to buy all the necessary tools. ah, so weird because right, so these people are going to build farms. but what kind of tools do they take? well, they take books and that's because what people want to in the communes was not just farm equipment, but consciousness, equipment they wanted to change their mind catalog is absolutely central to the counterculture and to the, to the commune. movement of the late 960. but it's also central to silicon valley.
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they found this world and they began to reimagined computers as the kinds of tools that the whole of catalog had promised. when i was young, there was an amazing publication called the whole earth catalogue, which was one of the bible's of my generation. it was id listed, overflowing with neat tools and great notions on the back cover of their final issue, where the words stay hungry, stay foolish. it was their farewell message as they signed off, stay hungry, stay foolish. and i have always wished that for myself, you know, when you look at the catalogue, it is trying to give you access to goods that will transform your life and it is trying to be whole. it is trying to literally be the whole world of goods. you can see that now in the amazon world on steroids, amazon is in many ways trying to be the whole world of access to the things you might want to buy in its structure in its interconnections, in its being
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a global information system to supply goods to make your life better. it's the catalog on life. thanks to the internet, has amazon globalized the ideals of the whole earth catalogue? today, stewart brand, its founder, has a very rich friend, jeff bezos. ah ah. ah affinities between hippies and wall street stop here. ah, jeff basis is a libertarian, advocating for small government, he values complete, entrepreneurial freedom, unimpeded by laws and regulations,
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with amazon burned off the social vision that animated so many in the 1900 sixty's, the hope of a better world through consumption, through interconnected information systems, that's gone, this is gone for the consumers of amazon and it's gone along with my local bookstores. it's gone along with my local shops, it's gone. the civic world is not something that i see amazon carrying about at all . and i think that's a great shame. i think it's picked up on one on one of the core elements of the horse catalogue, but it's last, whatever, civic and vision animated the catalog. and that's a great shame. me . the
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my name is alex, i'm long tribal fish and oscar box and i want to be like fish been i don't feel fish off when they decide john august 2000 if by online so and like fish when you pick make a decision of a few says uncommon incision finished in your course of title receive. so pick and taking that before joining amazon, alexander was a soldier in the german army but in the warehouse he was confronted with a ruthless work culture where employees are treated like robots.
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all that stuff. and that's what sets up when she isn't in mental built, i've put a time under him, how're, if there's mister afford on anything, i'll take it long. i'm thinking i'll take it up. so when i incident ticket and i'm protection for patterns on the have also the home is the things you can do to hold on give them food for my. i'm talking about the same. how isn't my in the whole month? there's not from the $1000.00 and up i company, she is a foolish because it went from seizures cancer due to the most not thousands of no, no, no not you have a scanner. there's a line that in your where you have to go. when you pack,
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you have to move the way where computers then and the scanners and managers, and teachers and leaders teach you to make the so called equation of movement. so 1st you take this hand to park like this, and you park into the line and you really have to follow this movement. and there's something new in the sense that you work a machine, but who are also controlled by machines. and this is something scary if you don't follow this, read them of the corporation push on you. you are just not accepted. they tell you if you don't like walking here, you just go, we don't want, we don't want to happy workers. when does, does, and you also from the 1000 my mom was mission to the plan by and in this because you know out simple and follow best and the effect and burn out. i'm
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probably going to go into the guys pick up the phone. good. pick this, this is the house for the long distance, the police are and for the one ending with all the hope and for the woman. i know. ringback me in germany on black friday, the unions are calling for a strike google docs bunch like thought, why need bought about going to be off one of the dollars rather than the bill foods i'm the europe, jeff bezos is facing strong states or social protections are especially important and where employees have more labor races, if not, if you do
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a fleet of them august through the last 5 years verity, the main german union has been organizing strikes in the countries 11 amazon warehouses. i spoke to the former soviet union that i guess the workers are mainly asking for wage increases thanks to these mobilize ations, the leipzig warehouse workers has successfully increase their wages by 11.2 percent in the last 5 years. april 2018. the major german media group, axle springer is about to award basis. it's price for the most innovative person of the year. dirty has called on workers from all over europe to come and protest in front of the building. standing
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alongside the germans today or polish, italian and french workers. there are 1000 strong. he'll come to berlin. thanks. it's great to be here. today, amazon employing 566000 people. you know, probably the biggest upgrade of recent times. at the same time, you're relatively criticized by unions and by media for paying low wages for inappropriate working conditions. how do you deal with these accusations? if you do anything new or innovative, you have to be willing to be misunderstood. if you cannot, if you can't afford to be misunderstood, then for goodness sake, don't do anything new or innovative. i, i'm very proud of our working conditions and i'm very proud of the wages that we pay. i, germany,
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we employ 16000 people. we pay at the high end of the range for any comparable work. we went to work so we can live. we have very good communications with our employees. we don't believe that we need a union to be an intermediary between us or our employees. congratulate you for you have a to thank you. very nice. thanks. thank you. got things in 2017 amazon made $178000000000.00 in total revenue. the multinational is crushing all its competitors and online sales. but amazon is also the leader in another area. it has nothing to do with parcels of material goods, but it's of strategic importance. the cloud, an online data storage infrastructure,
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entire databases and web services are physically hosted and amazon's data centers. huge buildings filled with servers. ah, amazon own 120 data centers like this one spread around the world in 2017 amazon web services accounted for only 12 percent of its turnover, but 60 percent of its products. mm. the the ah
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the amazon a lot of the retailer, but it's really, it's a mistake to think of amazon that way. amazon is a company that really wants to control the underlying infrastructure of the economy . so wants to be the platform on which all buying and selling happens. it wants to be basically the interface between all buyers and sellers. it is a major part of the, the cloud. it's amazon web services controls about a 3rd of the world's cloud computing capacity. and increasingly it's moving into shipping and package delivery. there isn't anything in history that's quite like amazon. i mean, it's completely a new thing. we've never really encountered anything like this, but you can think about it in some ways, like a railroad in the sense that that's what amazon controls and lots of other companies need access to that in order to get to market. that's an incredibly
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powerful position. i don't think amazon has any other competitor that could potentially challenge it. i think the only thing that could stop amazon today would be government intervention. i when i would show the wrong one, i'll just don't move the row yesterday out. the thing becomes the aptitude and engagement equals the trail. when so many find themselves will depart, we choose to look for common ground americans love buying homes. ah,
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this was a funded mental part of how our political leadership and our country large understood the bargain. you get a whole and then you will rebel, right as the things you don't revolt if you have a stake in the system. be really interesting to dial back and think about no longer deeper history of what housings meant in the united states. not just that old question of the american dream, but the bigger question of who the dream has been for aware of the risk amazon is increasingly nurturing its relationships with governments. in 17 years, it's lobbying expenses exploded. in the united states, they've gone from $492000.00 in the year, 2000 to $13000000.00 in 2017. in europe alone,
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they add up to at least 2000000 euros. with will just basis use this money to counter less than accommodating europe in 2017. for the 1st time, the european commission decided to attack the company, margaret vest, hagar, european commissioner for competition sanctioned amazon french tax arrangements. the commission had today adopted a decision that i'm a tax benefits illegal on the you state aid rules. a tax routing granted via luxembourg has reduced amazon's tax bill in more than 8. yes. between may 2006 and june 2014.
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it was not justified amazon now has to repay the tax benefit worth around. $250000000.00 euros plus interest. amazon paid the 250000000 luxembourg appeal. the decision? not all states endorsed the commissioner's approach, nor do they all support other measures that promote tax fairness and the thing with with emerson, and we know that from the tax case is that you don't necessarily make profits, but you create value. so you create value on the stock exchange, but you don't make profit in your business. so people make money by buying and selling stocks instead of making money by having a profits coming out of the business in itself. and one of the reasons why we're so
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eager also to have a sort of broad european digital taxation is to make sure that we get to it right. because digital companies, on average pay 90 percent in tax where ordinary businesses, on average pay 23 percent in tax. europe is trying to put in place a new tax that specifically targets gaffa, including amazon this new tax would levy the revenues and not their profits. since these web giants usually store away their profits in countries with low tax rates, france is alone in defending this initiative. we have all had a wake up call to say, well, yes, technology is fascinating and it produces great things that we can do. but that's a bad sight to everything. that's a threat to our democracy. there's
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a threat to the way we do business. that's the threat for us as consumers to be respected in the marketplace. we need to getting control of that. so here it is. the world, according to amazon, a world where a single company controls the distribution of all our daily products, the infrastructure of our economy. what i'm buying or receiving packages or i have friends who are doing like yes, also man as a great thing that we built. but as i said, if i put my head of being a citizen, that on a lot more questioning of what do i really feel, any pride in that? i think most of the time i, i, i feel almost the opposite. i help to create something that may not help to really be
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a net good in the world. so the issue of who shapes the future of our country is that us or is that amazon, you know, that's the question. me on the pacific coast in seattle, that question has already been answered here. amazon is already imposing its vision of the world of tomorrow. at 1st glance, it's an ideal world. the company's headquarters are located in this building called day one. added to feed the brand new structure. wanted by just basis a series of glass balls sheltering rare tropical plants like a bio to a 2.0 where amazon employees come to work in harmony with
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a domesticated nature. in total 20 percent of seattle's downtown area is occupied by amazon. ah, in the last years 40000 new executives from around the world have joined the ranks of the american giant often young and very well paid. they can take full advantage of the amazon way of life and can preview much of the company's innovations lockers, where you can pick up your packages at any time. or amazon go supermarkets where no check out is required. customers enter with their
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smartphone and the computer automatically charges their account to welcome these new comers. luxurious buildings are constantly being constructed. thanks to amazon, seattle has become a favorite city for the american executive class. mm. but at night seattle becomes a completely different city. since amazon's arrival with its numerous hires of senior executives, rents and seattle have been rising by 10 percent each year. ah, the poorest can no longer find housing even if they have a job. in here. 30 percent of the homeless population is employed
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at city hall, seattle's younger city, counsellor theresa mosquito made housing the priority of mandate me we saw about a 600 percent increase in how and homelessness. and we saw twice the amount of people who are living in our v's become homeless. that number is immense. you can see the crisis of poverty and homelessness on the street. however, here in seattle, we have a higher rate of homelessness per capita than city like los angeles, which is a call for action. and it's imperative that we do something. we have a 1000 people who are moving to this region a week, which means that we're not building housing. the cost of housing increases people who were and otherwise affordable rental units really have nowhere to go. they are
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falling into the street or they are getting displeased and pushed out of seattle spring. 2018 city council proposes the creation of a new tax. the biggest companies in seattle, including amazon, will have to pay $500.00 per employee per year in order to finance the construction of social housing. we had initially proposed tax back because you would have brought in $75000000.00 a year, which is a drop in the bucket of what we actually needed. we ended up with $47000000.00 per year, which amazon agreed to. the proposal was passed unanimously. unanimously by the council and signed by the mayor within 24 hours of amazon agreeing to that amount of taxing each corporation, $275.00 per head for 5 years, for just the largest company after they agreed to that within 24 hours,
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they changed their mind. they funded the opposition and ran a campaign to undermine it. amazon initiated a power struggle to push back on city council. seattle was divided to counter the multi nationals campaign citizens mobilized for social justice. amazon won the battle of opinion. its petition gathered over 45000 signatures on june 12th, 2018. the seattle city council decided to hold a new vote on the tax in front of supporters of both sides the red against screen protests against anti tax herbal. quickly the city council
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voted to reverse its move back station policy, whereas vote for i won only 2 council members, including theresa mosquito voted against the repeal of attacks. must get a vote for ne o'brian vote for i. 7 in favor to po for the bill passes in the share with sign it me 3 months later, jeff visa announced the launching of his own housing policy in a 2000000000 dollar private fund to help poorly house families across the country. i want to make sure that public policy is driven by those who were elected to pass public policy not by the whims of one seal or one corporation,
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11 day decides to donate money. i think it's a real warning signal to the entire country that we have got to be able to govern and do so with integrity, to make sure that our most vulnerable are being protected and invested in. we need public policy to be passed by. those have been elected to do so me . ready every night and seattle city home opens its doors to provide a place to sleep on the floor, to those who have nowhere else to go on the
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me, i me . i me ah, ah, ah,
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ah, join me every thursday on the alex simon show. when i was speaking to guess in the world, the politic sport business. i'm show business. i'll see you then. me only one main thing is important for not as an internationally speaking, that is a nation's allowed to do anything, all the master races. and then you have the mind, the nation, so the slave, the americans, brock obama and others have had a concept of american exceptionalism. international law exist as long as it serves the american interest. if it doesn't, it doesn't exist. like turning this russian into this dangerous go, you man,
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that wants to take on the world. that was a conscious strategy. so i'm going to noon i english v i v. i not leashed off in one in tablet, block nato. it's our we move east. the reason us had jimmy is a dangerous is the lie, the sovereignty of all the countries. the exceptionalism that america uses in its international war planning is one of the greatest threats to the populations of different nations. if nato, what is founded shareholders in the united states and elsewhere in large companies would lose millions and millions or is business and business is good. and that is the reality of what we're facing, which is fashion rather driven by dreams shaped by those in
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me i think we dare to ask me. ah, the new taliban? evidently out to wind, to borrow a phrase, the hearts and minds of the afghan people rather than crush them. as the previous taliban would have done. he speaks exclusively to con about militants and finds out if people says about the power group are grounded. and what state to wait, those who help coalition for good it cools, we don't like them the tree.

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