tv Documentary RT January 29, 2022 12:30am-1:00am EST
hm, auction bench to put you up on the bench bid on the shin cabin. but if a little woman pool woman kid in the picture with no one in the pipe out on the lambert in the plate, he 1st saw a kid room room in the middle. mm hm. mm. you can understand united states history, understanding the role that slavery plate was already a very prominent patricia. by the time united states became a nation. it actually defined the nation. slavery didn't just end and go away.
we, as a country, were formed out of a compromise with slavery. the southern colonies were not willing to be part of a union part of a national government. in last, the institution of slavery was protected and the price of protecting that institution was disproportionate power to the south, politically. and it carries through today. and we possibly could have lightened some of the consequences of slavery if there had not been such a concerted effort to maintain the differences between blacks and whites. it's kind of like an infection. i think, you know, it may go away, but it always bubbles back up to the top eventually. i think that's what's happening daily.
ah, a wizard. all of this all be angry because a was more. all right now, why does nothing ever change here? why does this keep happening over and over again? i was born in greensboro, north carolina, into a privileged world, where the idea of white supremacy was rarely questioned. as a child, the only black people i ever interacted with in a meaningful way where the people who worked for us. i felt a huge amount of sadness as a kid, seeing how they and other african americans were treated in the south. i didn't understand it. i knew something was deeply wrong, but it was not ok to talk about it. to sorrow, anger, and lingering questions about the racist south of my childhood shadowed me into
adulthood. to my surprise, i discovered that my own uncomfortable journey to talk about this was connected to an untold hidden history of our nation. ah, the trans atlantic slave trade took off in the early 18th century and produced huge profits. one of the reasons why the honestly to such an advanced country is because, oh, not only slavery, but the slave trade. we know that slavery was financed from places like new york,
rural island, new port in boston. one of the reasons wall street was created in the 1st place was to finance the slave industry. everything from buying slade to even mortgaging them . what you see is not only the building, a more ships which employees, workers, your thing, the building of insurance companies, because africans are revolting and you need to have insurance policies. usually the construction of banking because these void does have to be financed. and therein you begin to see the seeds the cult oh, but advanced economics of them. and the rise of capitalism was clearly on the backs of slavery and the slave african
it was astonishing to me that many of the 1st africans in the american colonies weren't slaves but indentured servants. for a while poor black and white worked alongside each other. the connection between europeans and africans was actually quite robust. lot of marriages formerly, informally, lot of children formerly upon the probably much greater integration between people of african descent and european descent. and we have today indentured whites and blacks worked for their so called masters for 5 to 7 years. africans went from indentured servitude to enslavement. gradually one person, one law and one colony at a time. it started with a dispossession of native americans. so a concept that they didn't actually have title to the land or deserves the land because they weren't christians. so all of us law around land and the accumulation
of land by the english and french and spanish was based upon that. europeans felt completely comfortable going into africa and enslaving people who are also, he's ins, non christians, and bringing them to the new world to south and central and north america. and so, slavery was justified by this. it allowed the conquerors to fill righteous that they were in fact, doing favors to whoever they encountered. it was all re defined as a benevolent process to most of those 9 american means white country was founded by 2 groups, angles in saxons, christian protest, and english speaking thought things could bound up together just being christian was not distinction enough to separate who was entitled to civil rights and respect and resources. so christianity became divided into white
christians, really white male christians than everybody else. there was a racial supremacy and a religious supremacy intertwine. yet 1000 black and white virginians rose up together in rebellion against rich planters . in 1676, the rebels wanted more wealth and power. in the new america, nathaniel bacon led the uprising. baker douglas spoke a political movement, economic movement. it was people demanding democracy. a chest to participate in running the colony, but in the colony and demanding land. there were these people coming together more along class lines and race lines. and even though the colonial government was eventually successful, that really scared them the lead decided to split those groups.
and start creating whiteness and the colonies, and part of their charge. paul, the man was to be drafted into the slave patrol to manage the slays for the elite. and they always had his role of allegiance to the leads and managing those underneath for the leads. this notion of divide and conquer to keep poor whites always knowing that they were not at the bottom number already graded, you may be is a white, you are white. and there's one group below you. this very simple enough. but it was a very recurs virginia, where my ancestors originally settled, was the 1st colony to pass harsher slave laws that legally sealed this new alliance
between rich planters and poor whites. the 1st white privilege that we see in this country is what was given to indentured servants, as they were creed up to have some land to have the ability to be in the militia, in the slave patrols together cloth and tools and other things when they were released, they just still didn't have economic power, but they had benefits as white people. and at the same time, enslaved africans had nothing. they had no rights, no property, nothing in their name at all. ah, growing up, i knew both sides of my family own slaves. but there was never much of a conversation about it. our family history haunted me enough to make this film. my most famous ancestor was a guy named edmund pendleton, who was a judge planter and slave owner. pendleton was my uncle. 6 times removed.
i had known a bit about pendleton's life, but in my research for this film, i discovered more details than i ever bargain for. i pendleton was tall, handsome. he was charming. he was a brilliant man. he was an arch conservative. what we would today call right way extremist, he went from being an arch conservative to being a spokesman for the revolution. ah, pendleton became the 1st acting governor of the virginia colony. and i was proud to learn that he played a major role in helping to establish the new nation pendleton drafts,
the virginia resolution for independence. and that says that the delegation be instructed to propose to declare the united colonies free and independent states. absolved from all allegiance or dependence upon the crown or parliament of great britain. he wrote all those words which were then given to a pony express rider who carried them to philadelphia. when they got to philadelphia. they said, virginia says independence and all the other colonies fell into place. but i was really disturbed to learn that pendleton was also asked to write a controversial line in the virginia declaration of rights. words that would institutionalize white supremacy and reverberate throughout us history. i have written a little bit about virginia, founder edmond pendleton and others. not
a lot of people that know very much about admin pendleton and frances is related to edmond. as i understand the history, they said wait a minute, we can't have these principles of liberty applying to slaves. so he comes up with the line basically that signals and kind of coded language to the other slave owners, that they're going to exclude the slaves from liberty. that all men by nature are equally free and independent and have certain rights. and he came up with the line when they enter into a state of society, which everyone understood to mean that the slaves would be excluded. ah ah ah ah ah,
ah, a ah, with the incidence of havana syndrome, as you mentioned before, things like difficulty concentrating, insomnia memory problems. there are so vague as to be experienced by just about everyone who has ever lived in any given week me. right. and so now people all over the who are military personnel or intelligence officers or diplomats working for the american government, are now on the lookout for. lisa novel is health and finance. and literally people
are getting up in the morning and freezing and attributing it to a van a syndrome because it's so bang ah ah, slaves were even considered human. so how would they ever be accepted into civil society? but still, slavery was controversial. i wondered, did pendleton and the other founding fathers have a more pressing reason to break from great britain? london had moved in somerset case in 1772. to abolish slavery with an english. there was a lot of fear and suspicion on this side of the atlantic that that particular decision would have legs. i was always taught the revolutionary war was about
things like freedom and taxation without representation. so was independence from great britain, really much more about preserving slavery. almost every founding father was the slave owner. slavery was an integral part, not just of the southern economy, but the entire northern economy. so it was just completely integrated into the thinking of the wealthy men that wrote the constitution. so the fact that the constitution is the perfect instrument is just bogus from the star if you emit. and this is the only truth that you can arrive at that because it did not ban slavery and it left it in there and then left it as an open ended question. slavery is definitely one of the root causes of the current political melees that we have today. my uncle,
lead virginia's ratification of the us constitution in $1788.00, which included the 3 5th compromise. slaves were counted as 3 fifths of a voter. the slave couldn't vote because the south had more slaves than the north. this gave the south one 3rd more congressional seats. an electoral vote for the next 73 years. slave holding interests would dominate the government until the outbreak of the civil war. not surprisingly, 5 of the 1st 7 u. s. president were from the south and were slave owners the stories of i've done to the service because you would think of there all these genteel men with whigs and bring an ideas are coming up with all of these projects and plans. yes, they get their hands dirty fighting the redcoats, but then as back to dreaming up the bill of rights and constitutions and other brian ideas and without the sort of mock and the grime and the dirt and the
blood that's being shad to build this society. never learned in school that many more slaves and is commonly acknowledged in history. the brutality are tried to escape. others organized and rebelled against their treatment. a successful and bloody revolution led by slaves in nearby haiti established the 1st black land republic in the world. this revolt tara american slave owners, like my ancestors who feared flavor rebellion would spread to the us in the midst of this national nightmare, there were white people who opposed slavery. ringback there was a growing unease that this might actually be wrong. that morally, it was hard to justify high northern states had started to either eliminate or gradually abolish slavery. what would our country look like today?
if the remaining 8 states had followed this path? but we didn't, instead we deepened our commitment to slavery with even harsher laws. one of the main architects of those laws was my uncle, edmund pendleton, international pressure and the successful revolution in haiti, force the u. s. congress to ban the importation of new slaves. so what did southern slave owners do to maintain and grow their profits? they bred more and more slaves. if you travel in virginia today, i think of charles city, which is not that far from richmond. you'll find evidences to day of virginia this great breeding colony for your breeding africans,
like breeding county demand for slaves excluded because of eli whitney's invention of the cotton gin. cotton became the most profitable commodity in the world. in this era, 1000000 out of the 2000000 slaves in the us were brutally separated from their families and forcibly marched to the deep south to plant and pick cotton. this site that blends into the city landscape of new orleans was one of the nation's busiest slave auction blocks. yet there was not even a plaque or a marker, acknowledging the suffering took place. here. it was and is a familiar white washing of history. the kind peddled to me in school books throughout my childhood. i feel haunted by the spirit of the slave who had been so
terrorized here. the frenzy for profits produced by cotton and the sale of slaves in the new states also increased the physical violence against them. more productivity came through extreme punishment with overseers even calculating how many lashes on the back of a slave might generate one more pound of cotton. his cruelty and the forced separation from their families, led more slaves to try to escape the united supreme court. thanks, and the law, the fears of the slaves requires the country to hunt slaves no matter where they are. there's no provision for that in the constitution. so we had this extremely broad reading of the rights of slave owners, which basically says the state can deputize every citizen united states, the hon,
down slavery by the slave state of the country is going to all this lead to protect slavery. oh, you run by now, i was seeing deeply troubling pattern in our history, white people, whether they own slaves or not. clearly had a state making sure that the majority of blacks were maintained as slaves. but by the mid 18 hundreds, networks like the underground railroad, were helping thousands of slaves flee to canada. and the non slave u. s. states. the immense pressure over slavery led to the start of the american civil war in 18. 61 hanging in the balance where the lives of 4000000 in slave human beings, whose monetary value now exceeded that of all manufacturing and commercial
enterprises combined. oh, the sharon slave steaks had broken away from the us, forming the confederacy. the american civil war was fought for flor persecute to save the union. me. when i was shown, i heard stories about how bravely my ancestors fought, and how much the family lost in the war, the northern regression. to win the war, president abraham lincoln issued his emancipation proclamation in 1863,
freeing southern slaves. so they could fight for the union, only with the wars end were northern slaves finally fried. ah, men and women told you only slaves. you're free, you can do whatever you want to do. great moment. wait a moment, our history is o l i all ali it all free now. yeah. good old one home is called sometimes a day a jubilee. well, there's no rule jubilee because everybody was uncertain. lex are uncertain. and they did say, how free is free? oh, free is re, the idea that this 4000000 people were set free without any kind of reparation. they had worked their ancestors at work. they helped to build all of
the institutions that we think about in the south and in the north, before they're on before the revolution. and they got, they received nothing. no, probably. oh, no, we, we didn't have no, you did wrong. the best you could. white settlers for getting cheap land in the west under the homestead act. understandably freed blacks wanted land in the south, where most of them still lived. but instead, the federal government abandoned the freed slaves and sold confiscated southern land to northern whites and the railroads. pressured by abolitionists the federal government amended the constitution by passing the reconstruction amendments, which officially end in flavor and gave us citizenship to ex slaves. the amendments
were supposed to protect freed slaves against future discredit. the 13th 14th 15th, when it was designed to try to interrupt the institution of slavery, which requires a re articulation of the entire country and the entire country identity. not just the south, up up with the entire country revenue reconstruction more important than anything else. live black men, women, to some extent. when black men learn the uses, political power by 1870 black males could now vote and vote they did in record numbers. 3 blacks were even elected to the u. s. senate. not until 1967 was another black elected as a u. s. senator with the white feared more than anything else. the reconstruction my
succeed in my succeeding reordering. so society waits in an intense hatred for blacks. the one to get ahead. a successful black was a dangerous black and incompetent, illiterate black hose. though threat his labor was valuable, the black got out of his place, who aspired anything above the place to which she had been assigned. that is the kind of black the whites could not tolerate with . so the country started in that road and then they were nic and they decided tote basically to create another expression of racial dominance.
the southerners wanted to control these 4000000 people that had been free. they still needed them to do the work. they also needed them to understand and to know their place in this was something mad, even northerners would come to understand and agree with that. the states were really free to do whatever they wanted to do in terms of controlling this inferior people as they continue to see them. ah, there is james all down there here, calling mr larry over here. so your cancer, always a little nicer than this, this is evidence of absolute poverty. just to mayor, people in our city and other cities all across america are living like this. we're
at the original need and village that opened up in 2018 right now. there's 31 homes on the property. it's a little over 4 acres with 31 homes and a community center. unfortunately, a lot of people don't make it out of edition more homelessness. ally, i'm just really happy with it. that you with me in. ah, ah, and i dream shaped bank concur some of those with theirs sinks. we dare to ask
the challenge and i get a chance to meet with them from gashodi shakeelah. hi sharon, i'm wish with me. i sure. yeah. it's like with wholesale and kelly recording court and i renewed my for my tissue a couple i'm didn't get to a low level for she gave us in mind. i must be happy. i can. i'm of fact, not only, not that with you myakea protest, pushy mom with
ah, all these top stories right now, president biden plans to position us troops in eastern europe and show a force against russia, despite nato's chief, admitting no certainty about whether moscow would invade ukraine meanwhile, germany swims against the nato, tide by resisting syndic arms to ukraine. move what's called the backing of the german public. according to recent poll against the fundamental human rights of bodily autonomy, a group of british national health service stuff to the government, the 10s of thousands could potentially face the sac if they don't get a cobit jap. by next week. we get the latest from one of the doctors behind.
Uploaded by TV Archive on