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tv   Documentary  RT  January 30, 2022 4:30am-5:00am EST

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hi, my name is sharon hughes. my grandma mom could thomas you all and i know that the new mine jamar missy. i'm in cotton. her room auction bench. and put your own adventure mid on the shin. karen, you know, we're looking at a woman, poor woman care in the picture with no one in the pipe out on william was in the plate. if i saw your room, we usually keep room room in the middle right
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now you can understand, i say, screwed up. i understand the role that slavery plate was already a very prominent patricia. by the time united states became a nation, it actually defined the nation. slavery didn't just end and go away. we, as a country were formed out of a compromise with slavery. the southern colonies were not willing to be part of a union part of a national government in last. institutional slavery was protected in the price of protecting that institution was disproportionate power to the south, politically. and it carries through today. and we possibly could have lightened some of the consequences of slavery if there had not been such a concerted effort to maintain this differences between blacks and
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whites. it's kind of like an infection. i think it may go away, but it always bubbles back up to with ha, eventually. i think that's what's happening. maley. with all be angry because i'm was going on right now. why does nothing ever change here? why does this keep happening over and over again? i was born in greensboro, north carolina, into a privileged world where the idea of white supremacy was rarely questioned. as a child, the only black people i ever interacted with in a meaningful way where the people who worked for us. i felt
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a huge amount of sadness as a kid, seeing how they and other african americans were treated in the south. i didn't understand it. i knew something was deeply wrong, but it was not ok to talk about it. to sorrow, anger, and lingering questions about the racist south of my childhood shadowed me into adulthood. to my surprise, i discovered that my own uncomfortable journey to talk about this was connected to an untold hidden history of our nation. ah,
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the trans atlantic slave trade took off in the early 18th century and produced huge profits. one of the reasons why the united states is such an advanced country is because, oh, not only slavery, but the slave trade. we know that slavery was financed from places like new york, rhode island, new port in boston. one of the reasons wall street was created in the 1st place was to finance the slave industry. everything from buying slaves to even mortgaging them. what you see is not only the building a more ships which employees, workers, you're saying the building of insurance companies, because africans are revolting and you need to have insurance policies. you see the construction of banking because these void does have to be financed. and therein
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you begin to see the seeds the cult oh, but advanced economics of them. and the rise of capitalism was clearly on the backs of slavery and the slave african it was astonishing to me that many of the 1st africans in the american colonies weren't slaves but indentured servants. for a while poor black and white worked alongside each other. the connection between europeans and africa was actually quite robust. lot of marriages formerly, informally, lot of children formerly upon the probably much greater integration between people of african descent and european descent. and we have today indentured whites and blacks worked for their so called masters for 5 to 7 years. africans went from
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indentured servitude to enslavement. gradually one person, one law and one colony at a time earlier. it started with a dispossession of native americans. so the concept that they didn't actually have title to the land or deserves the land because they weren't christians. so all of us law around land and the accumulation of land by the english and french and spanish was based upon that. europeans fell completely comfortable going into africa and enslaving people who are also heathens, non christians, and bringing them to the new world to south and central and north america. and so, slavery was justified by this. it allowed the conquerors to fill righteous that they were in fact, doing favors to whoever they encountered. it was all re defined as a benevolent process to most of those 9 american means white
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country was founded by 2 groups, angels and saxons, christian protestant, english speaking. miss things could bound up together just being christian was not distinction enough to separate who was entitled to civil rights and respect and resources. so christianity became divided into white christians and really white male christians and everybody else. there was a racial supremacy and a religious supremacy intertwine. ah, yes. $1000.00 black and white virginians rose up together in rebellion against rich planters in $1676.00. the rebels wanted more wealth and power. in the new america, nathaniel bacon led the uprising back on the spot,
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the political movement and acknowledge the movement. it was people demanding democracy, a chance to participate and running the colony, but in the colony and demanding land. there were these people coming together more along class lines than race lines. and even though the colonial government was eventually successful, that really scared down the lead decided to split both groups and start creating whiteness. and the colonies, and part of the charge for the men was to be drafted and to slay patrol to manage the slaves for the leads. and they always had this role of allegiance to the leads and managing those underneath for the leads. this notion of divide and conquer to keep poor white, always knowing that they were not at the bottom, mary grated, you may be the white,
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you're white. and there's one group really, very simple enough. but it was a very incurs virginia, where my ancestors originally settled was the 1st colony to pass harsher slave laws that legally sealed this new alliance between rich planters and poor white. the 1st kind of white privilege that we see in this country is what was given to indentured servants, as they were freed up to have some land to have the ability to be in the militia, in the sleigh patrols together cloth and tools and other things. when they were released, they just still didn't have economic power, but they had benefits as white people. and at the same time, enslaved africans had nothing. they had no rights, no property, nothing in their name at all. ah, growing up,
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i knew both sides of my family own slave, but there was never much of a conversation about it. our family history haunted me enough to make this film. my most famous ancestor was a guy named edmund pendleton, who was a judge planter and slave owner. pendleton was my uncle, 6 times removed. i had known a bit about pendleton's life. but in my research for this film, i discovered more details than i ever bargained for. i pendleton was tall, handsome. he was charming. he was a brilliant man. he was an arch conservative. what we would today call right way extremist. he went from being an arch conservative to being a spokesman for the revolution. ah,
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the pendleton became the 1st acting governor of the virginia colony. and i was proud to learn that he played a major role in helping to establish the new nation. pendleton drafting the virginia resolution for independence and that says that the delegation be instructed to propose to declare the united colonies free and independent states. absolved from all allegiance, or dependent upon the crown or parliament of great britain. he wrote all those words which were then given to a pony express rider who carried them to philadelphia. when they got to philadelphia. they said, virginia says independence and all the other colonies fell into place. i. but i was really
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disturbed to learn that pendleton was also asked to write controversial line in the virginia declaration of right words that would institution's allies white supremacy and reverberate throughout us. history. i have written a little bit about virginia found, or edmond pendleton. and there's not a lot of people that know very much about admin pendleton and frances as related to edmond. as i understand the history, they said wait a minute, we can't have these principles of liberty applying to slaves. and so he comes up with the line basically that signals and kind of coded language to the other slave owners, that they're going to exclude the slaves from liberty. that all men by nature are equally free and independent and have certain rights. and he came up with the line when they enter into a state of society, which everyone understood to mean that the slaves would be excluded.
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ah, your channel, we sent out a geography nutrition lunch on the new issue and then the sub gashodi shakeelah. hi, sharon ish right with me. i have to yeah. betty lacroix, this is rudy with she been hosting online in kelly, recruiting court and i renewed my financial night issue of that 1000th of lung didn't get to i learned that and for she gave us in mind too. i must be happy. i could fatima sat mother enough that i'm looking at. lucas gaskin. you me actually a potential pushy mom will proceed to get my the money that i can let,
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let miss with ah ah ah ah slave,
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we're even considered human. so how would they ever be accepted into civil society? but still, slavery was controversial. i wondered, did pendleton and the other founding fathers have a more pressing reason to break from great britain? london had moved in summer if that's the case in 1772. to abolish slavery within england, there was a lot of fear and suspicion on this side of the atlantic that that particular decision would have legs. i was always taught the revolutionary war was about things like freedom and taxation without representation. so was independence from great britain, really much more about preserving slavery. almost every founding father was the slave owner. slavery was an integral part,
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not just of the southern economy, but the entire northern economy. so it was just completely integrated into the thinking of the wealthy men that wrote the constitution. so the fact that the constitution is the perfect instrument is just bogus from the star, if you it mit. and this is the only truth that you can arrive at that because it did not ban the slavery and left it in there and, and then left it as an open ended question. slavery is definitely one of the root causes of the current political mailers that we have today. my uncle, lead virginia's ratification of the u. s. constitution in $1788.00, which included the 3 fest compromise. slaves were counted as 3 fifths of a voter, though slave couldn't vote, because the south had more slaves than the north. this gave the south one 3rd more
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congressional seats, and electoral votes for the next 73 years. slaveholding interests would dominate the government until the outbreak of the civil war. not surprisingly, 5 of the 1st 7 u. s. president were from the south and were slave owners the stories of, of done the service because you would think of their, all these genteel men with whigs and bringing ideas were coming up with all of these projects and plans. yes, they get their hands dirty fighting the redcoats, but then his back to dreaming up bill of rights and constitutions, a lot of bryan ideas and with, without the sort of mock and the grime and the dirt and the blood that's being shad to bill this society we never learned in school that many more slaves in his commonly acknowledged resist the brutality or tried to escape. others organized and
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rebelled against their treatment. a successful and bloody revolution led by slaves in nearby haiti establish the 1st black lead republic in the world. this revolt terror, american slave owners, like my ancestors who feared flavor rebellion would spread to us. in the midst of this national nightmare, there were white people who opposed slavery. ringback there was a growing unease that this might actually be wrong. that morally, it was hard to justify high northern states had started to either eliminate or gradually abolish slavery. what would our country look like today? if the remaining 8 states had followed this path? but we didn't, instead we deepened our commitment to slavery with even harsher laws. one of the
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main architects of those laws was my uncle. edmund pendleton, international pressure in the successful revolution in haiti, force the u. s. congress to band the importation of new slaves. so what did southern slave owners do to maintain and grow their profits? they bred more and more slaves. if you travel in virginia today, i think of charles city, which is not that far from richmond. you'll find evidences to day of virginia this great breeding colony for your breeding africans, like breeding county demand for slaves excluded because of eli whitney's invention of the cotton gin. cotton became the most profitable commodity in the world. in this era,
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1000000 out of the 2000000 slaves in the us were brutally separated from their families and forcibly marched to the deep south to plant and pick cotton. this site that blends into the city landscape of new orleans was one of the nation's busiest slave auction blocks. yet there was not even a plaque or a marker, acknowledging the suffering that took place here. it was and is a familiar white washing of history. the kind peddled to me in school books throughout my childhood. i feel haunted by the spirit of the slave who had been so terrorized here. the frenzy for profits produced by cotton and the sale of slaves in the new states also increased the physical violence against them. more
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productivity came through extreme punishment with overseers even calculating how many lashes on the back of a slave might generate one more pound of cotton. his cruelty and the forced separation from their families led more slaves to try to escape the united supreme court. sanction a law, the peer to the slave while requires the country to hunt slaves, no matter where they are. there's no provision for that in the constitution. so we have this extremely broad reading of the rights of slave owners, which basically says the state can deputize every citizen united states, to hunt down slavery by the slave state or not. the country is going to all this length to protect slavery. oh, i. by now, i was seeing a deeply troubling pattern in our history, white people,
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whether they owned slaves or not. clearly had a stake, making sure that the majority of blacks were maintained as slaves. but by the mid 18 hundreds, networks, like the underground railroad, were helping thousands of slaves. fleet to canada and the non slave us dates the immense pressure over slavery led to the start of the american civil war. in 1861 hanging in the balance where the lives of 4000000 enslaved human beings, whose monetary value now exceeded that of all manufacturing and commercial enterprises combined. o, 7 slave steaks had broken away from the us, forming the confederacy. the
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american civil war was fought for flor persecute to save the union. me. when i was shown i heard stories about how bravely my ancestors fought and how much the family lost in the war. the northern regression to win the war. president abraham lincoln issued his emancipation proclamation in 18. 63, bring southern slave. so they could fight for the union. only with the wars end were northern slaves finally fried ah,
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men and women who told you only slaves. you're afraid you can do whatever you want to do there a moment where moment our history is. o l. i all ali it all free now. yeah. good. all going home. this is called sometimes a day or jubilee. well, it was the lu giblin, cuz everybody was uncertain. lex are uncertain. and they did say, how free is free. oh, free is re. the idea that this 4000000 people were set free without any kind of reparation. they had worked their ancestors at work. they helped to build all of the institutions that we think about in the south and in the north, before they're on before the revolution. and they got, they receive nothing. no, no, probably. oh, no,
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we didn't have no idea. did wrong the best you could. white settlers for getting cheap land in the west under the homestead act. understandably freed blacks wanted land in the south, where most of them still lived. but instead, the federal government abandoned the freed slaves and sold confiscated southern land to northern whites and the railroads. pressured by abolitionists the federal government amended the constitution by passing the reconstruction amendments, which officially ended slavery, and gave us citizenship to ex slaves. the amendments were supposed to protect, freed slaves against future discredit. the $131415.00, it was designed to try to interrupt the institution of slavery, which requires a re articulation of the entire country and the entire country identity. now,
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just from the south, a booklet, the entire country revenue reconstruction more important than anything else. live black men, women, to some extent, the black men learned the uses. political power by 1870 black males could now vote and vote they did in record numbers. 3 blacks were even elected to the u. s. senate. not until 1967 was another black elected as a u. s. senator, with the white feared more than anything else. the reconstruction might succeed in my succeed at reordering southern society, white's and an intense hatred for blacks. wanted to get a head,
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a successful black was a dangerous black and incompetent, illiterate black hose. though threat his labor was valuable, but the black got out of his place was spar anything above the place to which she had been assigned. that is the kind of blood the whites could not tolerate with . so the country started in that road and, and they were derrick and they decided to basically to create another expression of racial dominance. the southerners wanted to control these 4000000 people that had been free. they still needed them to do the work. they also needed them to understand and to know their place in this was something, matt, even northerners would come to understand and agree with that. the states,
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we're really free to do whatever they wanted to do in terms of controlling this inferior people as they continue to see them. ah, is the earth's still large enough to satisfy the ambitions of jeff bezos? you know, it's got its tentacles in so many aspects of the economy. there's nothing that amazon isn't trying to get into the step by step. the amazon empire has extended its group on the world that walks like ended up being quite like a dog gets a dog. so amazon looks like monopoly trades like a monopoly makes money like a monopoly. behaves like monopoly. amazon essentially controls the market place. it's not really a market, it's a private arena, a wild where a single company controls the distribution of all data products. and the
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infrastructure of our economy is loose. the world, according to amazon. ah, those incidents of havana syndrome, as you mentioned before, are things like difficulty concentrating, insomnia memory problems are so vague as to be experienced by just about everyone who was ever lived in any given week. right. and so now people all over the world who are military personnel, or intelligence officers or diplomats working for the american government, are now on the lookout for these anomalous help incidence in literally, people are getting up in the morning and sneezing and attributing it to a central amy, because it's so bad with
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i hear the stories that shape the weak ukraine dominates. both the headlines and the minds of nato states with lethal arms, ammunition and military equipment handed over to kiev, while the u. s. and u. k. prepared to send troops to eastern europe. but not all nato members agree to weaponized ukraine. germany slammed by allies for going against the block line. while some spanish opposition party say it's not that countries war to wage. spain has no police in this conflict. we are not interested in any worse all this is a pro cation of the united states and later in an attempt to reshape the world order in which they are lose an influence.


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