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tv   Worlds Apart  RT  October 18, 2022 2:30am-3:01am EDT

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ah hello, welcome to the part, the great polish riders finished left here to last week to see both the 1st and the 2nd world war remark to with band of he's live that we should not expect too much from the end of the world. even that death famine, the war and conquest, the 4 biblical horsemen of the apocalypse. already riding a top of our daily news bulletins, hasn't the world at least as we knew, it already ended. well to discuss it, i am now enjoined by me st. training research professor at the higher school of economics in moscow. it's a training, it's always a great july for me to talk to. thank you very much for coming to the studio jokes on for inviting me. thank you. now this mark this month marks the 60th anniversary of the cuban missile crisis and the you just the other day published an article
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suggesting that for all the seeming similarities, the current confrontation between russia and the west is a far cry from the us soviet tensions why is that, well, there's several reasons for that. certainly you cannot step into the same river twice. and the russian federation, although it's just a new name for, for a tunnel. russia, as was the soviet union, it's still very different from the soviet union. it's different than its position in the world. most importantly, it's different and it's a national might. and i still front in the way that is adversary of the united states then. and now the views viewed russia. so basically what i'm arguing is that i'm in london. 62, the united states could still afford a compromise with russia. well,
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this compromise was presented to the western public as a wind for the united states. in fact, it was not images matter. optics matters. today i can see no willingness on behalf of the united states to split the difference. and that's a, that's a ca to know the difference between them. and now he also point out in that article that the soviet union was perceived by washington as an equal or worse and the current, the western leads. see russia as a 2nd to perhaps even 3rd tier country whose province national promise rests only on nuclear weapons. and energy sources. now putting the issue of hierarchy aside, nuclear weapons and energy sources. are they really so little in this day in age? what more do you need? well, i actually borrowed that from one of the pronouncements by president,
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by. and he basically said, i, you know, i have a, i pity the president of russia because he can only rely on energy sources and nukes, with regard to energy sources of energy exposed, the united states has been doing a great deal to suppress russia. energy exports primarily to europe and to other countries that are in the us orbit. and with regard to nuclear, i think that the better in washington is that russia will not use them. we're not living in 962 again. russia might use nukes, a tactical level, most probably in ukraine, in that sense. that's the way i. e. nato doctrine was structured, was designed in the, in the days of the cold war. when, if you are losing
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a conventional battle, you use nukes and then you seek peace on acceptable terms. so you just think about your adversary, the way you would have, you would have behaved you, mr. training at the fact that the americans would go to such great length, even strategizing about nukes and, and it shows that those are for me to pull assets isn't just a new sense when you consider consider them to be the only thing that the country can base its promise on, well, you know, i'm not expressing my own my own views. i think the russia has a lot to offer itself and something to offer to the world. and i think that russia is better positioned than most countries around the world are vast majority of countries around the world, for example, face into climate change, a climate crisis. so i think the russians thought a better position than a lot of people in the western thing it is. but i just took those,
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those words out of the mouth of mr. by canada, then ask you, do you think that such conclusion is dad? is it based on an authentic bully sigh analysis, or is it just that preferred version of reality is that of? well, again, everyone lives in the is a hub, preferred version of reality and what, what's, you know, what's the truth today? you know, who knows? now this is an interesting question because here recently may give another interview which meet quietest place in the russian media. and he suggested that the biggest problem we now face is the absence of fear that the americans lost a sense of fear and, and because of that, they can behave with arrogance. what can possibly disabuse them of that arrogance well reemergence of fear. and how can you help them and help themself? well, look, fear is a son,
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the mental to deterrence. and you will recall a phrase, and that was quite at the beginning of the cold war, which basically, you know, i hesitate to, to, to say whether it was churchill or somebody else. but it doesn't matter of the phrase itself is worth repeating. and that is the piece has become the sturdy child of fear. so we live in peace because we live in fear that was the, the maxim during the days of the cold war. now we are, we have returned to the days, it's not a cold war, any wire. i called it hybrid war, people call it the cold war, 2.0, whatever. but again, if you have an adversarial relationship with another major power, the only thing you can is peace upon is fear. now, for the united states, russia is not exactly midget, but certainly not
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a peer. the soviet union was appear in the military and political and ideological times. not so much in economic terms. but the russian federation is just nuclear power and energy. basically, that's it from their point of view. and if you cannot and would not use nukes because again, who would want to commit suicide people. and there is no ideology in the name of which you would, you would have used in the old days nuclear weapons. and if that's the case, then you just, you know, you, we, the united states can press you and can suppress your energy exports. and deter you from using nuclear by just pointing to the sas listening the use of nuclear. and then what do you do? it's interesting on the issue of nuclear weapons because i think you,
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in that interview, you directly suggested that the only way to sort of sober up our transatlantic congress is to present a direct nuclear thread of the neck. yes, i was not to look, i need not to bluff about it. i'm not, i was not suggesting that russia should attack the united states with nuclear weapons. what i said was that the idea that russia can only use tactical nukes in a place like ukraine wishes. something very widely debated in the west is wrong. and again, logically speaking, one way to the united states and maybe the only way to the, to the united states from supporting your current to the level when that support can make a strategic difference for russia would be to strengthen. did ponce now, how do you strengthen because you basically strengthen and by saying that,
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you know, in certain circumstances, but we will not be hitting at ukraine will be hitting elsewhere. and that shared the so, but people of, so basically the idea was not to try to suggest russian needs to know hip united states with a nuke. the idea was to strengthen to tons the foundation of peace as we know it. and it's interesting that most of the western decision makers, when they make statements about rush as possible, use of nuclear weapons, they need focus on tactical strikes upon ukraine. they never met, even conceive of russia being able to reach their own homelands. do you think that said deflection on their part, or do they honestly believe that given russia's potential and those people in the know they know of fresh as nuclear potential? they know that they can realistically reach those lands. do you think they simply don't believe or is it they still a game? so to say,
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i think that as present by the just the other day he regard to mr. put in a rational both on the rational leader right now. no rational leader would not commit suicide. but what was rational about you, america's, and his allies on the defense posture during the cold war was if you are losing conventionally strike them with nuclear arms at the tactical level and that, and that, and the conflict on the term that you can accept. and i think that a lot of people in the west through watching your plane crisis believe that russia is almost with us back to the wall. and in that situation, the only way out for russia, if it doesn't want to be utterly defeated and conventional times, would be to resort to nuclear arms. now you're, since they are rational, you russians rational, then they will use those weapons on the battlefield in ukraine. and my
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i'm someone who has spent decades of 3 decades of my life trying to help prevent a collision between russia and the united states from the west. i see that i see my mission as a failure, a complete failure. well, mr. turn and it will be before we began the recording this conversation, the history doesn't stop here. and this administration hopefully is not the last administration in the united states. no, no, no, the number, there was the administration. who knows what happened to me. can i actually ask you about this issue of rationale is your rationality because we know from history and, and behaving irrationally or erotically in politics actually has its own benefits. because i think it widens a scope of your actions and indeed transfers the responsibility for sanity on to your opponent. so when considering the american actions,
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rather than perceiving them as an act of arrogance, couldn't that also be an act of despair? it's sort of a last ditch or make a break, attempt to preserve that valued but quickly dissipating contamination. i think that the united states is i certainly fighting a battle for, for i started last and it's certainly a battle to preserve it's again money. and because i stay says, just as i say, say lease of gotten themselves married to the notion of being the world hedge, amman, and they cannot difficult for them bustle for them. i think to imagine a world as not lead by the i stage, the most recent national security strategy released by the, by the administration basically says that there is no other country in the world that's equipped as the united states is to lead the world. and the idea is to shape
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the world order according to the values and interests of the united states of america. that's. that's the idea. and this deb being serious about that death, but i wouldn't, i wouldn't think that they're desperate about they're certainly serious about that . they may not have a good job, they may not have out, you know, that well thought through strategy, how to deal with that. so they strategize is to go as, as they move forward. and that carries its own risks. but that's where we are. well, it's not only cares, it's only risks, but i already, i manifest to multiple i think it has consequences, including for their own society. but let's discuss them after a short break. we'll be back in just a few moments stationed. ah
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ah ah mm ah
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ah ah ah welcome back to wells appointment, mitre training and research professor at the higher school of economics and must go with a trend. and i began our conversation by quoting us any slip of usual outs at polish wider, who was born in what is now western ukraine and leaf. and he's out of biography. he's quite frank, that in order to escape home and that's a labor camp in 943, he had to kill his nazi guard who had taken him out to dig
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a grave. and i really get a chance to recite poetry on this program. so please indulge me. he rode that he who had dark his own grave looks attentively, and the green diggers weren't, but not to dance equally for this one digs a grave, not for himself. and i'm sure you can, into my question already given these, declared the american intention to, you know, just and in mind, but perhaps even voice, russia, don't you think that the americans themselves could be digging, if not that greater than a trench for themselves? well, 1st of all, i don't think that most americans would agree with your characterization of them digging a grade for russia really? no, i don't know. they've done that well, you know, i, i still stay in touch with my colleagues and the professional about the united states. obviously they have only good intentions, which we all know leave. we're right, and this is precisely the issue. they asked me to try to explain my notion
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that they wore in ukraine is of extensive special importance for russia and they, they, they didn't understand what i meant by, by existential. and they said that they only want to rush out of ukraine, and that's all they then one dave themselves, that were the, i'm in military equipment in the ukraine. and that's not that they would say that this is only a matter between them and their kiev, and that, that's basically it. i tried to talk to her, show them what would happen should any russian leader just accept the terms. and then, you know, they, after that they didn't raise the question again. so it is existential for russia. and the problem is that, you know, people,
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a lot of people deal only in formal logic. i states, you went across the border, you need to be pushed back across the border and maybe pay the debt or pay the damage to punish the the guilty ones and then learn to live with the rest of the world on, based on the rules that you know the more advanced portion of humanity as a written for you, basically that that's the idea. they will not say there's nothing under russian about that. there's nothing. well, they do not, at least in public debate. they would not appreciate the consequences of the actions that they demand. i think one of the culinary sides of the confrontation is that americans are no longer insulated from the facts of their own foreign policy. and by picking up a fight with russia, they have produced a lot of negative consequences, economic, political, and social consequences for their own society. and if for the societies of that
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closest alley, so they already feeling the pinch as they, as they like to say, do you think that impact on their society is that monumental or persuasive enough to you? if not, change the course of the actions, then it's least change. change something within the american society as i see, nothing of the kind, nothing of the sort. what they see is the europe being hit by the disruption of energy supplies to europe, from russia, which they blame on russia and solely on russia. europe is becoming de industrialized. they will not publicly say that, but they are the beneficiaries of the process. the united states is winning back its industrial power by attracting european businesses, european companies, european manufacturing, to the united states, and that is
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a boon for them. now, europe may become poor, europe may become less advanced europe now because that europe will not, will not seek to separate a geopolitical and militarily from the united states. indeed, the opposite is happening. europe has never been as closely allied with united states as it is today. so no, i don't think that the feel the pinch, the europeans filled the pinch, the pinch, but not the americans. americans are the beneficiaries of their was so far. and of course all these weapons that are being sent to ukraine. all these weapons that are destroyed in ukraine, and these are these things mean more orders for american defense companies. and that is, that is another good. and that also means higher gas prices at the pump. and more and more people, i mean, look at my approval ratings. i know that there are many and many ways of
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influencing electoral politics, so didn't say, but still, i mean, the conservative base has never been asked fired and as a irritated, if not the to you some stronger words than it is today. so i will see what happens at the polls. we'll see what happens in november. we'll see what happens. 2 years from now. i think big changes are more likely than not in the united states, at some point, maybe not 2024. but certainly through the end of this decade that they will have that they will have to be some chain just on the u. s. political class and that means it changes the u. s. for u. s. foreign policy also. but i think that the idea of america's gig ebony america's global dominance is something that continues to unite the american elite across the aisle. and i see no departure from that.
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if, unless there is a some sort of an up people within the united states, some soul, some sort of really deep soul searching about that can all become after some major defeat the space at home. i don't think that they will be defeated anywhere abroad, but domestically there may be some upheaval that will send them drinking him to subscribe to the said popular idea within the american establishment as a major upheaval, i or major threat can only come to the united states from within the united states rather than from the outside. but if you look at the behavior of many of the american allies, including some of the oil producing arab countries, for example, saudi arabia. and i'm not even mentioning countries like china, india, south africa, many of their latin american countries. they're not taking sides, but they are clearly not excited about the american hegemony. because for very
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pragmatic reasons subscribing to anyone's head gemini, at this point of time when you need sovereignty as a means of making decisions, it's not just an abstract construct construction, but it's a way of functioning in an predictable world. they don't seem to be buying that concept anymore. do you think had gemini, is sustainable in the world today? not in the mind of american, the leads, but within the global community as well, within part of the global community. yes. that, that part of the community will include europe. the thought of the community will include other america, now lies in what they call, they know, pacific region and some other nations. whether it got the sovereignty, it's a, it's a good thing to have it. but it's extremely expensive. now if you want to be sovereign, you have to be, you have to brace for a very serious pressure. and if you resist that pressure that you're likely to
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pay at the cost. but if you take the russian with, because you're, i think the russians are very sort of 5 team demonstrating that the one to are starting to pick many countries, i think far smarter and they have their own independent decision making. but without that irritating the americans to know each nation has its national character in russia, just defies, cannot, cannot accept even notionally, even for a period of time. a subservience or vision of a follower to the hedge of on and other countries. find that to be fun, would then be more flexible about it. india, for example. it regards itself as a sovereign nation and take some decisions, but to care about what they care about most is chances for development, chances for development can all be be realized. if india is growing economically,
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that means that they have a huge stake and being a growing part of the u. s. lead economic system, global economic system. they can not afford to being on the wrong side of the, of the united states. other countries, such as china, advanced very far and they are considered to be a challenger to the united states. but they still want to try to make sure that this collision does not come to arly. that they still continue to get the benefits from, from exposure to the american market. and it is the united states that takes to lead an escalating, let's say trade and economic sanctions. and china, no russia is, is, it's not a merchant country, it's a country socially for country warriors. it's a country of warriors thinkers. we're not one of them,
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a nation of shopkeepers as well. and i guess this is the last question. i have time to ask you, but i think russia is also a country of peacemakers. and it's fascinating for me to observe all these mystical signaling been put in by them because they, they throw in the references to bite out here to bible here and there. and in one of his latest speech is put in again quoted. there is a sermon on the mountain which also includes a couple of b, b attitudes, including the one, the blessing, the peacemakers, because they will be cold and sons of god. i wonder how much they say is this all rhetoric as far as you are concerned? i do think it has more to it, at least for the russian leads. do they see that these battle as a, as in it and me see, i think perhaps one or as is something that touches upon more than just the geopolitics where the russian elite is not homogeneous.
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much of the russian liter, i think re grip on the disruption of relations with the west to wear their assets or were the weather on their 2nd home. so 1st homes were on, i'm also intrigued by the several dozen deputies of the duma who did not show up to vote for the inclusion of for new regions into the russian federation. that is very interesting. so the elites are very, are, you know, they have very different views on things. what is interesting though, is that for the 1st time since the collapse of the soviet union, the more energetic they're more active part of the elite for those who defined themselves as bait it. those who think in terms of uh, not only geopolitical things and you know,
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in terms of national interest in the very, very fundamental sense of the word. now you have a divided russian nation. we have to, to collect the stows that were thrown in, you know, in the throne far and wide in the days of gorbachev's, yeltsin, we need to, to, to, to, to work for a great, a russia that mr. potent. now mentioned in his, in his a saint george's speech. that is interesting, but who will prevail in the end is still to me, at least is still a question mark. i have my own views and i have my own preferences. but as an analyst, i'm sitting and, and looking at that with a lot of interest, but also with a lot of concern. well i, mr. chain. i really hope that in
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a while we can discuss here when your projections are, theories weren't. but for the time being, we have to leave it there. thank you very much for being with us. it's always a great pleasure. i wanna thank you really appreciate and thank you for watching hope to hear again on wells in part ah with me. ah, with
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with 13 people are killed and dozens injured as a military jets crushes into residential building in southern russia. less than 200 kilometers from the border with ukraine. well, something yes, maam, look where i am. i'm already at home in russia. over a 100 russians, the majority of which all civilian sailors have returned home and a prisoner would ukraine. plus the us coals for international troops to be deployed to hifi, which is the grid by riots over monetary crisis. locals are gearing up to protest against what they see as foreign intervention.


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