Skip to main content

Timothy Leary Archive: Videos



rss RSS

100
RESULTS


More right-solid

Show sorted alphabetically

More right-solid

Show sorted alphabetically

More right-solid

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Archived
Creator
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,281

favorite 1

comment 0

A music video of the song "California" by WAX, directed by Spike Jonze on Feb. 8, 1995.
Topics: WAX, music video
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,218

favorite 1

comment 0

A music video for R.E.M. "Crushed with eyeliner" directed by Spike Jonze on Nov. 22, 1994. A group of Japanese hipsters lipsynch the song.
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,671

favorite 9

comment 1

This is a Men's Fashion Video for an L.A. designer from the 1990's
( 1 reviews )
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 15,847

favorite 73

comment 7

This is a video of a candid meeting at Leary's home with many notable figures of the early days of LSD research. Filmed in the 1970's or early 1980's. The conversation is on LSD.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 7 reviews )
Topic: LSD
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,703

favorite 6

comment 0

This is a video montage of Timothy Leary in his later years, dubbed with an audio track of Leary talking about consciousness and The Sixties from the 1990's.
Topic: montage, 1990s
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,948

favorite 3

comment 0

This is footage from a multi-panel discussion on Drugs that is shot live in New York in the 1980's. The panel discussion on drugs and addiction are with Dr. Andrew Weil, John Philips, and John Bradshaw; via satellite in Los Angeles is Richard Kiel, Timothy Leary and Sarah Jessica-Parker. Produced by Pepsi and presented live across a College cable network (CSN).
Topics: Drugs, Drug War, andrew weil, john philips, john bradshaw, sarah jessica-parker, new york
This is a series of programs taped from television by Leary in 1987. The first is a clip from the CBS evening news about Reagan's pick for the Supreme Court and his past use of marijuana. The second show is a PBS documentary on the 20th anniversary of the Beatles album Sgt. Pepper.
Topics: War on Drugs, The Beatles, The Sixties, cbs evening news, reagan, marijuana, sgt. pepper, beatles
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 945

favorite 1

comment 0

This is video footage of a conversation between Timothy Leary and Paul Krassner at a cafe in Los Angeles. Introduction by Zach Leary. A conversation in American politics and society in the 1990's.
Topics: American Politics, The 1980's, Los Angeles, George Bush, predictions, zach leary, paul krassner
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,261

favorite 4

comment 0

This video is candid footage of Timothy Leary traveling to a debate in Oklahoma with a DEA official sometime in the 1980's. Leary discusses prison life and the debate. There is also a behind-the-scene footage of an interview he gave at that time with Channel 8 News in Tulsa about the Drug War.
Topics: prison, youth movement, Drug War, oklahoma, DEA, tulsa
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,948

favorite 5

comment 2

This is video footage of a visit that Leary made with some people on May 13, 1990.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: home movies, los angeles
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 954

favorite 2

comment 0

Please fill out this description
Topics: Film, biography, actors
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 895

favorite 1

comment 0

Video footage of a speaking engagement in Los Angeles by Timothy Leary. Introduction by Zach Leary. Leary discusses Cybernetics, LA lifestyles, Abbie Hoffman, War on Drugs, and predictions for the year 2000.
Topics: Cybernetics, The 21st Century, Tom Waits, Los Angeles, War on Drugs, Reagan, politics of the 1980s,...
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
by Autodesk
movies

eye 3,307

favorite 19

comment 1

Autodesk Demo Tape on Cyberspace with Timothy Leary. Leary portion begins approximately 5 1/2 minutes into the movie. Timothy Leary describes how cyberspace will allow people to express their explorations into inner consciousness for other people to experience. He sees Autodesk as enabling cyberspace. Timothy Leary only appears at the beginning of the video.
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Autodesk, John Forbes, Spaceball, Dataglove, VPL Research, Virtual Reality, Virtual Reality glove,...
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 666

favorite 0

comment 0

This this is a video of an appearance by Timothy Leary on the cable access show called David Eisenberg Presents: Public People from the 1980's. Leary discusses his philosophy and his books Flashbacks and What Does Woman Want.
Topics: Philosophy, The Sixties, david eisenberg presents, flashbacks, what does woman want
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 3,890

favorite 15

comment 7

This video is of footage of a lively debate between Timothy Leary and Ram Dass. The topics range from humanism, God, and the differences between them.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 7 reviews )
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 804

favorite 3

comment 0

This is the Digital Art be-in from January 7, 1994.
Topic: be-in, digital art
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,388

favorite 14

comment 0

This is a video demonstration of early virtual reality programs and tools from the 1980's.
Topics: Virtual reality, emerging technologies
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,086

favorite 19

comment 0

This video contains three video shorts. The first one is by NASA about the virtual environment display system produced in 1985 at Moffet Field, CA. The next two videos are by Emil Schuit, produced in 1986. Mr. Schuit uses a digital optics with video, The first video is of nature called "Temples of Nature" and the second is of Mr. Schiut showing the process to Timothy Leary titled "Psycho-Symetrics."
Topics: NASA, virtual reality, emerging technologies, moffet field, emil schuit
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
by Tail Slate Productions
movies

eye 3,538

favorite 15

comment 0

Expanding Visions: An introduction to the new age movement. Timothy Leary speaks about technology 12 minutes and 40 seconds into the show. This video covers a New Age exposition. Cultural leaders of importance to the New Age movement are interviewed. Vendors promote their commercial interests. Dr. Timothy Leary describes how, in his opinion, the New Age movement is the most hopeful thing for the New Thought movement. He talks about how people will become linguists with respect to the computer,...
Topics: New Age, New Thought, exposition, commercial, salesmen, linguist, technology, computer, internet,...
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,264

favorite 7

comment 0

This is a video of footage from a television show called Extra with guest Timothy Leary from 1981. Leary discusses prison, drugs, LSD, family, cults, and death.
Topics: prison, LSD, family, death
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 39,682

favorite 17

comment 0

A fan video from a student at the University of California from the 1990's, with footage from an early Burning man.
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,509

favorite 4

comment 0

A fan video for Timothy Leary by Joe Sparks from the 1990's.
Topics: Fan video letter, joe sparks
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,063

favorite 2

comment 0

This video is of several clips from a futuristic fake news show on Sci Fi Channel from 1994.
Topics: sci fi channel, fake news
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,112

favorite 4

comment 0

This video is footage from a live interview with Timothy Leary via satellite for a television program in England in the 1980's. Leary talks about his first trip, LSD, Millbrook, and partying with celebrities in LA.
Topics: LSD, Millbrook, celebrities, millbrook
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,111

favorite 6

comment 1

This touching video is some footage of friends and family visiting Timothy Leary in his final days. People talk casually within his home and sing Irish folk songs to Tim. Some of the guests included are Jack Leary, Ralph Metzner, and Laura Huxley.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Home movies, Laura Huxley, Irish folk songs, jack leary, ralph metzner, family
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 3,988

favorite 2

comment 0

Footage of a televised interview with Timothy Leary on the 1980's by Joan London, possibly for Good Morning America. Leary discusses his role as a philosopher, Huck Finn, and the Drug War.
Topics: Philosophy, Huck Finn, The Sixties, Drug War, interviews, good morning america, joan london
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,061

favorite 1

comment 0

This is a video of footage from an interview Timothy Leary made in the 1980's for a talk show called Good Morning Bay Area. Leary discusses LSD and his philosophy. Also on this tape is a clip from an appearance on the cop drama called Medium Rare, in this episode, Leary plays a coroner at the crime scene, from the 1980's.
Topics: LSD, philosophy, acting
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 8,494

favorite 31

comment 1

Growing Up In America: Breathing Together, Revolution of the Electric Family, 1986. A documentary about the spirit of the Sixties and its leaders. Interviews with Allen Ginsberg, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman, Fred Hampton, Deborah Johnson, John Sinclair, and Timothy Leary.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: The Sixties, Allen Ginsberg, Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman, Fred Hampton, Deborah Johnson, John...
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,001

favorite 1

comment 0

A video from Japanese television of a show called Hara Juku that is about the internet from 1996.
Topics: Japanese television, internet, hara juku, internet history
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 681

favorite 0

comment 0

A video from Japanese television of a show called Hara Juku that is about the internet from 1996.
Topics: Japanese television, internet, hara juku, internet history
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,055

favorite 3

comment 0

This is a documentary titled How Timothy Leary Changed My Life, a film by Claire Burch. (part 1) Recollections by several people about LSD experiences and meeting Leary himself.
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,070

favorite 5

comment 1

This video is a documentary called How Timothy Leary Changed My Life, a film by Claire Burch. (part 1) It has recollections by several people on LSD experiences and meeting Leary in person.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: LSD, The Sixties, claire burch, documentaries
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 625

favorite 4

comment 0

This is part 2 of the documentary How Timothy Leary Changed My Life, a film by Claire Burch. It has recollections by several people on LSD experiences and meeting Leary himself.
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 5,165

favorite 25

comment 4

A public access television show called How to Operate Your Brain, hosted by Timothy Leary from 1993, with Genesis P. Orridge.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 4 reviews )
Topics: philosophy, psychedelic, genesis p. orridge, 1993
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 15,815

favorite 46

comment 3

This is a series of video shorts produced by Retinalogic in the 1990's featuring two public service videos of Timothy Leary: "Think for yourself" and "How to operate your brain". A public access television show called How to Operate Your Brain, hosted by Timothy Leary from 1993, with Genesis P. Orridge.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Topics: Consciousness, psychedelics, philosophy, retinalogic, how to operate your brain
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 585

favorite 1

comment 0

This is a video of the Internet World Expo 1996 from Japanese television, in Japanese.
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 20,744

favorite 19

comment 0

This a clip from a televised interview with Timothy Leary at home. Leary discusses emerging technology, the Sixties and the youth culture of the 1990s.
Topics: emerging technologies, The Sixties, The internet, youth culture, 1990s
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
by Brian Shields
movies

eye 3,934

favorite 4

comment 1

This is a news piece created by Brian Shields interviewing Brewster Kahle, John Perry Barlow, Ralph Metzner and Michael Horowitz, and showing the event that took place in San Francisco on February 8, 2009.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: timothy leary, kron, brian shields, brewster kahle, john perry barlow, ralph metzner, michael...
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,092

favorite 1

comment 0

Later with Greg Kinnear Show, produced by NBC on May 17, 1994 with Guest Timothy Leary. Tim discusses prisons, G. Gordon Liddy, and drugs.
Topics: Prisons, The Sixties, drugs, Drug War, greg kinnear, NBC, g. gordon liddy, prisons
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 784

favorite 1

comment 0

This is a video of a run-though of Leary.com.
Topics: timothyleary.com, emerging technology
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 762

favorite 0

comment 0

This is some video footage of Timothy Leary debating DEA Chief Benzinger at California State University in the 1990's.
Topics: DEA, Drugs, War on Drugs, chief benzinger, California State University
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,188

favorite 3

comment 0

This video is a mix of different lectures and shows. The first is a lecture with Q and A at Naropa in Colorado with Ginsberg in the audience asking Leary on a range of subjects including: death, transformation, ketamine and Studio 54. Filmed in 1984. The second outtake is from a 1970's television show of Leary discussing the role of heroes. The third is an excerpt of Leary's lecture on the subject of California in the future from the 1980's. The fourth is an excerpt from the Tom Snyder Show...
Topics: Death, transformation, Ketamine, intelligence, communication, Allen Ginsberg
This is footage from a lecture by Leary on Quantum Philosophy at the Echo Saloon in Hermiston, OR on April 9, 1989.
Topics: philosophy, Quantum, emerging technologies, lectures, quantum philosophy, echo salon
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,774

favorite 3

comment 0

A video of a lecture that Timothy Leary gave at the Whole Life Expo in Los Angeles in November 1989. Leary discusses the psychedelic to the cybernetic.
Topics: Psychedelics, Cybernetics, emerging technology, whole life expo, los angeles
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,082

favorite 1

comment 0

This is a video of footage of a Lecture/Performance by Leary from the 1980's. Leary discusses conspiracies, prisons, the space shuttle, and death.
Topics: conspiracies, prisons, space shuttle, death, lectures
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 692

favorite 2

comment 0

A lecture in Boulder, Colorado in 1983 with a small group of people with Q & A. Topics range from LSD to Drug War.
Topics: boulder, colorado, lsd, drug war
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,080

favorite 0

comment 0

A lecture in Boulder, Colorado in 1983 with a small group of people with Q & A. Topics range from consciousness to emerging technologies (part 2).
Topics: consciousness, emerging technologies, Experiments at Harvard, boulder, colorado
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 861

favorite 1

comment 0

A lecture in Boulder, Colorado in 1983 with a small group of people with Q & A. Topics range from consciousness to emerging technologies (part 3).
Topics: Philosophy, consciousness, psychedelics
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,311

favorite 0

comment 0

This is some video footage of a lecture in Los Angeles in 1988. Robert Anton Wilson joins Leary on a conversation about politics and quantum physics.
Topics: Robert Anton Wilson, emerging technologies, quantum physics, politics of the 1980s, los angeles,...
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,324

favorite 7

comment 0

In this video there is footage of a lecture in Maryland on Feb. 24, 1990 with Ram Dass and Tim Leary on the Psychedelic experience. (part 1).
Topics: Psychedelic experience, LSD, Drug War, Information age, Ram Dass, lectures
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,022

favorite 3

comment 0

In this video there is footage from a lecture on the Psychedelic Experience (part 2) with Ram Dass and Timothy Leary in Maryland on Feb. 24, 1990. A Panel discussion on the predictions of psychedelic drugs for the year 2000 by Tim Leary, Mark Wyman, Andy Wilde, Laura Huxley, Emerson Jackson, Robert Zanger, Ralph Metzner and Terrence McKenna.
Topics: Healing plants, Ritualized medicine, predictions, Ram Dass, Laura Huxley, Ralph Metzner, Terence...
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,123

favorite 2

comment 0

In this video of footage of a lecture in New York City for a conference called Sense8 in 1990, Leary discusses emerging technologies and the Cyber World along with audience Q & A with Leary and Robert Anton Wilson.
Topics: Virtual reality, cyber world, emerging technologies, Robert Anton Wilson
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,483

favorite 11

comment 1

In this footage from a lecture in San Francisco in 1987, Leary discusses the 1960's, Abbie Hoffman, Eldridge Cleaver, DEA, Dennis Hopper, Apple Computers, Cyber Punk, and the Cybernetic 21st Century.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: The Sixties, DEA, Drug War, Cybernetics, emerging technologies, abbie hoffman, dennis hopper, apple...
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,512

favorite 2

comment 0

This is a video of footages of Timothy Leary speaking to a high school class, on stage debating G. Gordon Liddy, and talking about personal computers.
Topics: emerging technology, philosophy
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,426

favorite 1

comment 0

This is footage of Timothy Leary giving a seminar on a computer program designed as a personality test using psycho-geometry in a classroom in 1990.
Topics: Personality, emerging technologies, virtual reality, software, seminar, lectures
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 959

favorite 0

comment 0

This is video footage of Timothy Leary giving a lecture on software and emerging technology in the 1980's.
Topics: Cybernetics, software, emerging technology, lectures
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 866

favorite 9

comment 0

A fan video using early computer graphics and clips from a talk show featuring Leary and Dear Abby on drugs from 1978.
Topics: Fan, drugs, philosophy, emerging technology, dear abby
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 632

favorite 1

comment 0

This video is footage from the memorial for Timothy Leary that took place at the Unitarian Church in San Francisco on June 12, 1996. The speakers for the event are: Frank Barron, Ralph Metzner, Rosemary Leary, Ram Dass, and John Perry Barlow.
Topics: Memorial, unitarian church, frank barron, ralph metzner, rosemary leary, ram dass, john perry barlow
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 586

favorite 1

comment 0

This video is footage from the memorial for Timothy Leary that took place at the Unitarian Church in San Francisco on June 12, 1996. (part 2) The speakers are: Michael and Cindy Horowitz, Dick Katz, Winona Ryder, Anita Hoffman, and Country Joe McDonald.
Topics: Memorial, unitarian church, michael horowitz, cindy horowitz, dick katz, winona ryder, anita...
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,933

favorite 18

comment 0

This is a video titled Metamorphosis, produced in 1995 by Mystic Fire Video. It is a discussion between Rupert Sheldrake, Terence McKenna, and Ralf Abraham on chaos and the world soul.
Topics: New Age, Chaos, mystic fire video, rupert sheldrake, terence mckenna, ralf abraham
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 6,617

favorite 15

comment 0

A promotion video spot for William Gibson's book Neuromancer, with commentary by William Gibson and Timothy Leary, from the 1990s. This video was used to promote the book to be made into a film.
Topics: William Gibson, Neuromancer
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,117

favorite 4

comment 0

This is video footage from the Psychedelic Summit in California around the 1990's with a video address by Prof. Hoffman.
Topics: Psychedelics, War on Drugs, psychelic summit, albert hoffman
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,962

favorite 6

comment 0

"Timothy and Charlie” A conceptual play based on fictional discussions between Charles Manson and Timothy Leary in jail together. Highlights from a historical fiction stage drama about Timothy Leary and Charles Manson occupying adjoining cells in prison. Contains abstract dancing and visuals during cut scenes. Some of the subject matter contrasts Timothy and Charles' lifestyle with regard to the Haight-Ashbury, San Francisco scene in the 1960s. Timothy discusses how he tries to live up...
Topics: timothy leary, charles manson, plays, historical fiction, drama, prison, 1960s, Timothy Riel
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 5,091

favorite 16

comment 0

A documentary titled Prisoners Of The War on Drugs, produced by HBO in 1992. This documentary examines the use of drugs within federal and state prisons with interviews by inmates.
Topics: War on Drugs, prisons, hbo, documentaries
This is video footage of a roast in honor of Paul Getty at the Cafe Largo in Beverly Hills, Ca in 1991 with speeches by Timothy Leary and Danny Sugarman and Paul Getty.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: The Seventies, Los Angeles, Drugs, paul getty, cafe largo, danny sugarman
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 915

favorite 4

comment 0

A video montage and digital rendering of the astrological chart of Rosemary Leary produced in 1993 by Oracle Science International.
Topics: Astrology, Rosemary Leary, oracle science international
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,636

favorite 3

comment 0

A short comedy titled "Silicon Valley Story" (by Ted Nelson).  Starring Ted Nelson, Douglas Engelbart, Rick Mascitti, Stewart Brand, and Timothy Leary as the venture capitalist (note, Timothy Leary does not actually appear in this video.)
Topics: emerging technology, humor, silicon valley story, ted nelson, douglas engelbart, rick mascitti,...
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 538

favorite 0

comment 0

This is a video of a Tele-Conference on Virtual Reality with Leary and students at Toronto University that took place sometime in the 1990's.
Topics: Virtual reality, emerging technologies, toronto university
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 2,479

favorite 0

comment 0

This video is footage from The Afternoon Show from the 1980's. Guests on this episode are: Tracey Gold, Imogene Coco and Timothy Leary. Leary discusses his software called Mind Mirror.
Topics: Mind Mirror, emerging technology, software
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 684

favorite 0

comment 0

This is a video of The Dr. Inges Jensen Show with guest Dr. Timothy Leary, from 1992. Leary discusses relationships and his addiction to marriage.
Topics: Therapy, relationships, psychology, dr. inges jensen, marriage addiction, interviews
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 5,320

favorite 14

comment 0

A documentary on Timothy Leary titled "The Enthusiastic Death of Timothy Leary". Featuring Ram Dass, Leary, Ken Kesey, and Ken Babbs. Leary speaks about his life and impending death.
Topics: The Sixties, Death, Merry Pranksters, ram dass, ken kesey, ken babbs, death
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 662

favorite 0

comment 0

This video is an episode of The Looseleaf Report #71 hosted by Victoria Looseleaf from 1989 featuring an interview with Timothy Leary. Leary discusses memes, the book Flashbacks, information age and the death of Abbie Hoffman. (check out 7:24 thru 7:37)
Topics: Memes, The Sixties, the information age, victoria looseleaf, interviews, abbie hoffman
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 619

favorite 0

comment 0

This is a video of footage from The Wil Shriner Show with a cameo by Timothy Leary on Jan. 13, 1988.
Topics: The Sixties, humor, wil shriner, comedy, cameos
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 1,319

favorite 11

comment 0

This is a series of video shorts produced by Retinalogic in the 1990's featuring music videos by Unrest and Mother Thongue as well as two public service videos of Timothy Leary: "Think for yourself" and How to operate your brain".
Timothy Leary Archive: Videos
movies

eye 558

favorite 1

comment 0

A fan video from Michael Bohacz produced at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1990.