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tv   Tavis Smiley  PBS  September 30, 2013 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is --made possible by the freeman united health care, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. a shutdown. after midnight tonight, the u.s. shut down.could be and a city in serial was destroyed by incendiary bombs, and we go back see how the children are still suffering. and he helped iran in the world cup. we are hearing from the american coach who is practicing diplomacy. welcome to our viewers on public
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television in america and also around the globe. most powerful government may shut its doors tonight as republicans and democrats failed to agree on what to do about health care reform. last-minute wrangling did not reach a consensus, making a shutdown very likely. initially, 700,000 federal workers will be affected, many told to stay home because they will not get paid. moments ago, president obama urged house republicans to rethink their strategy. faction of one party in one house of congress in one does not government get to shut down the entire government just to fight the results of an election. keeping the people's government open is not a concession to me. services running and hundreds of thousands of americans on the job is not
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something you give to the other side. it is our basic responsibility. >> president obama addressed the american public a short time ago. we have more on the continuing battle between the two parties. >> the usa would not be closed shutdowness, but a would mean no visitors for the statue of liberty, none to national parks like the grand canyon, and government offices would close, thousands of sent home from work. on the could pile up streets, but at least nobody would be there to give you a ticket or collect taxes, and there could be more ahead, as a bigger issue looms about the debt limit. >> the world economy and the world financial system, and our currency is the reserve currency of the world. that, and wes with certainly do not allow domestic policy differences on issues
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that are unrelated to the budget to endanger not only our economy but the world economy. >> it is people like these, campaigning out in virginia, who are behind the crisis. republicans are painfully aware that core supporters loathe the president's changes to the health-care system. >> are you more likely to support or oppose obamacare? >> oboes. >> you oppose obamacare? >> sure. >> they want to damage it, even if it is not likely to succeed. some in the house are trying to delay it by dealing with funding. >> we are not saying shut down the government. we are just saying let's delay obamacare for one year. that is a reasonable act. >> others say that is not reasonable at all, and they accuse the republicans as acting like spoiled children and even
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terrorists, and even some senior republicans despair of their colleagues tack ticks. >> some say this is the mindset of a permanent minority who can only launch grenades and do guerrilla warfare. would be westrategy need to be elected in the senate and congress and then do away with this law. i think that is where republicans are hoping to shift this debate. not have an audience for his display tomorrow, but this is not the only place the snarling and bearing of teeth will be until somebody blinks and slinks away defeated. bbc news, washington. serious, ite not so would actually be funny. for more on this standoff, i spoke to a representative from oklahoma and asked about what the big issue was about shutting the government over.
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is allink the big issue government funding runs out on september 30. do we extend that for a period of days while we have a larger budget deal, and then the sequester with the mandatory spending cuts. i think we should. in the meantime, we would like to make some relatively modest changes in the president's health care proposal, again, one that only applies to members of congress and staff and senior executive appointees to not give them a special subsidy that no other american gets who is on the exchange, and second, while we are letting off the business, the president and he laid the mandate for them, not force individual americans into the system. if they want to go ahead and participate, they can. we are not talking about shutting down the exchanges for butsick or elderly people, we are saying you should not force other americans to participate in the system if they do not choose to do so. it you and your
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republican colleagues dislike so intensely that you are prepared to shut down the u.s. government over it? >> there is a lot of things i do not like the government part, but i am not willing to shut down the government for it. i do not like that it takes money out of medicare and gives it to obamacare. i do not like all of the taxes that go with it. look. individual members of congress are now mandated, and they should not get a special subsidy, and the same is true for other high ranking people appointed in the executive branch, and secondly, since the system is not quite ready to go, the president himself has delayed huge portions of it, you not push americans into a system that by your own actions is clearly not ready for prime time. >> the american public says you are going to get the blame, the republicans will get the blame
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if the government shuts down. >> who gets the blame, to me, is always an irrelevant argument, it is who that gets hurt. shutting down the government is something we do not want to do. we have tried to keep it open. everything we have passed has kept the government open. i do not think it is helpful for federal employees not to be working. i do not think it is helpful for people who depend on services or who need visas and passports not to have them readily available, so we work awfully hard to keep the government operational. we are trying to make some changes to obamacare, and the ones we have got on the table right now are pretty modest. ofy mostly affect members congress, and they mostly give individual americans the right to decide whether or not they should be subjected to the mandates of this law. >> all right, congressman, thank you very much. >> thank you. >> countries neighboring serious say the number of refugees they are receiving is putting unbearable strain on their
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resources, and they are pleading for greater international support. in syria, the fighting goes unchecked. we reported on a horrific bomb attack in which many children received injury due to a napalm like a substance. they began their journey on a refugee camp on the turkish border, and there are disturbing images in their report. >> northern syria, right on the border with turkey, but the gates are closed, and the people here cannot travel the final few meters to safety. two british doctors, 2000 miles away from home. they are here because they want to bring relief to some of the nearly 5 million people in syria who have lost your homes to the brutal conflict that rages here. withoctors are working hand-in-hand for syria, a charity that set up a doctors cap.
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a six-year-old daughter was killed, his home destroyed by a government warplane. his wife was pregnant with twins at the time. traveling around syria has never been more dangerous. both foreign journalists and aid workers have been targeted. some have been killed. rival rebel factions now fight each other as well as the government, and more and more foreign extremists are vying for control. the islamic state of iraq in syria. this is a group affiliated with al qaeda. and a creasing number of s are coming, and they run the convent at these checkpoints. every few miles or so.
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the worst thing about driving around is you are never sure what is around the corner. >> we were filming the dock hospitalking at the when victims of an incendiary bomb attack at a school playground started pouring in. the bombns suggested was filled with a napalm like substance. >> we have had a massive influx of what looks like serious burns , like it must be some sort of chemical weapon. i am not really sure. something outike of armageddon. of all of the things i have ever been to, today, by far, has been the worst. >> one of the most haunting images was of a 13-year-old, and we visited him a few weeks after the attack pre-at what you're going to see is shocking. described as a hard-working boy with a smiling face, he has
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burns to 40% of his body. expect him to survive but say it will take weeks before he is discharged. many of the other children injured in the attack are also struggling to recover, victims of a war that shows no signs of ending, and they are unable to forgive or forget what has happened here. bbc news in northern syria. >> it is worth remembering that under international law, he was not hit by a chemical weapon, but whatever it was that he suffered from did cause him long-term damage. of serious children suffer, the politicians continue to debate. they question the hope of a breakthrough at a plant peace
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conference in geneva. speaking to the bbc in new york addressing the un's general assembly, he said the conference turkey, qatar,le and others continue to supply weapons. with more, jeremy bowen. is biggerd crisis than the war in syria. it may be too late to stop the killing and definitely too soon for any side in the war to admit defeat, but countries, including britain, are trying to arrange a peace conference in geneva. foreign minister here in new york for the u n general assembly says syria would go to geneva, but the conference would never work while saudi arabia, qatar, and turkey continued to aid the armed rebels. geneva,he success of committing itself to refraining
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from supplying army and financing, smuggling all of these terrorists. >> in the netherlands, u.n. inspectors are leaving for serious to find and neutralize serious chemical weapons. 's chemical weapons. some of the sites are in territory controlled by the rebels. we will do our best in our circumstances to cooperate. outside world necessarily believe you when even a few weeks ago, you were not even admitting to the existence of an arsenal of chemical weapons? >> we set if we have. we did not deny. >> it is not a civil war, according to the syrian regime. instead, they say they are acting foreign al qaeda fighters and that western countries should help out.
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>> if they'd do not do that, then they are stupid, because these enemies will go back to their home. the british fighter will return to britain. the french, the german. we have all nationalities. they will go back home or trained, their hands full of blood. they are eager to kill. we are fighting terrorism, not because of syria, on behalf of the world. >> the world does not seem to see it that way. >> when they are hit, then they will see it. >> the humanitarian crisis in syria is pressing on presidents putin and obama. to world is no closer stopping the conventional war that has killed more than 100,000 people. jeremy bowen, bbc news, new york.
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>> let's get a look at other news now from around the world. the israel prime minister has been urging president obama not to let up on the sanctions against iran. benjamin netanyahu says the measure is crucial for diplomacy to work. he met with the president in the oval office days after president obama had a phone call with the new iranian president. than 130 injured, other killed in a car bombing, most of areas ofeting shia baghdad. insurgents have carried out a series of sectarian attacks, the worst in six years. france has announced its two predecessors will be declared saints in april next year. the unprecedented decision to canonize the two at the same time seems to be an effort to unify catholics around the world and to bring pilgrims to rome. you are watching "bbc world news
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america." still to come on the program, they have fled mali, and now they are struggling to live in the camps they had hoped would reject them. schools and colleges in northeast nigeria are under threat, considered a legitimate target by suspected members of a radical islamic group. just this weekend, 50 students at one college were killed during their sleep. a nigerian authorities have admitted that there was no extra security at that college, in spite of previous attacks there. northern of three states that have been under a state of emergency since june. we have this report. >> grieving family members trying to identify their loved ones after a bloodbath. body is brought to this hospital after sunday's grisly killings. the students were attacked in the debt of the night by suspected members of the group.
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some survived the ordeal, but only just. of these states appealed for less talk and more action. >> many things written in the newspaper, but no action. we want action. >> this is not the first attack of its kind on day school, and now there are questions about whether or not it could've been prevented. one official admitted there was no security at the school despite earlier promises from the authorities. offact, the campaign violence across northeastern nigeria has threatened the security of the entire region. although a spokesman for the president said before the latest attack that progress is being made, given that the task is very difficult in terms of security. >> we are not fighting conventional warfare. it is important to know.
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the sugarcane in the market. their fear is not if there will be more violence but where. bbc news. >> since clashes between armed rebels and government forces inpted in northern mali 2012, hundreds of thousands of people have been forced to flee their homes. in mauritania, many are living in a camp in the eastern desert ist borders mali, and it from there that are correspondence sent this story. >> he is fighting for his life. this type of malaria can kill. his mother waits and watches over him. he needs an urgent blood transfusion.
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you back you a and of the nearby town is his one chance, but despite the best efforts of the doctors, the transfusion came to your late. children always suffer the most in refugee camps, and this is no exception. many of the refugees have been here for more than a year, and after the rainy season, shelters have been destroyed. malaria and malnutrition are preying on the young and vulnerable. besides disease and hunger, there are other problems. a lack of shelter, and issues with registering for food handouts. refugees who were given food on arrival claim that they have now been taken off the distribution lists. this mother of three tells me her family received assistance
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when they first arrived, but when she showed up at her fourth distribution, she was sent away with nothing. and for months now, they have received no help. areregistration documents no longer accepted by the un's refugee agency. countering criticism of their management of the camp, they say they are introducing a new biometric registration process. refugees came here because they did not trust either the rebels or the government army. they are now willing to believe that the newly elected president does want to create a safe environment for their return home. they won need guarantees. they may be able to live as a united people. in patients grows. grows.tience he has had enough for what he calls a live.
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he wants to take his family home. >> personally, i am confident i can go back because i know my neighbors. we are no stranger to one another. we all know what has happened. thei am sure the governor, army's own commander, and the police can be trusted when they will say that we will live together. >> but for all of the desire to return, the instability remains. the peace agreement is one thing. this is another. news, mauritania. refugees ofof the mali. and it was big news when the leaders of the u.s. and iran spoke on the phone. with that his store call, another american had had a rare
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handshake with the new iranian leader, the assistant coach of the national football team, and tonight, he talks about the pride of what happens on the pitch. >> that is my life, football, and this is the video of a song for us qualifying for the world cup. the streets of tehran after that win, you would see what they put us through an hour comp titian and celebration. you have millions of people who are expecting you to do something big for the country, and we were able to do it. a couple of nights before we qualified for the world cup, the current president, it really got everybody excited. they were out there celebrating that moment, and then a couple of nights later, this event with the world cup, so it was a very joyous moment to route the country and gives the country a lot of hope. a citizen ofself
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both countries, iran and the united states. i was born in the u.s. and went back to iran. i spent most of my childhood years in iran from six years old until 18, but then i came back here to go to college. for the last 2.5 years, i have been working in iran for an assistant coach for the national team. it is a very coveted position. a lot of people strive for that come,day, and here i living in the united states, working in the united states, taking this job. they never looked at me as an american because i carry an iranian name, a persian name, and for that, they recognize me as iranian, and there has never been a problem with that. the game itself is very different. people in iran, they like that technical part of the game. they like that fantasy football. here, it is about power. so, yes, it goes back to the
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culture of each country. parents here and parents in iran, the cheering is the same, except maybe the instructions are different. go, go,ey are like go, and there, they actually tell you in detail what the kid needs to do. pass right, pass left, trap it with your left foot or your right foot. >> get in front of the keeper. pass. good job. >> sports is always a good bridge to get the differences between the two countries, because sports is all about competing, and at the end of the day, being friends, so i think that is only going to help the relationship. well done. good work. >> football diplomacy. who knew that the new president was such a football fan? helping to coach the iranian football team. i am katty kay. this is "bbc world news america ."
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thanks for watching. we will see you back here tomorrow. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all proffered to charity and pursuing the common good for years. >> my customers can shop around and see who does good work and compare costs. a can also work their way with health care. with united health care, i get information and quality rating of doctors, treatment options, and estimates as to how much i will pay. that helps me and my guys make informed decisions. i do not like to make guesses with our business and definitely not with our help. that is health in numbers. united. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard
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to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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