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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  September 15, 2010 7:00am-7:30am EDT

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stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, union bank, and siemens. >> union bank has put its finanr a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> somewhere in america, there is a doctor who can peer into the future. there is a nurse who can access in an instant every patient's past. and because the whole hospital is working together, there is a family that can breathe easy right now.
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somewhere in america we have already answered some of the nation's toughest health care questions. and the over 60,000 people of siemens are ready to do it again. siemens, answers. >> and now "bbc world news." >> it in down to business in the middle east peace process. can they break the immediate impasse over settlement? >> i believe they are serious about reaching an agreement that results in two states living side-by-side in peace. >> hello and welcome to gmt. also on the program,
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conservative republicans oust the long serving senator for the delaware primary. are the democrats the real winners? we have a special report -- land of hunger and misery. >> it is midday in london, and 1:00 in jerusalem, where the israeli and palestinian leaders have been getting down to business in their peace talks. that is the sentiment of the u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton. the israeli president said there was no alternative to this peace process. our middle east correspondent is following the negotiations in jerusalem. he joins us now. >> even though details of very thin on the ground, the mood music surrounding these talks is said to be good.
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especially the americans talking up progress. of course, the americans, the israelis, and the palestinians are meeting here in jerusalem later today. >> today, mrs. clinton met with a man who ever witnessed -- a man who has witnessed every stage of the talks. despite that, israel's el this statemeneldest statement said -- >> i do not believe you can solve it in one or two
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meetings. >> i believe they are serious about reaching an agreement that results in two states living side by side in peace and security. that outcome is not only in the interest of both israelis and palestinians, it's in the interest of the united states and people everywhere. this is the time and these are the leaders. >> the obstacles to an agreement are huge. perhaps the biggest art israel's settlements. israel has imposed a partial moratorium on building in the west bank. that is due to run out on september 26. palestinian negotiators say is essential that the moratorium be extended for talks to continue. israel says that the freeze will expire at the end of the month. later today, israeli and palestinian leaders will sit down again. it is possible they will meet again in new york next week.
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the americans appear intent on pushing these negotiations as fast as possible, even if most people in the middle east remain skeptical that israel and the palestinians are really in the mood to make peace. >> joining me now is the leader of the council that represents hundreds of thousands of settlers across the west bank. you'll probably have to make difficult decisions, even, arises. will you allow him to make those compromises? >> continuation of the freeze is completely unacceptable. the rules of the game or completely clear, a onetime, a 10 month, a temporary moratorium. the second part of the resolution should be fulfilled as meticulously as was the first part. >> the american president has made it clear that an order for these talks to succeed, he
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expects the freeze to continue in some form or another. you are not prepared to meet them halfway? >> i am wondering why the american president is behaving this way. he has to understand that the rules were clear. the palestinians were those who wasted the 10 months. now the pressure should be put upon them. it is clear that his coalition will collapse, and the future of the negotiations. >> you ultimately want the talks to fail. >> no, our assessment is may be unfortunate that the talks will fail. demand for the palestinians is to create a cost indian statnewn state. it is not because of us that it will fail. >> your prime minister, if he
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does what you do not want him to do, will you withdraw support and his government will collapse? >> there's no doubt about it. it would be crossing a line that we cannot accept. his commitment is to the people. it was crystal clear. >> thank you. one pretty unequivocal view from that side. settlement will be one of the issues when the leaders meet this afternoon. >> back to you. >> thank you. the grand old party -- who will stand as republican candidate for november's midterm elections? there have been big successes for the tea party movement. the biggest victory of the night
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came in delaware where a little- known candidate, christine o'donnell, defeated a long standing republican congressman. >> tea party's win in delaware was one of the most significant results. christine o'donnell was publicly critical and written off by the state's republican leadership, but she had the last laugh, defeating the congressman by 53% to firs47%. it is a loose coalition of grassroots conservatives. many of whom have little experience of organized politics. it favors tax, spending cuts, and came out strongly against president obama's healthcare reform. >> we're in this to win. we are in this to win big. [applause]
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and win big we did. [applause] do not ever underestimate the power of "we the people." >> the intriguing the question, can she now go on to win the senate seat, which was held by the democrats for almost four decades by vice-president biden. democrat candidates will fill the race is suddenly more winnable. steve kingston, "bbc world news." >> millions of people across central and western africa are going hungry. the worst affected is a country larger than the u.s. states of california and texas put together, but with a population of just 15 million. the united nations has called
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for help. it has not been enough. my colleague has been to a remote part of this country. >> a small village. the grain store has been empty for many months. droughts andd high food prices have left people wondering where their next meal will come from. >> there's one woman here who is willing to talk to me and tell me a little bit about her and her family. i just have to find her now. she is showing me this plate of green beans is all that this family of eight will eat for a whole day. that is obviously not enough.
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>> she works in a larger villages nearby. the un food and agricultural organization is trying to help her. >> this crisis has affected the food production, and it has also affected the status of the animals. these animals are the livelihood of these herders. without them, they would be devastated. >> although the harvests have improved somewhat, the country is still facing a crisis because the poor are so malnourished that they simply cannot afford enough food to get stronger. this is a government run feeding center that deals with children suffering from acute malnutrition. his mother has just brought her baby in to be assessed. this is the mother's third child.
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the baby is 1 years old. she was admitted for attention. the doctor says it's tough to decide who is accepted for treatment. >> there are places that have had to make choices between children. so far, we have not. difficult. >> the mothers walk for hours, sometimes even days across the heat of the desert to get to the feeding center. the number of children coming in for emergency treatment is increasing. this little boy's grandmother has brought him in. he is so underfed that he has become more prone to disease and he is suffering from malaria. this baby has been left by her mother, who is too busy looking after her other children. the child is obviously in an
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acute stage of malnutrition. the governor knows the plight of the people here is dire. >> a core countpoor country, wes need assistance. in the short term and the long term. it's not easy. i think, because of the climate, the changing climate. >> the people of niger have a long and proud history. i can to ask them how his people are coping. through his traditional face mask, he tells me that their faith keeps them going, and they must simply rely on allah. >> still to come, new hope is
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born. one of chile's trapped miners becomes a father. mp's in britain have expressed concern over national defence review being carried out right now. across party defence select committee says it is worried that decisions based on cost and not security could have consequences for the troops fighting in afghanistan. here's our correspondent. >> what kind of military power does britain want to be? options already being considered behind closed doors suggests the armed forces will be smaller. they include scrapping the two new aircraft carriers being billed for the royal navy. withdrawing the jets earlier than planned, and cutting the size of the army by as many as 15,000 troops. mp's warn that the speed of the
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review, combined with financial pressures, means that serious mistakes will be made. >> i believe the house of commons has a right to discuss that. >> the backdrop to the review is that the ministry of defense is having to make savings of up to 20%. ministers insisted that the nation's security will not be compromised. >> let me make this perfectly clear. the battle in afghanistan remains an absolute priority. nothing has been done which will undermine that principle of for that troops' are performing remarkably out there. we're not plan to undermine what they're doing. we will make sure they're properly equipped and in the needs of the have are met. >> the defence review will be completed next month. mp's warn that the nation's
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ability to maintain current operations, such as afghanistan, could be put at risk. "bbc world news." >> this is gmt on "bbc world news." these are the headlines. the u.s. welcomes the second day of face-to-face talks between israeli and palestinian leaders, saying some progress has been made did the conservative tea party movement ahead of november's midterm primary election. some movement on the yen at last. >> it hit a fresh 15-year high against the dollar yesterday. today it is down 2%. the bank of japan has stepped in to stop the rise of the yen for the first time in six years be the central bank intervened, effectively selling the yen and buying up dollars in order to lower the value of the yen.
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that seemed to be working. shortly afterwards, there was a change in the value of the end. now a dollar will buy you considerably more yen than it did before. chris, it is good to see you. welcome to the program. after much talk, this has finally happened. do you think this is the right move for the right reasons? >> a case can certainly be made for the intervention. we've seen a very sharp appreciation of the yen over the past few years. that has continued this year. the yen is up another 10% against the dollar and another 20% against the euro. at the start of the year, japan's economy was growing pretty well. in recent months, there's been clear signs. right now, japan is a clear candidate for a double dip. by taking some pressure off the
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yen exchange rate, that will get some relief for japan's exporters, who are pretty much japan's only real reliable source of growth. >> obviously, the exporters do not like a stronger yen. i was going to ask you about the broader terms of the japanese economy. obviously, because of exporting, is a weaker yen. >> the actual sector is the real source of dynamism -- its domestic sector, its service sector is a low productivity sector. it is consistent with low growth. certainly, exporters benefit. if you are importing raw materials, it's not great news. also, it's not just the growth side of the economy that will benefit -- of islam, if the authorities are successful in softening the again --
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obviously, if the authorities are successful in softening the yen. it obviously does add to deflation. by weakening the currency, the authorities hope it will also reduce deflationary pressures in japan. >> i'm reading that this intervention is not as strong as the previous intervention six years ago. is it strong enough? >> absolutely. in the short term, it raises uncertainty for investors who have been betting for a rise in the yen. it does add to uncertainty. frankly, i think this is only a temporary measure. the magnitudes involved was only about one percentage point of data turnover. as the months proceed, it will put pressure on u.s. bank
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interest rates. that will add to renewed pressure for the yen appreciation. i do not think this will last. >> thank you for joining us. let's move on. one of my favorite subjects. planes. should find out whether billions of dollars of u.s. state support to boeing has broken world trade organization rules. aributhe tip of rivals have argued over funding for years. >> this is one of the largest and longest disputes in the history of transatlantic trains. back in march, the wto said airbus received improper loans for aircraft, including the a 380. >> 70% of the claims were predicted by the wto.
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loan structures are poorly in line. >> in turn, today's -- loan structures are totally in line. >> $130 million is said to come from nasa to design a part of the plane for boeing. >> this two companies use the runways one after another. why can't they get around the table and talk? airbus is willing to meet boeing anywhere and anytime. >> there no longer alone in the market. they have new rivals in china, russia, brazil, in canada. most of them also received government subsidies. in response to airbus, boeing is
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taking a tough line. it says contact of the government level as possible. otherwise, the time for debate is over. >> the markets will get into those shortly. good news for the british economy. the unemployment rate in britain has fallen slightly by 0.1% did in the three months to july, a jump of 286,000 gaining work. one story today for the markets is japan intervening in the foreign-exchange market. of course, the exporters are really liking that. honda, sony, and cannon are up. all eyes are on u.s. production numbers out later today. that's it. >> thank you.
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tony hayward, the former chief executive of bp, will face questions about the gulf of mexico oil spill. it is trying to find out whether safety rules need to be changed. our business correspondent. >> explosion on the deep water horizon oil rig killed 11 men and caused the worst oil spill in american history. tony hayward gave u.s. lawmakers an opportunity to express their anger. since the congressional hearing, bp has given its own detailed explanation of what went wrong, in which pointed much of the blame on contractors. the acquisitions are denied. tony hayward's departure from bp has been announced. mp's still want to question tony
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hayward about the causes of the disaster and the lessons learned from it. the conservative chairman of the energy committee has warned fellow mp's about the danger of using the occasion for point scoring. >> 9 iraqi soldiers were killed when a roadside bomb distorteded the bus travelling on in mosul. five other soldiers were wounded. france's european affairs minister has attacked the european justice commission criticism of the country's roma policy. the u.s. air strike has killed
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at least 12 people in northwest pakistan. targets were militants belonging to the al-qaeda linked group. as many as 10 missiles are reported to have been fired. the wife of one of the 33 coal miners trapped underground in chile has given birth to a baby girl. she has been named the spanish for "hope." footage was sent down to the girl's father. >> anxious moments for the family. while he sits 700 meters below ground waiting to be rescued, they said in a hospital, waiting for his daughter to be born. finally, the news they been longing for. hope has arrived. both mother and baby are doing well. the birth was filmed.
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within hours, the images were sent down a supply issued to the proud father. it was not the only good piece of news. engineers have finally managed to mend a drill that had been digging down but broke. the shards of metal had to be pulled out of the ground using a magnet before the drought could be repaired. now engineers say it is ready to start again. >> it's been a very positive day here. first, engineers say the result a major problem in their attempts to reach the men. secondly, a new family member. >> good news story for the miners in chile. lots more on the rescue operation on our web site, bbc
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.com/news. will find profiles of all the 33 men, maps, graphics, and how the operation is going ahead. that is just about it for the moment. stay with us on "bbc world news." >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, union bank, >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bite. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connection to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles.
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