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tv   BBC World News America  WHUT  January 30, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm EST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key, strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news
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america," reporting from washington. i am katty kay. battles raged in syria as america accuses the united nations of neglecting the violence. it might not be beautiful, but it is booming. we take you to the heart of africa's economic rise. and the fastest thinkers in the business. this pianist says the secret to playing quick has more to do with martial arts than mozart. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. the former president bashar al assad of syria is inevitable. this is according to u.s.
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secretary of state hillary clinton. she was speaking as pressure mounts on russia to abandon the support for the syrian leader. the united nations is scheduled to discuss him tomorrow against a backdrop of violence that is only growing. our bbc reporter has a report. >> the earrings sound of gunfire, echoing through a residential area -- the eerie. sound of gunfire. government tanks and other heavy weaponry reasserted control in areas that had been that in the hands of opposition. it is now littered with debris. the contrast last week when the bbc visited is startling. opposition forces were then manning checkpoints. now, strategic banks.
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meanwhile, the arab league has been suspended. they have been retreated to a domestic hotel, saying it is too dangerous to continue. and the arab league chief is seeking u.n. security council support for the peace plan. as the violence in syria gets worse, the stakes intensified for president assad, and what the arab league wants is to increase pressure on him to step down voluntarily and hand over to a government. they are looking that this be handed down. but president assad has allies like russia, who says it will veto any u.n. resolution calling for his removal. foreign ministers from britain, france, and the united states will be in new york tomorrow to try to change that.
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the u.s. message to russia was fouled out today. >> the government to prop up assad's regime will be criticized for abetting human rights violations. it is important to look at where this process is headed. assad's fall is inevitable. >> across syria today, funerals for the latest victims. president assad may believe he has a third option, to dig in and hit back at the uprising, in which case civil war in syria may be unavoidable. bridget kendall, bbc news. >> for more on this as well as the international response, i spoke with aaron from the woodrow wilson institute. we had strong words coming out from the ambassador. does america have more than language in its arsenal to use at this point? >> you know, 90% of success in
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life is showing up at the right time, and now is a time for a mobilize international consensus. i am not sure the results will be needed, but the impact will be greater, and if the russians and chinese will cooperate, on sanctions, for example, and it is coming at a good time, because you have got massive defections, and you have the syrian army inflicting serious punishment on the regime. >> but at the same time, you have the syrian government taking back areas that they had taken. >> and that will go on, but i think it is fair to say that the central government in damascus has lost control of the government. you will see that continue, there is no question, and by the way, this is not libya, where you can create no-fly zones and no derides as. the cost will be considerable. -- and no drive zones.
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the cost will be considerable. they do not want to let go of this. i think it is fair to say that whether or not the secretary is correct that the fall of assad possible, it is going down rapidly. >> let me pick up what you said in the beginning. you said the "defections are massive." do you have information that tells you just how large? >> no, i sit in washington, reading everything i can get my hands on and coordinating sources in an effort to piece it together. no longer in the single units. 100, 150, and why the -- while the syrian army may not have more than 10,000 at best, the regime is clearly weakening. to try to get economic sanctions, it would create additional pressure on the commercial and mercantile situation, which would then in turn trigger, and we are seeing
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demonstrations today for the first time in the suburbs of damascus. they may still have a while to go, but it is running south. >> thanks very much for coming in. >> you are welcome. >> to europe now, where the eu leaders have concluded a summit meeting in brussels to try to find a way out of the crisis affecting the euro zone. all 27 nations except britain and the czech republic have agreed to sign a pact to force euro zone countries to balance their budget. the france -- french president nicolas sarkozy said he was opposed to placing the greek finances under direct control of the eu. gavin has a report. >> of belgium, shot down today by a general strike. factories closed -- belgium, shot -- shut down today.
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>> to carry on with the course, everyone will take to the streets, and that is what will really hurt. >> the leaders are writing for a summit. what we need is growth. >> we need to get really serious about the growth agenda. that means completing this income market. it means assigning -- the signing of trade deals, and it means deregulation, especially for small businesses, so they can create the jobs that we need. >> europe is hurting as countries cut their deficit. on a point lines are lengthening. the tension is evident in italy, with truck drivers blocking highways in protest at austerity plans and reforms. europe is reducing spending, even as countries, like with france today, cut their forecasts for growth.
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but it is unemployment that is forcing europe's leaders. in spain, over 50% of young people are without work. nearly 30% of young battalions are jobless, and in greece, the figure is 47%, leaving some to talk about a lost generation. the priority in europe has been on cutting deficits and debt. that has not changed, but with some countries heading into recession, the emphasis is shifting towards growth, but how do you boost growth when so many european countries are cutting spending at the same time? so, today, while leaders accepted budgets had to be balanced, the new emphasis was clear. >> i think it is very important that we do not forget the growth and jobs. having starts and ends with growth and jobs. >> for david cameron, this was the first time since he used the
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british veto. if the atmosphere was better today, with a business-like greeting with the french president, but today, 25 countries did agree to a new pact designed to stop overspending by euro zone countries. only the u.k. and the czech republic refused to join. >> outside the eu. obviously, they would prefer to have it inside the eu, which is why they are already trying to talk about bringing it back inside the e.u.. we are not part of it. we are not bound by it. we do not have to ratify it. we do not take it with the british parliament. >> the agreement is a victory for germany's chancellor angela merkel, who has been determined that the euro zone countries sign up to balance budgets. bbc news, brussels. >> well, amid the economic gloom coming out of europe and much of the rest of the world right now, there is another success.
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africa. their growth is expected to hit 6% this year, and there is oil- rich nigeria. there are claims of widespread corruption. can this west african giant continue to shoulder such a berm approved a report from the commercial capital. >> it is not pretty, but it is booming. welcome to the best comic chaotic part of africa's economic rise. and meet an entrepreneur and a member of the growing middle class. >> the level of infrastructure or development that is going on, it is obvious that it is changing. there is obviously more investment coming in. we want to pat be part of that change, part of that growth, the so-called promise land.
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>> like many year, he took part in this month's of street protests. an angry public demanding and winning the return of huge petrol subsidies, and signed for some that nigerian democracy is taking root. >> to strengthen society. >> do you think it will make a difference? >> i am sure that it will. it is very, very determined. >> but oil-rich nigeria it is to spoil by the chronic poverty and corruption. there is talk these days about africa rising, the economy finally taking off, and here in nigeria, the focus is still on justice, on a fair distribution of wealth.
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powerful voices here are challenging the very idea of affluent optimism. >> i think this is a big propaganda by the big multinationals, which is the african government, want to the public that all is well. it is not booming. and the corruption has been so obvious and blazon, it is like a big joke. you know you have to pay for it. that is not changing. it is getting worse. >> maybe. but listen to the young. >> ♪ nigeria goes better ♪ >> a giant nations during. >> ♪ nigeria goes better
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>> bbc news. >> of the many striking images of the libyan war of people stormed the compound of recently fallen colonel gaddafi, grabbing whatever they could on the way through, helping themselves to the gadaffi family garish furniture. gabriel gatehouse from the bbc has gone back and has found that with the gaddafis, gone, others are trying to call it home. >> a new and bustling commercial life is taking root. once upon a time, this was the heart of the colonel gaddafi regime, the compound where he made a defiant speech is as nato dropped bombs on the capital. until a few months ago, this was one of the most tightly guarded an incredible forces in the colonel gaddafi regime. if you were a member of his interest in oh, if you were not,
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-- if you were not a member of his inner circle, you could not get in here. >> that is why i came today, just to look around. >> what have you got there? >> for some, the people's takeover of the gadaffi compound has brought far more than just the opportunity to buy and sell goods. this woman used to live with her five children in one cramped room. now, the of moved into one of the house is left vacant by colonel gaddafi loyalists. their new accommodation does pose some challenges. apart from the lack of keys, there is no electricity and no glass in the wind as. gaddafi treated us like slaves, she said, while they lived in villages and castles. this revolution is about taking
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back our right. now, this is her castle. there are 68 families now living in the formal bid of the compound, but conditions are unsanitary, and residents are worried that their new homes may already be under threat. turning it into a public park. >> we are happy to stay here as a temporary measure until a government find some solution for us, because under gaddafi, we never had the chance to own our own home. >> when libya fell, many thought it would become a paradise overnight, with riches for all. some of that optimism is still here, but the dream is beginning to clash with reality. gabriel gatehouse, bbc news, in tripoli. >> you are watching "bbc world news america."
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still on the program, fresh from his meeting at the white house, we speak about the georgian relations with the united states. now, to new york state, where high school students and a small community have been coming down with strange tics and verbal outbursts. some call it a mass hysteria. there was one person who was portrayed by julia roberts who is also now involved. she believes a toxic chemical spill 14 years ago could have something to do with this mysterious illness. we were sent this report. >> this high school in upstate new york, 15 teenagers have developed uncontrollable tics and fainting spells. parker has her right arm that continually jabs the air. >> i cannot stand for more than
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two minutes, so i am in a wheelchair, and it gets really bad at night. >> the doctor who has treated most of the teenagers believes this is a rare disorder often called mass hysteria. >> i personally have never seen anything like this before. >> enter the famed environmental activist aaron brock bridge, was portrayed by the actress julia roberts -- erin brockovich, once portrayed by actress julia roberts. they want to know whether the ground water might be contaminated by the chemical spill more than 40 years ago. meanwhile, she still does not
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know what is causing her tics. she just wants them to stop. bbc news, new york. >> for the united states, strong relations with europe are crucial, especially with the economic and security concerns, so when president obama met the georgian leader today, their alliance was top of the agenda. i was joined by president saakashvili to talk about it. in 2008, a leading american politician at the time of the georgian war with russia said "we are all georgians." is that the perception you still have i have been to the oval office before several times under previous administrations, but i have to say that this time our relations of the elevated to
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a new level. this time, there was a very concrete context. i came out with two messages. first, significant, but the fact that president obama spoke about the prospect of free trade agreement between georgia and the united states, this is a key breakthrough for elevating this, and high-level commission on the economy, and second, the corporation that would mainly focus on the georgian self- defense. certainly, you have heard it expressed his support for the nato aspirations, strong support is very important, because there have been attempts to undermine it. >> let me talk to you about the nato aspirations. you have 1000 forces at the moment fighting among the coalition in afghanistan. you must be one of the only that are planning to increase the
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number within afghanistan. is that with a view to the nato membership to >> we have one battalion. 1700 people, the second-biggest. >> but what are the georgian interests of fighting the war in afghanistan? >> the whole thing with georgia, georgia is very culturally -- politically, geographically. certainly, it impacts us. it is also our partnership with the united states that really matters, but also, it is an important, i think, upgrade of our military forces, that they are good. these are not my words. i have spoken with a number of commanders from the u.s., and they are all highly complementary about georgia.
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>> let's talk about your own acute security concerns, because i think most americans, when they think of georgia, the one thing they will think about is the award you have with russia back in 2008. we now have the russian politics again in the spotlight. it looks like vladimir putin will be the next russian president. how does that make georgia field? >> the occupation. that is how this world -- is called by the united states administration and many other countries in the world. there are many people to have been expelled him cannot go back to the area. these are all very strong bordens on us, but i think what is important, what really has changed, we have been seeing this.
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-- these are all very strong burdens on us. >> i think what has changed, and this is a big difference, there are lots of figures around the region that site georgia as a regent for economic things, because fighting crime, and, you know, president obama said that georgia is an model, quite a compliment from the u.s. president. >> president saakashvili, thank you very much for coming into the studio again. and an aspiring pianist. if you want to play fast. creating a unique playing style, continuous waves of music, allowing him to hit up to 19 sets of notes per second.
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>> he plays when he calls "continuous music, " and never- ending stream of notes ending very quickly, and sometimes equalling 19 nodes per second. >> i start it and agrees that. -- and increase it. to do anymore, it is hard. >> so what? why so fast? >> --
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you are kind of floating on the river. >> you look as though you are transformed somewhere else. but you are not. i am sitting right here. it is another dimension. >> while my body is achieving this super pianistic level, i think this goes to a good energy that goes to the public. i sensed this as pure energy. >> he says it is a skill that requires the discipline of martial art. 12 nodes per second. >> yes, but that is not fast. this technique is based on almost sort of like a martial arts, kung fu use of the body and the energy. >> kung fu piano. >> yes, sort of like that. like a tight she master or a
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comment from master -- like a tai chi master. the body has to begin to move at that. >> you can go for 12 hours. >> i will get tired. i will want to have a coffee break. >> the king of p&l speed. 93,000 beds per hour. -- the king of piano speed. 93,000 notes per hour. >> that is it. you can get a hold of us on twitter. thanks so much for watching.
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>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu newman's own foundation and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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