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tv   CBS Evening News  CBS  July 25, 2009 6:30pm-7:00pm EDT

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we'll find out whether small business owners agree. i'm jeff glor. also tonight-- police and disorderly conduct. what are the rules? when do they walk away from a confrontation and when do they make an arrest? now you see them, soon you won't. why the world's top swimming officials are banning those high-tech full-body suits. >> it feels like i go fast in the suit. >> glor: and all the queen's swans, a cruise with her majesty's official swan counter. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with jeff glor. >> glor: and good evening. the president tried to regain momentum on health care today by saying his plan would benefit small business owners. he said small businesses now pay 18% more for employee health insurance than large businesses. just 49% of businesses with three to nine employees offer insurance while nearly all with
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200 or more workers do. so do small business owners think they'd benefit from a change? here's kimberly dozier. >> reporter: small business owner tom sauner runs an online education prird in arlington, virginia. he believes his employees deserve health care coverage but he doesn't want the government telling him he has to provide it. >> i think small business owners need to have the ability to make their own choices for their people in their company and their locks. >> reporter: mark runs a moving company in aberdeen, maryland. he also provides his people health care. >> it's the right thing to do. >> reporter: he wants other small businesses to provide it, too, to save him money. he believes having more people insured means fewer end up making costly visits to emergency rooms, visits that eventually get paid for my the u.s. taxpayer. >> i would like to see some-- pay something into the pool so my premiums will not be subsidizing companies that don't. >> reporter: any change in the
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system, like the type now being debated in congress, could alter of type of insurance either man will be able to offer. all of the proposed plans call for some version of "pay or play." businesses of a certain size would have to provide insurance or pay a type of fee or tax. sauner pays 100% of an employee's individual coverage but offers no family coverage. under the new system, he might end up with an 8% tax on his payroll. that would actually be cheaper than what he pays now to provide health care, but he still doesn't like it. >> i'm very concerned about what might come down in a government program or how i'm going to be taxed an drblg 8% of payroll if my plan doesn't fit with what congress and their infinite wisdom says will be best for my business. >> reporter: derbisher pays 85% of individual coverage and 75% of family. but he recently stopped providing family coverage to new hires, so he may also get hit with that 8% tax. but he says he already pays about 12% of his payroll on
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health care so he'd likely save money with the new plan. >> i would pay as much or less in health insurance currently. so from an economic point of view, it's a plus for me. >> reporter: the one thing both men agreed on is they're doing a lot of guesswork, trying to figure out how this is going to impact them and they're worried congress is doing the same thing. they'd like to see lawmakers slow down and move more deliberately. jeff. >> glor: kimberly dozier in washington tonight. kimberly, thank you. mr. obama's latest health care remarks come one day after his public retreat from earlier harsh criticism of the cambridge massachusetts, police but the controversy over the arrest of a harvard professor, though easing is still not over bianca solorzano is this cambridge tonight. >> reporter: president obama's efforts to cool the controversy over the arrest of black scholar henry gates seemed to be working. >> i could have calibrated those words differently. >> reporter: last night gates accepted mr. obama's invitation to share a beer with sergeant
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james crowley, the white officer who arrested him for disorderly conduct at his home in cambridge last week. crowley was responded to a 911 call from a neighbor reporting a possible break-in. >> he needed to greet me with respect not presume that i'm the perp as they say on television. >> reporter: what happened here at gates' home has placed a national spotlight on how law enforcement is trained to handle difficult confrontations and police officers say there are few situations more complicated to handle than disorderly conduct. a catch-all charge for minor offenses, the disorderly conduct charge against gates for loud behavior in a public place was dropped. much of law enforcement training involves learning you hoto defuse such situations, a balance between showing a thick skin without appearing weak. >> the hallmark of a good officer is being able to take control situation without the person feeling they're being overpowered. >> reporter: according to the
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police report, when crowley asked to speak to gates outside, gates responded, "i'll speak with your mama outside." criminal justice expert james fox says police are trained to initially ignore personal attacks. >> we can't make cops into robots, but you certainly can train them to deal with with with far more effectively with volatile situations and not react to their own emotional states. >> reporter: the incident at gates' home, with an open door that led on to the porch, reportedly drew a crowd which may have also contributed to the arrest. >> police officers have to be aware not just of the person with whom they're but also the surrounding situation. >> reporter: in recent years law enforcement has focused on community policing which promotes interacting with the public. jeff. >> glor: bianca we heard professor gates accept this invitation to the white house for a beer. have we heard from sergeant crowello that now? >> reporter: well, president
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obama extended that invitation to sergeant crowley as well. we're told if he receives a formal invitation from the white house he will gladly accept as well. jeff. >> glor: to help us put the gates controversy and rest of the week in focus we're joined in washington by chief white house correspondent chip reid. chip, you were in the room when the president made the surprise appearance. how effective do you think his words were? >> reporter: well, i think they were quite effective. i think this is exactly what he needed to do. if there is anybody who could tamp down a controversy over race, president obama is the one who could do it. he's done it before. he wanted to accomplish a number of different things. first he wants to get the attention back on health care. secondly, he wants to get some constituencies that were really antagonized by this back on his side-- police and some of the conservative and moderate democrats and independents who don't want to see him as the block president. they want to see him as the president, and of course he has gone out of his way all through
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the campaign and his presidency to be perceived in that way, as the president, not the black president. >> glor: let's talk about health care because the president joked about it, but it truly has drawn attention aaway from that debate. where does the health care debate stand right now? >> it's a bit of a mess on capitol hill right now. senate has already said, harry reid the majority leader, said they're not going to vote on before they go away for the august recess. what that has done is opened up the debate more and put just about everything back on the table, some things they thought had been discarded. on the house side, they are at the point where they're accusing each other of being liars, and i'm talking about democrats. henry waxman the chairman a key committee and some of the blue dog democrats were really going at each other on friday. at this point, it's looking increasingly unlikely they will be able to see eye to eye here. without the blue dogs it's hard to see how they get this through
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the house. they're going to have to simmer down a bit, go home over august. the president plans to campaign aggressively, even during august and come back in september and try to put the pieces back together. jeff. >> glor: i'm sure we'll be talking about this a lot more. our chief white house correspondent exphip reed joining us from washington. the organization that governs the sport of swimming yesterday banned the high-tech body suits that critics call "doping on a hangar." they've been a boon swimmers at all levels. >> reporter: a win in the 50 meter freestyle may come down to a tenth of a second. the difference between qualifying or being left behind. how do you feel? >> good. very good. >> reporter: so michael morris is wearing an expensive, full-length swimsuit designed to reduce drag and enhance buoyancy while swimming. >> it feels like i go fast in the this suit. >> reporter: the first time he raced with it he dropped 30
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seconds off mis best time in a mile swim. hanna davis wears a speedo racer designed with tech noolg. >> you have a suit on and feel like you're ready. >> reporter: she wears the same kind of ln suit as michael phelps. the suits are controversial which is why the world swimming body decided to ban them. at issue-- the potential advantage to swimmers. 130 swimming world records were set since last year, a number unprecedented. >> when you put one of suits on it acts like an exoskeleton and holds the perfect body line all the way through the race. >> reporter: a new rule will require suits fitting between the waist and knees for men and shoulders and knee for women. for amateurs, it will save a ton of cash. the technical suits have to be replaced when they get stretched out after only five to seven swims. how much did it cost? >> about $550. >> reporter: steep? >> like, all my life guarding
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money for this suit. >> reporter: and most coaches are thrilled by the changes. some have called the suits technological doping. >> we wind up with less-fit athlete sometimes having an advantage over the fit athlete. >> the suit is not swimming for you. so i mip, it's all you, really. >> reporter: but the new rule hopes to ensure that success in the pool is determined entirely by training and technique and not by money and merchandise. terrell brown, cbs news, college park, maryland. >> glor: coming up, life-saving swimming lessons for kids from an olympic champion who almost drowned when he was a kid. a fix for california's budget woes for now. and i'm joni. we've been best friends since we were two. we've always been alike. we even both have osteoporosis. but we're active. especially when we vacation. so when i heard about reclast,
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>> glor: after months of negotiations, the california legislature yesterday passed a tough budget that contains the biggest cuts to services and education the state has ever seen. and it's still might not be enough. sandra hughes has more. >> reporter: it was gridlock on a northern california freeway after a truck spilled its load and there was no one to clean it up. workers had to be brought from home because it was furlough friday, the day transportation workers are forced to stay home without pay. >> it's a sign of things to come i'm sure. >> reporter: he's right. welcome to the new california. from highways to schools to health clinics, cutback toss balance california's budget are deep and drastic. >> the damage is pretty serious. this is-- this is not just a-- a minor illness that we have. this is a pretty deep-seated disease. >> reporter: $6 billion will be cut from kindergarten through
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community college education, another $3 billion from state universities. that means fewer classes and 20% higher fees. that's $1,000 a year more for students like whitney thompson, a california state university senior. >> it brings tears to my eyes thinking about more debt and it's really discouraging. >> reporter: $226 million cut from the state's in-home care program which reimburses lisa laughter for caring for her mother, sara, who has alzheimer's disease. her fear-- >> my mom having to go into a facility. and not getting the care that i know she's getting. >> reporter: the state's raiding $3.6 billion from city and county governments, half borrowed and half just taken. >> it's outrageous. the state's problem is it that they are spending more than they're taking in. >> reporter: legislators are still battling over whether to release thousands of prisoners as a way to save more than $1 billion. california's governor tried to cut months of budget tension in a bizarre twitter video.
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>> hey, guys, i just want to say thanks very much for the great advice you're giving me. >> reporter: no one here is laughing, especially considering the deep cuts may not be enough to make up for recessionary losses, leaving california short again in just a few short months. sandra hughes, cbs news, los angeles. >> glor: southern californiaians are being warned about dangerous high surf. the weather service says beach-goers can expect surf up to eight feet. the warning follows the death of a body surfer yesterday. next up on tonight's cbs evening news, the near-death experience prompting this gold medal winner to help kids. (announcer) take your time to find the right time with cialis for daily use... a clinically proven, low-dose tablet for erectile dysfunction you take every day so you can be ready anytime the moment is right. tell your doctor about your medical condition
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100 of these... or 100 pringles. same cost, but a lot more fun. everything pops with the new pringles super stack can. >> glor: at the world swimming champions in rome, in addition to the controversy over swimsuits, the sfolt will be on michael fell ps and 25-year-old gold medalist cullen jones, who is getting attention, too. that's tonight's "weekend journal." a swimmer famous not only for his exploits in the pool but the example he is setting out of it. stepping up for a swim-a berth at the world championships at stake, cullen jones was a picture of cool confidence. given his success, you might never guess where jones was 20 years ago. unconscious and dealer drowning at the bottom of an amusement park water slide. >> i vividly remember what the
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slide looks like and i vividly remember how drowning feels. >> reporter: resuscitated by a life guard but still terrified, five-year-old cullen might never have jumped in a pool again. his dad wouldn't let that happen. >> he felt also, along with my mom, that it was important for me to learn to swim rather than to retreat fra it. >> reporter: his parents insisted on swim lessons, and they're clearly paid off. >> it is cullen jones! >> reporter: he not only won that swim-off... >> american record. >> reporter: but he became the fastest american ever in the 50-meter freestyle, record holder, gold medalist, and lately, role model. where did the idea come from? >> actually, i started right after the oics. >> glor: jones is using his fame to bring a disturbing issue to the surface. neither 60% of african american and hispanic children can't swim. studies show black children are nearly three times more likely to drown than whites. even among the 300,000 registered members of u.s.a.
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swimming, less than 2% are minorities. do those numbers surprise you? do they sadden you, both? >> definitely both. >> reporter: jones is into the "make a splash" swimming education campaign. giving personal lessons in half a dozen cities this summer. he says getting minority swimmers into the water isn't easy, not when you're fighting decades of history, indifference, and sill stereotypes. >> like the one where black people can't swim because their bodies are genetically different. no. i float probably better than anyone out here. >> watch me make a splash. >> reporter: make a splash supports programs like the oakland, california, undercurrents, which gives free or low-cost lessons to young kids and fields a competition team for older ones. >> i can be there. i can do that. it seems cool to go and swim at these big meets, see michael fell ps and cullen jones. >> it taechz you life skills on
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how to be great in whatever aspect of your life you choose. >> reporter: and these boys now have a new hero. >> football, budget-- i don't like swimming until now. >> glor: you never thought of it before. >> never thought of it before. >> reporter: jones knows that the numbers won't change overnight. so he intends to keep working with kids long after his racing career is over. what's more important for you, winning gold medals or helping kids? >> definitely helping kids. i mean, i've seen so many kids that have come to me and say, "i love being in the pool. i love being in the water." there you go! good! >> glor: and jones will swim next weekend in both the 50-meter freestyle and the four x 100 relay. seven-time championship lance armstrong held on to third place in the tour de france today heading into the ceremonial final stage in paris tomorrow. and still ahead on tonight's cbs evening news, counting swans for queen and country.
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>> today a replica of blairio's plane reenacted his historic flight from france to england to mark the first international flight over water. another slightly less-historic
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event took place in britain this week. ln it has to do with the queen, a kbentle man with a feather in his hat, and a lot of swans. >>. >> reporter: we all know who the woman in the hat is looking regal on a riverboat named for an american state, but who is the gentleman in the red coat behind her. your title is. >> the majesty's swan marker. >> and what does that mean? >> i'm responsible for her majesty's swan wherever she exercises her royal right. >> she exercises her royal prerogative over swans. >> she has a right to own any swam in the united kingdom and swans unmarked. >> reporter: these days what does that mean? >> well, these days it doesn't mean so much as it did in the 12th century when all it first started. >> reporter: swan upping, an
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800-year-old tradition by which the swans on the river thames, in the royal neighborhood upstream of london, are counted, marked, in the old terminology. hence, the royal swan marker who this year performed the annual ritual for the first time in the presence of the royal swan owner >> the same family? different family. >> reporter: it takes a week for the royal swan marker and the royal swan warden and all the royal swan uppers to count all the swans, many of which used to be destined for the royal banquet table. these days, even queens don't eat swans. the titles haven't changed over the centuries but the royal diet apparently has. with swan now off the menu, this is less about cooking than it is about counting. it's a wildlife census, old rowing skiffs and fancy clothes. still it beggaise final question do you know what swan tastes like? >> no, i've never eaten it and i
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wouldn't, not in my position. >> reporter: tough, stringy, and a bit fishy, they say, luckily for the swans. mark phillips, cbs news, with the swan upers on the river thames. >> glor: thank you, mark. that is the cbs evening news tonight. later on cbs "48 hours mystery." russ mitchell will be here tomorrow night. i'm jeff glor, cbs news in new york. good night. captioning sponsored by cbs captioned by media access group at wgbh
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hi, we're joel and victoria osteen. stay tuned for feed the children's "americans feeding americans," caravan of hope. a country in crisis. families coming face to face with job loss, bankruptcy,


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