tv BBC World News PBS October 2, 2009 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT
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a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now bbc world news. >> rio the janeiro. >> party time in brazil as rio strikes gold. th the first south american country to host the games. there is a shocking chicago, the front runner is voted out in the first round. welcome to bbc world news. coming up later, still finding survivors for two days after powerful earthquakes in indonesia. prove he is alive, the first pictures of the captured israeli soldier, gilad shalit, are
released. it will be the first time south america has ever hosted the olympics. four countries on four continents bid for the games and it was rio that beat off challenges from madrid, tokyo, and chicago. even a personal intervention by two obamas was not enough to sswing it for their home town. >> tonight, i have the honor to announce that the games of the 331st olympiad are awarded to rio de janeiro.
[applause] >> the joy of finding out that four years of hard work had ended in success. they had defeated the world's most powerful man. the president that touched down just an hour before the chicago presentation. his challenge was to persuade the olympic movement that he was leader of a new america, one that had changed, one that would listen. one that would welcome the world to chicago. >> i hope the olympics come to chicago. >> it is the city that the obama family calls home. on the first lady's emotional ap h had threatened to steal the show. >> my dad was my hero and when i
think about what did these games can mean to people all over the world, i think about people like my dad. people who faced seemingly insurmountable challenges but never let go. >> if barack obama wins a second term, the games will be in the final year of his presidency. >> there's nothing i would like more to step a few blocks from my family's home with my wife and my two girls and welcome the world back into our neighborhood. >> it looked promising and then the first city to be eliminated. >> the city of chicago will not participate in the next round. >> humiliation for barack obama, he had spoken to them fa-to- face and had been rejected.
then there was madrid. >> i am 89 years old. man i ask you to consider -- a man had asked you to consider to bring the games to my country. -- may i ask you to consider to bring the games. >> they were going against brazil. the president of brazil also came. south america have had none. that is going to change now. they never need much of an excuse for a party in rio, this
one as well underway. the 2016 olympics will be in reio. >> disasters have produced astonishing stories of survival. it is now suspected that 2000 people are trapped under buildings collapsed by powerful are >> . the indonesian government is desperate to find those missing. -- it is not suspected that 2000 people a trapped under buildings collapsed by a powerful earthquake. >> a camera captured the chaos that immediately followed. emerging from a crashed sports hall, the first survival of a trapped class. then, her classmates foowed.
city where thousand families are grieving and thousands more hope that medicine will arrive in time. >> there is no respite from the trauma inflicted asia. the philippines might be in for a second disaster. just days after a typhoon flooded the capital, another typhus closing and the same region they have declared a nationwide state of calamity. -- another typhoon is closing in on the same region. they have declared a state of >> agency. >> is expected to hit the east coast on saturday. -- they have declared a state of emergency. >> it is expected it to the east coast on saturday. >> this is a very strong
typhoon. >> the weather forecasters say that it could change direction and miss the country but there are concerns about the facts of more rain in areas that have already been flooded. the earlier storm forced about 2 million people to leave their homes. it was some of the worst flooding in 40 years. in the eastern suburbs of manila, this basketball court is a relief center. i get very scared when i see dark skies overhead, she says. i think will happen again. the authorities have been placed on alert and civilian agencies have been ordered to stockpile food, water, and medicine. no one is sure what is to come. >> at least 20 people had been killed, dozens injured in torrential rain storms on the
italian island of sicily. around 40 were taken to hospital as mudslides took away cars and swept away buildings. several more people are believed missing. the government has declared a state of emergency. voting is underway in the irish republ. the previous vote rejected the european constitution. david letterman has confessed to a series of sexual relationships with female members of his staff. he told his studio audience he had beeneaeatened with a black male. -- with blackmail. an israeli soldier captured three years ago has been seen for the first time in a video released today. gilad shalit is holding a newspaper from last month and says he has been well treated.
israel freed 19 female palestinian prisoners in an effort to get their soldier back. >> gilad shalit is a national symbol where almost everyone has a family member in the army. the israelis had to release and 19 female prisoners. in return for this, palestinian militant groups promised a deotape showing gilad shalit alive. the german media was asking the israeli government to hand over the tape. this is what the family had been waiting so long to see, he is
called after three years in captivity but not injured. -- he is gaunt after three years in captivity. the israelis did not want to negotiate for the return of a body. i want to send my regards to my family and tell them that i love them and miss them, he says. i hope that the israeli government will not wait for the opportunity to reach a deal. outside in gaza, hamas was celebrating the prisoner release has made them stronger. one of the women freed was convicted of helping a suicide bomber. mas may ask for 1000 detainees in return for gilad shalit himself. that might be a price too high
for the israeli government. at the very least, they have a hard bargain ahead. >> stay with us if you can't on bbc world news. he has been an inspiration to sell many on the 140 anniversary of the birth of gondhandi. -- stay with us if you can. the is a fossil that has been found that is the earliest known connection between apes and humans. >> could this be the cradle in to which humanity was born? this is in ethiopia. researchers have been piecing the gutters of what they say could be one of the most important human fossil finds.
-- researchers have been piecing together the pieces of what they say could be the most important human fossil finds. she did not have arched souls like us. she could not walk or run for long differences. the big question is was she pat of an evolutionary line that led to more modern humans? there is some evidence that she could be one of our oldest ancestors. in 1974, researchers discovered this creature which they called lucy. she was part 8 and part human. this is how her kind might have looked. -- she was pt ape and part human. the new find is 100 million --
is 1 million years older. >> this is very exciting. this takes us back to an early part of human evolution. >> the new discovery should give scientists new insight into how the human race evolves from primitive apes. >> this is bbc world news, the latest headlines. the brazilian city of rio the janeiro aonehas won the bid to t the 2016 olympics. thousands of children promised a new life in the sun has had
something terribly different happen. they were sent to australia but in e farms and care homes they went to, many suffered hardship and abuse. some try to tell the british what was going on. the warnings were ignored. >> excited child migrants on their way to australia. it is estimated at 7000 british children were sent across the world. the youngest, just two years old. the policy was promoted as rescue, children from the slums sent to a new life. the reality for many was cruelty, sexual and physical abuse. education for farm work and little else. it was britain who sent them, many migrants to feel that britain should say sorry. >> they should feel guilty about the fact that they exported us to australia.
they finally acknowledged the years of hardship that we had to put up with because they left us there. >> here at the national archives, i found what seems to be one of the first serious effort is to warn the british government about thpolicy. a woman wrote to the home office. she had worked at one of the funds for many years and she was worried by reports that british children would once again be sent to australia. she feared that the farms were not conducive to the children's happiness or welfare. she came to london and told officials of her concerns. cottages were overcrowded, 24 children when at most there a space for 12. supervision from london was very necessary. there's no indication that her concerns were passed on. one woman sent to that form as a
girl, was angry. >> it was disgusting that the government in england to new how the government was feeling. -- knew how the people were feeling. >> i think the government should apologe for what happened to. >> even now, this is important. for migrants say it would counter the feelings that in britain wave to them good-bye and then forgot about them. >> id is hundred 40 years since mahatma gandhi was born in. -- it is 140 years since mahatma gandhi was born.
we explore his mixed feelings as india became a freeountry. the feelings that i can to calcutta, a city simmering with fear and violence. -- feelings that took him to calcutta up and do. taft puf>> of the viceroy comese part in the official end to british rule. >> india's leaders finally gained the power to govern eir own land. india was free at last. it was gandhi that had brought
the cause ofndia to international attention. at the moment of independence, he was held up as the man responsible. this is not how he thought of himself. >> he was completely disenchanted. he is a broken man. he does not think that this is the independents for which he struggled. this is not the independents for which he mobilized the people. 80 of his dreams, nonviolence ththe unity of india, they are completely broken apart. -- in two of his dreams. this was at the moment i could have been the moment of his triumphs. >> the independence movement has been defined by non violence but the long awaited event was quite
gandhi put himself in the front line of the action. >> there is a very turbulent mob of young men who came into this building and they demanded that gandhi leave immediately. he said, i am not leaving, you can do anything you want. you can kill me. i will not leave until there is not a muslim that is still frightened. this strikes a chord in the hearts of the people that come to accuse him and if they suddenly fall silent. -- and they suddenly fall silent. >> cuba is opening up to market forces and redistributing land.
this is the biggest development of its kind since the revolution and 1959. the president has been leasing millions of acres of unused land to farmers. we have a report from the central province. >> in this small family farm is working hard to meet demand. part of a cooperative made up of individuals who stuck together for credit and supplies. farmers produce three-quarters of the islands food. in the past, it was tolerated, now it is actively encourage. >> th are paying a lot more attention to us. now we earn more money because
we're selling more food. >> this is a new member of the cooperative. all of this is on land that two years ago belonged to a state farm. the club has acquired the land. all of it is in need of attentio -- the co-op has acquired the land. much of the fertile land has been covered by a weed. once a week takes hold, nothing else can grow. -- once the weed takes hold. it is a nightmare. even the cattle cannot grace. -- graze.
the state is helping with access to fuel, tractors, and bulldozers. most of the war will be done by hand. that is one reason why the government has had a private farmers take this on. >> now, i am happy working. it is different when you do it yourself. >> when raul catro took over the presidency from his brother, it was thought that he might make chinese style reforms. there have been small moves. the more that private farmers see he is boosting the economy, the greater the pressure is to help the rest of the economy as well. >> a reminder of the main headlines, rio has one the bid
to host the 2016 olympics. they beat off challenges from madrid, chicago, and tokyo. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates jr.,
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