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tv   BBC World News  PBS  January 30, 2012 5:00am-5:30am EST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering -- working to provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news america." jb finalizing plans for a permanent eurozone rescue fund.
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a meeting in brussels. >> three leaders found guilty of murdering four female relatives. >> syrian government forces have taken the capital from demaft customer on stigs fighters. good morning, and welcome to the . also in the program -- one of the greatest war songs celebrates its 100th birthday. >> the focus at today's summit in brussels is growth and job creation. the gathering set to begin in a couple hours time is likely to be over-shadowed with greece. this agreement is needed before
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a second e.u. bail out. chris morris begins his report on the outskirts of lile in northern france. >> a new kind of business made possible in part by e.u. directives on recycling. hundreds of jobs created. some of them for workers that used to be employed in a huge factory on the same site. it is an example of growth potential. one of the ways out of europe's economic crisis, in a region where unemployment remains stubbornly high. >> people working here are not too worried about their future. but there are plenty of opportunities as companies deal with recycling issues. we are building here a new cycle of life of products of material. so we are building the company of the future, in a way. >> just down the road, a bit of
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a stitch-up for european flags. many business leaders say economic reform is essential in the e.u. it is about recreating confidence and certainty, and then jobs will come. >> we try to create jobs with a new conception of things. so a place like this one, for instance, uses a lot of good people, and we try to train people. >> in brussels there may be agreement on the new fiscal treaty which britain refuses to join. it is set to ensure the debt crisis can't happen in the future. without the european parliament there are also those that question the new treaty's work. strict credits on spending may hamper prospects for growth. >> we don't believe this is a solution. it is a symbol tool for internal policy reasons in germany and
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france. you will not restore the situation if you do not have growth. you cannot wait for years of austerity to get growth. >> e.u. leaders probably need no reminder that turning around europe's economy will not be easy. this begins with a 24-hour strike? belgium to protest -- a 24 hour strike in belgium to protest. >> growth opportunity still on the agenda, but as we said, greece very much likely to be a big talking point. the greek finance minister has said that whoever hands people a dememia between national aid and -- people a dilemma between national aid and personal dignity are missing the point. >> they are trying to help greece out of trouble that is,
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broadly speaking, of its own making. there needs to be a quid pro quo for that. the germans are saying they do not believe the greeks have control of that financial situation. and they want one person or commissioner here in the euro -region that overseas what greece does with its money. there is the european central bank, the i.m.f., and the e.u. and they have representatives to go to greece to look over exactly the path that greece is choosing in terms of its austerity measures, its tax hikes, et cetera, et cetera. that system is already in place. the germans believe it needs to go even further than the current system. this is acrowsing controversy in
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the european -- this is acrows -- this is causing controversy in the european union. >> the country people want to watch, of course, is portugal. that combined with the fiscal path is likely to be discussed. >> european leaders are making progress. they feel step-by-step they are moving forward. there is less of a sense of immediate crisis of doom and gloom that accompanied the last crisis here. you mentioned portugal. there is also ireland to worry about. spain as well. the big problem is this. the model european unions hoped would work a couple years ago when the greek crisis reared its head would be coupled with the cutbacks they believed as we
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emerged from the 2007-2008 recession, they believed that would get us out of trouble. that growth is not coming back. so the question is, how to square the circle. the economies look as if they are drifting back to recession. >> thank you very much from brussels. >> a police station in the nige ran city of kano triggering a 20-minute gun battle with police. the number of casualties is unclear. >> a chemical, used to make car batteries, has been leaked into the ugan river. >> in the u.s. nine people killed in a road crash in florida. five cars and six large vehicles caught in the pile-up. it is believed to have happened
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after smoke from a forest fire made visibility difficult. >> it can only have been horrific. at least five cars and six lauries with heavy loads were involved in the collision. the interstate runs the entire length of florida. pile-ups happened just south of gainesville and in poor visibility. >> we had crashes on the north and southbound side of the interstate. in that area, the road dips down. it is a low area. we had a mixture of informing and -- we had a mixture of fog and smoke that made visibility a factor. we had a series of crashes both north and southbound. >> on impact, some cars burst into flames. survivors, some of whom are still recovering in hospital, could be heard screaming for help when the ambulances
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arrived. it now falls to the authorities to determine the initial cause of the crash by scouring the metal remains and by talking to those who miraculously survived this. bbc news. >> aaron is here, reporting on the lives of the rich and the famous. >> back to reality today. >> do you think this will make a big difference? there is an election around the corner. >> there is an election around the corner. presidential election. i think this is part of sarkozy trying to rush this through parliament before the particular elections are coming up. he's talking about, and this is controversial. it has been talked about for some time, introducing a tax on financial transactions. the reason behind it, and i quote, this is what sarkozy said
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, "there is no reason why those who helped bring about the crisis shouldn't pay to restore the financing." very controversial because the u.k. is very much opposed to this. 75% of all financial transactions that take place in europe actually pass through the city of london. for france itself, sarkozy is hoping it will pass. france thinks they raise money on the tax for the trading of shares. mostly bonds. he also talked about trying to liberalize or a big controversy in the e.u. is the 35-hour working week that takes place in france. that would be nice, wouldn't it? so they are looking at that as well. >> and iran oil, it does have a big financial impact. >> absolutely. this is a bit tit-for-tat.
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we already know the e.u. said they will ban iranian imports taking effect the first of july. now the iranian oil minister says we are going to stop exporting some oil to some consumer drizz within europe. look. the bottom line is, yes, this could have a big impact on oil prices. you only need some murmurings like this and the oil prices go up which does not help an economic recovery. it is a bit tit-for-tat but i'll be speaking to an oil expert in about 20 minutes. >> syrian forces claim they regained an area which has become opposition stronghold. they say more than 60 people were left dead due to fighting sunday. they say a pipeline that runs near the border of lebanon has
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been blown up. >> first of all, efforts to try to take this to the u.n. to curb the violence? >> yes, there has been quite an escalation since tuesday when the arab league observers had their mandate renewed, but within two or three days they pulled the whole mission off because of this escalation. the focus is very much now on a move that the u.n. security council with the arab league itself is presenting its peace plan which the syrian government had out of hand refused and rejected angrily. the effort is to nationalize it but on the basis of an arab peace plan. on the ground, of course, violence is continuing with the government moving in with soldiers and tanks in damascus
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sunday. sthr still a heavy bombardment into one of the areas called saqba according to act vifflets on the ground. there have been clashes involving the free syrian army, which is the dissidents that have split off, and they say they have killed a large number of syrian state security forces and troubles in the south as well. >> and also we have had reports from the state media in the last 20 minutes that a gaspipe has been blown up. has that been confirmed? >> confirmed if you take the state media. it was first reported by the dissident side, by activists who reported it very early in the morning, in the middle of the night, in fact, implying it was the government who did it. there was a number of these pipeline explosions, gas or oil.
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of course, both sides implying it was the others that did it. what the activists are saying, why would we blow up a gaspipeline when we desperately need the gas ourselves. it is a very bitter winter there. they are blaming the government, but of course the government is blaming them and we're in the tark as to who actually did it. >> incredible tennis match yesterday. how did djokovic do? >> i suppose the big test for djokovic after beating rafael nadal is to go to the tournament. that's the one grand slam he hasn't done well in and the one nadal always seems to win. here we see with his third australian open title.
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he has now won five majors. the longest ever grand slam final. he will still be celebrating, if he has any energy. explosion, wasn't he, the end of that match, and phenomenal heat. >> by the end, it finished always in the morning. it was something like a quarter to 2:00 in the morning. 1:45 a.m. really djokovic has overcome his previous weakness. two years ago, he looked like a talented player that didn't have the willpower or the strength to go on and win tournaments like this. somehow he has turned all that around. he was a joker. now he's the serious player on the tour. world number one. let's hear him talking about that. >> this one comes out on the talk because the fact we played almost six hours is incredible.
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it is probably the largest final in the history of the whole grand slam. just that sfakt fact is making -- just that fact is making me cry, really. >> what on earth explains that massive -- >> he's gone on a different diet to improve his stamina. he used to be a guy that didn't finish a couple matches, too exhausted. >> is it also an example that they have peaked? >> well, nadal is only 24, but djokovic has turned in with better fitness, and he really is the man to beat. djokovic i think will be there for sometime, and nadal he has to go some distance now because he played about as well as he possibly can in melbourne and still didn't have quite enough.
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>> oh, nadal fans very sad in deed. you are watching "bbc world news." >> a new territory toral battle in tripoli as fighters fightor gaddafi's former compound. >> a quick look at headlines in newspapers around the world. "the financial times" does bring you the latest on the greek finance minister rejecting the german plan to appoint a european budget commissioner to athens with veto power over greece's spending. the "wall street journal" covers sarkozy introducing his plan that we mentioned. bank of the world in scotland is not to accept a proposal. huge business proposal here.
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facebook will file for its initial public offering. they want to fend off competitive companies like google. also a story about the russian political system. more from our web site at bbc .com. >> this is "bbc world news." the headlines. >> how to embrace austerity and stimulate growth? leaders gather for a summit in brussels. >> three members of an afghan family are found guilty of murdering four female relatives. >> more on our top storey. a deal is needed before an agreement can be reached on a vital second e.u. bail out of greece. i asked correspondent mark lowen how much irritation is there in the greek community at the
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suggestion that germany should have tax control and spending power control? >> there was a swift reaction in athens by the finance minister all saying that greece must remain in control of its own budget. they fear a loss of financial sovereignty to brussels. they reacted badly indeed, and it is something that would go down badly on the streets of greece as well. this country is dividing banks to multieye euro-bail -- multi- euro-bail outs. those are very unpopular here in greece among the majority of greeks. so anymore seizing of control to the european union would be unpopular in greece. >> is there still a fear over the debt and the repayment
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deadline? >> there is. i think that was what was driving this german proposal, the widespread concern that greece is not meeting its fiscal target. the deficit is still too high. reforms are not being met quickly enough. the privatizat ion program needed 50 billion euro-s is way behind -- 50 billion euros is way behind schedule. i think this plan is unlikely to see the light of day because there was also a negative reaction in brussels. a spokesperson condemned it and said that was not the way forward. there is a hope that the greeks will reach some kind of deal perhaps today with its creditors to lighten its burden to wipe off perhaps 100 billion euros of greek debt with private creditors. that would be a big step. that would be a step toward
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unlocking the next bail out which is needed to bay bond redemption, money it does not have, and if it does not raise that money by mid march, it would default and that could send the global economy back. >> the latest on the greek financial crisis. >> a jury in canada found an afghan couple of three women they accused of dishonoring the family. the bodies of the victims were found in a car submerged in a canal. lee carter reports. >> for three weeks the three accused walked too -- to and from this courthouse. each found guilty in the deaths
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of three women. the judge directly addressed them saying their sick and twisted idea of honor has no place in a civilized country. the defense acknowledged that his vehicle had hit the cars the victims were in from behind, pushing it into the water. but that it had all been a terrible accident. the prosecution set about destroying the credibility of that account, noting that mr. shafir never reported the drownings. during the drile, the court noted that he had become upset with his daughter for having secret relationships with boys. he was heard referring to his dead daughters as whores. the chief prosecutor instead
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called them strong vivacious women who had died needlessly. >> four months after the fall of tripoli, a new fight on their hands. some are trying to make it their home. our report from tripoli. >> amid the ruins of the old order, a new and bustling commercial life is taking root. once upon a time, this was the heart of gaddafi's regime. nato dropped bombs on his capital. until a few months ago, this was one of the most tightly guarded and impenatrable forces in colonel gaddafi's regime. unless you worked for him or remember his inner circle, you could not get in here.
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>> nobody can believe that things like this can happen. that's that's -- that's why i came today. >> what do you have here? >> i have a book. >> to some the people's take-over of gaddafi's compound has brought far more than just the opportunity to buy and sell goods. this woman used to live with her five children in one cramped room. now they have moved into one of the houses left vacant by colonel gaddafi's loyalists. the new accommodation does pose challenges. apart from the lack of keys, there is no electricity. gaddafi treated us like slaves, she said, while they lived in villas and castles. this revolution is about taking
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back our rights. now this is majda's castle. there are 68 families now living in colonel gaddafi's former compound but conditions are unsanitary and residents are worried their homes may be under threat. there is talk of bulldozing the complex and turning it into a public park. >> we're happy to stay here until the government finds another solution for us. under gaddafi we never had a chance to own our own home. >> with the fall, many thought riches would change. the dream is starting to clash with reality. >> a difference in blood pressure between your right and left arm could suggest an increased risk of dying from
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heart disease according to a new study. they say blood pressure should be measured in both arms, although apparently the practice is not universal. >> well, the best-love -- one of the best loved war songs "it's a long way to tiperari" is 100 years old. ♪ it is a long way to tiperari ♪ >> it is a song from world war i and world war ii. ♪ it is a long, long way to tiperari ♪
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>> make sense of international news. >> funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu newman's own foundation and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in. working to nurture new ventures and provide capital for key stradiegic -- strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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