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tv   CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley  CBS  January 31, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm EST

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captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with scott pelley reporting tonight from miami. >> pelley: good evening. the voting ends shortly in florida's republican presidential primary. preelection polls suggest it may be a big night for mitt romney. as you already know, florida's important. it's the biggest state to vote yet. a state that has suffered terribly since the great recession. and it's the most diverse state to vote so far. in the previous three contests, at least 98% of republican voters were white. here in florida about 15% are hispanic. we've been talking to voters as they left the polls today and 45% told us what they were looking for most in a candidate is the ability to defeat
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president obama. 62% said the issue that matters most to them is the economy. our team of campaign 2012 correspondents is covering. first, we'll go to jan crawford with the romney campaign. jan? >> reporter: scott, romney sveum out swinging in florida. he said today he thought it made a difference and he is not going to let up as this campaign heads west. >> but if we're successful here it will be pretty clear that when attacked you have to respond and you can't let charges go unanswered. >> reporter: going forward, romney will have the calendar on his side. he's expected to do well in the next five contestss:s: nevada, maine, colorado and minnesota hold caucuses which require a substantial organization and in missouri gingrich isn't even on the ballot. >> this is mitt romney calling. >> reporter: romney can compete in those states while also looking athose march and supertuesday where he could pick up three more important states: massachusetts, ohio, and
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virginia. another state where gingrich failed to qualify for the ballot. (applause) romney said today that whatever the outcome in florida, he can outlast any opponent. >> this can be a long process of going state to state and getting support in each state. i intend to do that. we have the time and the calendar and the team and the organization to be able, to i believe, get the delegates necessary to become the nominee. >> reporter: now, after he lost if south carolina, romney was sharper and more aggressive here in florida. you saw it in those two debate performances. but even on the campaign trail in his speeches and his advisors tell me you can expect that focus to continue, romney to maintain it as this campaign goes forward into those western states. >> pelley: jan thank you very much. newt gingrich says he's going on no matter what happens tonight. one reason is the way the republican party has changed the rule this is year. in most of the contests going forward, some delegates can be
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awarded to second and third-place finishers as well as the winner. dean reynolds is looking ahead for us. dean? >> reporter: scott, the gingrich campaign is bracing for some pretty bad news tonight, probably a loss in the double digits. but they insist this is just one bump in a very long road. the candidate was define during a stop at a voting precinct in orlando this morning. how close is this to being over, mr. speaker? >> i would say probably six months. >> reporter: six months? >> i would say june or july. unless romney drops out earlier. >> reporter: gingrich campaign chairman bob walker said a win for romney in florida could prove hollow. >> we have defined him more and more toward not only the moderate side but the liberal side as more and more as these issues have come out. all of that i think will serve us well in the states to come. we're a national race. we are out to get delegates. >> reporter: aides know it's unlikely gingrich will do well in the upcoming contests in february but they hope he will pick up delegates anyway because they are not winner-take-all
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states. the former speaker raised $10 million in the last quarter plus $5 million so far this month so he is reasonably well armed for battle on supertuesday march 6. now, the ten contests that day include three in the south where gingrich, the former congressman from georgia, could be expected to do pretty well and, scott, the campaign is still hoping that senator rick santorum will eventually leave the race and leave his support to fellow conservative gingrich. >> pelley: dean, thanks very much. keep in mind, there is a long way to go in this battle for the g.o.p. nomination. it takes 1,144 delegates to inch is it and romney has just 30 so far. even if he wins florida's 50 tonight he'll still need 1,064 more. gingrich has 24 delegates, rick santorum 13, ron paul three and
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former candidate jon huntsman two. in our exit poll today, another thing florida voters told us was that they are sick of the negative ads. it wouldn't be primary night without our primary washington correspondent and anchor of "face the nation" bob schieffer. bob, what are you hearing about that? >> schieffer: i tell you one thing, scott. if romney wins tonight-- as every indication is that he will-- it won't be hard to figure out why. he dumped nearly $16 million worth of negative ads on newt gingrich. gingrich spent about $4 million. i mean, this thing has gotten so nasty down here that dave berry, the columnist in for the miami "herald" said today florida should have prepared for it like they prepare for a hurricane. but he said "instead of nailing plywood over your windows they should have nailed it on the front of their television sets." >> pelley: the candidates have gone at each other so hard. somebody in the newsroom today said the winner of the florida primary might be president
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obama. >> well, he hasn't won yet, but i'll tell you this, this is going to cost the republicans. an abc poll the other day said among independents nationally, mitt romney's favorability ratings have gone from the mid-40s down to 23%. so they're going to have some stuff to do to correct this. >> pelley: bob, thank you very much. stay with cbs news for the latest on the florida primary. we'll have updates for you throughout the evening. we got new information today on one of the big issues in the election and that's the federal deficit. the nonpartisan congressional budget office put out a new estimate of the deficit saying that it will total $1.1 trillion this year. that's how much more the government will spend than it takes in. it's 2% less than last year. there's new research out tonight about breast cancer. a study in the "journal of the american medical association" found that some women have gone in for a second or third surgery
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that may not have been necessary. so we asked elaine quijano to look into it. >> the first year was the roughest. >> reporter: when donna marano learned she had breast cancer in 2008 she chose a lumpectomy to remove her tumor and preserve as much of her breast as possible. just one month later, she had to undergo a second procedure. >> we didn't believe there was any more cancer cells but to be safe was to go in and remove it. >> reporter: today's study showed that one out of four breast cancer patients had the same experience as marano. it also raises questions about whether these second surgeries are necessary. >> is this operationally done? >> reporter: dr. lawrence mcchail led the study and said there is no standard cry tier war for a follow-up procedure. >> is lumpectomy and the decision fairly uniform across the country? we found that it wasn't. there's quite a bit of variability from hospital to hospital and also among individual surgeons. >> reporter: during a
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lumpectomy, surgeons try to remove the entire tumor and get what's called a clean margin. that means there are no cancer cells in the tissues surrounding the tumor. researchers studied more than 2, 200 women who had lumpectomies and the criteria for reoperation differed dramatically. 48% had a clean margin, that is no sign of cancerous tissue within one millimeter around the tumor after their first operation. 20% had a margin up to two millimeters and were still reoperated on. with no set guidelines, the decision to reoperate comes down to each surgeon. dr. mcchail says their competence and level of experience vary greatly and that the very idea of having a second surgery has serious consequences. >> sometimes women are frustrated enough by a second operation that they... a percentage of them, maybe half, will just elect to move forward with a mastectomy, removal of the whole breast. >> reporter: perhaps more
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disturbing, scott, 14% of the patients in the study who had evidence of cancer after their first surgery did not go in for a second operation. >> pelley: elaine, thank you very much. there is a break through tonight in the treatment of cystic fibrosis. the fatal disorder that afflicts about 30,000 americans. the f.d.a. today approved a drug called kalydeco. it's the first drug that treats the genetic defect in c.f., not just the symptoms. the drug works in only about 4% of patients but it points the way to treatment for the rest. an official at the cystic fibrosis foundation today told us "it's a game changer." secretary of state hillary clinton turned up the heat on syria today. she urged the united nations to support a plan that would end the 40-year dictatorship of the assad family. bashir assad's crackdown on a popular uprising that began ten months ago have left at least
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5,000 dead and elizabeth palmer tells us it's only getting worse. >> reporter: as soon as the arab league observers' mission ended, syria's military renewed its assault on areas that have fall on the the rebel opposition. the government announced its forces have now retaken the eastern suburbs of damascus. syrian tanks also rolled into the defiant city of homs where whole neighborhoods have been for months under the firm control of anti-regime fighters. the military has attacked in dara, too, where two weeks ago we met activists who told us they won't give up until president assad's regime is gone. yesterday fighters there released this video which they say shows a van they ambushed, killing government forces. in syria's north, idlib, activist video appears to show how well armed the anti-regime opposition is now and how its numbers are growing, swelled by army deserters like this
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battalion which filmed itself enmass switching sides. these fighters have only had small arms so far, but recent online video apparently shows they've seized tanks, too, upping the ante in the event this escalates into full blown civil war. elizabeth palmer, cbs news, london. >> pelley: it wasn't the students that did the cheating in the latest s.a.t. scandal. we'll take you to the place they call foreclosure alley. and the president's dream car when the "cbs evening news" continues from miami.
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>> pelley: six years after the bubble burst, home price have still not hit bottom. this past november they fell 2.5% in atlanta, 3.4% in chicago, and 2.4% in detroit. and have a look at this. here in florida since 2006 home prices in fort myers have plunged 60%. we asked mark strassmann to introduce us to the people behind those numbers. >> i dreamed of putting a fence up and maybe a pool. >> reporter: sue kowtko lost
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her home in lehigh acres in 2010. when the bank took it back, squatters moved in. >> somebody was squatting in here. look at them rugs. oh, they took the water softening system, too. >> reporter: the foreclosure rate in lehigh acres is 1-8. that's almost nine times worst than the national average. what's going on here? >> that used to be an air conditioner. that's what's left of it. >> reporter: kowtko and her husband paid $320,000 in 2006. she lost her job as a marketing rep. their annual income plunged from $50,000 to $15,000. they fell behind 14 payments on their mortgage. >> it went from good to ugly like real fast. it was like... like a run away train. and there was just no stopping it. >> reporter: the house is now worth $47,000-- one-sixth what the kowtkos paid for it five years ago. what do you call this street? ocean park. >> reporter: but you have your own name for ocean park. >> foreclosure alley.
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>> reporter: because so many people have lost their homes? >> we all did. not "so many," we all did. >> we have to put people back to work. >> reporter: president obama came to this area three years ago to spotlight america's housing crisis and promote his economic recovery plan. mitt romney spoke in lehigh acres just last week. >> do you realize one quarter of all the foreclosed homes in america are in florida? >> reporter: but kowtko's tired of talk. this life long republican's not going to the polls today. you don't have a sense that any of the candidates really is there to help you? >> nope. >> reporter: not one? >> not one. it's wall street, it's the banks and nobody wants to get involved. i did it all myself. >> reporter: kowtko rents now. she'd love to buy back her old house on foreclosure alley but has no savings and $32 left in her checking account. mark strassmann, cbs news, lehigh acres, florida. >> pelley: pfizer is recalling about a million packets of birth
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control pills. the drug maker says a packaging problem may leave women with an inadequate dose. pfizer says there's no health risk, just a greater chance of unintended pregnancy. you can find the names of the recalled pills at cbsnews.com. a college cheating scandal. why an administrator inflated that's next. on a long-term asthma control medicine, like an inhaled corticosteroid. dulera will not replace a rescue inhaler for sudden symptoms. dulera helps significantly improve lung function. this was shown over a 6 month clinical study. dulera contains formoterol, which increases the risk of death from asthma problems and may increase the risk of hospitalization in children and adolescents. dulera is not for people whose asthma is well controlled with a long-term asthma control medicine,
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never been tougher and the schools are competing, too, too climb up the annual college rankings. well, today ben tracy tells us one well-regarded school near los angeles admitted that a top official cheated to improve its status. >> reporter: sam mitchell is a senior at claremont mckenna college. he chose the school because of its growing reputation. >> it's a really cut-throat world for schools, especially sort of up-and-coming institutions like this one. they have to do anything they can to climb the ladder. >> reporter: his school was ranked number nine among the best liberal arts colleges in the latest "u.s. news and world report" rankings. for five years, a school official falsely inflated the incoming s.a.t. scores of incoming students by 30 point, a small change but enough to move up on the coveted rankings. >> they are probably the single most important attribute in the minds of families and applicants. >> reporter: barmak nassirian
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helps run an association for college admissions officers. he thinks rankings confuse students. >> they simply look at the number and assume-- incorrectly-- that number nine is better than number ten. and as long as families believe that, institutions will go to great extreatments to be number nine as opposed to number ten. >> reporter: in a survey of college admissions officers, 87% agreed or what agreed that rankings encourage what they call counterproductive behavior among colleges. the naval academy was accused of trying to boost its ranking by inflating its number of applicants. and arizona state university promised a $50,000 bonus to its president if he boosted the schools u.s. news ranking. college officials we've talked to say they'd love to ignore these rankings but they can't, that's because higher rankings often lead to more applicants and more money from donors. schools may care more about rankings than students. on a list of the 22 most important factors in deciding where to go to college, students
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ranked the rankings number 11. ben tracy, cbs news, los angeles. >> pelley: president obama gotten a education at the washington auto show today and a mustang caught his eye. >> this is what i needed in high school. >> pelley: the real reason for the president's trip was to hail the auto industry's turnaround which he says was made possible by the bailout of g.m. and unitechrysler. that is sure to be an issue as he runs for reelection. all four republican candidates opposed that bailout. they're growing political power could determine the outcome of the presidential election. what's on the minds of hispanic voters. that's next.
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who sent it to cindy, who wondered why her soup wasn't quite the same. the recipe's not the recipe... ohhh. [ female announcer ] ...without swanson. the broth cooks trust most when making soup. mmmm! [ female announcer ] the secret is swanson. presidential candidate who wins a few key swing states in november is likely to win the election. florida is one of them, along with nevada, colorado, and new mexico. and the pivotal group in those states is hispanics. here in miami, we wanted you to hear what hispanic republicans are thinking and there's no better place to start than with tomas rag la regalado. he's the mayor of miami, a former reporter which the people didn't hold against him because he won by a margin of 72%.
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in little havana at versailles-- known for political debate as much as cuban food-- we sat down with mayor regalado. his daughter raquel, a school board member, son tommy, a reporter, and son jose, an undersea photographer. republicans all, as you might guess, among cuban americans. >> i'm very upset at washington because they deside and they look at numbers not at faces. i do think that the federal government should take care of its own people instead of going out and spending billions throughout the world. >> pelley: what would you like to hear from the republican candidates that you haven't heard already? >> specifics. actual ways to solve an issue not just rhetoric. >> our economy is based on tourism and construction. we would like to hear more discussions about foreclosures, more discussions about what's going to happen with bank regulations. >> if they can get back to the basics, if they can talk and
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give a complete plan of saying this is what i'm going to do the day i walk in. >> i will tell you that i do my groceries every week and i would totally vote for a president that could tell me how much is a gallon of milk. >> pelley: you don't think these candidates are in touch with the people who put you in the mayor's office? >> no, i don't think so. i think they go by polls and that's the problem that i think we have in this country. >> pelley: so when you hear the republican debate, what are you hearing the candidates saying? >> not much, actually. because i think that we need to have a conversation about immigration. no one wants to address this issue but miami is what the united states will be in 2025 years from now. >> pelley: what do you mean by that? >> i mean that there is no way you will be able to send back the millions and millions of
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people that we have in the united states. these people are going throughout the country, they're having babies, nothing we can do about it. >> pelley: when you hear the republican candidates talking about immigration and being tough on immigration, how does that strike you're? >> you have to sort of have a deeper conversation about immigration and immigration reform. it's not all the same. you can't just say the same thing applies to everyone. so it hurts us when the immigration debate turns into an anti-hispanic everyone's absolutely the same because it's disrespectful to our contribution to the united states. >> pelley: we'll have florida primary updates for you throughout the evening. for now, that's the "cbs evening news." with thanks to the folks here at the miami seaplane base on wattson island, i'm scott pelley, see you again soon. captioning sponsored by cbs
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this is 9news now. >> in less than 60 seconds, most of the polls will be closed in florida and then the vote counting begins in the state's republican presidential primary. gop leaders are expecting a record turnout. maybe more than 2 million voters and that's on top of the more than 600,000 early and absentee ballots. they are battling for 50 delegates. those delegates seem to be mitt romney. the latest poll in florida show him with an 8 point lead over newt gingrich. and preston from our sister station, wtsp is live in the florida headquarters. nastiness of this campaign was so much talked about. can you give us a sense of how bad it was? >> well, you know, derek, if you're watching television

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